Toshiba Satellite R20-ST2081 User Manual

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Toshiba satellite r20-st2081: users guide

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Satellite® R20/R25 Series User’s Guide If you need assistance: ❖

Toshiba’s Support Web site pcsupport.toshiba.com



Toshiba Global Support Centre Calling within the United States (800) 457-7777 Calling from outside the United States (949) 859-4273

For more information, see “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 203 in this guide.

PMAD00078012 08/06

2 Handling the cord on this product will expose you to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Model: Satellite® R20/R25 Series Recordable and/or ReWritable Drive(s) and Associated Software Warranty The computer system you purchased may include Recordable and/or ReWritable optical media drive(s) and associated software, among the most advanced data storage technologies available. As with any new technology, you must read and follow all set-up and usage instructions in the applicable user guides and/or manuals enclosed or provided electronically. If you fail to do so, this product may not function properly and you may lose data or suffer other damage. TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC. (“TOSHIBA”), ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DO NOT WARRANT THAT OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE. YOU AGREE THAT TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS SHALL HAVE NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAMAGE TO OR LOSS OF ANY BUSINESS, PROFITS, PROGRAMS, DATA, NETWORK SYSTEMS OR REMOVABLE STORAGE MEDIA ARISING OUT OF OR RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY THEREOF.

Protection of Stored Data For your important data, please make periodic back-up copies of all the data stored on the hard disk or other storage devices as a precaution against possible failures, alteration, or loss of the data. IF YOUR DATA IS ALTERED OR LOST DUE TO ANY TROUBLE, FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION OF THE HARD DISK DRIVE OR OTHER STORAGE DEVICES AND THE DATA CANNOT BE RECOVERED, TOSHIBA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER DAMAGE RESULTING THEREFROM. WHEN COPYING OR TRANSFERRING YOUR DATA, PLEASE BE SURE TO CONFIRM WHETHER THE DATA HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY COPIED OR TRANSFERRED. TOSHIBA DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY FOR THE FAILURE TO COPY OR TRANSFER THE DATA CORRECTLY.

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3 Critical Applications The computer you have purchased is not designed for any “critical applications.” “Critical applications” means life support systems, medical applications, connections to implanted medical devices, commercial transportation, nuclear facilities or systems or any other applications where product failure could lead to injury to persons or loss of life or catastrophic property damage. ACCORDINGLY, TOSHIBA, ITS AFFILIATES AND SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN ANY CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. IF YOU USE THE COMPUTER PRODUCTS IN A CRITICAL APPLICATION, YOU, AND NOT TOSHIBA, ASSUME FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCH USE.

FCC Notice “Declaration of Conformity Information” This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, it may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:



Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.



Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.



Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

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4 ❖ NOTE

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. Only Peripherals complying with the FCC Class B limits may be attached to this equipment. Operation with noncompliant peripherals or peripherals not recommended by Toshiba is likely to result in interference to radio and TV reception. Shielded cables must be used between the external devices and the computer's parallel port, monitor port, USB port, PS/2 port®, i.LINK® port and microphone jack (port availability depends on model selected). Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Toshiba or parties authorized by Toshiba could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:



This device may not cause harmful interference.



This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Contact either:



Toshiba’s Support Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com.



Or call the Toshiba Global Support Centre: Within the United States at (800) 457-7777 Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273

Industry Canada Requirement This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conformé à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

FCC requirements The following information is pursuant to FCC CFR 47, Part 68 and refers to internal modems. This equipment complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules. On the bottom of this equipment is a label that contains, among other information, the FCC registration number and ringer equivalence number (REN) for this equipment. If requested, the information must be provided to the telephone company. The modem connects to the telephone line by means of a standard jack called the USOC RJ11C.

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5 A plug and jack used to connect this equipment to the premises wiring and telephone network must comply with the applicable FCC part 68 rules and requirements adopted by the ACTA. It is designed to be connected to a compatible modular jack that is also compliant. The REN is used to determine the number of devices that may be connected to a telephone line. Excessive RENs on a telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in response to an incoming call. In most but not all areas, the sum of RENs should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that may be connected to a line, as determined by the total RENs, contact the local telephone company. For products approved after July 23, 2001, the REN for this product is part of the product identifier that has the format US:AAAEQ##TXXXX. The digits represented by the ## are the REN without a decimal point (e.g., 03 is a REN of 0.3). For earlier products, the REN is separately shown on the label. Connection to party line service is subject to state tariffs. Contact the state public utility commission, public service commission or corporation commission for information.

Telephone Company Procedures The goal of the telephone company is to provide you with the best service it can. In order to do this, it may occasionally be necessary for them to make changes in their equipment, operations or procedures. If these changes might affect your service or the operation of your equipment, the telephone company will give you notice, in writing, to allow you to make any changes necessary to maintain uninterrupted service.

If Problems Arise If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company will notify you in advance that temporary discontinuance of service may be required. But if advanced notice is not practical, the telephone company will notify the customer as soon as possible. Also, you will be advised of your right to file a complaint with the FCC if you believe it is necessary. If trouble is experienced with this equipment, for repair or limited warranty information, please contact Toshiba Corporation, Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. or an authorized representative of Toshiba, or the Toshiba Support Centre within the United States at (800) 457-7777 or Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273. If the equipment is causing harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may request that you disconnect the equipment until the problem is resolved.

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6 Disconnection If you should ever decide to permanently disconnect your modem from its present line, please call the telephone company and let them know of this change.

Fax Branding The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful for any person to use a computer or other electronic device, including Fax machines, to send any message unless such message clearly contains in a margin at the top or bottom of each transmitted page or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it is sent and an identification of the business or other entity, or other individual sending the message and the telephone number of the sending machine or such business, other entity, or individual. (The telephone number provided may not be a 900 number or any other number for which charges exceed local or long-distance transmission charges.) In order to program this information into your fax transmission, refer to the fax software instructions installed on this computer.

Alarm Equipment If your home has specially wired alarm equipment connected to the telephone line, ensure the installation of this equipment does not disable your alarm equipment. If you have questions about what will disable alarm equipment, consult your telephone company or a qualified installer.

Instructions for IC CS-03 Certified Equipment 1

NOTICE: The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational and safety requirements as prescribed in the appropriate Terminal Equipment Technical Requirements document(s). The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction. Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. The customer should be aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations. Repairs to certified equipment should be coordinated by a representative designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment.

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7 Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone lines and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas. Caution: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate. 2

The user manual of analog equipment must contain the equipment’s Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) and an explanation notice similar to the following: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) of this device can be found on the label affixed to your computer. NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides an indication of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5.

3

The standard connecting arrangement (telephone jack type) for this equipment is jack type(s): USOC RJ11C.

Wireless Interoperability The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card products are designed to be interoperable with any wireless LAN product that is based on Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) radio technology, and is compliant to:



The IEEE 802.11 Standard on Wireless LANs (Revision A/B/G), as defined and approved by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.



The Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) certification as defined by the Wi-Fi Alliance. The “Wi-Fi CERTIFIED” logo is a certification mark of the Wi-Fi Alliance. Bluetooth® and Wireless LAN devices operate within the same radio frequency range and may interfere with one another. If you use Bluetooth and Wireless LAN devices simultaneously, you may occasionally experience a

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8 less than optimal network performance or even lose your network connection. If you should experience any such problem, immediately turn off your Bluetooth or Wireless LAN device. Please contact Toshiba computer product support on Web site http:// www.toshiba-europe.com/computers/tnt/bluetooth.htm in Europe or pcsupport.toshiba.com in the United States for more information.

Radio Frequency Interference Requirements This device is restricted to indoor use due to its operation in the 5.15 GHz to 5.25 GHz frequency range. FCC requires this product to be used indoors for frequency range 5.15 GHz to 5.25 GHz to reduce the potential for harmful interference to co-channel Mobile Satellite systems. High power radars are allocated as primary users of the 5.25 GHz to 5.35 GHz and 5.65 GHz to 5.85 GHz bands. These radar stations can cause interference with and/or damage this device.

Wireless LAN and Your Health Wireless LAN products, like other radio devices, emit radio frequency electromagnetic energy. The level of energy emitted by Wireless LAN devices however is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless devices like for example mobile phones. Because Wireless LAN products operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and recommendations, Toshiba believes Wireless LAN is safe for use by consumers. These standards and recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific community and result from deliberations of panels and committees of scientists who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature. In some situations or environments, the use of Wireless LAN may be restricted by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives of the organization. These situations may for example include:



Using the Wireless LAN equipment on board airplanes, or



In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or services is perceived or identified as harmful.

If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless devices in a specific organization or environment (e.g. airports), you are encouraged to ask for authorization to use the Wireless LAN device prior to turning on the equipment.

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9 Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation The radiated output power of the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card shall be used in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. In normal operating configuration, the LCD in the upright position, the distance between the antenna and the user should not be less than 20 cm. The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. Antenna(s) used in 5.15 GHz to 5.25 GHz frequency band must be integral antenna which provide no access to the end user. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information.

Regulatory Information The Toshiba Wireless LAN Mini PCI Card must be installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions as described in the user documentation that comes with the product. This device complies with the following radio frequency and safety standards.

Canada – Industry Canada (IC) This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada. The installer of this radio equipment must ensure that the antenna is located or pointed such that it does not emit RF field in excess of Health Canada limits for the general population; consult Safety Code 6, obtainable from Health Canada’s Web site www.hc-sc.gc.ca/rpb. The RF device shall not be co-located with any other transmitter that has not been tested with this device. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of this device. L’utilisation de ce dispositif est autorisée seulement aux conditions suivantes: (1) il ne doit pas produire de brouillage et (2) l’utilisateur du dispositif doit étre prêt à accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique reçu, même si ce brouillage est susceptible de compromettre le fonctionnement du dispositif. The term “IC” before the equipment certification number only signifies that the Industry Canada technical specifications were met.

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10 To prevent radio interference to the licensed service, this device is intended to be operated indoors and away from windows to provide maximum shielding. Equipment (or its transmit antenna) that is installed outdoors is subject to licensing. Pour empecher que cet appareil cause du brouillage au service faisant l'objet d'une licence, il doit etre utilize a l'interieur et devrait etre place loin des fenetres afin de Fournier un ecram de blindage maximal. Si le matriel (ou son antenne d'emission) est installe a l'exterieur, il doit faire l'objet d'une licence. This device is restricted to indoor use due to its operation in the 5.15 GHz to 5.25 GHz frequency range. Industry Canada requires this product to be used indoors for frequency range 5.15 GHz to 5.25 GHz to reduce the potential for harmful interference to co-channel Mobile Satellite systems. High power radars are allocated as primary users of the 5.25 GHz to 5.35 GHz and 5.65 GHz to 5.85 GHz bands. These radar stations can cause interference with and/or damage this device.

EU Declaration of Conformity Toshiba declares, that this product conforms to the following Standards: Supplementary *The product complies with the Information: requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 72/23/EEC, the EMC Directive 89/336/ EEC and/or the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/ EC. This product is carrying the CE-Mark in accordance with the related European Directives. Responsible for CE-Marking is TOSHIBA Europe GmbH, Hammfelddamm 8, 41460 Neuss, Germany.

VCCI Class B Information

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11 Modem Warning Notice Conformity Statement The equipment has been approved to [Commission Decision “CTR-21”] for panEuropean single terminal connection to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). However, due to differences between the individual PSTNs provided in different countries/regions the approval does not, of itself, give an unconditional assurance of successful operation on every PSTN network termination point. In the event of problems, you should contact your equipment supplier in the first instance.

NOTE

The above Caution information applies to products that operate with an 802.11a device.

Taiwan Article 14

Article 17

Unless approved, for any model accredited low power radio frequency electric machinery, any company, trader or user shall not change the frequency, increase the power or change the features and functions of the original design. Any use of low power radio frequency electric machinery shall not affect aviation safety and interfere with legal communications. In the event interference is caused, the use of such electric machinery shall be immediately discontinued. Operation of such products can be resumed only when they are modified and can no longer cause interference. The legal communications mentioned in the above item refer to radio communications operated in accordance with telecommunication laws and regulations. Low power radio frequency electric machinery shall resist against interference from legal communications or from industrial, scientific and medical radio emission electric machinery.

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12 Using this Equipment in Japan In Japan, the frequency bandwidth of 2,400 MHz to 2,483.5 MHz for second generation low-power data communication systems such as this equipment overlaps that of mobile object identification systems (premises radio station and specified low-power radio station). 1. Sticker Please put the following sticker on devices incorporating this product. The frequency bandwidth of this equipment may operate within the same range as industrial devices, scientific devices, medical devices, microwave ovens, licensed radio stations and non-licensed specified low-power radio stations for mobile object identification systems (RFID) used in factory product lines (Other Radio Stations). 1. Before using this equipment, ensure that it does not interfere with any of the equipment listed above. 2. If this equipment causes RF interference to other radio stations, promptly change the frequency being used, change the location of use, or turn off the source of emissions. 3. Contact TOSHIBA Direct PC if you have problems with interference caused by this product to Other Radio Stations.

2. Indication The indication shown below appears on this equipment. (1)

(2) (3)

2.4DSOF4 (4)

1

2.4: This equipment uses a frequency of 2.4 GHz.

2

DS: This equipment uses DS-SS modulation. OF: This equipment uses OFDM modulation.

3

The interference range of this equipment is less than 40m.

4

This equipment uses a frequency bandwidth from 2,400 MHz to 2,483.5 MHz. It is possible to avoid the band of mobile object identification systems.

3. TOSHIBA Direct PC Monday – Friday: 10:00 – 17:00 Toll Free Tel: 0120-15-1048 Direct Dial: 03-3457-4850 Fax: 03-3457-4868

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13 Device Authorization This device obtains the Technical Regulation Conformity Certification and the Technical Conditions Compliance Approval, and it belongs to the device class of radio equipment of low-power data communication system radio station stipulated in the Radio Law and the Telecommunications Business Law of Japan. The Name of the radio equipment: refer to the equipment label provided on the computer JAPAN APPROVALS INSTITUTE FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT Approval Number: D01-1128JP TELECOM ENGINEERING CENTER Approval Number: 03NY.A0018, 03GZDA0017 The following restrictions apply:



Do not disassemble or modify the device.



Do not install the embedded wireless module into other device.



5.17 GHz to 5.23 GHz for indoor use only.

Radio Approvals for Wireless Devices NOTE

The following information is dependent on what type of wireless device is in your computer.

Approved Countries/Regions for use for the Atheros AR5BMB-43/44 and AR5BMB5 Mini PCI Wireless Network Adapters This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries/regions in the following table. Do not use this equipment except in the countries/regions in the following table.

NOTE

This device works on passive scan only. A peer-to-peer mode is not available in 802.11a and Turbo Mode.

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14 802.11b (2.4 GHz) Australia Canada France Ireland Luxembourg Norway Switzerland

Austria Denmark Germany Italy Netherlands Portugal UK

Belgium Finland Greece Liechtenstein New Zealand Sweden USA

Europe - Restrictions for use of 2.4 GHz Frequencies in European Community Countries België/ Belgique:

Deutschland:

France:

Italia:

For private usage outside buildings across public grounds over less than 300m no special registration with IBPT/BIPT is required. Registration to IBPT/BIPT is required for private usage outside buildings across public grounds over more than 300m. For registration and license please contact IBPT/BIPT. Voor privé-gebruik buiten gebouw over publieke groud over afstand kleiner dan 300m geen registratie bij BIPT/IBPT nodig; voor gebruik over afstand groter dan 300m is wel registratie bij BIPT/IBPT nodig. Voor registratie of licentie kunt u contact opnemen met BIPT. Dans le cas d’une utilisation privée, à l’extérieur d’un bâtiment, audessus d’un espace public, aucun enregistrement n’est nécessaire pour une distance de moins de 300m. Pour une distance supérieure à 300m un enregistrement auprès de I’IBPT est requise. Pour les enregistrements et licences, veuillez contacter I’IBPT. License required for outdoor installations. Check with reseller for procedure to follow. Anmeldung im Outdoor-Bereich notwendig, aber nicht genehmigungspflichtig.Bitte mit Händler die Vorgehensweise abstimmen. Restricted frequency band: only channels 1 to 7 (2400 MHz and 2454 MHz respectively) may be used outdoors in France. Please contact A.R.T. (http://www.art-telecom.fr) for applicable procedures to follow. Bande de fréquence restreinte: seuls les canaux 1- 7 (2400 et 2454 MHz respectivement) doivent être utilisés endroits extérieur en France. Vous pouvez contacter I’Autorité de Régulation des Télécommuniations (http://www.art-telecom.fr) pour la procédure à suivre. License required for indoor use. Use with outdoor installations not allowed.

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15 E’necessaria la concessione ministeriale anche per l’uso interno. Nederland:

Verificare con i rivenditori la procedura da seguire. License required for outdoor installations. Check with reseller for procedure to follow. Licentie verplicht voor gebruik met buitenantennes. Neem contact op met verkoper voor juiste procedure.

802.11a (5 GHz) Australia Canada France Ireland Luxembourg Norway Switzerland

Austria Denmark Germany Italy Netherlands Portugal UK

Belgium Finland Greece Liechtenstein New Zealand Sweden USA

Turbo Mode (5 GHz) Canada

USA

Europe - Restrictions for Use of 5 GHz Frequencies in European Community Countries 5150-5250 MHz 5250-5350 MHz

European Community Countries

Channels: 36, 40, 44, 48

Austria Belgium, France, Switzerland/Lichtenstein Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, UK Iceland, Spain

5470-5725 MHz

Channels: 52, 56, 60, Channels: 100, 104, 108, 112, 64 116, 120, 124, 128, 132, 136, 140

Indoor Only O O

Indoor Only x O

Indoor/Outdoor x x

O

O

O

O

O

O

O: allowed ×: forbidden

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16 ❖

To remain in conformance with European spectrum usage laws for Wireless LAN operation, the above 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz channel limitations apply. The user should use the wireless LAN utility to check the current channel of operation. If operation is occurring outside of the allowable frequencies as listed above, the user must cease operating the Wireless LAN at that location and consult the local technical support staff responsible for the wireless network.



The 5 GHz Turbo mode feature is not allowed for operation in any European Community country.



This device must not be operated in ad-hoc mode using channels in the 5 GHz bands in the European Community. Ad-hoc mode provides a direct communication between two client devices without a Wireless LAN Access Point.



This device must be used with Access Points that have employed and activated a radar detection feature required for European Community operation in the 5 GHz bands. This device will operate under the control of the Access Point in order to avoid operating on a channel occupied by any radar system in the area. The presence of nearby radar operation may result in temporary interruption of operation of this device. The Access Point’s radar detection feature will automatically restart operation on a channel free of radar. You may consult with the local technical support staff responsible for the wireless network to ensure the Access Point device(s) are properly configured for European Community operation.

Approved Countries/Regions for use for the Atheros AR5001X Mini PCI Wireless Network Adapter This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries/regions in the following table. Do not use this equipment except in the countries/regions in the following table.

NOTE

This device works on passive scan only. A peer-to-peer mode is not available in 802.11a and Turbo Mode.

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17 802.11b (2.4 GHz) Australia Canada France Ireland Luxembourg Norway Switzerland

Austria Denmark Germany Italy Netherlands Portugal UK

Belgium Finland Greece Liechtenstein New Zealand Sweden USA

Austria Denmark Germany Italy Netherlands Portugal UK

Belgium Finland Greece Liechtenstein New Zealand Sweden USA

802.11a (5 GHz) Australia Canada France Ireland Luxembourg Norway Switzerland Turbo Mode (5 GHz) Canada

USA

Approved Countries/Regions for use for the Intel® PRO/ Wireless LAN 2100 3B Mini PCI Adapter This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries/regions in the following table. Do not use this equipment except in the countries/regions in the following table. Argentina Belgium Chile France Iceland Japan Mexico Norway

Australia Brazil Denmark Germany Ireland Liechtenstein Netherlands Peru

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Austria Canada Finland Greece Italy Luxembourg New Zealand Portugal

18 Singapore Switzerland USA

Spain UK Venezuela

Sweden Uruguay

Approved Countries/Regions for use for the Toshiba Mini PCI Wireless LAN Card This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries/regions in the following table. Do not use this equipment except in the countries/regions in the following table. Australia Canada France Hong Kong Italy Luxembourg New Zealand Portugal Sweden UK

Austria Denmark Germany Iceland Japan Malaysia Norway Singapore Switzerland USA

Belgium Finland Greece Ireland Liechtenstein Netherlands Philippines Spain Thailand

Approved Countries/Regions for use for the INPROCOMM IPN2220 Wireless Network Adapter This equipment is approved to the radio standard by the countries/regions in the following table. Do not use this equipment except in the countries/regions in the following table. EU USA

Canada Australia

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Japan New Zealand

19 Bluetooth® Wireless Technology Interoperability Bluetooth® Cards from Toshiba are designed to be interoperable with any product with Bluetooth wireless technology that is based on Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) radio technology, and is compliant to:



Bluetooth Specification as defined and approved by The Bluetooth Special Interest Group.



Logo certification with Bluetooth wireless technology as defined by The Bluetooth Special Interest Group. Bluetooth wireless technology is a new innovative technology, and Toshiba has not confirmed compatibility of its Bluetooth products with all PCs and/or equipment using Bluetooth wireless technology other than Toshiba portable computers. Always use Bluetooth cards from Toshiba in order to enable wireless networks over two or more (up to a total of seven) Toshiba portable computers using these cards. Please contact Toshiba computer product support on Web site http://www.toshiba-europe.com/computers/tnt/ bluetooth.htm in Europe or pcsupport.toshiba.com in the United States for more information. When you use Bluetooth cards from Toshiba close to 2.4 GHz Wireless LAN devices, Bluetooth transmissions might slow down or cause errors. If you detect certain interference while you use Bluetooth cards from Toshiba, always change the frequency, move your computer to the area outside of the interference range of 2.4 GHz Wireless LAN devices (40 meters/43.74 yards or more) or stop transmitting from your computer. Please contact Toshiba computer product support on Web site http://www.toshiba-europe.com/ computers/tnt/bluetooth.htm in Europe or pcsupport.toshiba.com in the United States for more information. Bluetooth and Wireless LAN devices operate within the same radio frequency range and may interfere with one another. If you use Bluetooth and Wireless LAN devices simultaneously, you may occasionally experience a less than optimal network performance or even lose your network connection. If you should experience any such problem, immediately turn off either one of your Bluetooth or Wireless LAN. Please contact Toshiba computer product support on Web site http://www.toshiba-europe.com/computers/tnt/ bluetooth.htm in Europe or pcsupport.toshiba.com in the United States for more information.

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20 Bluetooth® Wireless Technology and Your Health The products with Bluetooth® wireless technology, like other radio devices, emit radio frequency electromagnetic energy. The level of energy emitted by devices with Bluetooth wireless technology however is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless devices like for example mobile phones. Because products with Bluetooth wireless technology operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and recommendations, Toshiba believes Bluetooth wireless technology is safe for use by consumers. These standards and recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific community and result from deliberations of panels and committees of scientists who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature. In some situations or environments, the use of Bluetooth wireless technology may be restricted by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives of the organization. These situations may for example include:



Using the equipment with Bluetooth wireless technology on board airplanes, or



In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or services is perceived or identified as harmful.

If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless devices in a specific organization or environment (e.g. airports), you are encouraged to ask for authorization to use the device with Bluetooth wireless technology prior to turning on the equipment. Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation The radiated output power of the Bluetooth Card from Toshiba is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the Bluetooth Card from Toshiba shall be used in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. In order to comply with FCC radio-frequency radiation exposure guidelines for an uncontrolled environment, the Bluetooth Card from Toshiba has to be operated while maintaining a minimum body to antenna distance of 20 cm. Refer to the Regulatory Statements as identified in the documentation that comes with those products for additional information. The Bluetooth Card from Toshiba is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the Bluetooth Card from Toshiba in such a manner that human contact during normal operation is minimized.

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21 Regulatory statements This product complies with any mandatory product specification in any country/ region where the product is sold. In addition, the product complies with the following:

European Union (EU) and EFTA This equipment complies with the R&TTE directive 1999/5/EC and has been provided with the CE mark accordingly.

Canada — Industry Canada (IC) This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada.

Taiwan Article 14

Article 17

Unless approved, for any model accredited low power radio frequency electric machinery, any company, trader or user shall not change the frequency, increase the power or change the features and functions of the original design. Any use of low power radio frequency electric machinery shall not affect aviation safety and interfere with legal communications. In the event interference is caused, the use of such electric machinery shall be immediately discontinued. Operation of such products can be resumed only when they are modified and can no longer cause interference. The legal communications mentioned in the above item refer to radio communications operated in accordance with telecommunication laws and regulations. Low power radio frequency electric machinery shall resist against interference from legal communications or from industrial, scientific and medical radio emission electric machinery.

Using this Equipment in Japan In Japan, the frequency bandwidth of 2,400 MHz to 2,483.5 MHz for second generation low-power data communication systems such as this equipment overlaps that of mobile object identification systems (premises radio station and specified low-power radio station). 1. Sticker Please put the following sticker on devices incorporating this product.

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22 The frequency bandwidth of this equipment may operate within the same range as industrial devices, scientific devices, medical devices, microwave ovens, licensed radio stations and non-licensed specified low-power radio stations for mobile object identification systems (RFID) used in factory product lines (Other Radio Stations). 1. Before using this equipment, ensure that it does not interfere with any of the equipment listed above. 2. If this equipment causes RF interference to other radio stations, promptly change the frequency being used, change the location of use, or turn off the source of emissions. 3. Contact TOSHIBA Direct PC if you have problems with interference caused by this product to Other Radio Stations.

2. Indication The indication shown below appears on this equipment. (1)

(2) (3)

2.4FH1 (4)

1

2.4: This equipment uses a frequency of 2.4 GHz.

2

FH: This equipment uses FH-SS modulation.

3

The interference range of this equipment is less than 10m.

4

This equipment uses a frequency bandwidth from 2,400 MHz to 2,483.5 MHz. It is impossible to avoid the band of mobile object identification systems.

3. TOSHIBA Direct PC Monday – Friday: 10:00 – 17:00 Toll Free Tel: 0120-15-1048 Direct Dial: 03-3457-4850 Fax: 03-3457-4868

Device Authorization This device obtains the Technical Regulation Conformity Certification, and it belongs to the device class of radio equipment of low-power data communication system radio station stipulated in the Radio Law of Japan. The Name of the radio equipment: EYXF2CS TELECOM ENGINEERING CENTER

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23 Approval Number: 01NYDA1305 The following restrictions apply:



Do not disassemble or modify the device.



Do not install the embedded wireless module into other device.

Optical Drive Safety Instructions The HD DVD-ROM and multi-function drives employ a laser system. To ensure proper use of this product, please read this instruction manual carefully and retain for future reference. Never attempt to disassemble, adjust or repair a HD DVD, CD/DVD drive, CD-RW drive, Multi-drive or any other optical drive. You could damage the drive. You would also be exposed to laser light or other safety hazards, resulting in serious injury. Always contact an authorized Toshiba service provider, if any repair or adjustment is required.

Location of the Required Label (Sample shown below. Location of the label and manufacturing information may vary.)

This appliance contains a laser system and is classified as a CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT. To use this model properly, read the user’s guide carefully and keep it for your future reference. Never attempt to disassemble, adjust or repair a HD DVD, CD/DVD drive, CD-RW drive, Multi-drive or any other optical drive. You could damage the drive. You would also be exposed to laser light or other safety hazards, resulting in serious injury. Always contact an authorized Toshiba service provider, if any repair or adjustment is required.

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24 Copyright This guide is copyrighted by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. with all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this guide cannot be reproduced in any form without the prior written permission of Toshiba. No patent liability is assumed, however, with respect to the use of the information contained herein. ©2006 by Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Export Administration Regulation This document contains technical data that may be controlled under the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, and may be subject to the approval of the U.S. Department of Commerce prior to export. Any export, directly or indirectly, in contravention of the U.S. Export Administration Regulations is prohibited.

Notice The information contained in this manual, including but not limited to any product specifications, is subject to change without notice. TOSHIBA CORPORATION AND TOSHIBA AMERICA INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC. (TOSHIBA) PROVIDES NO WARRANTY WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH REGARD TO ANY OF THE FOREGOING. TOSHIBA ASSUMES NO LIABILITY FOR ANY DAMAGES INCURRED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM ANY TECHNICAL OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS OR OMISSIONS CONTAINED HEREIN OR FOR DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THE PRODUCT AND THE MANUAL. IN NO EVENT SHALL TOSHIBA BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, WHETHER BASED ON TORT, CONTRACT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS MANUAL OR ANY OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN OR THE USE THEREOF.

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25 Trademarks Satellite is a registered trademark of Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. and/or Toshiba Corporation. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. DirectX, Active Desktop, DirectShow, and Windows Media are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. ConfigFree is a trademark of Toshiba Corporation. Wi-Fi is a registered trademark of the Wi-Fi Alliance. Intel, Intel Core, Celeron, Centrino and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. TouchPad is a trademark of Synaptics, Inc. Adobe and Photoshop are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Bluetooth word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Toshiba is under license. Other trademarks and trade names are those of their respective owners. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.

Computer Disposal Information This product contains mercury. Disposal of this material may be regulated due to environmental considerations. For disposal, reuse or recycling information, please contact your local government or the Electronic Industries Alliance at www.eiae.org.

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Contents Introduction................................................................................ 35 This guide ...............................................................37 Safety icons ............................................................37 Other icons used...............................................38 Other documentation ..............................................38 Service options .......................................................39

Chapter 1: Getting Started......................................................... 40 Selecting a place to work ........................................40 Creating a computer-friendly environment........40 Keeping yourself comfortable ...........................41 Precautions.......................................................41 Important information on your computer’s cooling fan...............................................................43 Setting up your computer .......................................44 Setting up your software...................................45 Registering your computer with Toshiba ................46 Adding optional external devices.............................47 Connecting to a power source ................................47 Charging the main battery.......................................51

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Contents

27

Using the computer for the first time ......................52 Opening the display panel .................................52 Your computer’s features and specifications ....53 Turning on the power .......................................53 Adding memory (optional) ......................................54 Installing a memory module .............................55 Using the TouchPad™.............................................55 Scrolling with the TouchPad™ ..........................56 Control buttons .................................................56 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad .................56 Using external display devices ................................58 Directing the display output when you turn on the computer ....................................................59 Adjusting the quality of the external display......60 Using an external keyboard.....................................60 Using a mouse ........................................................61 Connecting a printer ..............................................61 Setting up a printer ...........................................62 Connecting an optional external diskette drive........63 Turning off the computer ........................................64 Options for turning off the computer ................64 Using the Turn Off Computer or Shut Down commands ..................................................67 Using and configuring Hibernation mode .........70 Using and configuring Standby mode...............72 Closing the display panel ..................................73 Using your computer in tablet mode.......................74 Customizing your computer’s settings..............75 Caring for your computer........................................76 Cleaning the computer ......................................76 Moving the computer........................................76 Using a computer lock ......................................77

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28

Contents

Chapter 2: Learning the Basics................................................. 78 Computing tips .......................................................78 Using the keyboard .................................................80 Character keys .................................................80 Making your keyboard emulate a full-size keyboard .....................................................80 Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys .........................................81 Function keys....................................................81 Windows® special keys....................................82 Overlay keys .....................................................82 Using the overlay to type numeric data.............83 Starting a program..................................................83 Starting a program from the Start menu...........84 Starting a program from Windows® Explorer....84 Starting a program from the Run dialog box ....85 Saving your work ....................................................86 Printing your work ..................................................88 Backing up your work .............................................89 Restoring your work .........................................90 Using the optical drive ............................................90 Optical drive components .................................91 Media Control Buttons ......................................92 Inserting a compact disc ..................................94 Playing an audio CD..........................................96 Playing CDs ......................................................97 Creating a CD ....................................................97 Removing a disc with the computer on.............98 Removing a disc with the computer off ............99 Caring for CD or DVD Discs .............................99 Toshiba’s online resources ...................................100

Chapter 3: Mobile Computing.................................................101 Toshiba’s energy-saver design..............................101 Running the computer on battery power ..............101

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Contents

29

Battery Notice .................................................102 Power management ........................................103 Using additional batteries ...............................103 Charging batteries.................................................104 Charging the main battery...............................104 Charging the RTC battery................................105 Monitoring main battery power.............................106 Determining remaining battery power.............108 What to do when the main battery runs low ...109 Setting battery alarms.....................................110 Conserving battery power ..............................110 Power Profiles ................................................111 Using a hot key to set the Power Profile .........112 Changing the main battery ....................................113 Removing the battery from the computer .......113 Inserting a charged battery .............................115 Taking care of your battery ...................................116 Safety precautions ..........................................116 Maximizing battery life ....................................117 Disposing of used batteries ..................................118 Traveling tips ........................................................120

Chapter 4: Exploring Your Computer’s Features...................121 Exploring the desktop ...........................................121 Finding your way around the desktop .............122 Setting up for communications.............................124 Connecting the modem to a telephone line .....126 Connecting your computer to a network ........128 An overview of using the Internet .........................130 The Internet ....................................................130 The World Wide Web .....................................131 Internet Service Providers...............................131 Connecting to the Internet .............................131 Surfing the Internet.........................................132

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30

Contents

Internet features..............................................132 Uploading to, and downloading files from, the Internet ....................................................133 Exploring audio features .......................................133 Recording sounds...........................................134 Using external speakers or headphones..........135 Using tablet mode.................................................136 Preparing to use the tablet ..............................136 Using tablet mode...........................................139 Using the Toshiba tablet pen...........................140 Returning the computer to its original configuration.............................................141 Using PC Cards.....................................................141 Inserting a PC Card .........................................142 Removing a PC Card .......................................143 Setting up a PC Card for your computer .........144 Using the Bridge Media Adapter Slot ....................144 Inserting memory media.................................144 Removing memory media...............................145 Using the i.LINK® port .........................................146 Using an expansion device....................................146

Chapter 5: TOSHIBA Utilities...................................................148 TOSHIBA Assist ....................................................149 Connect...........................................................151 Secure.............................................................152 Protect & Fix ...................................................153 Optimize..........................................................154 Setting passwords ................................................155 Using an instant password..............................155 Setting a user password .................................156 Disabling a user password..............................156 Using a supervisor or user password ...................157 Setting a supervisor password........................157

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Contents

31

Deleting a supervisor password......................158 Toshiba Password Utility ......................................158 PC Diagnostic Tool Utility .....................................160 HDD Protection Utility...........................................161 Fn-esse® ...............................................................162 Starting Fn-esse® ............................................162 Using drag-and-drop to assign a key ..............163 Using the keyboard or pointing device to assign a key ............................................................164 Viewing existing key assignments ..................165 Changing or removing existing key assignments ............................................166 TOSHIBA Hotkey Utility ........................................166 TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Card Format Utility .........167 TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility......................168 Booting from a bootable SD card....................169 TOSHIBA Power Saver ..........................................169 Preset Power Profiles .....................................171 Quickly creating a new power profile ..............171 Customizing a power profile ...........................171 Mouse Utility ........................................................172 Toshiba Hardware Setup.......................................173 Tablet and Pen Settings ........................................175 TOSHIBA Rotation Utility ......................................176 Cross Menu Utility ................................................178 Toshiba Tablet Access Code Utility .......................180 TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility......................181 TOSHIBA Mobile Extension...................................183 TOSHIBA Zooming Utility......................................184 Toshiba Button Controls .......................................186 CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer ...........................187 TOSHIBA Accessibility ..........................................188 Trusted Platform Module (TPM) ...........................189 Fingerprint Authentication Utility...........................190

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32

Contents

Fingerprint utility limitations ...........................190 Fingerprint Enrollment ....................................190 Fingerprint Logon ...........................................192 Power-on Security ..........................................192 Control Center.................................................194 Password Bank ...............................................196 Care and maintenance of your fingerprint reader .......................................................200 Fingerprint reader limitations ..........................202

Chapter 6: If Something Goes Wrong....................................203 Problems that are easy to fix ................................203 Problems when you turn on the computer............205 The Windows ® operating system is not working.208 Using Startup options to fix problems ............209 Internet problems ...........................................210 The Windows® XP operating system can help you............................................................210 Resolving a hardware conflict ...............................211 A plan of action ...............................................211 Resolving hardware conflicts on your own .....212 Fixing a problem with Device Manager ...........213 Memory problems ..........................................215 Power and the batteries ..................................216 Keyboard problems.........................................218 Display problems ............................................219 Disk drive problems ........................................221 Optical drive problems ....................................224 Sound system problems .................................225 PC Card problems...........................................225 Printer problems .............................................229 Modem problems............................................230 Wireless networking problems........................231 DVD operating problems.......................................234

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Contents

33

Develop good computing habits ...........................237 Data and system configuration backup in Windows® XP ................................................238 If you need further assistance...............................244 Before you contact Toshiba ............................244 Contacting Toshiba .........................................245 Other Toshiba Internet Web sites..........................246 Toshiba’s worldwide offices..................................247

Appendix A: Hot Keys.............................................................. 249 Volume Mute ........................................................249 Password security ................................................249 Without a password ........................................250 With a password .............................................250 Maintaining security when the battery is not fully charged.....................................................251 Power usage mode ..............................................251 Standby mode.......................................................252 Hibernation mode ................................................253 Display modes ......................................................254 Display brightness ................................................254 Disabling or enabling the TouchPad .....................255 Zooming applications in/out .................................255 Keyboard hot keys ...............................................256

Appendix B: Power Cord/Cable Connectors.......................... 257 USA and Canada .............................................257 United Kingdom ..............................................257 Australia..........................................................257 Europe ............................................................257

Appendix C: Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ............................................................ 258 Getting Started......................................................259 Starting ConfigFree .........................................259

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34

Contents

ConfigFree Utilities................................................261 Connectivity Doctor ........................................261 Search for Wireless Devices ...........................264 Profile Settings ...............................................269 ConfigFree SUMMIT........................................272 Quick Connect.................................................277 Using the Automatic Switch..................................279 Semi-Automatic Switch Feature ............................280

Glossary....................................................................................282 Index..........................................................................................297

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Introduction Welcome to the world of powerful, portable, multimedia computing. With your Toshiba notebook computer, your work and entertainment can accompany you wherever you go. NOTE

This notebook is compatible with European Union Directive 2002/95/EC, Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS), which restricts use of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, PBB, and PBDE. Toshiba requires its notebook component suppliers to meet RoHS requirements and verifies its suppliers' commitment to meeting RoHS requirements by conducting component sampling inspections during the product design approval process.

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36 NOTE

Introduction

Certain Microsoft® software product(s) included with this computer may use technological measures for copy protection. IN SUCH EVENT, YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO USE THE PRODUCT IF YOU DO NOT FULLY COMPLY WITH THE PRODUCT ACTIVATION PROCEDURES. Product activation procedures and Microsoft’s privacy policy will be detailed during initial launch of the product, or upon certain reinstallations of the software product(s) or reconfigurations of the computer, and may be completed by Internet or telephone (toll charges may apply). Some software may differ from its retail version (if available), and may not include user manuals or all program functionality.

NOTE

The product specifications and configuration information are designed for a product Series. Your particular model may not have all the features and specifications listed or illustrated. For more detailed information about the features and specifications on your particular model, please visit Toshiba’s Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com. While Toshiba has made every effort at the time of publication to ensure the accuracy of the information provided herein, product specifications, configurations, prices, system/ component/options availability are all subject to change without notice. For the most up-to-date product information about your computer, or to stay current with the various computer software or hardware options, visit Toshiba’s Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com.

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Introduction This guide

37

This guide This guide introduces the computer’s features. You can: ❖

Read the entire guide from beginning to end.



Skim through and stop when a topic interests you.



Use the table of contents and the index to find specific information.

Safety icons This manual contains safety instructions that must be observed to avoid potential hazards that could result in personal injuries, damage to your equipment, or loss of data. These safety cautions have been classified according to the seriousness of the risk, and icons highlight these instructions as follows: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in property damage.

NOTE

Provides important information.

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38

Introduction Other documentation

Other icons used Additional icons highlight other helpful or educational information: TECHNICAL NOTE: This icon indicates technical information about the computer.

HINT: This icon indicates helpful hints and tips.

DEFINITION: This icon indicates the definition of a term used in the text.

Other documentation Your computer comes with the following documentation: ❖

An electronic version of the user’s guide (this document)



It may also contain guides for other programs that may come with your system.

For accessory information, visit Toshiba’s Web site at accessories.toshiba.com.

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Introduction Service options

39

Service options Toshiba offers a full line of optional service programs to complement its limited warranty. Toshiba’s standard limited warranty, extended warranty, and service upgrade terms and conditions are available at warranty.toshiba.com. To stay current on the most recent software and hardware options for your computer, and for other product information, be sure to regularly check the Toshiba Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com. If you have a problem or need to contact Toshiba, see “If Something Goes Wrong” on page 203.

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Chapter 1

Getting Started This chapter provides tips for working comfortably, summarizes how to connect components, and explains what to do the first time you use your notebook computer.

Selecting a place to work Your computer is portable and designed to be used in a variety of circumstances and locations.

Creating a computer-friendly environment Place the computer on a flat surface that is large enough for the computer and any other items you are using, such as a printer. Leave enough space around the computer and other equipment to provide adequate ventilation. Otherwise, they may overheat. To keep your computer in prime operating condition, protect your work area from: ❖

Dust, moisture, and direct sunlight.

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Getting Started Selecting a place to work

41



Equipment that generates a strong electromagnetic field, such as stereo speakers (other than speakers that are connected to the computer) or speakerphones.



Rapid changes in temperature or humidity and sources of temperature change such as air conditioner vents or heaters.



Extreme heat, cold, or humidity.



Liquids and corrosive chemicals.

Keeping yourself comfortable The Toshiba Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort, that shipped with your computer, contains helpful information for setting up your work environment and tips for working comfortably throughout the day.

Precautions Your computer is designed to provide optimum safety and ease of use, and to withstand the rigors of travel. You should observe certain precautions to further reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to the computer. ❖

Avoid prolonged physical contact with the underside or surface of the computer.

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42

Getting Started Selecting a place to work

Never allow any liquids to spill into any part of your computer, and never expose the computer to rain, water, seawater or moisture. Exposure to liquid or moisture can cause electric shock or fire, resulting in damage or serious injury. If any of these eventualities should accidentally occur, immediately: 1. Turn off the computer. 2. Disconnect the AC adaptor from the power plug socket and computer. 3. Remove the battery pack. Failure to follow these instructions could result in serious injury or permanent damage to the computer. Do not turn on the power again until you have taken the computer to an authorized service center.

The computer base and palm rest can become hot! Avoid prolonged contact to prevent heat injury to skin. Read the enclosed Instruction Manual for Safety and Comfort.

Never place a heavy object on the computer and be careful not to drop a heavy object onto the computer. It could damage the computer or cause system failure. ❖

Never turn off the computer if a drive light indicates a drive is active. Turning off the computer while it is reading from or writing to a disk may damage the disk, the drive, or both.

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Getting Started Selecting a place to work ❖

43

Keep the computer and disks away from objects that generate strong magnetic fields, such as large stereo speakers. Information on disks is stored magnetically. Placing a magnet too close to a disk can erase important files. Handle discs carefully. Avoid touching the surface of the disc. Grasp it by its center hole and edge. If you handle the disc incorrectly, you could damage the disc and possibly lose data.



Scan all new files for viruses. This precaution is especially important for files you receive via email or download from the Internet. Occasionally, even new programs you buy from a supplier may contain a computer virus. You need a special program to check for viruses. Ask your dealer to help you.

Important information on your computer’s cooling fan Your computer may have a CPU cooling fan that cools the CPU by drawing outside air into the computer. The cooling fan may be located on the bottom of the computer.

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44

Getting Started Setting up your computer

Always make sure your computer and AC adaptor have adequate ventilation and are protected from overheating when the power is turned on or when an AC adaptor is connected to a power outlet (even if your computer is in Standby mode). In this condition, observe the following: • Never cover your computer or AC adaptor with any object. • Never place your computer or AC adaptor near a heat source, such as an electric blanket or heater. • Never block the air vents. • Always operate your computer on a hard surface. Using your computer on a carpet or other soft material can block the vents. Overheating your computer or AC adaptor could cause system failure, computer or AC adaptor damage, or a fire, possibly resulting in serious injury.

NOTE

The cooling fan location will vary depending on the computer.

Setting up your computer TECHNICAL NOTE: You must complete all setup steps up to and including “Setting up your software” on page 45 before adding external or internal components to your computer. These components include, but are not limited to, a mouse, keyboard, printer, memory, and PC Cards. Your computer contains a rechargeable main battery that needs to be charged before you can use it. To use external power or to charge the battery you must attach the AC adaptor. See “Connecting to a power source” on page 47.

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Getting Started Setting up your computer

45

To register your computer online or to sign up for an Internet account, you must either establish a Local Area Network (LAN) connection, or connect the built-in modem to a telephone line (see “Connecting the modem to a telephone line” on page 126).

Setting up your software When you turn on the computer for the first time, do not turn off the power again until the operating system has loaded completely.

NOTE

The names of windows displayed, and the order in which windows appear, may vary according to your software setup choices.

The first time you turn on your computer, the Setup Wizard guides you through steps to set up your software. 1

From the welcome screen click Next to enter the Setup Wizard.

2

Confirm acceptance of Microsoft’s End User License Agreement and click Next.

3

Select the appropriate option from the Help protect your computer screen and click Next.

4

Enter the computer name and description and click Next or Skip.

5

Select how your computer will connect to the Internet and click Next. The computer will pause for a moment while checking for an internet connection. If an Internet connection could not be found, a window will display the message: “An Internet connection could not be chosen.” Click Next to continue.

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46

Getting Started Registering your computer with Toshiba

NOTE

6

If you are connecting your computer to a network, consult your system administrator before you choose your computer name and network settings. Follow the remaining screen prompts to complete the setup process. Once you click the final screen, your computer restarts automatically.

Registering your computer with Toshiba Product registration is strongly recommended, and allows Toshiba to send you periodic updates, announcements, and special offers applicable to your product. Product registration can be completed during the initial start up process of your computer. If you decide not to register at that time, you can either double-click the icon on your desktop or go to the Toshiba Web site at www.register.toshiba.com at a later time. Failure to complete Product Registration will not diminish Customer rights under the Toshiba limited Warranty. NOTE

To register online, you must be connected to the Internet via your computer’s modem and a voice-grade telephone line, or by a Local Area Network.

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Getting Started Adding optional external devices

47

Adding optional external devices NOTE

Before adding external devices or memory, Toshiba recommends setting up your software. See “Setting up your software” on page 45.

After starting your computer for the first time you may want to: ❖

Add more memory (see “Adding memory (optional)” on page 54)



Connect a mouse (see “Using a mouse” on page 61)



Connect a full-size keyboard (see “Using an external keyboard” on page 60)



Connect an external monitor (see “Using external display devices” on page 58)



Connect a local printer (see “Connecting a printer” on page 61)



Connect an optional external disk drive (see “Connecting an optional external diskette drive” on page 63)



Install PC Cards (see “Using PC Cards” on page 141)

Connecting to a power source Your computer requires power to operate. Use the power cord/cable and AC adaptor to connect the computer to a live electrical outlet, or to charge the computer’s battery. Never pull on a power cord/cable to remove a plug from a socket. Always grasp the plug directly. Failure to follow this instruction may damage the cord/cable, and/or result in a fire or electric shock, possibly resulting in serious injury.

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48

Getting Started Connecting to a power source

Always confirm that the power plug (and extension cable plug if used) has been fully inserted into the socket to ensure a secure electrical connection. Failure to do so may result in a fire or electric shock, possibly resulting in serious injury. Be careful if you use a multiple connector. An overload on one socket could cause a fire or electric shock, possibly resulting in serious injury.

Always use the TOSHIBA AC adaptor that was provided with your computer and the TOSHIBA Battery Charger (that may have been provided with your computer), or use the AC adaptors and battery chargers specified by TOSHIBA to avoid any risk of fire or other damage to the computer. Use of an incompatible AC adaptor or battery charger could cause fire or damage to the computer, possibly resulting in serious injury. TOSHIBA assumes no liability for any damage caused by use of an incompatible adaptor or charger.

Power cord/cable

AC adaptor

AC adaptor cord

(Sample Illustration) Power cord/cable and AC adaptor

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Getting Started Connecting to a power source

49

To connect AC power to the computer: 1

Connect the power cord/cable to the AC adaptor.

(Sample Illustration) Connecting the power cord/cable to the AC adaptor Handling the cord on this product will expose you to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling. _

+

2

Plug the AC adaptor into the DC-IN on the back of the computer.

(Sample Illustration) Connecting the AC adaptor to the computer

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50

Getting Started Connecting to a power source

3

Connect the power cord/cable to a live electrical outlet. The AC power light on the indicator panel glows blue. Never attempt to connect or disconnect a power plug with wet hands. Failure to follow this instruction could result in an electric shock, possibly resulting in serious injury. The computer’s main battery light gives you an indication of the main battery’s current charge:

NOTE



Glows amber while the main battery is being charged (AC adaptor connected)



Glows blue when the main battery is fully charged



Is unlit when the main battery has discharged, the battery is not charging, or the AC adaptor is not plugged into the computer or AC outlet



Flashes amber when the main battery charge is low and it is time to recharge the main battery or plug in the AC adaptor If the AC power light flashes amber during charging, either the main battery is malfunctioning, or it is not receiving correct input from the AC power supply. Disconnect the AC power cord/cable and remove the main battery pack. See “Changing the main battery” on page 113 for information on replacing the main battery.

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Getting Started Charging the main battery

51

Charging the main battery Your computer came with its battery already installed. Before using the battery to power the computer, you must charge the battery. To charge the battery, leave the computer plugged into an AC power source for at least three hours with the computer turned off. After that, the battery will be completely charged and ready to power the computer. Once the battery is charged for the first time, avoid leaving the computer plugged in and turned off for more than a few hours at a time. Continuing to charge a fully charged battery can damage the battery.

TECHNICAL NOTE: When your computer is using all of the power provided by the AC Adaptor to run applications, features, and devices, the recharging of the battery cannot occur. Your computer’s Power Saver utility can be used to select a power level setting that reduces the power required for system operation and will allow the battery to recharge.

NOTE

Battery life and charge time may vary depending on the applications, power management settings, and features used.

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52

Getting Started Using the computer for the first time

Using the computer for the first time The computer is now ready for you to turn it on and begin using it.

Opening the display panel 1

Press the display latch button, and then lift the display panel.

(Sample Illustration) Opening the display panel NOTE

When opening or closing the LCD display panel, place one hand on the palm rest to hold the computer in place and use the other hand to slowly open or close the LCD display panel.

To avoid damaging the display LCD panel, do not force it beyond the point where it moves easily and never lift the computer by the LCD display panel. Do not press or push on the LCD display panel and be careful to remove any pens or other objects from the keyboard area before closing the LCD display panel. Small bright dots may appear on your screen display when you turn on your computer. Your display contains an extremely large number of thin-film transistors (TFT) and is manufactured using high-precision technology. Any small bright dots that may appear on your display are an intrinsic

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Getting Started Using the computer for the first time

53

characteristic of the TFT manufacturing technology. Over a period of time, and depending on the usage of the computer, the brightness of the screen will deteriorate. This is also an intrinsic characteristic of the screen technology. When the computer is operated on battery power, the screen will dim and you may not be able to increase the brightness of the screen while on battery power.

Your computer’s features and specifications Certain notebook chassis are designed to accommodate all possible configurations for an entire product Series. Your select model may not have all the features and specifications corresponding to all of the icons or switches shown on the notebook chassis, unless you have selected all those features. This information applies to all the features and icons described in this guide. Below are examples of some of the many possible icons used on your computer:

(Sample Illustration) System icons

Turning on the power To turn on the computer: 1

Make sure any external devices (such as the AC adaptor, if you plan to use AC power rather than battery power) are properly connected and ready.

2

Slide the power switch to the right and hold it until the on/off light glows blue—about one second.

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54

Getting Started Adding memory (optional)

(Sample Illustration) Turning on the power The preinstalled operating system will load automatically. When you turn on the computer for the first time, do not turn off the power again until the operating system has loaded completely.

Adding memory (optional) HINT: To purchase additional memory modules, see the accessories information packaged with your system or visit accessories.toshiba.com. Your computer comes with enough memory to run most of today’s popular applications. You may want to increase the computer’s memory if you use complex software or process large amounts of data. For more information on memory options, check the accessories information that came with your computer, or visit accessories.toshiba.com. NOTE

Before adding external devices or memory, Toshiba recommends setting up your software. See “Setting up your software” on page 45.

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Installing a memory module Your computer has two memory module slots. Both slots are located under the keyboard and should only be accessed by a Toshiba authorized service provider. If you are a technically advanced user, visit pcsupport.toshiba.com for information. Toshiba will not be responsible for any product damage, data loss, service or part replacement made necessary by improper installation of a memory module.

Using the TouchPad™ The TouchPad™, the small, smooth square cutout located in front of the keyboard, is sensitive to touch and enables you to move the cursor with the stroke of a finger. Simply move your finger on the TouchPad in the direction you would like to move the cursor: ❖

To move the cursor to the top of the page, push your finger forward on the TouchPad.



To move the cursor to the bottom of the page, drag your finger toward yourself.



To move the cursor to the right side of the page, slide your finger across the TouchPad from left to right.



To move it to the left side, slide your finger from right to left.

NOTE

Because the TouchPad is much smaller than the display screen, moving your cursor across the screen often means having to move your finger several times across the TouchPad in the preferred direction.

Once you have positioned your cursor, you can click it into place by either double-tapping the TouchPad or clicking the control buttons.

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Getting Started Using the TouchPad™

Scrolling with the TouchPad™ There are two active regions on the TouchPad that allow you to scroll as you would with any wheel device on a mouse or trackball. To scroll vertically, run your finger up or down along the right edge of the TouchPad. To scroll horizontally, run your finger along the bottom edge of the TouchPad. This feature can be disabled or changed in the Mouse Properties dialog box.

Control buttons When a step instructs you to click or choose an item, move the cursor to the item, then press and release the primary (left-hand) button. To double-click, press the primary button twice in rapid succession. The primary button usually corresponds to the left mouse button. The function of the secondary (right-hand) button depends on the program you are using. It usually corresponds to the right mouse button. Check your program’s documentation to find whether it uses the right mouse button.

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad The TouchPad is enabled by default. To change the enable/disable TouchPad setting: 1

Click Start, and then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears.

2

Click Printers and Other Hardware.

3

Click the Mouse icon.

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57

Click the TouchPAD ON/OFF tab. The TouchPAD ON/OFF tab view window appears.

(Sample Image) TouchPAD ON/OFF screen 5

Select Disable or Enable, whichever is appropriate.

6

Click Apply.

7

Click OK. The Mouse Properties window closes.

8

Close the Printers and Other Hardware window.

9

Close the Control Panel window. You can also use a hot key to disable or enable the TouchPad. See “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 255.

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Getting Started Using external display devices

Using external display devices Your computer comes with a built-in LCD display, but you can also connect an external display device to the available video port: ❖

An external monitor or projector via the RGB (monitor) port.



A TV, VCR, or DVD recorder via the S-video (TV-out) port.

Before connecting an external monitor or video projector, configure your computer for the type of device you are connecting. To do this, refer to the documentation for your operating system and devices.

Connecting an external monitor or projector You can easily attach an external monitor or projector to your computer if you need a larger screen. To do this: 1

Connect the monitor’s video cable to the RGB (monitor) port on the back of the computer.

2

Connect the device’s power cable to a live electrical outlet.

3

Turn on the external device.

4

Set the display mode by pressing Fn + F5, or by configuring the Display Properties settings.

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Directing the display output when you turn on the computer Once you have connected an external display device, you can choose to use the internal display only, the external device only, or both simultaneously. The quickest way to change the display output settings is to use the display hot key (Fn + F5): 1

Press Fn and F5 simultaneously.

2

While holding down Fn, press F5 repeatedly until the setting you want takes effect. Briefly pause each time you press the F5 key to allow time for the display to change. This hot key cycles through the settings in the following order: ❖

Built-in display only



Built-in display and external monitor simultaneously



External monitor only



TV and built-in display



TV only



Primary and CRT



Dual Mode Display



Swap image Display

(Sample Image) Display options window 3

Release the Fn key.

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Getting Started Using an external keyboard

TECHNICAL NOTE: You can also change these settings using the Display Properties Box. Set the option for the video controller by clicking Start, then Control Panel, Appearance and Themes, and then clicking Display. Choose the Settings tab, click the Advanced button, select Display Device, select the applicable Monitor type, and then click Apply or OK.

Adjusting the quality of the external display To obtain the best picture quality from your television (or other video display device), you may need to adjust the video settings. See the video device documentation for additional configuration steps. TECHNICAL NOTE: To use one of the simultaneous modes, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device. The external display device must support a resolution of 800 X 600 or higher.

Using an external keyboard If you prefer to use a full-size keyboard, you can attach one to your computer. The computer’s USB ports support any USBcompatible keyboard.

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Using a mouse You may want to use a mouse instead of the computer’s builtin TouchPad. You can use a USB-compatible mouse. NOTE

After logging on to your system, the mouse cursor may move to the upper-right side of the screen. If this occurs, press the Esc or Windows® key to return it to its original position.

Connecting a printer NOTE

Your printer documentation may require you to install the printer software before physically connecting the printer to your computer. If you do not install the software as instructed by the printer manufacturer, the printer may not function correctly. Read the documentation that came with your printer. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when connecting a printer.

You can connect a USB-compatible printer to your computer through the USB ports. To determine if the printer is USB compatible, check its documentation. To make the connection, you need a suitable USB cable which may come with your printer. If a USB cable was not included with your printer, you can purchase one from a computer or electronics store. If your printer supports Plug and Play, your computer will automatically recognize the printer; the printer is then ready for use. Refer to your printer documentation for further instructions.

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Getting Started Connecting a printer

TECHNICAL NOTE: To determine if your printer supports Plug and Play, check its documentation. If your printer does not support Plug and Play, you can set up the printer as described in “Setting up a printer” on page 62. To connect a printer to your computer: 1

Connect the printer cable to the printer and then connect the other end to one of the computer’s USB ports.

2

Plug the printer’s power cable into a live AC outlet.

Setting up a printer NOTE

Some printers require a specific installation process. Refer to your printer installation guide for instructions before completing the following procedure.

If your printer does not support Plug and Play, follow these steps to set it up for the first time. You only need to set up the printer once. 1

Click Start, and then click Printers and Faxes. The Printers and Faxes window appears.

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Click Add a printer. The Add Printer Wizard appears.

(Sample Image) Add Printer Wizard 3

Follow the on-screen instructions to set up your printer.

Connecting an optional external diskette drive Some operations, such as creating a password service diskette, require a diskette drive designed for use with 3.5-inch diskettes.

(Sample Illustration) Optional external USB diskette drive

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

To connect an optional external USB diskette drive, connect the cable to one of the computer’s USB ports.

(Sample Illustration) Connecting an optional external USB diskette drive

Turning off the computer Pressing the power button before shutting down the Windows® operating system could cause you to lose your work. Make sure the system indicator panel’s disk light and the drive-in-use light are off. If you turn off the power while a disk is being accessed, you may lose data or damage the disk and/or drive. It is a good idea to turn off your computer when you are not using it for a while. If you are using the computer for the first time, leave the computer plugged into a power source (even though the computer is off) to fully charge the main battery.

Options for turning off the computer Depending on the operating system installed, you have more than one option available for turning off the computer: Turn Off or Shut Down, Hibernate, and Standby. Each option has its advantages.

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Turn Off or Shut Down Factors to consider when choosing either Turn Off or Shut Down: ❖

Use the Turn Off command if you are using Windows® XP Home, or either Windows® XP Professional or Windows® XP Media Center Edition (MCE) and are not connected to a domain server.



Use the Shut Down command if you are using Windows® XP Professional or Windows® XP Media Center Edition (MCE) and are connected to a domain server.



If you have work in progress and are not connected to a network, use the Windows® Standby or Hibernate commands to save your system settings so that, when you turn on the computer again, you will automatically return to where you left off. TECHNICAL NOTE: Before using any of these options to shut down or turn off your computer, save your files and make sure the disk activity lights are off. If you change your mind and decide to continue working after all, wait a few seconds before turning the computer on again.

Hibernation mode Hibernation mode shuts the computer down completely, but it first saves the current state of the computer to the hard disk. Since Hibernation mode does not require power to maintain the saved information, system settings are retained indefinitely. Factors to consider when choosing Hibernation: ❖

While in Hibernation mode, the computer uses no main battery power.



Because the state of the system is stored on the hard disk, no data is lost if the main battery discharges.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer ❖

Restarting from Hibernation takes less time and consumes less main battery power than restarting from turning off the computer.



Since information is being retrieved from the hard disk rather than from memory, restarting from Hibernation takes a little more time and consumes more main battery power to start up than when restarting from Standby.



When starting up again, the computer returns to the state in which you left it, including all open programs and files you were using.

For information on how to use and configure Hibernation mode see “Using and configuring Hibernation mode” on page 70.

Standby mode The Standby command places the computer into a powersaving mode. Standby holds the current state of the computer in system memory (RAM) so that, when you restart the computer, you can continue working from where you left off. Factors to consider when choosing Standby: ❖

While in Standby mode, the computer uses some main battery power.



The Standby command does not store unsaved information on your hard disk. You should save your work before putting your computer on Standby.



Restarting from Standby takes less time and consumes less main battery power than restarting from turning off the computer or using Hibernation mode.

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When starting up again, the computer returns to the mode in which you left it, including all open programs and files you were using. If you power down using the Standby command and the main battery discharges fully, your unsaved information will be lost. Be sure to save your work first.

For information on using Standby, see “Using and configuring Standby mode” on page 72.

Using the Turn Off Computer or Shut Down commands Depending on the operating system installed, use the following steps to turn off your computer.

Turn Off For Windows® XP Home, or either Windows® XP Professional or Windows® XP MCE when not connected to a domain server, follow these steps to turn off the computer: 1

Click Start, and then select Turn off computer. The Turn off computer dialog box appears.

(Sample Image) Turn off computer Windows® dialog box 2

Click Turn Off. The computer shuts down completely.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

Shut Down For Windows® XP Professional or Windows® XP MCE when connected to a domain server, follow these steps to turn off the computer: 1

Click the Start button, and then select Shut down. The Shut Down Windows® dialog box appears.

2

Select Shut down from the drop-down list.

3

Click OK. The computer shuts down completely.

Turning off the computer more quickly You can also turn off the computer by sliding the power button to the right. To use this method, you first need to activate it using the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility. 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the TOSHIBA Power Saver icon.

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69

Click on the Setup Action tab.

(Sample Image) Setup action settings screen 4

Select the options you want from the drop-down lists. ❖

When I press the power button Set this option to Shut down if you want the computer to shut down when you slide the power button to the right.



When I close the lid Set this option to Shut down if you want the computer to shut down when you close the display panel.

5

Click Apply.

6

Click OK.

NOTE

For more information about the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

Once the computer is configured, you can turn it off by either sliding the power button to the right or closing the display panel, depending on the options set.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

Restarting your computer To start the computer up again, slide the power button to the right until the on/off light glows blue. If you turn off the computer by closing the display panel, you can start it again by opening the display panel.

Using and configuring Hibernation mode To turn off the computer using the Hibernation command, click Start, Turn off computer, and then select Hibernate.

(Sample Image) Turn off computer Windows® dialog box The computer saves the state of all open programs and files, turns off the display, and then turns off.

Configuring Hibernation mode options You can place the computer into Hibernation mode by either sliding the power button to the right or closing the display panel. You can also specify an amount of time after which the computer automatically goes into Hibernation mode. To use any of these methods, you first need to enable them the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility. 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the TOSHIBA Power Saver icon.

3

Click the Setup Action tab.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

4

Select Hibernation for the options you want. ❖

When I press the power button Set this option to Hibernate if you want the computer to go into Hibernation mode when you slide the power button to the right.



When I close the lid Set this option to Hibernate if you want the computer to go into Hibernation mode when you close the display panel.

5

Click Apply.

6

Click OK.

NOTE

71

For more information about the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

Once the computer is configured, you can place it into Hibernation mode by either sliding the power button to the right or closing the display panel, depending on the Hibernation options set.

Starting again from Hibernation mode To start up the computer from Hibernation mode, slide the power button to the right until the on/off light glows blue. The computer returns to the screen(s) you were using. If you put the computer in Hibernation mode by closing the display panel, you can start it again by opening the display panel.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

Using and configuring Standby mode To turn off the computer using the Standby command, click Start, Turn off computer, and then select Stand By.

(Sample Image) Turn off computer Windows® dialog box The computer saves the status of all open programs and files, turns off the display, and enters into a low-power mode. The on/off light blinks amber indicating the computer is in Standby mode.

Configuring Standby mode options You can place the computer into Standby mode by either sliding the power button to the right or closing the display panel. You can also specify an amount of time after which the computer automatically goes into Standby mode. To use any of these methods, you first need to enable them in the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility. 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the TOSHIBA Power Saver icon.

3

Click the Setup Action tab.

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Getting Started Turning off the computer

4

Select Standby for the options you want. ❖

When I press the power button Set this option to Standby if you want the computer to go into Standby mode when you sliding the power button to the right.



When I close the lid Set this option to Standby if you want the computer to go into Standby mode when you close the display panel.

5

Click Apply.

6

Click OK.

NOTE

73

For more information about the TOSHIBA Power Saver utility, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

Once the computer is configured, you can place it into Standby mode by either sliding the power button to the right or closing the display panel, depending on the Standby options set.

Starting again from Standby mode To start up the computer from Standby mode, slide the power button to the right until the on/off light glows blue. The computer returns to the screen(s) you were using. If you place the computer in Standby mode by closing the display panel, you can start it again by opening the display panel.

Closing the display panel After you have turned off the computer, close the display panel to keep dust and dirt out of the computer.

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Getting Started Using your computer in tablet mode

Using your computer in tablet mode One of your computer’s features is a convertible display that allows you to use the screen much as you would a writing tablet.

(Sample Illustration) Rotating the screen By simply rotating and folding the screen over the keyboard, your system is ready to use in tablet mode, with the included Toshiba tablet pen. When rotating LCD screen of your computer, be sure to slowly turn the screen in the proper direction, and not apply excessive force or speed.

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(Sample Illustration) Using the computer in tablet mode To remove the tablet pen, press it in, and then pull it out from the right side of the computer. For more information on using the computer in tablet mode, see “Using tablet mode” on page 136. Your computer came with applications already installed specifically designed to work with the tablet feature of the system. For more information on those applications, see the documentation provided with them.

Customizing your computer’s settings There are several ways in which you can customize your computer to suit your particular requirements. Refer to your operating system documentation or Help and Support for details. You may also wish to customize your power usage settings. For more information, see “Power Profiles” on page 111. There are additional custom settings you can choose. See “TOSHIBA Utilities” on page 148.

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Getting Started Caring for your computer

Caring for your computer This section gives tips on cleaning and moving your computer. For information about taking care of your computer’s main battery, see “Taking care of your battery” on page 116.

Cleaning the computer Keep liquid, including cleaning fluid, out of the computer’s keyboard, speaker grille and other openings. Never spray cleaner directly onto the computer. Never use harsh or caustic chemical products to clean the computer. To keep your computer clean, gently wipe the display panel and exterior case with a lightly dampened cloth.

Moving the computer Before moving your computer, even across the room, make sure all disk activity has ended (the drive-in-use light stops glowing) and all external peripheral cables are disconnected. Do not pick up the computer by its display panel or by the back (where the ports are located). Doing so could damage the system.

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Using a computer lock You may want to secure your computer to a heavy object such as your desk. The easiest way to do this is to purchase an optional computer lock cable. For more information on purchasing a cable lock, visit accessories.toshiba.com.

(Sample Illustration) Computer lock cable To secure the computer: 1

Wrap the cable through or around some part of a heavy object. Make sure there is no way for a potential thief to slip the cable off the object.

2

Pass the locking end through the loop.

3

Insert the cable’s locking end into the security lock slot on your computer, then engage the locking device. The computer is now securely locked.

(Sample Illustration) Attaching security lock cable

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Chapter 2

Learning the Basics This chapter gives some computing tips and provides important information about basic features.

Computing tips ❖

Save your work frequently. Your work stays in the computer’s temporary memory until you save it to the disk. If the network you are using goes down and you must restart your computer to reconnect, or your battery runs out of charge while you are working, you will lose all work since you last saved. See “Saving your work” on page 86 for further information. HINT: Some programs have an automatic save feature that can be activated. This feature saves your file to the hard disk at preset intervals. See your software documentation for details.

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Back up your files to disks (or other removable media) on a regular basis. Label the backup copies clearly and store them in a safe place. It is easy to put off backing up because it takes time. However, if your hard disk suddenly fails, you will lose all the data on it unless you have a separate backup copy.



Use Error-checking and Disk Defragmenter regularly to conserve disk space and improve performance.



Scan all new files for viruses. This precaution is especially important for files you receive via diskette, email, or download from the Internet.



Take frequent breaks to avoid repetitive-motion injuries and eyestrain.



Do not turn off the computer if a drive indicator light indicates a drive is active. Turning off the computer while it is reading from or writing to a disk may damage the disk, the drive, or both.



Before turning off the computer, use the Turn off computer command or Standby command. See “Using and configuring Standby mode” on page 72 to learn more about Standby.

NOTE

The Windows® operating system records information, such as your desktop setup, during its shutdown procedure. If you do not let the Windows® operating system shut down normally, details such as new icon positions may be lost.

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Learning the Basics Using the keyboard

Using the keyboard Your computer’s keyboard contains character keys, control keys, function keys, and special Windows® keys, providing all the functionality of a full-size keyboard.

(Sample Illustration) Keyboard

Character keys Typing with the character keys is very much like typing on a typewriter, except that: ❖

The space bar creates a space character instead of just passing over an area of the page.



The lowercase letter l (el) and the number 1 are not interchangeable.



The uppercase letter O and the number 0 are not interchangeable.

Making your keyboard emulate a full-size keyboard Although your computer’s keyboard layout is compatible with a standard full-size keyboard, it has fewer keys. A standard full-size keyboard has two Enter, Ctrl, and Alt keys; editing keys; cursor positioning keys; and a numeric keypad. Pressing the Fn key simultaneously in combination with one of the specially marked keys allows you to emulate a full-size keyboard.

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Your computer’s keyboard has only one Enter and one Ctrl key. Most of the time, this does not matter. However, some programs assign separate functions to the right and left Ctrl and Alt keys, or to the regular and numeric pad Enter keys on the full-sized keyboard. Using the Fn key, you can simulate these separate keys, as follows: ❖

Press Fn and Ctrl simultaneously to simulate the Ctrl key on the right side of the enhanced keyboard.



Press Fn and Enter simultaneously to simulate the Enter key on the numeric pad of the enhanced keyboard.

Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys Ctrl

Fn

Alt

(Sample Illustration) Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys The Ctrl, Fn, and Alt keys do different things depending on the program you are using. For more information, see your program documentation.

Function keys The function keys (not to be confused with the Fn key) are the 12 keys at the top of the keyboard.

(Sample Illustration) Function keys through F12 are called function keys because they execute programmed functions when pressed. Used in combination with the Fn key, function keys marked with icons execute specific functions on the computer. For example, Fn+F9 turns off the TouchPad. For more information, see “Fn-esse®” on page 162, or “Hot Keys” on page 249.

F1

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Learning the Basics Using the keyboard

Windows® special keys Windows® key Application key

(Sample Illustration) Windows® special keys Your computer’s keyboard has two keys that have special functions in Windows®: ❖

Windows® key—Opens the Start menu



Application key—Has a similar function as the secondary mouse button

Overlay keys The keys with gray numbers and symbols on the front of them form the numeric and cursor overlay. This overlay lets you enter numeric data or control the cursor as you would using the 10-key keypad on a desktop computer’s keyboard.

(Sample Illustration) Numeric and cursor control overlay

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Using the overlay to type numeric data The keys with the numbers on their right front are the numeric overlay keys. To turn the numeric overlay on, press Fn and F11 simultaneously. The numeric mode light on the keyboard indicator panel glows when the numeric overlay is on. To disable the numeric overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F11 again. The numeric mode light on the keyboard indicator panel goes out.

Using the overlay for cursor control The keys with the gray arrows and symbols on their left front are the cursor control overlay keys. To turn the cursor control overlay on, press Fn and F10 simultaneously. The cursor control mode light on the keyboard indicator panel glows when the cursor control overlay is on. To disable the cursor control overlay, hold down the Fn key and press F10 again. The cursor control mode light on the keyboard indicator panel goes out.

Starting a program The easiest way to start a program is to double-click the name of the file that contains the information you want to work on. To find the file, use My Computer or Windows® Explorer. If you prefer to open the program first, you have four options. You can: ❖

Double-click the icon for the program on your desktop



Use the Start menu



Use Windows® Explorer or My Computer to locate the program file



Use the Run dialog box

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Learning the Basics Starting a program

The next three sections explain how to start a program from the Start menu, Explorer, and the Run dialog box.

Starting a program from the Start menu When you install a program, the operating system usually puts an icon in the All Programs menu. To start a program that has an icon in the All Programs menu, follow these steps, which use the Windows® WordPad program as an example: 1

Click Start, and then click All Programs. The Windows® operating system displays the All Programs menu, which lists programs and program groups. If your program is listed, go to step 3, otherwise, continue with step 2.

2

Point to the program group, in this example, Accessories. The Accessories menu is displayed.

3

Click the program, in this example, WordPad. WordPad opens. To close the program, click the Close button in the upperright corner of the program’s window.

Starting a program from Windows® Explorer If a program is not listed in the All Programs menu, you can start it from Windows® Explorer. Windows® Explorer gives you a view of your computer’s contents as a hierarchy or “tree.” You can easily see the contents of each drive and folder on your computer. To use this method, you should know the file name and location of the program’s executable file (this file ends with .exe). This example opens WordPad using Windows® Explorer. 1

Click Start, All Programs, and then click Accessories.

2

Click Windows® Explorer.

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3

Click My Computer to expand the window.

4

In the left part of the window, click the line that ends in “(C:).”

5

In the left part of the window, under the C: icon, doubleclick the folder containing the program, in this case Program Files. Windows® Explorer shows the contents of the Program Files folder on the right side of the window. The left side of the window shows all the folders contained within the Program Files folder.

6

In the left part of the window, click Windows® NT.

7

In the left part of the window, click Accessories. Windows® Explorer shows the contents of the Accessories folder on the right side of the window.

8

In the right part of the window, double-click wordpad. The operating system opens WordPad. To close the program, click the Close button in the upperright corner of the program’s window.

Starting a program from the Run dialog box This example uses the Run command to start WordPad: 1

Click Start, and then click Run. The Run dialog box appears.

(Sample Image) Run dialog box

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2

In the Run dialog box: ❖

If you know the program’s location, type the command line. For a program in the Windows® folder, type just the program name. Otherwise, type the full file path. For example, to access WordPad, type: c:\Program Files\Windows NT\Accessories\Wordpad.exe, then click OK.



If you do not know the location, you can search for it by clicking Start, Search, and then following the onscreen instructions. HINT: To run the same program again, click the arrow to the right of the text box and select the command line from the drop-down list.

Saving your work Before you turn off the computer, save your work on the hard disk drive or diskette/CD. This is one of the most important rules of computing. TECHNICAL NOTE: Save your data even when you are using the Standby command, in case the main battery discharges before you return to work. Saving documents is quick and easy, so it is a good idea to get in the habit of saving frequently. Many programs offer a feature that saves documents at regular intervals. Check your program’s documentation to see if it has an automatic save feature.

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Saving files 1

On the File menu of your Windows® program, click Save. If you are working with a document that already has a file name, this is all you need to do. If you created a new document, your program displays a Save As dialog box. Use this dialog box to specify where to store the document and to give it a file name.

(Sample Image) Save As dialog box 2

Choose the drive and folder where you want your file to be stored.

3

Type a file name, then click Save. HINT: To make another copy of the file you are currently working with, choose Save As from the File menu and give the new file a different name.

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Learning the Basics Printing your work

File names The Windows® operating system supports long file names which can contain up to 255 characters and can include spaces. Some applications do not support long file names and require file names limited to no more than eight characters. You may use all the letters and numbers on the keyboard plus these characters: _ ^ $ ~ ! # % & { } ( ) @ and '. File names are not case-sensitive.

Using a file extension Most programs assign an extension to the file name that identifies the file as being created in the program with a particular format. For example, Microsoft Word saves files with a .doc extension. Any file name with an extension of “.doc” is assumed to be a Microsoft Word file. Creating your own extension is usually unwise, since the program is unlikely to recognize a strange extension and may refuse to handle your file correctly. TECHNICAL NOTE: By default, the Windows® operating system does not show file extensions. For information on showing or hiding file extensions, see your Windows® online Help.

Printing your work Ensure the operating system is set up for your printer as described in “Setting up a printer” on page 62. HINT: You only need to set up the printer the first time you connect it. If you use more than one printer or are changing printers, you will need to set up the Windows® operating system to run with the additional printer(s).

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To print a file: 1

If your printer is not on, turn it on now.

2

Open the File menu of your Windows® program and click Print. The program displays a Print dialog box.

(Sample Image) Print dialog box 3

Specify the print parameters. For example, the range of pages and number of copies to print.

4

Click Print.

Backing up your work Back up all the files you create in case something happens to your computer. You can back up your files to different types of media such as CDs, DVDs, diskettes, or to a network, if available. To back up several files at one time, use the Microsoft® Windows® backup program preinstalled on the computer’s hard disk. Also see “Backing up your data to CDs with Windows® XP” on page 240.

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HINT: Backing up all the files on your hard disk may take a considerable amount of time and multiple CDs/DVDs. You may prefer to use a high-capacity backup system, such as an external hard drive. Small files can be backed up on diskettes if an optional external diskette drive is available.

Restoring your work To restore information from your backup media to your hard disk, use the Restore page in the backup program. Look in the online Help or your operating system documentation for information on restoring files. TECHNICAL NOTE: When restoring files, the backup program prompts you if you try to overwrite a file that already exists on the hard disk. Make sure the backup version is the one you want before overwriting the existing file.

Using the optical drive Optical storage has become the preferred medium for software, music, and video. Digital versatile discs (DVDs) provide a significant increase in data storage and support features that are not available on any other video platform. These features include wide-screen movies, multiple language tracks, digital surround sound, multiple camera angles, and interactive menus. For these reasons, your computer may come with an optical drive.

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TECHNICAL NOTE: Your optical drive is set to play region 1 (North America) DVD-ROMs. If you play a DVD disc from another region, the drive will automatically change to play in the format of the other region. The drive will allow you to change regions four times. On the fourth change, the region will be “locked in.” That is, the drive will only play DVDs from that last region. Note that changing from region 1 to region 2 and back to region 1 is counted as two changes.

NOTE

For optimum DVD performance, it is recommended that you play DVDs while running the computer on AC power.

Optical drive components The optical drive is located on the right side of the computer. Your optical drive may look like this:

Drive in-use indicator light Eject button Manual eject hole

(Sample Illustration) Optical drive Drive in-use indicator light—Indicates when the drive is in use. Eject button—Press to release the disc tray.

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Do not press the eject button or turn off the computer while the drive in-use indicator light is glowing. Doing so could damage the disc or the drive. When the disc tray is open, be careful not to touch the lens or the area around it. Doing so could cause the drive to malfunction. Manual eject hole—Use if you need to release the disc tray when the power is off. Use a straightened paper clip or other narrow object to press the manual eject button located inside the hole. Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it.

Media Control Buttons The media control buttons located to the left of the keyboard let you access the Internet when the computer is on and play audio CDs or DVD movies when the computer is off. You can also use them to play CDs and DVDs when the computer is on.

Media Player button Play/pause button Stop button Next track button Previous track button

(Sample Illustration) Media Control buttons The Power button lets you turn the computer on or off.

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The Media Player button lets you access the Internet when the computer is powered on or activates a media playing application that can play audio CDs or DVD movies when the computer is powered off. The following chart describes the Media Player button functionality. Power is off or the computer is in Hibernation mode and you press the left side of the Media Player button

The system accesses the Internet.

Operating system is running or the computer is in Standby mode and you press the left side of the Media Player button

The system accesses the Internet.

Power is off or the computer is in Hibernation mode and you press the right side of the Media Player button

If a CD is in the drive, the system operates as a stand-alone CD player.

Operating system is running or the computer is in Standby mode and you press the right side of the Media Player button

If a CD is in the drive, the system launches the default music player and begins to play the CD.

If a DVD is in the drive, the system operates as a stand-alone DVD movie player

If a DVD is in the drive, the system launches the default video player and begins to play the DVD.

The Play/Pause button starts playing the disc or makes it pause if currently playing. The Stop button stops a disc that is currently playing.

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The Previous track button/Next track button returns to the preceding track on the disc (press the left side of the button) or skips to the following track on the disc (press the right side of the button).

Inserting a compact disc To insert a compact disc into the drive: 1

Make sure the computer is turned on. The drive will not open if the computer’s power is off.

2

Make sure the drive’s in-use indicator light is off.

3

Press the drive’s eject button. The disc tray slides partially out of the drive (about 1 inch).

4

Grasp the tray and pull it fully open.

(Sample Illustration) Drive tray fully extended 5

Hold the disc by its edges and check that it is free of dust. If the disc is dusty, clean it as described in “Caring for CD or DVD Discs” on page 99.

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95

Place the disc carefully in the disc tray, label side up.

(Sample Illustration) Positioning the disc in the drive 7

Gently press the disc onto the center spindle until it clicks into place. Handle DVDs and CDs carefully, making contact only with the center hole and edge. Do not touch the surface of the disc. Do not stack discs. If you incorrectly handle the discs, you could lose data.

8

Make sure the disc is completely on the spindle and is lying flat on the tray. If you insert the disc incorrectly, it may jam the drive. If this happens, contact Toshiba support for assistance.

9

Push the disc tray in by pressing gently on the center of the tray until it clicks into place. You are ready to use the disc.

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Playing an audio CD Insert an audio CD and close the disc tray. If the computer is turned on, Windows Media® Player opens and the CD begins to play. You can use the Windows Media Player program to control the CD. To access the Windows Media Player, you can open it through the Start menu or activate it from the taskbar. NOTE

When using Windows Media Player, your system may not be able to activate Standby or Hibernation modes. To prevent this from occurring, close Windows Media Player before you select Standby or Hibernation mode.

Stop button Play/pause button

(Sample Image) Windows® Media Player screen The Windows® Media Player control panel works much like an ordinary compact disc player: ❖

To play the CD or to pause, click the Play/pause button.

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To stop the CD, click the Stop button. Before putting on headphones to listen to an audio CD, turn the volume dial down. Do not set the volume too high when using headphones. Continuous exposure to loud sound can harm your hearing.

Playing CDs If you insert a CD into the optical drive and the Auto-Run feature does not automatically start your disc, try launching the CD manually. To do this, follow these steps: 1

Click Start, and then click My Computer.

2

Click the optical drive icon. The disc drive will run the CD.

If your disc does not run using this method, try using an application that is associated with the media on the disc. For example, if it is a music CD, open Windows® Media Player and use it to select and then play the CD. For other types of media, use the associated software to open the files on the disc.

Creating a CD Depending on the configuration, your computer may come with a multi-function drive that allows you to: ❖

Play pre-recorded DVDs



Play pre-recorded CDs



Read and write data (depending on your system configuration) and music files to CD-Recordable (CD-R) and CD-Rewritable (CD-RW) discs; and DVD±R/±RW or DVD RAM discs.

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NOTE

Due to manufacturing and quality variations in third party optical media (e.g., CD or DVD) or optical media players/ recorders, in certain cases, your Toshiba optical drive may not record on certain optical media that bear the applicable logo, or playback optical media recorded by other PCs or optical media recorders. Additionally, certain optical media recorded on your optical drive may not playback or operate properly on other PCs or optical media players. These problems are not due to any defect in your Toshiba computer or optical drive. Please refer to your computer's product specification for listing of specific format compatibilities. Copy protection technology may also prevent or limit recording or viewing of certain optical media.

For details on how to use the software, please refer to the respective Online Help menus.

Removing a disc with the computer on To remove a compact disc (CD or DVD) with the computer turned on: 1

Press the eject button on the drive. Do not press the eject button while the in-use indicator light is glowing. Doing so could damage the disc or the drive. Also, if the disc is still spinning when you open the disc tray, wait for it to stop spinning before you remove it.

2

Pull the tray out until it is fully open, remove the disc, and place it in its protective cover.

3

Gently push the tray in to close it.

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Removing a disc with the computer off To remove a disc with the computer turned off: 1

Insert a slender object, such as a straightened paper clip, into the manual eject hole. The disc tray slides partially out of the drive (about 1 inch). Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it.

2

Pull the tray out until it is fully open, remove the disc, and place it in its protective cover.

3

Gently push the tray in to close it.

Caring for CD or DVD Discs ❖

Store your discs in their original containers to protect them from scratches and keep them clean.



Do not bend a disc or place heavy objects on top of it.



Do not apply a label to, or otherwise mar the surface of, a disc.



Hold a disc by its outside edge. Fingerprints on the surface can prevent the optical drive from reading the data properly.



Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or extreme heat or cold.



To clean a disc that is dirty, wipe it with a clean, dry cloth. The most efficient method to clean it is to start from the center of the disc and wipe toward the outward edge (not in a circle). If necessary, moisten the cloth with water or a neutral cleaner (not benzine or rubbing alcohol). Let the disc dry completely before inserting it in the drive.

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Learning the Basics Toshiba’s online resources

Toshiba’s online resources Toshiba maintains a number of online sites to which you can connect. These sites provide information about Toshiba products, give help with technical questions and keep you up to date with future upgrades. For more information, see “Contacting Toshiba” on page 245.

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Chapter 3

Mobile Computing This chapter covers all aspects of using your computer while traveling.

Toshiba’s energy-saver design Your computer enters a low-power suspension mode when it is not being used, thereby conserving energy and saving money in the process. It has a number of other features that enhance its energy efficiency. Many of these energy-saving features have been set by Toshiba. We recommend you leave these features active, allowing your computer to operate at its maximum energy efficiency, so that you can use it for longer periods while traveling.

Running the computer on battery power The computer contains a removable Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) high-capacity battery that provides power when you are away from an AC outlet. You can recharge it many times.

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Battery Notice Battery life may vary considerably from specifications depending on product model, configuration, applications, power management settings and features utilized, as well as the natural performance variations produced by the design of individual components. Published battery life numbers are achieved on select models and configurations tested by Toshiba at the time of publication. Recharge time varies depending on usage. Battery may not charge while the computer is consuming full power. After a period of time, the battery will lose its ability to perform at maximum capacity and will need to be replaced. This is normal for all batteries. To purchase a new battery pack, see the accessories information that shipped with your computer or visit the Toshiba Web site at accessories.toshiba.com. Use only batteries designed to work with your Toshiba notebook computer. To ensure that the battery maintains its maximum capacity, operate the computer on battery power at least once a month until the battery is fully discharged. Please see “Maximizing battery life” on page 117 for procedures. If the computer is continuously operated on AC power, either through an AC adaptor or a docking station (if applicable to your system), for an extended period (more than a month), the battery may fail to retain a charge. This may shorten the life of the battery, and the battery light may not indicate a low-battery condition. NOTE

For optimum DVD performance, it is recommended that you play DVDs while running the computer on AC power. In addition, your computer’s Power Saver utility can be used to select a power level setting for DVD playback.

The computer also has an internal real-time-clock (RTC) battery.

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The RTC battery powers the RTC memory that stores your system configuration settings and the current time and date information. It maintains this information for up to a month while the computer is turned off. TECHNICAL NOTE: The RTC battery does not charge while the computer is turned off, even when AC power is attached. The RTC battery charges only while the computer is powered on.

Power management Your computer ships with the power management options preset to a configuration that will provide the most stable operating environment and optimum system performance for both AC power and battery modes. Changes to these settings may result in system performance or stability issues. Users who are not completely familiar with the power management component of the system should use the preset configuration. For assistance with setup changes, contact Toshiba’s Global Support Centre.

Using additional batteries In addition to the main battery, you may also have an optional second battery (not included with your computer). If you travel and need to work for many hours without an AC power source, you may purchase a battery module for use in the computer, or carry additional charged battery packs with you. You can then replace a discharged battery and continue working. For more information on batteries and accessories, see accessories.toshiba.com.

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Mobile Computing Charging batteries

Charging batteries The battery needs to be charged before you can use it to power the computer. Never leave batteries in the battery charger for more than a week at a time. Doing so may reduce the potential charge of the battery. Always use the battery charger specified by Toshiba. You can order a Toshiba battery charger from Toshiba's Web site at accessories.toshiba.com.

NOTE

Battery charge time may vary depending on the applications, power management settings, and features used.

Charging the main battery To charge the main battery while it is in your computer, plug the computer into a live electrical outlet. The battery charges whether the computer is on or off. TECHNICAL NOTE: When your computer is using all of the power provided by the AC adaptor to run applications, features, and devices, the recharging of the battery cannot occur. Your computer's Power Saver utility can be used to select a power level setting that reduces the power required for system operation and will allow the battery to recharge. The battery may not start charging immediately under the following conditions: ❖

The battery is extremely hot or cold. To ensure that the battery charges to its full capacity, wait until it reaches room temperature (50 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, 10 to 26 degrees Celsius).

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The battery is almost completely discharged. Leave the power connected and the battery should begin charging after a few minutes. HINT: Once the battery is fully charged, we recommend that you operate your computer on battery power until the battery discharges completely. Doing this extends battery life and helps ensure accurate monitoring of battery capacity.

Charging the RTC battery Your computer has an internal real-time clock (RTC) battery. The RTC battery powers the System Time Clock and BIOS memory used to store your computer’s configuration settings. When fully charged, it maintains this information for up to a month when the computer is powered off. The RTC battery may have become completely discharged while your computer was shipped, resulting in the following error message during startup: BAD RTC BATTERY BAD CHECKSUM (CMOS) CHECK SYSTEM

NOTE

The above error message may vary by computer model. The RTC battery does not charge while the computer is turned off even when the AC adaptor is charging the computer. The RTC battery charges when the computer is powered on.

If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date, or stop working. To recharge the RTC battery, plug the computer into a live electrical outlet and leave the computer powered on for 24 hours.

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It is seldom necessary to charge the RTC battery because it charges while the computer is on. If the RTC battery is low, the real-time clock and calendar may display the incorrect time and date or stop working. When Hibernation mode is enabled and the RTC battery is completely discharged, a warning prompts you to reset the real-time clock.

The computer can be used while the RTC battery is being charged, although the charging status of the RTC battery cannot be monitored.

Monitoring main battery power The computer’s main battery light gives you an indication of the main battery’s current charge: ❖

Glows amber while the main battery is being charged (AC adaptor connected).



Glows blue when the main battery is fully charged.



Is unlit when the battery has discharged, the battery is not charging, or the AC adaptor is not plugged into the computer or AC outlet.

NOTE

Battery life and charge time may vary, depending upon power management settings, applications and features used.

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Flashes amber when the main battery charge is low and it is time to recharge the main battery or plug in the AC adaptor.

NOTE

If the AC power light flashes amber during charging, either the battery pack is malfunctioning, or it is not receiving correct input from the AC power supply. Disconnect the AC power cord/cable and remove the battery pack. See “Changing the main battery” on page 113 for information on replacing the main battery.

HINT: Be careful not to confuse the battery light ( ) and the on/off light ( ) (near the front left edge of the computer). When the on/off light flashes amber, it indicates that the system is suspended (using the Windows® operating system Standby command).

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Power button

System Indicator Lights

Bridge Media adapter light AC power light On/off light Battery light

Wireless indicator light Hard disk drive light Second battery light

(Sample Illustration) Power and battery light locations

Determining remaining battery power NOTE

Wait at least 16 seconds after turning on the computer before trying to monitor the remaining battery power. The computer needs this time to check the battery’s remaining capacity and perform its calculations.

1

Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, and then click TOSHIBA Power Saver.

2

Click the TOSHIBA Power Saver icon. The Power Saver Properties window appears.

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The remaining battery charge is indicated on the left side of the dialog box. With repeated discharges and recharges, the battery’s capacity gradually decreases. A frequently used older battery does not power the computer for as long as a new battery, even when both are fully charged. TECHNICAL NOTE: The computer drains the battery faster at low temperatures. Check your remaining charge frequently if you are working in temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The computer calculates the remaining battery charge based on your current rate of power use and other factors such as the age of the battery.

What to do when the main battery runs low When the main battery runs low you can: ❖

Plug the computer into an external power source and recharge the main battery



Place the computer into Hibernation mode and replace the main battery with a charged spare



Connect the computer to an optional high capacity battery (if available for your computer)



Save your work and turn off the computer

If you do not manage to do any of these things before the main battery completely runs out of power, the computer automatically enters Hibernation mode and turns itself off. Hibernation mode keeps track of where you were, so that when you turn on the power again, you can continue where you left off.

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If you have Hibernation mode enabled (the default), the computer copies the details of your open programs and files to the hard disk before shutting down. For more information on using Hibernation, see “Hibernation mode” on page 65.

Setting battery alarms You can set two alarms. Each alarm can be set to alert you when a specified percentage of remaining battery power has been reached. You can set how the warning occurs: sound an alarm, display a message, both, or none. You can also set the computer to enter Standby mode or Hibernation mode or to completely power down when the alarm goes off. To change the default alarm settings: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, and then click TOSHIBA Power Saver.

2

Click the Setup Action tab.

3

Configure the Alarm settings to suit your needs.

Conserving battery power How long a fully charged battery pack lasts when you are using the computer depends on a number of factors, such as: ❖

How the computer is configured



How much you use the hard disk, optical drive, diskette drives, or other optional devices



Where you are working, since operating time decreases at low temperatures

There are various ways in which you can conserve power and extend the operating time of your battery: ❖

Enable Standby or Hibernation, which saves power when you turn off the computer and turn it back on again



Use Toshiba’s power-saving options

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These power-saving options control the way in which the computer is configured. By using them, you can greatly increase the length of time you can use the computer before you need to recharge the battery. Toshiba has combined these options into preset Power Profiles. Using one of these profiles lets you choose between maximum power savings and peak system performance. You may also set individual power-saving options to suit your own needs. The following sections describe how to choose a Power Profile and discuss each power-saving option.

Power Profiles You can choose a predefined Power Profile or select your own combination of power management options. To do this: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, and then click TOSHIBA Power Saver. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window

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Mobile Computing Monitoring main battery power

Select an appropriate profile for your work environment or create your own custom profile.

By changing the options that appear in the Power Saver Properties dialog box and clicking OK, you can reconfigure that function. You may choose a power-saving management strategy to best suit your computing needs. If you are running on batteries and the programs that you are using do not require a lot of system resources, you may experience longer work sessions by enabling the Normal setting. Any options that you change become the active settings when you exit the program. (You do not have to restart your system before they become active settings.) For more information, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

Using a hot key to set the Power Profile You may use a hot key to set the Power Profile. To set the Power Profile: 1

Press Fn and F2 simultaneously to display the Power Profile pop-up window.

(Sample Image) Power Profile mode pop-up window 2

While continuing to press Fn, press F2 until you select the desired Power Profile. The Power Profile options are: Full Power, High Power, Normal, AC Optimized, DVD Playback, Presentation, and Long Life.

3

Release the Fn key.

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The pop-up window disappears. You are now in the selected mode. For more information on setting the battery Power Profile, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

Changing the main battery Never short circuit the battery pack by either accidentally or intentionally bringing the battery terminals in contact with another conductive object. This could cause serious injury or fire, and could also damage the battery pack and computer. Never expose a battery pack to abnormal shock, vibration or pressure. The battery pack's internal protective device could fail, causing it to overheat or ignite, resulting in caustic liquid leakage, or explosion or fire, possibly resulting in death or serious injury. When your main battery has run out of power, you have two options: plug in the AC adaptor or install a fresh main battery. TECHNICAL NOTE: To avoid losing any data, save your files and then either completely shut down your computer or put it into Hibernation mode before changing the main battery.

Removing the battery from the computer To remove the battery: 1

Save your work.

2

Power off the computer or place it in Hibernation mode according to the instructions in “Using and configuring Hibernation mode” on page 70.

3

Unplug and remove any cables connected to the computer, including the AC adaptor.

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4

Close the display panel and turn the computer upside down.

5

Slide the battery release lock to the unlocked position.

(Sample Illustration) Unlocking the battery release lock 6

Slide the battery release latch to release the battery.

7

Pull the discharged battery out of the computer.

(Sample Illustration) Removing the battery

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If the battery is leaking or its case is cracked, put on protective gloves to handle it, and discard it immediately. Always dispose of used battery packs in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Put insulating tape, such as cellophane tape, on the electrode during transportation to avoid a possible short circuit, fire or electric shock. Failure to do so could possibly result in serious injury.

Inserting a charged battery To insert a battery: 1

Wipe the terminals of the charged battery with a clean cloth to ensure a good connection.

2

Insert the charged battery into the slot until the latch clicks. The battery pack has been designed so that you cannot install it with reverse polarity. If the battery does not slide into the slot easily, move the battery release lock to the unlocked position and try again. Do not force the battery into position.

(Sample Illustration) Inserting the battery

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3

Slide the battery lock to the locked position.

4

Turn the computer right side up.

5

Reconnect any cables that were removed in step 3 of “Removing the battery from the computer” on page 113.

6

Restart the computer.

Taking care of your battery The following sections offer tips on how to take care of your battery and prolong its life.

Safety precautions ❖

If the battery pack produces an odor, overheats or changes color or shape while it is being used or charged, turn off the computer’s power immediately and disconnect the power cord/cable from the power socket. Carefully remove the battery pack from the computer.



Do not try to disassemble a battery pack.



Do not overcharge or reverse charge a battery. Overcharging will shorten its life, and reverse charging could damage it.



Avoid touching the metal terminals of the battery with another metal object. Short-circuiting the battery can cause it to overheat and may cause damage to the battery or the computer.



Do not incinerate a spent battery, as this could cause it to explode and release caustic liquid.



If a battery is leaking or damaged, replace it immediately. Use protective gloves when handling a damaged battery.

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To replace the main battery, use an identical battery that you can purchase through the Toshiba Web site at accessories.toshiba.com.



A reverse polarity condition should be avoided with all batteries. The main battery is designed so that it cannot be installed in reverse polarity.



Charge the battery only in the computer or in a battery charger designated as an approved option.



When you install the battery pack, you should hear a click when it is seated properly.



Do not expose the battery pack to fire. The battery pack could explode.

Maximizing battery life To maximize the life of your battery pack: ❖

At least once a month, disconnect the computer from a power source and operate it on battery power until the battery pack fully discharges. Before doing so, follow the steps below: 1

Turn off the computer’s power.

2

Disconnect the AC adaptor and turn on the computer’s power. If it does not turn on, go to step 4.

3

Operate the computer on battery power for five minutes. If the battery pack has at least five minutes of operating time, continue operating until the battery pack is fully discharged. If the battery light flashes or there is some other warning to indicate a low battery, go to step 4.

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Mobile Computing Disposing of used batteries

4

Connect the AC adaptor to the computer and the power cord/cable to a power outlet. The DC-IN or AC power-light should glow blue, and the battery light should glow amber to indicate that the battery pack is being charged. If the DC-IN or AC powerlight indicator does not glow, power is not being supplied. Check the connections for the AC adaptor and power cord/cable.

5

Charge the battery pack until the battery light glows blue.



If you have extra battery packs, rotate their use.



If you will not be using the system for an extended period, more than one month, remove the battery pack.



Disconnect the AC adaptor when the battery is fully charged. Overcharging makes the battery hot and shortens its life.



If you are not going to use the computer for more than eight hours, disconnect the AC adaptor.



Store spare battery packs in a cool dry place out of direct sunlight.

Disposing of used batteries The life of a battery pack depends on usage. When the battery pack needs replacing, the main battery light flashes amber shortly after you have fully recharged the battery. You must discard a battery if it becomes damaged.

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Never attempt to dispose of a battery pack by burning or by throwing it into a fire, and never allow exposure to a heating apparatus (e.g., microwave oven). Heat can cause a battery pack to explode and/or release caustic liquid, and both may possibly cause serious injury. Always dispose of used battery packs in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Put insulating tape, such as cellophane tape, on the electrode during transportation to avoid a possible short circuit, fire or electric shock. Failure to do so could possibly result in serious injury.

Always use the battery pack supplied as an accessory or an equivalent battery pack specified in the User's Manual. Other battery packs have different voltage and terminal polarities. Use of non-conforming battery packs could generate smoke or cause fire or rupture, possibly resulting in serious injury. After repeated use, the batteries will finally lose their ability to hold a charge and you will need to replace them. Under certain applicable laws and regulations, it may be illegal to dispose of old batteries by placing them in the trash. Please be kind to our shared environment. Check with your local government authority for details regarding where to recycle old batteries or how to dispose of them properly. If you cannot find the information you need elsewhere, call Toshiba at: (800) 457-7777. Toshiba is dedicated to preserving the environment by sponsoring Call2Recycle, a program of the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation. For more information, and for drop-off locations, visit www.rbrc.org or call 1-800-8228837. Notice regarding CR coin cell batteries, applicable to California, U.S.A. only: Perchlorate Material - special handling may apply. See http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate/

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Mobile Computing Traveling tips

Traveling tips The environmental precautions listed in “Selecting a place to work” on page 40, also apply while traveling. ❖

Never leave your computer on a sunny ledge or in a place where it could get wet or covered in dust.



Always travel with the computer in a carrying case. Toshiba offers a choice of carrying cases for the computer. They all provide plenty of extra space for manuals, power cords, and compact discs. Contact your authorized Toshiba representative for more information or you can see the accessories information that shipped with your computer or visit the Toshiba Web site at accessories.toshiba.com. TECHNICAL NOTE: When traveling by air, you may be required to pass your notebook through airport security equipment. The X-ray equipment will not harm your computer.

NOTE

Before using your computer aboard an aircraft, make sure the Wi-Fi® switch is set to the Off position if your computer has wireless LAN capability.

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Chapter 4

Exploring Your Computer’s Features In this chapter, you will explore some of the special features of your notebook computer.

Exploring the desktop The desktop is the launching pad for everything you can do in the Windows® operating system. You use its features to start programs, find documents, set up system components, and perform most other computing tasks. HINT: The illustrated examples in this guide may appear slightly different from the screens displayed by your system. The differences are not significant and do not indicate any change in the functionality of your system.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Exploring the desktop

Finding your way around the desktop Your computer’s desktop includes several standard features: icons, Start button, Taskbar, System tray, and background pattern.

Icons

Start button

System tray ®

(Sample Image) Windows operating system desktop

Icons An icon represents a folder, file, or program that can be quickly activated by double-clicking the icon. You can create a new desktop icon for any folder, file, or program by dragging the element’s icon from its location in a window to the desktop area.

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The icons initially displayed on your system desktop include: Recycle Bin — Holds files you have deleted. You may be able to retrieve these files until you empty the Recycle Bin. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you delete a file from a diskette, it does not go into the Recycle Bin. For more information on the Recycle Bin, see Windows ® online Help.

Internet Explorer — The Microsoft® browser that provides access to the Internet. NOTE

If you place the cursor over an icon, a popup description of the file contents appears.

Your desktop may contain other icons depending on your configuration. See Windows® online Help for more specific information on each icon and how to use it.

Start button You use the Start button to: ❖

Start programs



Access Microsoft® Windows® operating system update



Open documents



Adjust system settings



Find files



Access Windows® Help



Run programs



Suspend system activity and shut down the computer

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Setting up for communications

Taskbar Each time you open a program, a button associated with that program appears on the taskbar. With some programs, a button appears on the taskbar for each document or window you open. You can use these buttons to quickly switch between the programs or windows. To make a program or window the currently active one, click the associated taskbar button.

System tray The System tray displays icons of tasks or programs that run continuously in the background. To learn more about each task, position the cursor over the icon for a few moments and a short description of the task appears. Typical tasks in the System tray are Current time, Power usage mode, Mouse properties, and speaker volume. To activate a specific task, double-click the appropriate System tray icon.

Setting up for communications To connect to the Internet, use an online service, or communicate across the telephone lines with another computer, you need: ❖

A modem (one comes with your notebook computer)



A telephone line



A browser or communications program



An Internet Service Provider (ISP) or online service if you plan to use the Internet

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Determining the COM port Your modem is connected to one of the computer’s COM (communications) ports. The default setting for the modem is COM3. The following procedure is intended to support you if you need to either upgrade your modem or reset the port to the default settings. If you are having trouble connecting through the modem, you may need to determine the current COM port name and possibly change it. To find out which port your modem is connected to: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, Printers and Other Hardware, and then click Phone and Modem Options. The Phone and Modem Options Properties dialog box displays.

2

Fill in the Local Information text boxes and click OK.

3

Click the Modems tab. Your modem should be listed next to one of the computer’s COM ports.

4

Make a note of the COM port number.

5

To verify that the modem is set up properly, select the modem you wish to check, and then click Properties to bring up the dialog box with information specific to that modem. The Windows® operating system communicates with the modem and displays identifying information reported by the modem. If the Windows® operating system cannot communicate with the modem, it displays an error message. Consult the troubleshooting sections of your modem and Windows® operating system documentation.

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6

Click OK to close the properties dialog box for that specific modem.

7

Click OK to close the Modem Properties dialog box.

8

Close the Control Panel.

Connecting the modem to a telephone line Your computer comes with a built-in modem that can be connected to a standard voice-grade telephone line. The modem allows you to: ❖

Access the Internet.



Communicate with your office’s local area network (LAN) or larger corporate wide area network (WAN). For specific information about connecting to a LAN or WAN, consult your network administrator.



Send a fax directly from your computer.

For more detailed information regarding your computer’s modem, visit Toshiba’s Web site at accessories.toshiba.com. Before you can communicate using the modem, you need to connect it to a telephone line. Your computer’s built-in modem port provides an RJ-11 jack, allowing you to connect the modem to a standard voice-grade telephone line.

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1

127

Plug one end of a telephone cable (purchased separately) into the modem port on the back of the computer.

(Sample Illustration) Connecting the telephone cable to the modem port 2

Connect the other end to the RJ-11 wall jack.

(Sample Illustration) Connecting to a wall jack NOTE

Connect the built-in modem only to ordinary analog phone lines. Never connect the built-in modem to a digital line (ISDN). Never connect the built-in modem to the digital connector on a public telephone or to a digital private branch exchange (PBX). Never connect the built-in modem to a key telephone system for residences or offices. Connection to any communication line other than an analog phone line could cause a computer system failure.

Now you are ready to send a fax or use the modem to connect to an online service or the Internet.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Setting up for communications

Connecting your computer to a network You can connect your computer to a network to increase its capabilities and functionality using one of its communication ports.

Accessing a network To access a network: ❖

At the office, connect an Ethernet cable to the RJ45 jack on your computer. For specific information about connecting to the network, consult your network administrator.



While you are at home or traveling, you need a dial-up connection. Ask your network administrator for the telephone number of the network.

Setting up the connection To set up an office connection, consult your network administrator for network settings and additional considerations. To set up a dial-up connection, use the New Connection Wizard: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Communications, and then click New Connection Wizard.

2

Enter the phone number of your network connection and let the program dial the number. The computer connects to the network.

How to disable the Ethernet LAN port When your computer starts, Windows® attempts to contact a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. If the computer is not connected to a network, it may pause a few minutes as it waits for a reply. To avoid this delay, you can reconfigure Windows® to disable the LAN port.

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To disable the LAN port: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the System icon, then click the Hardware tab, and then click the Device Manager button.

3

Select the appropriate network adapter.

4

Click Actions.

5

Select the Properties icon.

6

Select the Do not use this device (disable) option from the Device usage drop-down.

7

Click OK. Your LAN port is now disabled.

To enable the Ethernet LAN port, repeat steps one through four. Select the Use this device (enable) check box, and click OK.

Using Wireless LAN Connectivity NOTE

Wireless connectivity and some features may require you to purchase additional software, external hardware or services. Availability of public wireless LAN access points may be limited.

Your system may come with an optional wireless LAN module. This is a technology that expands wireless communication beyond networking equipment, and can connect many different kinds of electronic devices without the need for cables. For information on how to set up a wireless connection, refer to your wireless networking device documentation or your network administrator.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features An overview of using the Internet

To use your wireless communication, slide the wireless on/off switch to the On position. When the Wi-Fi antenna switch is on, the wireless indicator light will be lit.

NOTE

For help with common Wi-Fi® networking problems, see “Wireless networking problems” on page 231.

An overview of using the Internet The following sections give a quick introduction to the Internet and some of its exciting features, under these headings: ❖

The Internet



The World Wide Web



Internet Service Providers



Connecting to the Internet



Surfing the Internet



Internet features



Uploading to, and downloading files from, the Internet

The Internet The Internet is an association of thousands of networks and millions of computers around the world connected by communications lines. They all work together to share information.

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The World Wide Web The World Wide Web (or “Web”) is a subset of the Internet — a collection of interlinked documents (located on computers connected to the Internet) that work together using a specific Internet protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The World Wide Web offers information as text, images, audio, or video to be referenced from anywhere in the world. Special programs called Web browsers are specifically designed to work with HTTP. They make it easier to connect to a particular network address and send and receive information.

Internet Service Providers To connect a computer directly to the Internet, many people and businesses use an Internet Service Provider (ISP). An ISP is a company that has the equipment and the telecommunication lines necessary to maintain an Internet connection. You can connect to the Internet by using a telephone and modem or through other higher-speed communication methods such as Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL), cable, and satellite links.

Connecting to the Internet To connect to the Internet, you need: ❖

A modem and telephone line, or a LAN connection



A Web browser



An Internet Service Provider (ISP) account

The Microsoft® Web browser Internet Explorer is automatically configured on your system so that when you first start it, it guides you through signing up for a new ISP account, or assists you in setting up your computer to work with your existing ISP.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features An overview of using the Internet

Once you have established an ISP account, you can connect to the Internet. 1

Connect your computer’s modem to a telephone line. For more information on connecting a modem, see “Connecting the modem to a telephone line” on page 126.

2

Start your Web browser. Have your modem dial the ISP’s telephone number, and establish a connection with the ISP’s computer.

If you are using your computer at the office, then you probably connect to the Internet through your company’s network. See your network administrator about connecting to the Internet.

Surfing the Internet Once connected to the Internet, the Web browser displays a home page, for example, your ISP’s home page on the Internet or your company’s Web site home page. To visit a desired Web site, type in the Web address. The Web address, or Uniform Resource Locator (URL), is a unique identifier for that computer system linked to the Internet. Web addresses can also appear within a Web page’s text, and are known as links. Clicking a link automatically transfers your Web browser to that site. You can also use a Search Engine, a Web site specifically designed to help you look for information.

Internet features The Internet offers many types of communication tools to help you perform many tasks. ❖

Internet email To send and receive email of your own, you need a mailbox on the Web or an email address.

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If you have an account with an ISP, you can probably set up an email address at the same time you sign up for the service. ❖

Internet chat rooms A chat room is a Web site that offers a place where people with similar interests and ideas communicate in real-time, one-on-one or in groups, by typing messages which are instantly viewed by others on their computer screens.



Internet news groups A news group is similar to a chat room, but instead of using a dedicated site to converse about a specialized subject with others in real-time, it uses a Web site as a clearinghouse where all the messages are placed, like a gigantic bulletin board.



Online shopping Many Web sites offer products and services for sale.

Uploading to, and downloading files from, the Internet Transferring files from one computer to another is termed uploading (transferring data from your computer to a site on the Web), or downloading (transferring data from a site on the Web to your computer). There are several ways to upload or download data. It can be as simple as attaching a file or document to an email, or you can use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) features of your Web browser to transfer large amounts of data.

Exploring audio features You can use your computer to record sounds using an external microphone or the computer’s built-in microphone located near the front left corner of the computer. You can play.wav sound files or audio CDs using the built-in speakers, headphones, or external speakers.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Exploring audio features

Recording sounds You may record sounds as.wav files by using the internal microphone located near the front left corner of the computer, or by connecting an external microphone or other sound source to the microphone jack. TECHNICAL NOTE: If you record MP3 files, you will only be able to play them on a device capable of playing MP3 files.

Using a microphone 1

If you are using the internal microphone, which is located near the front left corner of the computer, go to step 4. Otherwise, connect an external microphone to the computer.

2

Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, and then click Sound Recorder.

Record Stop Play Skip forward Skip backward

Positioning bar

(Sample Image) Sound Recorder screen 3

Click the Record button.

4

Speak normally into the microphone.

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135

When you have finished recording, click the Stop button. The Sound Recorder window displays the new sound file as a waveform.

NOTE

You can only record 60 seconds at a time.

6

To hear what you just recorded, click the Play button.

7

To save the file, select Save from the File menu.

NOTE

The microphone on your computer might be set to Mute. To check this, click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Entertainment, and then click Volume Control.

Using external speakers or headphones Your computer is equipped with a full stereo sound system with internal speakers. Instead of using the internal speakers, you can connect headphones or a pair of external stereo speakers. Before putting on headphones to listen to an audio CD, turn the volume dial down. Do not set the volume too high when using headphones. Continuous exposure to loud sound can harm your hearing.

TECHNICAL NOTE: Use amplified speakers that require an external power source. Other types of speakers will be inadequate to produce sound from the computer.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using tablet mode

To play back sound files through external speakers or headphones: 1

Locate the headphone jack on the computer.

2

Using any necessary adapters, plug the cable from the headphones or external speakers into the headphone jack. The headphone jack requires a 16-ohm stereo mini-jack.

To adjust the volume: ❖

For external speakers, use the volume controls on each speaker.



For headphones, use the computer’s volume control dial.

Using tablet mode One of your computer’s features is a convertible display that allows you to use the screen much as you would a writing tablet. Your computer came with applications already installed specifically designed to work with the tablet feature of the system. For more information on those applications, see the documentation provided with them.

Preparing to use the tablet 1

Press the display panel release button and lift the display panel.

2

Slide the power switch to the left and hold it until the on/ off light on the system indicator panel glows blue, depending on your model—about one second.

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137

Rotate the display panel clockwise 180o (degrees). When you complete this task, the screen faces away from the keyboard. When rotating LCD screen of your computer, be sure to slowly turn the screen in the proper direction, and not apply excessive force or speed.

(Sample Illustration) Rotating the display panel clockwise 180o 4

Turn the display latch so it points toward the back of the LCD screen.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using tablet mode

Fold the display panel down flat over the keyboard. The display latch will click and lock the screen in tablet position.

Display latch

(Sample Illustration) Folding the display panel down flat By default, the computer desktop will automatically rotate to primary portrait view. For more information on changing tablet screen settings, see “TOSHIBA Rotation Utility” on page 176. 6

NOTE

To send the video to an external monitor, use the Cross Menu button (the Cross-Functional button) and select the display option. You should view video on an external monitor in primary landscape mode. Any other orientation will display the external video resolution incorrectly.

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Using tablet mode 1

Remove the Toshiba tablet pen which is located on the right side of the computer by momentarily pressing in on the pen and then releasing it. Pull the pen from the holder.

(Sample Illustration) Removing the Toshiba tablet pen from the slot on the tablet computer NOTE

To protect the computer’s display, make sure you change from tablet mode to computer mode and close the display before you turn the computer upside down.

Location of the pen holder

(Sample Illustration) Location of the pen and pen holder

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using tablet mode

Use the Toshiba tablet pen on the tablet as you would any pointing device or pen.

(Sample Illustration) Writing on the tablet To learn how to manually change the layout of the screen from portrait to landscape, see “TOSHIBA Rotation Utility” on page 176. NOTE

You can also use tablet mode when the computer is in its original configuration, with the screen open and facing the keyboard.

Using the Toshiba tablet pen Use the Toshiba tablet pen as you would a mouse, or other pointing device. For example, you can execute “mouse type” commands in the same manner you normally would: ❖

To move the pointing icon (or cursor) on the tablet, simply drag the Toshiba tablet pen across the tablet.



To click a button, gently press the Toshiba tablet pen on it (one click).



To launch an application from the desktop, press the Toshiba tablet pen on the icon (some applications may require you to press it twice—two clicks).

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141

To drag a window to another location on the tablet, press the Toshiba tablet pen on the window's Title Bar, and then hold it while you drag it to its new location.

When working in an application, you can use the Toshiba tablet pen like a pen and simply draw or write directly onto the tablet’s work space.

Returning the computer to its original configuration When you are finished using the tablet, follow the steps below to return the computer to its original configuration: 1

Return the Toshiba tablet pen to its slot on the right side of the computer.

2

Press the display latch release button.

3

Lift the display panel to its upright position.

4

Rotate the display panel counter-clockwise 180o. When you complete this task, the screen returns to its normal position facing the keyboard.

5

Turn the display latch toward the LCD screen.

Using PC Cards TECHNICAL NOTE: For PCMCIA-compatible PC Cards, check the package to make sure they conform to the PCMCIA 2.1 standard (or later). Other cards may work with your computer, but are likely to be much more difficult to set up and use.

Your notebook computer comes with a PC Card slot and supports two types of PC Cards: ❖

Type I cards—You can install one of these cards.



Type II cards—You can install one of these cards.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using PC Cards

The PC Card slot supports hot swapping, which allows you to replace one PC Card with another while the computer is on.

Inserting a PC Card Before you insert a PC Card, refer to the documentation that comes with the card to see if you need to do anything before you insert it. To insert a PC Card: 1

Locate the PC Card slot on the left side of the computer.

2

Insert the PC Card.

PC Card slot

(Sample Illustration) Inserting a PC Card 3

When the card is almost all the way into the slot, push firmly, but gently, to ensure a firm connection with the computer. Do not force the card into position.

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Removing a PC Card Be sure to disable the PC Card prior to removing it. Otherwise, the system may be damaged.

NOTE

Before removing a PC Card, make sure that no applications or system services are using the card.

Prepare the card for removal by right-clicking the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the system tray and then selecting the card or device you want to remove. If the system is unable to prepare the card for safe removal, a message will tell you to try again later. If the card can be removed now, the system displays Safe To Remove Hardware. 1

Locate the PC Card eject button.

2

Press the PC Card eject button once to pop it out slightly, and push it in to remove the PC Card. The PC Card ejects slightly from the slot.

3

Grasp the edges of the PC Card and slide it out of the slot. PC Card eject button

(Sample Illustration) Removing a PC Card

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144

Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using the Bridge Media Adapter Slot

Setting up a PC Card for your computer Some PC Cards are ready to use as soon as you install them. Others, such as hard disk cards, network cards, and SCSI adapters, may need to be set up to work with your computer. To set up your PC Card, refer to the documentation that came with the card or refer to your operating system manual or online Help.

Using the Bridge Media Adapter Slot The Bridge Media Adapter Slot supports the use of Memory Stick™ or Memory Stick™ PRO media, Secure Digital™ (SD™) Card, MMC (MultiMedia Card™), or xD-Picture Card™ media. These media can be used with a variety of digital products: digital music players, cellular phones, PDAs, digital cameras, digital video camcorders, etc. NOTE

Do not use the Copy Disk function for this type of media. To copy data from one media to another, use the drag-and-drop feature of Windows®.

Inserting memory media The following instructions apply to all types of supported media devices. 1

Turn the media so that the contacts (metal areas) are face down.

2

Push the media firmly into the adapter.

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(Sample Illustration) Inserting memory media When inserting memory media, do not touch the metal contacts. You could expose the storage area to static electricity, which can destroy data.

Removing memory media 1

Prepare the media for removal by right-clicking the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the system tray and then selecting the media you want to remove. If the system is unable to prepare the media for safe removal, a message will tell you to try again later. If the media can be removed now, the system displays Safe To Remove Hardware.

2

Gently press the card inward to release it. The card pops out slightly.

3

Grasp the card and pull it straight out.

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Exploring Your Computer’s Features Using the i.LINK® port

(Sample Illustration) Removing memory media Do not remove memory media while data is being written or read. Even when the Windows® message “copying...” disappears, writing to the media might still be in progress and your data could be destroyed. Wait for the indicator light to go out.

Using the i.LINK® port The i.LINK® port on the left side of the computer provides an extremely fast data transfer rate. In addition to high speed, the i.LINK® port also supports isochronous data transfer (the delivery of data at a guaranteed rate). This makes it ideal for devices that transfer high levels of data in real-time, such as video devices. As with USB ports, the i.LINK® port supports both Plug-andPlay (automatic configuration) and hot swapping (the ability to connect and disconnect devices while the computer is on).

Using an expansion device The expansion port is used to connect your computer to an expansion device. This is an excellent investment if you are using your computer both in and out of the office.

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When you return to your desk, you can then connect to your network, print reports from your computer, or use a mouse instead of your computer’s pointing device. Connecting cables for each of these devices every time you return to the office can be time-consuming. With an expansion device, you can leave external devices connected while you are using your computer away from your desk. When you return, you can quickly connect your computer and have immediate access to all the devices. For more information, see the accessories information package that comes with the device or visit accessories.toshiba.com.

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Chapter 5

TOSHIBA Utilities Your computer includes several utilities designed to help you to reconfigure your system to best meet your individual needs. Together, these allow you to ascertain certain system details, set additional options, or change default options. These utilities are described in this chapter. ❖

TOSHIBA Assist



Supervisor password



User password



Toshiba Password Utility



PC Diagnostic Tool Utility



HDD Protection Utility



Fn-esse®



TOSHIBA Hotkey Utility



TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Card Format Utility



TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility



TOSHIBA Power Saver



Mouse Utility



Toshiba Hardware Setup

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Assist ❖

TOSHIBA Rotation Utility



Tablet and Pen Settings



Cross Menu Utility



Toshiba Tablet Access Code Utility



TOSHIBA Zooming Utility



Toshiba Button Controls



CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer



TOSHIBA Accessibility



Fingerprint Authentication Utility

149

TOSHIBA Assist The TOSHIBA Assist provides quick access to computer functions and allows you to customize a range of computer settings. To access TOSHIBA Assist, do one of the following: ❖

Double-click the TOSHIBA Assist shortcut icon on the desktop.



Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Assist.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Assist

The TOSHIBA Assist window appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Assist window The TOSHIBA Assist offers four categories of options: ❖

Connect



Secure



Protect & Fix



Optimize

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Assist

Connect The features available in this category are: ❖

ConfigFree™ Connectivity Doctor ❖ Start Bluetooth® ❖

Bluetooth® Settings



Bluetooth Local COM Settings

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Assist – Connect tab

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152

TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Assist

Secure The features available in this category are: ❖

User password



Supervisor password

(Sample Image) TOSHBIA Assist window – Secure tab

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Protect & Fix The features available in this category are: ❖

PC Diagnostic Tool Utility



HDD Protection Utility

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Assist window – Protect & Fix tab

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Assist

Optimize The features available in this category are: ❖

TOSHIBA Power Saver



Mouse Utility



TOSHIBA Accessibility



TOSHIBA Mobile Extension



TOSHIBA Zooming Utility



Toshiba Button Controls



CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer



Hotkey Assignment



Fn-esse®



Toshiba Hardware Setup



Tablet and Pen Settings



TOSHIBA Rotation Utility

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Assist window – Optimize tab

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TOSHIBA Utilities Setting passwords

155

Setting passwords Setting a password lets you walk away from your computer, secure in the knowledge that nobody can access your files. When you set a password, you must enter the password before you can work on your computer again. Toshiba supports several types of passwords on your computer: ❖

An instant password — Secures your open programs and files when leaving the computer temporarily.



A power-on password — Prevents unauthorized users from starting or restarting the computer.



A supervisor password — Prohibits unauthorized users from accessing certain functions such as Toshiba Hardware Setup. This is useful if more than one person uses the computer.

A single user password supports the instant and power-on password functions. When setting up the various passwords, keep the following in mind: ❖

The user password can be set up under the supervisor password.



The supervisor password must be set before the user password, or the user password must be deleted and then re-entered after the supervisor password is set.

Using an instant password An instant password secures your system with a single keystroke. Use this feature when you leave your desk for a few minutes and do not want to turn off the computer. To use an instant password, press Fn, then press F1. This freezes the keyboard and TouchPad, and blanks the screen. An instant password has no effect on an optional USB mouse or trackball.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Setting passwords

To unlock your system, press any key or touch the pointing device and the Windows® Logon screen will appear. Select your user name and enter your password, if any.

Setting a user password To register a password for the power-on password functions: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Assist window appears.

2

On the left side, select Secure.

3

Select the User Password icon.

4

Click Set.

5

Enter your password then enter it again to verify.

6

Click Set.

7

Click OK if you want to save the password to a text file on a diskette or media of your choice, or click Cancel if you do not want to save the password to a text file.

8

Click OK to exit.

Disabling a user password To cancel the power-on password function: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Assist window appears.

2

On the left side, select Secure.

3

Select the User Password icon.

4

Click Delete.

5

Follow the on-screen instructions to remove the user password.

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Using a supervisor or user password A supervisor password prevents other users from changing hardware configuration options.

Setting a supervisor password If you choose to set a supervisor or user password, Toshiba strongly recommends that you save your password in a location where you can later access it should you not remember it. Toshiba is not responsible for any losses that may occur to you, your organization or others as a result of the inability to access the computer.

To register a password for the power-on password functions: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Assist window appears.

2

On the left side, select Secure.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Assist Security window

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TOSHIBA Utilities Toshiba Password Utility

3

Select the Supervisor Password icon.

4 5 6 7

Click Set. Enter your password then enter it again to verify. Click Set. Click OK if you want to save the password to a text file on a diskette or media of your choice, or click Cancel if you do not want to save the password to a text file. Click OK to exit.

8

Deleting a supervisor password To cancel the power-on password function: To cancel the power-on password function: 1 Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Assist window appears. 2 On the left side, select Secure. 3 Select the Supervisor Password icon. 4

Click Delete.

5

Follow the on-screen instructions to remove the supervisor password.

Toshiba Password Utility The Toshiba Password Utility allows you to set a user-level password in TOSHIBA Assist or in System Setup. To use the Toshiba Password utility: 1

Start TOSHIBA Assist.

2

Click the Secure tab, then click the User Password icon.

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159

The Toshiba Password Utility window appears.

(Sample Image) Toshiba Password Utility window 3

Click Set.

4

Enter a password, then enter it again to verify.

5

Click Set.

6

Click OK if you want to save the password to a text file on a diskette or media of your choice. Click Cancel if you do not want to save the password to a text file. This is known as the password service diskette.

7

Click OK to exit. If you choose to set a supervisor or user password, Toshiba strongly recommends that you save your password in a location where you can later access it should you not remember it. Toshiba is not responsible for any losses that may occur to you, your organization or others as a result of the inability to access your computer.

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TOSHIBA Utilities PC Diagnostic Tool Utility

PC Diagnostic Tool Utility This utility can help diagnose problems with devices in your computer. Refer to the online Help documentation within the application for additional help. To use the PC Diagnostic Tool utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click PC Diagnostic Tool, or click the PC Diagnostic Tool icon in the Protect & Fix tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The PC Diagnostic Tool window appears.

(Sample Image) PC Diagnostic Tool window 2

NOTE

3

Select the devices that you would like to test by clicking the check box that appears to the left of the device. Click the + (plus) and - (minus) symbols to expand and collapse the categories.

Click Start Diagnostics when you are ready to begin the tests.

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TOSHIBA Utilities HDD Protection Utility

161

HDD Protection Utility The HDD Protection utility controls your computer’s hard disk drive (HDD) protection feature, which parks the HDD whenever motion is detected on the computer. Using this utility, you can enable or disable hard disk drive (HDD) protection, and set the motion detector’s sensitivity level for AC power and battery power operation. To use the HDD Protection utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click HDD Protection, or click the HDD Protection icon in the Protect & Fix tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The HDD Protection Properties window appears.

(Sample Image) HDD Protection Properties window 2

Select ON to enable HDD protection, or select OFF to disable HDD protection.

3

Set the battery and AC power detection levels as desired.

4

Click OK.

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162

TOSHIBA Utilities Fn-esse®

Fn-esse® Desktop shortcuts and Toshiba’s Fn-esse program provide quick ways to open programs, documents, and folders from within any Windows® program without using the Start menu. For more information on creating desktop shortcuts, refer to the operating system documentation that came with your computer. This section describes how to use the Fn-esse program to quickly access your programs and files. With Fn-esse, you can assign an Fn key combination to: ❖

Open a Windows® operating system program



Open a file in its associated program



Display a customized folder of programs and/or files from which to choose

Fn-esse also has several keys, known as hot keys, that perform preassigned operations. For more information, see “Hot Keys” on page 249. You can assign any key that is not associated with a hot key or a keyboard overlay.

Starting Fn-esse® Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click Fn-esse, or click the Hotkey Assignment icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The Fn-esse keyboard appears.

(Sample Image) Fn-esse screen

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The keys are color-coded as follows: ❖

Available keys are dark gray with white letters.



Assigned keys and keys associated with a popup list are shown on the Fn-esse keyboard in the selected color.



Unavailable keys are light gray.

There are two ways to assign a key to open a program or document: ❖

Using drag-and-drop



Using the keyboard or pointing device

The method most often used is drag-and-drop.

Using drag-and-drop to assign a key To assign a key to open a program or document: 1

Start both Fn-esse and Windows® Explorer (or the program supporting drag-and-drop).

2

Resize the Explorer window so that you can see both the Fn-esse keyboard and Explorer at the same time.

3

In the Explorer window, highlight the program or document file you wish to assign to a key.

4

Click and hold the primary button as you drag the highlighted item from Explorer to the key on the Fn-esse keyboard which you are assigning to the item.

5

Release the primary button. Fn-esse displays the Add/Edit Command dialog box with the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory fields automatically completed.

6

Click OK to close the Add/Edit Command dialog box with your key assignment in place. The program or document is now associated with the key you just selected. To open the program or document, press Fn plus the appropriate key from within any Windows®based program.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Fn-esse®

Using the keyboard or pointing device to assign a key To assign a key to open a program or document: 1

Start Fn-esse.

2

Perform one of the following: ❖

Using the keyboard, press and hold the Fn key, then press the desired assignment key.



Using the pointing device, move the cursor over the desired key in the Fn-esse window and press the secondary button.

The Assignment Type dialog box appears.

(Sample Image) Fn-esse assignment type dialog box Follow the instructions in “Making a direct key assignment” on page 164 or “Making a popup assignment” on page 165.

Making a direct key assignment 1

Select Direct to display the Add/Edit Command dialog box.

2

Enter the Description, Command Line, and Working Directory for the new Fn-esse key assignment, or click the Browse button to specify this information.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Fn-esse®

3

165

Click OK.

Making a popup assignment 1

Select Popup to display the Application Explorer dialog box.

2

Select the desired folder. The left side of the Application Explorer window displays the folders in the All Programs menu. The right side lists the programs and documents in the folder. These are the items that will appear in the popup list.

3

To create a popup list with items from various folders, or to pick only a few items from a folder, create a new folder containing only the desired programs and documents. If you are unsure how to do this, refer to your operating system documentation.

4

Click OK to associate the folder with the key you just selected. To open a popup list showing the items in that folder, press Fn plus the appropriate key from within any Windows®-based program.

Viewing existing key assignments To view the existing key assignments, choose Assignments from the Fn-esse keyboard. Fn-esse displays the Function Key Assignments dialog box. This box lists all the key assignments and the program or document to which each key is assigned. To view items in a popup list, select the Expand popup lists check box.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Hotkey Utility

Changing or removing existing key assignments On the Fn-esse keyboard, click the key you wish to change with the secondary button. Fn-esse displays the Assignment Type dialog box. ❖

To change the key assignment, click Direct or Popup and continue as if you were creating a new assignment.



To remove the key assignment, click Clear.

TOSHIBA Hotkey Utility The TOSHIBA Hotkey utility allows you to receive a confirmation message when you use the Hotkey combination for Standby [Fn+F3] and Hibernation [Fn+F4]. To activate the Hotkey utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click Hotkey utility. The TOSHIBA Hotkey window appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Hotkey utility window 2

Select the desired option(s).

3

Click OK.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Card Format Utility

167

TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Card Format Utility This utility is used to format SD cards used with the Bridge Media Adapter slot. To format an SD memory card using this utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click SD Memory Card Format utility, or click the SD Memory Card icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The SD Memory Card Format screen appears.

(Sample Image) SD Memory Card Format screen 2

Select the drive corresponding to the SD memory card.

3

Select the formatting option: ❖

Quick Format



Full Format

4

Click Start to begin formatting. The formatting progress is displayed in the horizontal bar in the window.

5

When formatting is completed, click Close to exit the utility.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility

TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility The TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility allows you to create an SD card you can use to boot up your computer. This utility also allows you to easily format SD Memory Cards. Refer to the online Help documentation within the application for any additional help. To make a bootable SD card: 1

Attach a USB floppy drive to your computer and insert a bootable floppy disk.

2

Insert the SD card.

NOTE

3

Be sure to back up your data to external media before performing this procedure as data on the drive may be lost.

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click SD Memory Card, or click the SD Memory Card icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility screen appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility screen

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Power Saver

4

Select the drive where the SD card is located.

5

Select Read from a floppy disk.

6

Click Start.

NOTE

169

To create a bootable SD card with the Read from an image file option, you need a third-party application.

Booting from a bootable SD card To boot from a bootable SD card: 1

Create a bootable SD card (see “TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility” on page 168 for instructions).

2

Verify that you do not have a floppy in the optional external floppy disk drive.

3

Insert a bootable SD card into the SD card slot.

4

Power on the computer.

5

During the boot process, press the F12 key. The system displays the Boot menu.

6

Use the arrow keys to select the SD/Floppy icon.

7

Press the Enter key.

TOSHIBA Power Saver The TOSHIBA Power Saver is used for power management, enabling you to control your computer’s power usage, regardless of the source, and use the many preset power profiles, or create one yourself.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Power Saver

To access TOSHIBA Power Saver: ❖

Click Start, Control Panel, Performance and Maintenance, and then click TOSHIBA Power Saver, or click the Power Management icon in either the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist or in the system tray. The TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window The Profile panel on the left of the TOSHIBA Power Saver Properties window shows the power profiles used to control power usage for both AC power and battery power, as well as the estimated battery life for each power profile mode. The profiles shown in the Profile panel consist of the preset power profiles that come with your computer, plus any customized power profiles that you have created.

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Preset Power Profiles The preset power profiles are: ❖

Full Power



AC Optimized



High Power



Normal



DVD Playback



Presentation



Long Life

These profiles cannot be deleted. It is not recommended to change the settings of these profiles. If you need a custom profile, create a new profile with the properties you require. The DVD Playback profile applies only when a DVD program is playing while running the computer on battery power.

Quickly creating a new power profile 1

Highlight one of the preset profiles.

2

Click Copy. A new profile appears with the title “Copy of Name” where Name is the title of the profile you copied.

3

To rename the profile, click Property.

4

Type the name for your new profile, and then click OK.

Customizing a power profile 1

Select the profile to be customized in the Profile panel.

2

Make the desired changes to the settings on the Basic Setup tab and the Setup Action tab.

3

Click Apply, then OK.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Mouse Utility

Mouse Utility The Mouse utility allows you to change your pointing device or mouse settings. To access the Mouse utility: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Mouse, or click the Mouse icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The Mouse Properties screen appears.

(Sample Image) Mouse Properties screen The settings you can change are divided into these categories: ❖

Buttons



Pointers



Pointer options



Hardware



Advanced



TouchPad On/Off

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TOSHIBA Utilities Toshiba Hardware Setup

173

You may see additional categories depending on your particular pointing device. For information on these settings, see “Using the TouchPad™” on page 55. 2

Adjust the settings as desired, then click OK.

Toshiba Hardware Setup Toshiba Hardware Setup is the Toshiba configuration management tool available through the Windows® operating system. To access it: ❖

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click Assist, or click the Toshiba Hardware Setup icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The Toshiba Hardware Setup screen appears.

(Sample Image) Toshiba Hardware Setup screen – General tab options The Toshiba Hardware Setup screen has the following tabs: ❖

General—Allows you to view the current BIOS version or change certain settings back to their default values



Device Config—Shows the Device configuration options

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TOSHIBA Utilities Toshiba Hardware Setup



Display—Allows you to change various default settings for the built-in LCD display

NOTE

When the computer restarts, it remembers the last configuration. If data does not appear on the display you are using after starting in Standby Mode, press Fn + F5.



CPU—Allows you to enable or disable CPU frequency switching modes. Dynamically Switchable—This mode is the default setting for your computer, and automatically changes the processing frequency and decreases voltage depending on the power source: ❖

AC Power—If your computer is connected to the AC adaptor, the CPU frequency mode is set to high for faster processing.



Battery Power—If your computer is running on battery power, the CPU frequency mode is set to low for slower processing. Switching the CPU to low allows you to conserve power and extend the operating time of your battery.

Always High—Sets the CPU speed to high when using either the battery or the AC adaptor. Always Low—Sets the CPU speed to low when using either the battery or the AC adaptor. ❖

Boot Priority—Allows you to change the sequence in which your computer searches the drives for the operating system You can also manually choose the Boot Priority by pressing the power button, then quickly pressing the F12 key, or the right or left arrow keys.

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175

Select the boot device icon by pressing the right or left arrow keys, then pressing the Enter key. Since the system is a quick-booting system, you must press the arrow keys immediately after pressing the power button.

NOTE



USB—Allows you to enable or disable USB Legacy Emulation



LAN—Allows you to set networking functions



Button Setting — Lets you set the resume speed for Standby mode. If you want to use the fast resume option, be sure to connect the AC adaptor to the computer.

By changing any of the options that appear in the dialog boxes and clicking Apply, you can reconfigure that function. Any options that you change will become default settings when you restart your system.

Tablet and Pen Settings The Tablet and Pen Settings utility allows you to set various options for using the tablet and pen. To access this utility: 1

Double-click the Tablet and Pen Settings icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The Tablet and Pen Settings screen appears. ❖

The Settings tab allows you to specify whether you are left handed or right handed, and the menu location.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Rotation Utility ❖

While the Display tab can be used to change the screen’s orientation and adjust screen brightness, it is recommended that you use the TOSHIBA Rotation Utility (see “TOSHIBA Rotation Utility” on page 176) to change the screen’s orientation, and the TOSHIBA Power Saver Utility (see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169) to adjust screen brightness.



The Tablet Buttons tab allows you to specify an action when a display system button is pressed. After making your selections, click Change, choose an Action, and then click OK.



The Pen Options tab allows you to set various pen options.

2

Select the desired settings.

3

Click OK.

TOSHIBA Rotation Utility This utility allows you to change the default setting of the display format (primary portrait) to three other display formats: ❖

Primary landscape



Secondary portrait



Secondary landscape

To change the display format: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Tablet PC, and then click Rotation Utility.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Rotation Utility

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The TOSHIBA Rotation Utility screen appears:

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Rotation Utility screen 2

Select a new display format for either PC mode or Tablet PC mode.

3

Click OK.

NOTE

Toshiba recommends that you use the TOSHIBA Rotation Utility to change screen rotation options and settings for the tablet feature Tablet and Pen Settings.

NOTE

The Escape key, located between the Cross-Functional button and the Windows® Security button on the front of the display can “lock” the display in its current display setting - landscape or portrait.

The Tablet and Pen Settings window allows you to set various options for using the tablet and pen.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Cross Menu Utility

To access Tablet and Pen Settings: From TOSHIBA Assist, click the Tablet and Pen Settings icon. ❖

The Settings tab allows you to specify whether you are left handed or right handed, and the menu location.



While the Display tab can be used to change the screen’s orientation and adjust screen brightness, it is recommended that you use the TOSHIBA Rotation Utility (see “TOSHIBA Rotation Utility” on page 176) to change the screen’s orientation, and the TOSHIBA Power Saver Utility (click its icon in the System Tray) to adjust screen brightness.



The Tablet Buttons tab allows you to specify an action when a display system button is pressed. After making your selections, click Change, choose an Action, and then click OK.



The Pen Options tab allows you to set various pen options.

After making your selections on the Tablet and Pen Settings window, click OK.

Cross Menu Utility The Cross Menu Utility allows you to make Hot Key assignments to launch applications, access TOSHIBA utilities, or create your own custom menus.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Cross Menu Utility

179

To start the Cross Menu Utility: 1

Press and hold the Cross-Functional button for two seconds until the following screen displays.

(Sample Image) Cross Menu Utility screen 2

Move the Cross-Functional button up or down to select a menu.

3

To select an item in a menu, move the Cross-Functional button left or right until the icon is highlighted, then press the Cross-Functional button.

Creating a New Menu NOTE

You can add up to five menus.

To create a new menu: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Tablet PC, and then click Cross Menu.

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TOSHIBA Utilities Toshiba Tablet Access Code Utility

The Cross Menu Setting window appears.

(Sample Image) Cross Menu Setting window 2

Click New.

3

Click Add File.

4

Browse for the application(s) you want to add to the menu and click Open.

5

When you have finished adding applications to the menu, click OK.

Toshiba Tablet Access Code Utility This utility allows you to create and register an access code, which can be used to log on to Windows®. NOTE

When creating and registering an access code, you can choose any character or symbol you want. The more unique or complex the code, the more secure. However, be sure to create a code that is easily remembered.

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To access the utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Tablet PC, and then click Tablet Access Code Logon Utility. The Tablet Access Code Logon Utility screen appears.

(Sample Image) Toshiba Tablet Access Code Logon Utility screen 2

To create an access code, click New Registration.

TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility To boot from an SD card, you must make the SD card bootable. To do so, run the TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility. 1

Attach a USB floppy drive to your computer, and insert a bootable floppy disk.

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3

TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA SD™ Memory Boot Utility

Insert the SD card into the SD card slot. Be sure to back up your data before performing this procedure as data on the drive may be lost.

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click SD Memory Boot Utility. The TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility screen appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA SD Memory Boot Utility screen 4

Select the drive where the SD card slot is located.

5

Select Read from a floppy disk.

NOTE

6

To create a bootable SD card with the “Read from an image file” option requires a third-party application.

Click Start.

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Mobile Extension

183

TOSHIBA Mobile Extension To adjust the settings for docking or using the Slim SelectBay, use the TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration. To use the TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration: 1

Click Start, then Control Panel, then Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click TOSHIBA Mobile Extension. The TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service Configuration dialog box appears.

3

Under the Mobile Extension Service tab, you can select behaviors to enable or disable, such as Warm Undock Service and Notification Messages, by checking or unchecking the appropriate box.

Sample TOSHIBA Mobile Extension Service tab options

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Zooming Utility

Under the Display Change Service tab, you can set the default display configuration you wish to use when docking the system to the optional Advanced Port Replicator III.

Sample Display Change Service tab options For more information about expansion devices, see “Using an expansion device” on page 146.

TOSHIBA Zooming Utility This utility allows you to select which applications will work with the zoom in/out hot keys (see “Hot Keys” on page 249). You may select all applications or any subset of the following: ❖

Microsoft® Internet Explorer



Microsoft® Office



Windows Media® Player



Adobe® Reader®



Icons on the desktop

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TOSHIBA Utilities TOSHIBA Zooming Utility

185

To access the Zooming utility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click TOSHIBA Zooming Utility, or click the Zooming Utility icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Zooming Utility Properties screen appears.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Zooming Utility Properties screen 2

Select the desired option(s).

3

Click OK.

The zoom in and zoom out hot keys will now work with the applications you selected. To zoom in, hold down the Fn key and press 2; to zoom out, hold down the Fn key and press 1. For more information about how to use the TOSHIBA Zooming utility, right-click the icon in the taskbar and then click Help.

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186

TOSHIBA Utilities Toshiba Button Controls

Toshiba Button Controls The Toshiba Button Controls allow you to customize the TOSHIBA Assist and Toshiba Presentation buttons. Those buttons are located to the left of the keyboard. To access Toshiba Button Controls: 1

Click the Toshiba Button Control icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The Toshiba Controls Properties window appears.

(Sample Image) Toshiba Button Controls screen 2

Select the button whose function is to be customized.

3

Make the desired selections.

4

Click Apply, then click OK.

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TOSHIBA Utilities CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer

187

CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer This utility can slow the speed of your optical drive to make it run more quietly. You can use this utility to make listening to music CDs more enjoyable. NOTE

When you change the CD/DVD drive to “Quiet” mode, the setting is only valid for the current Windows® session. If you shut down, restart, log off, or resume from hibernation, the setting will revert back to Normal speed. The setting can also be changed by CD burning software or other applications that can set the drive speed.

(Sample Image) CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer screen To access the utility: 1

Double-click the icon in the task tray, or click the CD/ DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer screen appears.

2

Click Set Quiet Mode to make the drive run more slowly and quietly, for listening to music or audio files on a CD.

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Click Set Normal Mode to run the drive at normal speed, for transferring data.

TOSHIBA Accessibility The TOSHIBA Accessibility utility allows you to use the Fn key to create a hot key combination with one of the function keys without pressing the two keys simultaneously as is usually required. Using Accessibility lets you make the Fn key a sticky key, meaning you can press it once, release it, and then press a function key to activate the hot key function.

(Sample Image) TOSHIBA Accessibility window To use TOSHIBA Accessibility: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Utilities, and then click Accessibility, or click the Accessibility icon in the Optimize tab of TOSHIBA Assist. The TOSHIBA Accessibility window appears.

2

Check the Use Fn-StickyKey box.

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3

Put a check mark next to the desired option.

4

Click OK.

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Trusted Platform Module (TPM) (Available on certain models) Your Toshiba computer includes the TPM (Trusted Platform Module) which is a security encryption device for your system’s hard disk drive. TPM is already included on your system, but needs to be installed and enabled using the following procedures. To install TPM: 1

2

Launch the Toshiba Application Installer from the desktop and install the following packages: ❖

Infineon Trusted Platform Module Utility



Infineon TPM (Trusted Platform Module) Installation Guide

Follow the directions on your screen.

Once the TPM files have been installed, you will need to enable the TPM feature through your system’s BIOS. To enable TPM: 1

Power on your system while holding down the Esc key.

2

Press F1 when directed.

3

Press the PgDn key.

4

Press the down arrow key until TPM is highlighted, then press the space bar to change the TPM status to Enabled.

5

Press Y to save the changes.

6

Press End and then press Y to accept the changes. Your system will restart.

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For further information on how to set up and use this utility, see the Infineon TPM (Trusted Platform Module) Installation Guide.

Fingerprint Authentication Utility (Available on certain models) The fingerprint authentication utility (available on certain models) can be used to replace the keyboard-based user/ BIOS password authentication system when booting up. The fingerprint authentication utility can also be used for user logon. The user’s fingerprint is read; if the system recognizes the fingerprint, the user is automatically logged on.

Fingerprint utility limitations Toshiba does not guarantee that the fingerprint utility technology will be completely secure or error-free. Toshiba does not guarantee that the fingerprint utility will accurately screen out unauthorized users at all times. Toshiba is not liable for any failure or damage that might arise out of the use of the fingerprint software or utility.

Fingerprint Enrollment Use the Enroll or Edit Fingerprints wizard to enroll new fingerprints or to update existing fingerprint samples. NOTE

It is recommended that you complete the Fingerprint tutorial before starting fingerprint enrollment. The fingerprint tutorial shows how to achieve the highest quality fingerprint samples.

To enroll a new fingerprint: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Protector Suite QL, and then click Control Center.

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2

Click the Fingerprints topic in the Control Center. Click the Enroll or Edit Fingerprints wizard.

3

Enter your credentials.

4

Complete the Fingerprint tutorial.

5

Click the button above the finger you want to enroll.

6

Swipe your finger on the reader. A sample will be created and indicated by a Fingerprint icon.

7

Repeat the previous step. Swipe the same finger on the reader two more times to create two more samples.

8

The final template will be created from these three samples.

NOTE

If you do not use a Windows® password, you will be prompted to define a new (non-empty) one. This is not necessary, but a password improves the security of your software.

If your system supports power-on security, a Power-on button is also displayed above each enrolled fingerprint. This button is shown pressed by default, indicating that your fingerprint is automatically added for power-on authentication. During fingerprint enrollment, the system displays icons as prompts, notifications, and warnings. These icons and their meanings are as follows: ❖

Reader ready. The reader is waiting to read your fingerprint. Swipe your finger when you are ready.



Reader busy. Wait for the reader to complete its operation.



Problem with operation. The reader could not read your fingerprint. Swipe your finger again.



Operation succeeded. The reader successfully read or verified your fingerprint.

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Failed to verify the user. The fingerprint could not be matched.



Error reading fingerprint—the finger was too far to the left or right. Center your finger and swipe it again.



Error reading fingerprint—the movement was skewed. Swipe your finger again in a straight line.



Error reading fingerprint—the movement was too fast. Swipe your finger again at a slower speed.



Error reading fingerprint—the movement was too short. Swipe your finger again using a longer motion.

Fingerprint Logon The fingerprint utility enables logon to your computer using fingerprints. During user enrollment, fingerprint samples are saved and associated with the user’s Windows® user account. When the user attempts to log on again, the user’s fingerprint is read and compared with the user’s enrolled fingerprints; if the fingerprint is recognized, user logon is completed. The Fast User Switching feature of Windows® XP is also supported. If user A is logged on and the fingerprint utility verifies the fingerprint of user B (who is already enrolled), the utility recognizes the fingerprint and switches the users. If your system supports power-on security, existing fingerprint samples can be used also for power-on authentication.

Power-on Security The power-on security feature prevents unauthorized access to your computer when it is turned off by requiring the user to pass fingerprint authentication. If fingerprint authentication fails, the user will not be able to start the computer. When power-on security is enabled, the system asks you to authenticate your fingerprint. You have 40 seconds to swipe your fingerprint.

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If the authentication fails, the system tries again up to two more times. If authentication fails after the third attempt, the system shuts down.

Enabling Power-on Security Options for power-on security are displayed only if your computer supports this feature. In most configurations, power-on security is enabled automatically after the first user fingerprints are enrolled. To disable/enable power-on security: 1

Open the Control Center and go to Settings - Power-on Security. (This wizard is displayed only if your system supports power-on security.)

2

Check the option Replace the power-on and hard drive passwords with the fingerprint reader.

Power-on security can be configured to operate with the fingerprint logon feature. If a fingerprint used for power-on security matches a fingerprint in an existing passport, the corresponding user is logged on automatically without having to enter the Windows® logon password. NOTE

Your hardware must support Power-on security to use the single logon feature. You must have administrative privileges to change settings.

To enable power-on security single logon: 1

Open the Control Center and go to Settings - System Settings.

2

Select Logon.

3

Check the Allow power-on security single sign-on check box. (Logon support must be enabled for this option to be accessible.)

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Fingerprint Management Fingerprints are stored in memory during enrollment. After a fingerprint is enrolled, it is displayed with a power-on button above it. The button appears “pressed in” by default, indicating that the corresponding finger will be used for power-on security. If you do not want to use a fingerprint for power-on security but only for logon, click the Boot button to delete the fingerprint from the fingerprint device memory. The fingerprint device memory can typically hold up to 21 fingerprints. The number of slots remaining is displayed in the enrollment wizard.

Control Center The Control Center contains various functions for fingerprint management and for setting up your fingerprint software. Available options depend on the software status, used hardware, and installed applications.

Fingerprints ❖

Enroll or Edit Fingerprints—Runs the fingerprint enrollment wizard. You can enroll/delete fingerprints for the current user and, if power-on security is implemented, control whether they are stored in the fingerprint device memory. After you enroll your fingerprints, they are associated with your user name and password. The next time you log in, you can use your fingerprints instead of your user name and password.



Delete—In convenient mode, deletes all fingerprints for the current user. In secure mode, only administrators can delete data for users.



Import or Export User Data—Existing fingerprints can be exported to a *.vtp file and imported back to your fingerprint software. The *.vtp file is encrypted and protected by a password that is defined during export.

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Settings ❖

System Settings—Opens the Settings dialog containing various options for setting up the product. Most of these settings can be modified only by administrators and affect all users.



User Settings—Opens the User Settings dialog containing user-specific options for setting up the product.



Power-on Security—The memory of the fingerprint device is limited (typical capacity is 21 fingerprints). You can decide which fingerprints are present in the device memory and can be used for verification on computer startup, or create new fingerprints to be used only for power-on authentication.



Fingerprint Storage Inspector—Opens the Fingerprint Storage Inspector dialog where you can see the contents of your fingerprint storage.

Help ❖

Introduction—Displays the Introduction dialog with basic information about product features.



Tutorial—Runs the fingerprint tutorial which shows you how to enroll your fingerprints. This tutorial is highly recommended for first-time users of this technology. The quality of enrolled fingerprints is extremely important for your satisfaction with the product.



Help icon—Displays this help. The help files in other languages (depending on your installation) are located in the mui subfolder of your installation folder.



About icon—Displays version information.

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Password Bank The Password Bank stores registration and logon information for Web sites and dialogs, helping to automate the task of entering this information. You enter the required information only once, during Web page or dialog registration. When the window is displayed again, all the data is entered automatically when you scan your fingerprint on the reader. Registered Web pages can also be accessed directly from the Biomenu.

Biomenu Biomenu provides access to the utility’s features and settings. It is available in several variants or skins. To view or select other Biomenu skins, open the Control Center and select Settings, User Settings. Swipe your finger to open Biomenu. If fingerprint verification is configured to invoke another action (e.g., display a registered page), press and hold the Shift key while swiping your finger. The Biomenu contains the following menu options: ❖

Lock computer—Locks your computer. Use the reader to unlock the computer again.



Registered Sites—Displays a list of your Web pages registered by Password Bank. To display and fill in a registered page in your default Web browser, click it in the list.



Register—Registers a new window (dialog or Web page).



Lock/unlock My Safe—Opens or closes My Safe folder.



Control Center—Displays Control Center.



Help—Displays this help file.

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Registering a new Web page or dialog You are logged on to the computer and want to register a new Web page. To create a new registration: 1

Display a Web page you want to register.

2

Fill in the data you want to replay the next time you access this Web page.

3

Use the reader to display the Biomenu.

4

Select Register.

Password Bank recognizes pages containing a password field and displays a hint that the page can be registered. These hints can be turned off in the Settings dialog. A wizard will assist you through your first registration.

Replaying a registered Web page or dialog You are logged on to the computer and want to replay a registered Web page. To replay a registration: 1

Swipe your enrolled finger to display the Biomenu.

2

Select Registered Sites.

3

Select a page you want to display and replay, or simply verify your fingerprint if the page is already displayed.

If you directly access a registered page from your browser without using the Biomenu’s Registered Sites option, Password Bank displays a hint that the page is registered and can be replayed. These hints can be turned off in the Password bank tab of the User Settings dialog.

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Replaying registrations with multiple forms Password Bank registers forms, not pages. If a page contains several forms, each form requires a separate registration. If a page contains several forms, replaying works as follows: ❖

If only one form is registered for the page (regardless of how many forms the page has), that registration is replayed.



If the page has multiple registered forms, and one of the registered forms is active, the active form is replayed.



If the page has multiple registered forms, but there is no active form, all existing registered forms for the page are displayed. You then select the one to be replayed.

Replaying a registered dialog You are logged on to the computer and want to replay a registered dialog. To replay a registration: 1

Display the dialog to be replayed.

2

Use the reader.

3

Optional—If the hint for replaying dialogs is displayed, confirm that you want to replay the registration.

4

The registration is replayed.

Editing an existing registration Sometimes it is useful to edit an existing registration. For example, your company’s address may have changed and you want to update your registrations. To edit an existing registration: 1

Click the Settings topic in the Control Center.

2

Click User Settings. Verify your fingerprint.

3

Select Registrations.

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4

Select a registration.

5

Click Edit.

199

You can change the value of an item or delete the item. 6

Select the Auto submit check box to submit the selected registration automatically after replaying the registration. A warning is displayed if you attempt to register a form or dialog that may be incompatible or not work properly with automatic submittal.

Deleting a registration You are logged on to the computer and want to delete an existing registration. To delete an existing registration: 1

Click the Settings topic in the Control Center.

2

Click User Settings. Verify your fingerprint.

3

Select Registrations.

4

Select a registration.

5

Click Delete.

How to Delete the Fingerprint Data Fingerprint data is stored in the non-volatile memory. If the computer changes ownership, Toshiba recommends the following procedure: 1

Click Start, All Programs, Protector Suite QL, and then click Control Center. The Protector Suite Software screen is displayed.

2

Click Fingerprints then Delete.

3

Click Settings then Fingerprint Storage Inspector. The Fingerprint Storage Inspector screen is displayed.

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4

If other fingerprint data is still displayed on the list, hold down the Control key and select each fingerprint until they are all selected, then click Remove.

5

Click OK to make the changes permanent.

6

Check that all Fingerprint data was deleted on the Fingerprint Storage Inspector screen.

Care and maintenance of your fingerprint reader Failure to follow these guidelines and/or procedures might result in (1) damage to the reader or cause reader failure, (2) finger recognition problems, or lower finger recognition success rate. ❖

Do not scratch or poke the reader with your nails or any hard or sharp objects.



Do not press the reader with too much pressure.



Do not touch the reader with a wet finger or any wet objects. Keep reader surface dry and free of water vapor.



Do not touch the reader with a soiled finger. Minute foreign particles on a soiled or dirty finger may scratch the reader.



Do not paste stickers or write on the reader.



Do not touch the reader with a finger or any object with built-up static electricity.

Observe the following before you swipe your finger on the reader, whether for fingerprint enrollment/registration or recognition. ❖

Wash and dry your hands thoroughly.



Remove static electricity from your fingers by touching any metal surface. Static electricity is a common cause of reader failures, especially during dry seasons such as winter.



Clean the reader with a lint-free cloth. Do not use detergent to clean the reader.

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201

Avoid the following finger conditions for enrollment or recognition as they may result in fingerprint enrollment errors or a drop in the fingerprint recognition success rate. ❖

Soaked or swollen finger (e.g., after taking bath)



Injured finger



Wet finger



Soiled or oily finger



Extremely dry skin condition on finger

Observe the following to improve the fingerprint recognition success rate. ❖

Enroll two or more fingers.



Enroll additional fingers if recognition failure occurs often using enrolled fingers.



Check your finger condition. Changed conditions, such as injured, rough, extremely dry, wet, soiled, dirty, oily, soaked or swollen fingers, may lower the recognition success rate. Also if the fingerprint is worn down or the finger becomes thinner or fatter, the recognition success rate may be lowered.



The fingerprint for each finger is different and unique. Please ensure that only the registered or enrolled fingerprint or fingerprints are used for identification.



Check sliding position (see illustration below).

(Sample Illustration) Aligning the finger on the reader

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Fingerprint reader limitations ❖

The fingerprint reader compares and analyzes the unique characteristics in a fingerprint. However, there may be instances where certain users are unable to register their fingerprints due to insufficiently unique characteristics in their fingerprints.



A warning message will be displayed when recognition is abnormal or recognition is not successful within a fixed duration.



The recognition success rate may differ from user to user.



Toshiba does not guarantee that this fingerprint recognition technology will be error-free.



Toshiba does not guarantee that the fingerprint reader will recognize the enrolled user or accurately screen out unauthorized users at all times. Toshiba is not liable for any failure or damage that might arise out of the use of this fingerprint recognition software or utility.

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Chapter 6

If Something Goes Wrong Some problems you may encounter when using your computer are relatively easy to identify and solve. Others may require help from your network administrator or the manufacturer of the software program. This chapter aims to help you solve many problems by yourself. It covers the problems you are most likely to encounter. If all else fails, contact Toshiba. You will find information on Toshiba’s support services at the end of this chapter.

Problems that are easy to fix Your program stops responding. If you are working with a program that suddenly freezes all operations, chances are the program has stopped responding. You can exit the failed program without shutting down the operating system or closing other programs. To close a program that has stopped responding: 1

Press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously (once). The Windows® Task Manager window appears.

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If Something Goes Wrong Problems that are easy to fix

Click the Applications tab. If a program has stopped responding, the words “not responding” appear beside its name in the list.

3

Select the program you want to close, then click End Task. Closing the failed program should allow you to continue working. If it does not, continue with the next step.

4

Close the remaining programs one by one by selecting the program name, then End Task.

To power off your computer, do one of the following: If you are not connected to a domain server: 1

Click Start, and then select Turn off computer. The Turn off computer window appears.

2

Click Turn Off. The computer turns off.

If you are connected to a domain server: 1

Click Start, and then select Shut down. The Shut Down window appears.

2

Select Shut down from the drop-down list.

3

Click OK. The computer shuts down completely.

Your program performs an illegal operation. If you receive the message, “Your program has performed an illegal operation,” close the window and continue working. If it happens again, record the details of the message and consult the software manufacturer.

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To record the details: 1

Click the Details button and select the text the operating system displays. The Details button displays information that the software manufacturer needs to help you solve your problem.

2

Press Ctrl and c simultaneously to copy the text to the clipboard.

3

Open Notepad (click Start, All Programs, Accessories and then click Notepad).

4

Press Ctrl and v simultaneously to paste the details into Notepad.

5

Add a paragraph break and type some notes describing what you were doing when you received the message and how the error can be reproduced.

6

Save the file and refer to it when you contact the software manufacturer.

Problems when you turn on the computer These problems may occur when you turn on the power.

The computer will not start. Make sure you attached the AC adaptor and power cord/cable properly or installed a charged battery. Slide and hold the power switch for at least 10 seconds. If you are using the AC adaptor, check that the wall outlet is working by plugging in another device, such as a lamp. Verify that the computer is on by looking at the on/off indicator. If the indicator is glowing, the computer is on. If you are using an AC adaptor, verify that the computer is receiving power from the external power source by looking at the AC power light. If the indicator is glowing, the computer is connected to a live external power source.

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If Something Goes Wrong Problems when you turn on the computer

The computer starts but when you press a key nothing happens. Verify that the active program accepts text input. Try clicking your mouse on an area where you can type text and try typing again. Your computer may be in Standby mode and have a software or resource conflict. When this happens turning the power on returns you to the problem instead of restarting the system. To clear the condition, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del simultaneously. Clearing the condition may get the computer running, but it will not solve a resource conflict. Read the documentation that came with the conflicting device and “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 211.

The computer is not accessing the hard disk or the optional external diskette drive. Your computer normally loads the operating system from the hard disk. If you have a hard disk problem, you will not be able to start the computer. Insert a system diskette into the optional external diskette drive and press F12 when the machine starts and use the arrow keys to select the boot-up device.

The computer displays the WARNING RESUME FAILURE message. The computer was placed in Standby mode and the battery has discharged. Data stored in the computer’s memory has been lost. Data stored in the computer’s hard drive may not be affected. Always save your data even when you are using Standby. If your battery fully discharges, information that has not been saved will be lost. Your computer can be configured to warn you when the battery is running low see “What to do when the main battery runs low” on page 109.

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207

If you are running on battery power, it is recommended that you do not leave the computer in Standby mode for long periods of time. To charge the battery, leave the computer plugged into a live wall outlet for several hours. For more information see “Charging batteries” on page 104.

The computer displays the Non-System disk or disk error message. Make sure there is no diskette in the optional external diskette drive. If there is a diskette in the drive, remove it and press any key to continue. If pressing any key does not work, press Ctrl, Alt, and Del to restart the computer. For more information see “The computer is not accessing the hard disk or the optional external diskette drive.” on page 206.

The AC power light is blinking. If the AC power light is blinking, try the following steps. 1

Cut off power to the computer by disconnecting the AC adaptor and removing the battery. The error condition will be interrupted, and the AC power light will stop flashing.

2

Put the battery back into the computer. Do not connect the AC adaptor. Try turning the computer on again. If the computer starts normally, the AC adaptor may be defective and will need to be replaced (see the Toshiba Web site at accessories.toshiba.com). If the AC power light starts flashing, remove the battery and continue with the steps below.

3

Connect the AC adaptor to the computer. Leave the battery out of the computer. Try turning the computer on again. If the computer starts normally, the battery may need charging, may be depleted, or may be defective. Turn the computer on, insert the battery, and then leave the computer running for several hours, which will deliver a

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If Something Goes Wrong The Windows® operating system is not working

slow, steady “trickle-charge” to the battery. Once the battery has been trickle-charged, it may begin working correctly again. If the trickle-charging does not prove effective, visit the Toshiba Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com and see the Support Bulletin Step-Charging the computer’s battery (click the Ask Iris® link and search for the support bulletin by name). 4

Connect the AC adaptor to a different power outlet, preferably in a different room. If the computer starts normally, there may be a problem with the AC outlet itself, or the voltage level available from it.

5

Verify that the AC adaptor is the correct unit for your computer model. The computer may not be able to start from an AC adaptor that is rated for less current (amperage) than the computer requires, even if the rated voltage is correct, and the plug fits correctly in the DCIN socket. The labels on the bottom of the computer and the AC adaptor show the specifications for voltage (“V”) and current (“A”) for each device. The voltage level must match exactly. The amperage rating of the AC adaptor must be equal to or greater than that required by the computer.

The Windows ® operating system is not working Once you are familiar with the desktop and used to the way the operating system responds to your work routine, you can easily detect if the operating system is not working correctly. For example: ❖

The operating system fails to start after the Starting Windows XP message appears.



The operating system takes a long time to start.

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The operating system responds differently from the normal routine.



The screen does not look right.

Unless a hardware device has failed, problems usually occur when you change the system in some way such as installing a new program or adding a device. If you experience any of these problems, use the options in the Startup menu to fix the problem.

Using Startup options to fix problems If the operating system fails to start properly, you may have to change your system’s configuration or verify the startup procedure to fix the problem. To do this, use the options in the Startup menu. To open the Startup menu: 1

Restart your computer.

2

Press F8 when your computer starts and before Windows® starts loading. The Windows® Advanced Options menu displays these options: ❖

Safe Mode



Safe Mode (with Networking)



Safe Mode (with Command Prompt)



Enable Boot Logging



Enable VGA Mode



Last known good configuration (your most recent settings that worked)



Directory Services Restore Mode (Windows® domain controllers only)



Debugging Mode

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If Something Goes Wrong The Windows® operating system is not working ❖

Start Windows® normally



Reboot



Return to OS Choices (menu)

See your Windows® documentation for further explanation. NOTE

If your computer is connected to a network, the Startup menu may display different versions of Safe mode.

Internet problems My Internet connection is very slow. Many factors contribute to the speed with which you can surf the Internet. They include: modem speed, telephone line conditions, time of day (when everyone else is surfing, your access can be slow) and popularity of the sites you are trying to access. If accessing a particular site is very slow, try later.

My browser cannot find the URL address I typed in. Make sure you separated the domain names of the address with the forward slash (/). Check the spelling of each name and the syntax of the address carefully. A single incorrect letter or missed character will make it impossible for your browser to locate the site.

My browser cannot find a site I bookmarked. The World Wide Web is constantly changing. A site you bookmarked yesterday may not be available today or its server may be down for temporary repair. Try again later.

The Windows® XP operating system can help you If the operating system has started properly but you still have a problem using your computer, the online Help can assist you in troubleshooting the problem.

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To access Windows® XP Help and Support: 1

Click Start, and then click Help and Support. The Help and Support window appears.

2

Then do one or both of the following: ❖

In the search field, type in the topic for which you need help and follow the on-screen instructions.



Click a problem you would like help with from the listings and follow the on-screen instructions.

You can connect to Support Online by clicking Support from the menu or by going to pcsupport.toshiba.com.

Resolving a hardware conflict If you receive an error message telling you there is a device driver conflict or a general hardware problem, try using Windows® Help and Support to troubleshoot the problem first. For help on hardware conflicts: 1

Click Start, and then click Help and Support.

2

Click the Hardware link in the window’s left pane. A list of category links appear.

3

Click the Fixing a hardware problem link.

4

Choose from specific topics and follow the steps.

If there is still a problem, the operating system should display a message that explains what the conflict is.

A plan of action The smooth operation of the system depends on the interaction of all devices, programs, and features. If the system or one of its attached devices is not working, resolving the problem can be time-consuming and frustrating.

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If Something Goes Wrong Resolving a hardware conflict

The recommended procedure for getting multiple devices to work together is to add and set up one device at a time. After you add each device, test it to make sure it and all previously connected devices work. The device most recently connected to the system is the one most likely to be causing a hardware conflict.

Resolving hardware conflicts on your own Computer components need resources to accomplish a task. A device, such as a disk drive or a modem, needs a channel to the computer’s Central Processing Unit (CPU). It also needs a direct channel to the computer’s memory to store information as it works. These channels of communication are commonly referred to as system resources.

Interrupt Request Channel The channel to the CPU is called an Interrupt Request (IRQ) because it interrupts what the processor is doing and requests some of the processor’s time. If two or more devices use the same IRQ, the processor does not know which device is asking for attention. This causes a hardware conflict.

Direct Memory Access Similarly, the data required by the device is stored in a specific place or address in memory called the Direct Memory Access (DMA). The DMA provides a dedicated channel for adapter cards to bypass the microprocessor and access memory directly. If two or more devices use the same DMA, the data required by one device overwrites the data required by the other, causing a hardware conflict.

Plug and Play With Plug and Play and the operating system, avoiding hardware conflicts is easy. Plug and Play is a computer standard that helps the system BIOS (basic input/output system) and the operating system to automatically assign

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system resources to Plug and Play-compliant devices. In theory, if every device connected to the computer is Plug and Play-compliant, no two devices will compete for the same system resources. Plug in the device and turn on your computer. The operating system is automatically set up to accommodate the new device. If you install an older (legacy) device that the operating system cannot recognize, the operating system may have difficulty assigning resources to it. As a result, a hardware conflict can occur.

Resolving conflicts There are several things you can do to resolve hardware conflicts: ❖

Get the most recent drivers from the manufacturer.



Disable the device. For an older device, remove it from the computer.



Disable another system component and use its resources for the new device. See “Fixing a problem with Device Manager” on page 213.



Reconfigure the device so that its requirements do not conflict. Refer to the device’s documentation for instructions about changing settings on the device.

Fixing a problem with Device Manager Device Manager provides a way to check and change the configuration of a device. Changing the default settings using Device Manager can cause other conflicts that make one or more devices unusable. Device Manager is a configuration tool for advanced users who understand configuration parameters and the ramifications of changing them.

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Disabling a device 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the Administrative Tools icon.

3

Double-click Computer Management, then click Device Manager.

4

Select the specific device from the device category. To expand a device category, double-click the category.

5

In the toolbar, look to the far right for an icon of a monitor with a strike mark through a circle on the front. This is the disable feature.

6

Click the icon. You are given the option of disabling the device.

7

Click Yes to disable the device or No to cancel.

Checking device properties Device Manager provides a way to view the properties of a device. Properties include the name of the manufacturer, the type of device, the drivers installed, and the system resources assigned to the device. To check a device’s properties: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Performance and Maintenance.

2

Click the Administrative Tools icon.

3

Double-click Computer Management, then click Device Manager.

4

To view the device(s) installed, double-click the device type.

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To view the properties, double-click the device. The operating system displays the Device Properties dialog box, which provides an array of tabs. They may include: ❖

The General tab, which provides basic information about the device.



The Resource tab, which lists resources assigned to the monitor, optional external optical drive, optional external diskette drive, and other power-using functions. This tab does not appear if the device is not using resources.



The Driver tab, which displays the drivers being used by the device.

The tabs that appear in the dialog box vary from one device to another. A Troubleshooting button is also present. 6

Click Troubleshoot... A Help and Support window for that device appears.

For more information about Device Manager, refer to Windows® XP online help.

Memory problems Incorrectly connected or faulty memory modules may cause errors that seem to be device-related. It is worthwhile checking for these first: 1

Click Start, and then select Turn off computer.

2

Click Turn Off. The operating system shuts down and turns off the computer automatically.

3

Remove the memory module, following the instructions in “Adding memory (optional)” on page 54.

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4

Reinstall the memory module, following the instructions in “Adding memory (optional)” on page 54, and making sure the module is seated properly.

5

Check for the error again.

6

If the error recurs, remove the memory module entirely and check for the error again. If removing the memory module eliminates the error, the memory module may be faulty. If the error recurs without the memory module installed, the error is not caused by the memory module. TECHNICAL NOTE: You must have at least one memory module installed for the computer to work.

Power and the batteries Your computer receives its power through the AC adaptor and power cord/cable or from the system batteries (battery, optional high-capacity battery and real-time clock (RTC) battery). Power problems are interrelated. For example, a faulty AC adaptor or power cord/cable will neither power the computer nor recharge the batteries. Here are some typical problems and how to solve them:

The AC power light does not come on when you plug in the AC adaptor and power cord/cable. Make sure the AC adaptor and power cord/cable are firmly plugged into both the wall outlet and the computer. If the AC power light still does not come on, check that the wall outlet is working properly by plugging in a lamp or other appliance.

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The AC adaptor and power cord/cable work correctly, but the battery will not charge. The battery does not charge while the computer is consuming full power. Try turning off the computer. The battery may not be inserted correctly in the computer. Turn off the computer, remove the battery, clean the contacts with a soft dry cloth (if necessary) and replace the battery. See “Removing the battery from the computer” on page 113. The battery may be too hot or too cold to charge properly. If you think this is the probable cause, let the battery reach room temperature and try again. If the battery has completely discharged, it will not begin charging immediately. Leave the AC adaptor and power cord/ cable connected, wait 20 minutes and see if the battery is charging. If the battery light is glowing after 20 minutes, let the computer continue charging the battery for at least another 20 minutes before you turn on the computer. If the battery light does not glow after 20 minutes, the battery may have reached the end of its useful life. Try replacing it.

The battery appears not to power the computer for as long as it usually does. If you frequently recharge a partially charged battery, it may not charge fully. Let the battery discharge completely, then try charging it again. Check the power options using the Power Management utility. Have you added a device, such as a PC Card or memory module, that takes its power from the battery? Is your software using the hard disk more? Is the display power set to turn off automatically? Was the battery fully charged to begin with? All these conditions affect how long the charge lasts.

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After a period of time, the battery will lose its ability to perform at maximum capacity and will need to be replaced. This is normal for all batteries. To purchase a new battery pack, see your accessories information that shipped with your computer, or visit the Toshiba Web site at accessories.toshiba.com. Refer to this site often to stay current on the most recent software and hardware options for your computer, and for other product information. For more information on maximizing battery power see “Charging batteries” on page 104.

Keyboard problems If, when you type, strange things happen or nothing happens, the problem may be related to the keyboard itself.

The keyboard produces unexpected characters. A keypad overlay may be on. If the numlock light or cursor control mode light is on, press Fn and F10 simultaneously to turn off the cursor control mode light or Fn and F11 simultaneously to turn off the numlock light. If the problem occurs when both the keypad overlays are off, make sure the software you are using is not remapping the keyboard. Refer to the software documentation and check that the program does not assign different meanings to any of the keys.

You have connected an external keyboard and the operating system displays one or more keyboard error messages. The keyboard you connected may be defective or incompatible with the computer. Try using a different make of keyboard.

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Nothing happens when you press the keys on the external keyboard. You may have plugged the external keyboard in while the computer was turned on. Click Start, and then select Shut Down or Turn off computer, and Restart the computer using the TouchPad on the internal keyboard. The computer will restart and recognize the device.

Display problems Here are some typical display problems and their solutions:

The screen is blank. Display Auto Off may have gone into effect. Press any key to activate the screen. You may have activated the instant password feature by pressing Fn and F1 simultaneously. If you have registered a password, press any key, type the password and press Enter. If no password is registered, press any key. The screen reactivates and allows you to continue working. If you are using the built-in screen, make sure the display priority is not set for an external monitor. To do this, press Fn and F5 simultaneously (once). If this does not correct the problem, press Fn and F5 simultaneously again to return the display priority to its previous setting. HINT: Holding the Fn key and pressing the F5 key several times will advance you through the display options. If you are using an external monitor: ❖

Check that the monitor is turned on.



Check that the monitor’s power cord/cable is firmly plugged into a working power outlet.



Check that the cable connecting the external monitor to the computer is firmly attached.

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Try adjusting the contrast and brightness controls on the external monitor.



Press Fn and F5 simultaneously to make sure the display priority is not set for the built-in screen.

The screen does not look right. You can change the display settings by clicking a blank area of the desktop with the secondary control button, then clicking Properties. This opens the Display Properties dialog box. The Appearance tab of this dialog box allows you to choose the colors for the screen. The Settings tab allows you to choose the screen resolution.

The built-in screen flickers. Some flickering is a normal result of the way the screen produces colors. To reduce the amount of flickering, try using fewer colors. To change the number of colors displayed: 1

Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button.

2

Click Properties, and then the Settings tab.

3

Change the Colors option and click OK.

For more information see Windows® Help.

A message tells you that there is a problem with your display settings and that the adapter type is incorrect or the current settings do not work with your hardware. Reduce the size of the color palette to one that is supported by the computer’s internal display. To change the display properties: 1

Point at the desktop and click with the secondary button. The Display Properties window appears.

2

Click Properties, then click the Settings tab.

3

Adjust the screen resolution and/or color quality.

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Click OK.

The display mode is set to Simultaneous and the external display device does not work. Make sure the external monitor is capable of displaying at resolutions of 800 x 600 or higher. Devices that do not support this resolution will only work in Internal/External mode, and not simultaneous mode.

Small bright dots appear on your TFT display when you turn on your computer. Small bright dots may appear on your screen display when you turn on your computer. Your display contains an extremely large number of thin-film transistors (TFT) and is manufactured using high-precision technology. Any small bright dots that may appear on your display are an intrinsic characteristic of the TFT manufacturing technology. Over a period of time, and depending on the usage of the computer, the brightness of the screen will deteriorate. This is also an intrinsic characteristic of the screen technology. When the computer is operated on battery power, the screen will dim and you may not be able to increase the brightness of the screen while on battery power.

Disk drive problems Problems with the hard disk or with a diskette drive usually show up as an inability to access the disk or as sector errors. Sometimes a disk problem may cause one or more files to appear to have garbage in them. Typical disk problems are:

You are having trouble accessing a disk, or one or more files appear to be missing. Make sure you are identifying the drive by its correct name (A: or C:).

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Error-checking Run Error-checking, which analyzes the directories, files and File Allocation Table (FAT) on the disk and repairs any damage it finds. To run Error-checking: 1

Click Start, and then click My Computer.

2

Right-click the drive you want to check.

3

On the pop-up menu, click Properties. The drive’s Properties box appears. This feature is not available for CD/DVD drives.

NOTE

4

Click the Tools tab.

5

Click the Check now button. The Check Disk All Apps box appears.

6

7

You can choose one or both options: ❖

Automatically fix file system errors



Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors

Click Start. Error-checking tests and repairs the disk.

Your hard disk seems very slow. If you have been using your computer for some time, your files may have become fragmented. Run Disk Defragmenter. To do this, click Start, All Programs, Accessories, System Tools, and then click Disk Defragmenter.

Your data files are damaged or corrupted. Refer to your software documentation for file recovery procedures. Many software packages automatically create backup files.

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You may also be able to recover lost data using utility software. Consult your network administrator.

Some programs run correctly but others do not. This is probably a configuration problem. If a program does not run properly, refer to its documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets its needs.

A diskette will not go into the optional external diskette drive. You may already have a diskette in the drive. Make sure the drive is empty. You may be inserting the diskette incorrectly. Hold the diskette with the hub side facing down, and insert it so that the metal head window cover goes into the drive first. The metal cover or a loose label may be obstructing the path into the drive. Carefully inspect the diskette. If the metal cover is loose, replace the diskette. If the label is loose, replace the label and try inserting the diskette again.

The computer displays the Non-system disk or disk error message. If you are starting the computer from a diskette, the diskette in the drive does not have the files necessary to start the computer. Replace it with a bootable diskette.

The drive cannot read a diskette. Try another diskette. If you can access the second diskette, the first diskette (not the drive) is probably causing the problem. Run Error-checking on the faulty diskette (for instructions see “Disk drive problems” on page 221).

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Optical drive problems You cannot access a disc in the drive. If the optical drive is an external drive, make sure that the drive’s cable is properly connected to the computer. Make sure the tray which holds the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM is closed properly. Press gently until it clicks into place. Open the tray and remove the disc. Make sure the tray is clean. Any dirt or foreign object can interfere with the laser beam. Examine the disc to see if it is dirty. If necessary, wipe it with a clean cloth dipped in water or a neutral cleaner. Replace the disc in the tray. Make sure that the disc is lying flat, label side uppermost. Close the tray carefully, making sure it has shut completely.

You press the disc eject button, but the drive tray does not slide out. Make sure the computer is connected to a power source and turned on. The optical drive eject mechanism requires power to operate. Make sure a program is not accessing the drive and preventing it from ejecting. If you need to remove a disc and cannot turn on the computer (for example, if the battery is completely discharged), use a narrow object, such as a straightened paper clip, to press the manual eject button. This button is in the small hole next to the optical drive eject button on the face of the optical drive tray. Never use a pencil to press the manual eject button. Pencil lead can break off inside the computer and damage it.

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Some discs run correctly but others do not. Check the type of disc you are using. The optical drive supports the Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) formats DVDROM, DVD-R (read-only), plus CD-ROM, CD-R (readonly), and CD-RW (read-only). If the problem is with a data CD or DVD, refer to the software’s documentation and check that the hardware configuration meets the program’s needs.

The disc will not come out of the drive when you click the eject button on the screen. Press the button on the optical drive itself. For additional information see “You press the disc eject button, but the drive tray does not slide out.” on page 224.

Sound system problems You do not hear any sound from the computer. Adjust the volume control. Try pressing Fn + Esc to see if volume mute is disabled. If you are using external headphones or speakers, check that they are securely connected to your computer.

The computer emits a loud, high-pitched noise. This is feedback between the microphone and the speakers. It occurs in any sound system when input from a microphone is fed to the speakers and the speaker volume is too loud. Adjust the volume control.

PC Card problems PC Cards (PCMCIA-compatible) include many types of devices, such as a removable hard disk, additional memory, or a pager.

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Most PC Card problems occur during installation and setup of new cards. If you are having trouble getting one or more of these devices to work together, several sections in this chapter may apply. Resource conflicts can cause problems when using PC Cards. See “Resolving a hardware conflict” on page 211.

Card Information Structure When you insert a PC Card into a slot, the computer attempts to determine the type of card and the resources it requires by reading its Card Information Structure (CIS). Sometimes the CIS contains enough information for you to use the card immediately. Other cards must be set up before you can use them. Use the Windows® XP PC Card (PCMCIA) Wizard to set up the card. Refer to your Microsoft® documentation for more information, or refer to the documentation that came with the PC Card. Some card manufacturers use special software called enablers to support their cards. Enablers result in nonstandard configurations that can cause problems when installing the PC Card. If your system does not have built-in drivers for your PC Card and the card did not come with an operating system driver, it may not work under the operating system. Contact the manufacturer of the PC Card for information about using the card under the operating system.

PC Card checklist ❖

Make sure the card is inserted properly into the slot.



Make sure all cables are securely connected.



Occasionally a defective PC Card slips through quality control. If another PCMCIA-equipped computer is available, try the card in that machine. If the card malfunctions again, it may be defective.

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Resolving PC Card problems Here are some common problems and their solutions:

The slot appears to be dead. PC Cards that used to work no longer work. Check the PC Card status: 1

Click Start.

2

Right-click the My Computer icon (using the secondary button), and then click Properties. The System Properties dialog box appears.

3

Click the Hardware tab.

4

Click the Device Manager button.

5

Double-click the PCMCIA adapter.

6

Double-click the appropriate PC Card. The operating system displays your PC Card’s Properties dialog box, which contains information about your PC Card configuration and status.

The computer stops working (hangs) when you insert a PC Card. The problem may be caused by an I/O (input/output) conflict between the PCMCIA socket and another device in the system. Use Device Manager to make sure each device has its own I/O base address. See “Fixing a problem with Device Manager” on page 213 for more information. Since all PC Cards share the same socket, each card is not required to have its own address.

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Hot swapping (removing one PC Card and inserting another without turning the computer off) fails. Follow this procedure before you remove a PC Card: 1

Double-click the Safely Remove Hardware icon on the System tray.

2

Select the item you wish to remove.

3

Click Stop.

4

Remove the device when prompted to do so.

5

Click OK three times to close the Safely Remove Hardware screen. Never swap modules when the computer is in Hibernation or Standby mode. This is known as “warm swapping” and is not supported with this computer. For more information on Hibernation and Standby modes see “Hibernation mode” on page 65 and “Standby mode” on page 66.

The system does not recognize your PC Card. Refer to the PC Card documentation. Removing a malfunctioning card and reinstalling it can correct many problems.

A PC Card error occurs. Reinsert the card to make sure it is properly connected. If the card is attached to an external device, check that the connection is secure. Refer to the card’s documentation, which should contain a troubleshooting section.

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Printer problems This section lists some of the most common printer problems:

The printer will not print. Check that the printer is connected to a working power outlet, turned on and ready (on line). Check that the printer has plenty of paper. Some printers will not start printing when there are just two or three sheets of paper left in the tray. Make sure the printer cable is firmly attached to the computer and the printer. Run the printer’s self-test to check for any problem with the printer itself. Make sure you installed the proper printer drivers as shown in “Setting up a printer” on page 62 or in the instructions that came with the printer. You may have connected the printer while the computer is on. Disable Standby mode, turn off the computer, and turn off the printer. Turn the printer back on, make sure it is on line, then turn the computer back on. Try printing another file. For example, you could create and attempt to print a short test file using Notepad. If a Notepad file prints correctly, the problem may be in your original file. If you cannot resolve the problem, contact the printer’s manufacturer.

The printer will not print what you see on the screen. Many programs display information on the screen differently from the way they print it. See if your program has a print preview mode. This mode lets you see your work exactly as it will print. Contact the software manufacturer for more information.

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Modem problems This section lists common modem problems:

The modem will not receive or transmit properly. Make sure the cable from the modem to the telephone line is firmly connected to the computer’s modem port and the telephone line jack. Check the port settings to make sure the hardware and software are referring to the same COM port. See “Determining the COM port” on page 125. Check the communications parameters (baud rate, parity, data length and stop bits) specified in the communications program. It should be set up to transmit at 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 28800, 33600 bps (bits per second) or higher. Refer to the program’s documentation and the modem manual for information on how to change these settings.

The modem is on, set up properly and still will not transmit or receive data. Make sure the line has a dial tone. Connect a telephone handset to the line to check this. The other system may be busy or off line. Try making a test transmission to someone else. For more information regarding your system's V.92 modem, visit the Toshiba Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com.

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Wireless networking problems NOTE

This section provides general troubleshooting tips for networking problems, specifically wireless (Wi-Fi) networking. The terms and concepts used assume a basic understanding of networks, and may be for more advanced users. If you need assistance or if you are not familiar with the terminology, please see Windows® Help and Support or contact your computer technician.



NOTE

If your computer is equipped with an internal Wi-Fi adapter, verify that the Wi-Fi antenna switch is on (the Wi-Fi light will be lit). To determine if your computer has an internal Wi-Fi adapter, check the device list in Device Manager (part of the Windows® Control Panel). Some Toshiba models may have a Wi-Fi antenna switch even though they do not have an internal Wi-Fi adapter.



Verify that signal strength is good using the utility provided with the Wi-Fi adapter.



If another computer is on the same network, verify that it has network access, and can connect to the Internet. If, for example, the other computer cannot browse to a public Web site, the ISP's (Internet Service Provider) service may be disrupted.



Verify that the Service Set Identifier (SSID), or network name, is correct—i.e., that it matches the SSID assigned to the access point you are attempting to connect through. SSIDs are case-sensitive. Toshiba provides a Client Manager utility for setting and managing SSIDs.

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Check Control Panel's Device Manager to verify that the Wi-Fi adapter is recognized by Windows®, and that the driver is loaded. Carefully note any error messages— these will be very helpful if you should confer with a support technician at a later time.



Verify that the network connection is configured to obtain its Internet Protocol (IP) address dynamically: 1 Click Start, and then click Control Panel. 2 Double-click Network Connections. 3 Right-click the name of your wireless network connection, then click Properties. 4 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), then click Properties. 5 Select Obtain an IP address automatically. 6 Click OK, then click Close.



Use IPCONFIG to verify that the computer has a useful IP address—one other than the private address of 169.254.xxx.xxx assigned by Windows®. ❖

Click Start, and then click Run...



Enter Cmd and press Enter.



Enter "IPCONFIG /ALL" and press Enter.



The IP address for each active network adapter will be displayed.



Connect your computer directly to your router or broadband modem, by plugging a standard CAT5 Ethernet patch cable (sold separately) into your computer's RJ45 Ethernet port. If your connection problem disappears, the problem lies in the Wi-Fi part of your network.



Use the PING command to verify a connection to the gateway at 192.168.1.1 (a default gateway for most wireless routers).

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233



Click Start, and then click Run...



Enter Cmd and press Enter.



Enter PING 192.168.1.1 at the command prompt, and press Enter.



If “Request Timed Out” or another error message appears in response, then the problem is probably Wi-Fi-related.

If you have enabled any security provisions (closed system, MAC address filtering, Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), etc.), check the access point vendor's Web site for recent firmware upgrades. Problems with WEP keys, in particular, are frequently addressed in new firmware releases.

Special considerations for Windows® XP Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption is not enabled on the wireless access point. When you install a wireless access point device, Windows® XP checks whether WEP encryption is enabled on the device. If it is not enabled, Windows® XP adds the device to its list of available wireless networks, but does not create a wireless connection using the device, since the connection would not be secure. You can still, however, use the access point. To use an access point without WEP encryption, follow these steps: ❖

Right-click the Wireless Network icon in the System Tray (far-right portion of the Windows® Taskbar).



Click View Available Wireless Networks.



Select Allow me to connect to the selected wireless network, even though it is not secure.



Windows® XP will now try to establish a wireless connection.

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The Windows® XP wireless management facility does not work. If you are using an external Wi-Fi adapter (a PC Card, USB adapter, or other variety), check if the adapter comes with its own management utility. If it does, the utility may be disabling the Windows® XP wireless management facility, in which case you must use the adapter's management utility. If the documentation that accompanies the adapter does not provide enough information to determine if this is the case, contact that vendor's support group for further advice.

DVD operating problems If you experience a problem playing DVDs, you may be able to fix the problem yourself. For general problems playing a DVD title, try the following steps: 1

Verify that the disc is in a format that the drive supports.

2

Ensure that the disc is properly inserted in the drive tray.

3

Ensure that the Display properties are not True Color (24bit). If it is set to 24-bit color, there may be a video format error. To verify your display settings:

4



Click Start, Control Panel, Appearance and Themes, and then double-click Display.



Click on the Settings tab and check the Color Palette. It should be set to High Color (16-bit).



If it is not set to High Color, change the settings to 16-bit color and click OK.

Clean the disc and try again. A dirty drive can also cause audio problems. If you have tried several discs and all fail, consider sending your drive to an authorized service provider to get it cleaned.

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235

Verify that your computer recognizes your optical drive. To do this: Double-click the My Computer icon on the desktop. The optical drive should appear in the list.

6

See “Checking device properties” on page 214 for instructions on using Device Manager to view the optical drive properties.

7

Check the Toshiba Web site for new information on optical drives and their operation.

A blank screen appears while watching a DVD-ROM movie or title. Disable the Shut off Monitor feature in the Display Properties using the following steps: 1

Click the secondary mouse button on a blank area of the desktop.

2

Click Properties.

3

Click the Screen Saver tab.

4

Deselect Shut off Monitor.

Jumping video lines appear around the DVD-ROM video window. To change the screen’s display resolution: 1

Click Start, and then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears.

2

Click Appearance and Themes, and double-click the Display icon. The Display Properties dialog box appears.

3

Click the Settings tab.

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4

Next to the words Desktop Area, move the slider to a lower setting, such as 800 x 600 or 640 x 480.

5

Click OK.

DVD titles, games, or applications appear distorted. Having Stretch enabled when your video resolution is set to 640 x 480 or 800 x 600 can cause distortion. To disable Stretch, follow the instructions below: 1

Right-click the Desktop, select Properties.

2

Select the Settings tab.

3

Select the Advanced Flat Panel tab.

4

Click Disable Display Stretch Feature.

5

Click OK.

The screen saver runs while you are watching a movie or title. If the screen saver is enabled, it runs on top of any movie or title you are watching. To disable the screen saver: 1

Click Start, and then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window appears.

2

Click Appearance and Themes, and double-click the Display icon. The Display Properties dialog box appears.

3

Click the Screen Saver tab. In the Screen Saver list, the current screen saver is highlighted.

4

Click the down arrow at the right of the current screen saver name. A list of screen savers displays.

5

Click and hold the up arrow by the list or move the slide to the top.

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6

Click None.

7

Click OK.

237

Develop good computing habits Save your work frequently. You can never predict when your computer will lock, forcing you to close a program and lose unsaved changes. Many software programs build in an automatic backup, but you should not rely solely on this feature. Save your work! See “Computing tips” on page 78 for instructions.

On a regular basis, back up the information stored on your hard disk. Here are some ways you can do this: ❖

Copy files to diskette.



Connect a tape drive to the system and use specialized software to copy everything on the hard disk to a tape.



Connect your computer to the office network and copy files to your network partition.

Some people use a combination of these methods, backing up all files to tape weekly and copying critical files to diskette on a daily basis. If you have installed your own programs, you should back up these programs as well as your data files. If something goes wrong that requires you to reformat your hard disk and start again, reloading all your programs and data files from a backup source will save time.

Read the user’s guides. It is very difficult to provide a fail-safe set of steps you can follow every time you experience a problem with the computer. Your ability to solve problems will improve as you learn about how the computer and its software work together.

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Get familiar with all the user’s guides provided with your computer, as well as the manuals that come with the programs and devices you purchase. Your local computer store or book store sells a variety of selfhelp books you can use to supplement the information in the manuals.

Data and system configuration backup in Windows® XP Windows® XP offers some easy-to-use features for backing up your Windows® settings and your data – documents and other important files. Take advantage of these features to protect yourself from much more difficult and timeconsuming restoration procedures, and to safeguard your valuable data from loss.

Saving system configuration with Restore Points The System Restore feature of Windows® XP quickly creates Restore Points—‘snapshots’ of your Windows® configuration—and saves them for later recall. If you experience problems after installing some new hardware or software, you can easily select a previously established Control Point to ‘turn back the clock,’ restoring Windows® to the state it was in just prior to the installation. This is much easier and more effective than uninstalling the hardware or software, which often leaves behind unwanted files and settings. It is also easy to undo a Restore Point selection, if you change your mind. Follow these steps to create a Restore Point using the System Restore utility: 1

Click Start, and then click Help and Support.

2

Under Pick a Task, click Undo changes to your computer with System Restore.

3

Click Create a restore point, and then click Next.

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4

In the Restore point description field, enter a name that is descriptive enough to be easily understood in the future, such as “Before installing Brand X Accounting app.” Then click Create.

5

Windows® creates the Restore Point and automatically stamps it with the current date and time.

Then, at a later time, you can re-establish your Windows® configuration using the saved Restore Point. To do this: 1

Click Start, and then click Help and Support.

2

Under Pick a Task, click Undo changes to your computer with System Restore.

3

Click Restore my computer to an earlier time, then click Next.

4

A calendar will be presented, showing a month at a time. Each date for which a Restore Point has been set will be marked as bold. When a boldfaced date is clicked, a description of the Restore Point will appear in a list to the right.

NOTE

This list may contain Restore Points that you did not create. Restore Points labeled System Checkpoint were automatically created by Windows® XP. Other Restore Points may have been created automatically by applications when they were installed.

5

Select the desired Restore Point from the list, and then click Next.

6

Your Windows® configuration will now be restored to the state it was in when the chosen Restore Point was created.

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Backing up your data to CDs with Windows® XP For most of us, by far the most valuable component of our computer system is the data we have created with it, and stored on its hard disk drive. Since problems with either hardware or software can make the data inaccessible or even destroy it, the next most valuable component of your computer system may be a recent backup of your data. Fortunately, Windows® XP offers a convenient way to back up your important data files to CDs, a relatively highcapacity storage media. No additional software is required. Most of the CD and DVD drives built into recent Toshiba portable computer models can write to (or ‘burn’) as well as read from CDs. External CD and DVD writers are also widely available. Follow these steps to back up files in the My Documents folder to one or more CDs: 1

Put a blank CD-R (CD-recordable) disc into the computer’s CD or DVD drive.

2

A menu of options will appear. Select Open writable CD folder using Windows® Explorer, and click OK.

3

A Windows® Explorer window will open for the blank CD. This window will be referred to as “the CD window.”

4

Open a second Windows® Explorer window by clicking Start, and then clicking My Computer.

5

In this second window, browse to the files you wish to back up. Click the down-pointing arrow at the upper right of the window (to the left of the Go button) to see a list of locations that includes My Documents—a likely location of your data.

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NOTE

241

Drag and drop folders or individual files from this window into the CD window. If the files do not immediately appear in the CD window, press F5 (or click View, Refresh) to prompt Windows® to display them. Documents and other data files that you create as you work are typically stored in the My Documents folder. You may also wish to back up other important data files stored elsewhere on your hard disk drive, for example: ❖

E-mail files and settings—for Outlook, Outlook Express, or other e-mail apps. Visit the vendors’ Web sites (www.microsoft.com, for example) for detailed instructions.



Newsgroup files and settings—for Outlook Express, or other newsgroup readers. Visit the vendors’ Web sites for detailed instructions.



Other data files. If you do not find an application’s data files in any of the folders within the My Documents folder, check the application’s options or preferences settings to discover the locations of the files.

7

When you have finished copying files to the CD window, click File, Write these files to CD.

8

A CD Writing Wizard will appear, prompting for a name for the CD. You may accept the default name, or enter a new (more descriptive) name. Click Next to continue.

9

The CD Writing Wizard will now write the selected files to the CD. It is best not to use the computer for any other tasks during this operation, so as not to interrupt it.

10 Finally, click Finish. The CD will be ejected. It should contain all of the files you have selected, but you may easily verify this by placing the CD back into the drive, and viewing the list of files.

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Favorites (bookmarks) for Internet Explorer and other Web browsers Follow these steps to back up your Favorites for Internet Explorer (ver 5.0 or newer): 1

In Internet Explorer, click File, Import and Export.

2

The Import/Export Wizard will appear. Click Next.

3

Click Export Favorites, Next. (To restore the Favorites to the hard disk drive later you would select Import Favorites from this list.)

4

A list of your Favorites folders will appear, with the toplevel Favorites folder selected (highlighted). Click Next to back up all of your Favorites, or select a particular Favorites folder to back up, then click Next.

5

In the Export Favorites Destination window, use the Browse button to browse to the My Documents folder. Click Save in the Select Bookmark file window, and then click Next.

6

Click Finish. The message “Successfully exported favorites” should appear.

7

Follow the steps above for backing up files from the My Documents folder to a CD.

Each CD has room for 650-700 megabytes of data. Follow this same set of steps any number of times to back up any number of files to as many CDs as is required to hold them. Windows® XP also includes a Backup utility, though it does not directly support writing to CDs. For more information, click Start, and then click Help and Support, or start the Backup utility by clicking Start, All Programs, Accessories, System Tools, and then click Backup.

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General tips for installing hardware and software Here are a few tips to help insure safe and easy installation of new hardware (printers, pointing devices, external hard drives, DVD writers, scanners, etc.) and software (applications like Microsoft Office® and Adobe Photoshop®, or utility software such as special toolbars for your Web browser). ❖

Create a Restore Point (see “Saving system configuration with Restore Points” on page 238). Before installing anything, use the System Restore utility to set a Restore Point (see the section titled Restore Points). If anything goes wrong, you will then be able to easily restore Windows® to the state it was in prior to the installation, undoing any changes the installation process introduced.



Back up your critical data (see “Backing up your data to CDs with Windows® XP” on page 240).



Have your factory Restore/Reconfiguration CD(s) on hand in case you need any files from them.



Do not guess; follow directions carefully! It is often necessary to run an installation utility first—before connecting a new hardware item to the computer. If the device is connected first, it may be very difficult to complete the installation successfully. Always carefully follow the installation instructions that accompany the hardware or software.



Restart Windows®. Always restart Windows® after each installation, even if the installation utility does not prompt you to do so. This will insure that the installation is completed, and will clean up anything that the installation utility left behind.

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244 ❖

If Something Goes Wrong If you need further assistance

Do one installation at a time. If you have several new items to add to your computer system, install just one at a time, creating Restore Points immediately before each successive installation. This will make it much easier to determine the origin of any new problems. For best results, follow this sequence: 1 Back up critical data. 2 Create a Restore Point. 3 Install one item of hardware or software. 4 Restart Windows®. 5 Use the new hardware or software for a while, noting any new problems. Make sure that your critical applications (e-mail, business apps, etc.) are working correctly, and verify that important devices are still functioning. 6 For each additional hardware or software item, repeat these steps, starting at step 1 if any of your critical data has changed, or starting at step 2 if no critical data has changed.

If you need further assistance If you have followed the recommendations in this chapter and are still having problems, you may need additional technical assistance. This section contains the steps to take to ask for help.

Before you contact Toshiba Since some problems may be related to the operating system or the program you are using, it is important to investigate other sources of assistance first. Try the following before you contact Toshiba: ❖

Review the troubleshooting information in your operating system documentation.

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If the problem occurs while you are running a program, consult the program’s documentation for troubleshooting suggestions. Contact the software company’s technical support group for their assistance.



Consult the dealer from whom you purchased your computer and/or program. Your dealer is your best source for current information.

For the complete detailed specifications for your computer, visit pcsupport.toshiba.com. Go to the Tech Support Center, select your particular model from the list and go to the Detailed Specifications for that model. For the number of a Toshiba dealer near you in the United States, call: (800) 457-7777.

Contacting Toshiba If you still need help and suspect that the problem is hardware-related, Toshiba offers a variety of resources to help you.

Toshiba’s Technical Support Web site For technical support, or to stay current on the most recent software and hardware options for your computer, and for other product information, be sure to regularly check the Toshiba Web site at pcsupport.toshiba.com.

Toshiba voice contact Before calling Toshiba, make sure you have: ❖

Your computer’s serial number



The computer and any optional devices related to the problem



Backup copies of your Windows® operating system and all other preloaded software on your choice of media

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If Something Goes Wrong Other Toshiba Internet Web sites



Name and version of the program involved in the problem along with its installation media



Information about what you were doing when the problem occurred



Exact error messages and when they occurred

For technical support, call the Toshiba Global Support Centre: Within the United States at (800) 457-7777 Outside the United States at (949) 859-4273

Other Toshiba Internet Web sites toshiba.com

Worldwide Toshiba corporate site

computers.toshiba.com

Marketing and product information in the USA

accessories.toshiba.com

Accessories information in the USA

www.toshiba.ca

Canada

www.toshiba-Europe.com

Europe

www.toshiba.co.jp/index.htm

Japan

http://servicio.toshiba.com

Mexico and all of Latin America

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If Something Goes Wrong Toshiba’s worldwide offices

247

Toshiba’s worldwide offices Australia Toshiba (Australia) Pty. Limited 84-92 Talavera Road North Ryde NSW 2113 Sydney Australia

Canada Toshiba Canada Ltd. 191 McNabb Street Markham, Ontario L3R - 8H2 Canada

France Toshiba Systèmes (France) S.A. 7, Rue Ampère; B. P. 131 92800 Puteaux Cédex France

Germany Toshiba Europe GmbH Leibnizstraße 2 D-93055 Regensburg Germany

Italy Centro Direzionale Colleoni Palazzo Perseo Via Paracelso 10 20041, Agrate Brianza Milano, Italy

Japan Toshiba Corporation, PCO-IO 1-1, Shibaura 1-Chome Minato-Ku, Tokyo, 105-8001 Japan

Latin America and Caribbean Toshiba America Information Systems 9740 Irvine Blvd. Irvine, California 92618 USA

Mexico Toshiba de México S.A. de C.V. Sierra Candela No.111, 6to. Piso Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. CP 11000 Mexico, DF.

800-457-7777 (within the US) 949-859-4273 (outside of the US this call may incur long-distance charges)

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If Something Goes Wrong Toshiba’s worldwide offices

Spain Toshiba Information Systems (España) S.A. Parque Empresarial San Fernando Edificio Europa, 1a Planta Escalera A 28831 (Madrid) San Fernando de Henares Spain

United Kingdom Toshiba Information Systems (U.K) Ltd. Toshiba Court Weybridge Business Park Addlestone Road Weybridge, Surrey KT15 2UL United Kingdom

United States Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc. 9740 Irvine Boulevard Irvine, California 92618 United States

The Rest of Europe Toshiba Europe (I.E.) GmbH Hammfelddamm 8 D-4-1460 Neuss Germany

For more information on additional Toshiba worldwide locations, please visit: www.toshiba.co.jp/index.htm.

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Appendix A

Hot Keys Hot keys are keys that, when pressed in combination with the Fn key, turn system functions on and off. Hot keys have a legend on the key indicating the option or feature the key controls.

Volume Mute Fn +

This hot key enables/disables volume mute on your computer. When volume mute is enabled, no sound will come from the speakers or headphones.

Password security Fn +

This hot key blanks the display.

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250

Hot Keys Password security

Without a password The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. Using the pointing device or any key will make the display’s content reappear, if no password is set for the current user.

With a password The Fn + F1 key combination turns off the display and activates instant security. If you set a blank screen saver, pressing the Fn + F1 key combination to activate instant security will cause the screen to go blank. Using the pointing device or any key will make the display’s content reappear. The Windows® operating system log-on screen will appear, prompting you for a password. After typing in the password for the current user, press Enter. To activate the password feature: 1

Click Start, Control Panel, and then click Appearances and Themes.

2

Click one of the following: ❖

Choose a screen saver in the “Pick a task” section



Display in the “or pick a Control Panel icon” section

The Display Properties window appears. 3

If you clicked Choose a screen saver, the Screen Saver tab has already been selected. If it is not selected, click the Screen Saver tab.

4

Click the On resume, password protected check box.

5

Click OK.

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251

Maintaining security when the battery is not fully charged When the battery is not fully charged (even if the computer is operating on AC power) your display may reappear automatically after a short time. To protect your desktop, you must set up a screen saver with a password before activating the password feature. To set up a password with a screen saver, go to Windows® online Help for instructions: 1

Click Start, and then click Help and Support.

2

In the Search field, type password screen saver.

3

Press Enter.

4

Click the Protect your files with a screen saver password link located under the suggested topics.

Follow the steps listed in the Windows® online Help to set up your password-protected screen saver. To ensure the password protection is activated after pressing Fn + F1 (to activate instant security), wait ten seconds before walking away from the computer.

Power usage mode Fn +

This hot key displays the power usage pop-up window and cycles through the battery save modes.

(Sample Image) Power usage modes The properties of each mode are set in the Toshiba Power Management utility. For more information, see “TOSHIBA Power Saver” on page 169.

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Hot Keys Standby mode

Standby mode Fn +

This hot key places the computer into Standby mode. ❖

A message box displays by default to confirm that the computer is entering Standby mode. You can choose not to display this message box.

(Sample Image) Sample Standby confirmation box ❖

For more information about Standby mode, please see “Using and configuring Standby mode” on page 72.

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Hot Keys Hibernation mode

253

Hibernation mode Fn +

This hot key places the computer into Hibernation mode. ❖

If Hibernation mode is enabled (the default) a message box displays by default to confirm the computer is entering Hibernation mode. You can choose not to display this message box.

(Sample Image) Hibernation confirmation box ❖

If Hibernation mode is disabled, this hot key will not respond. For more information on Hibernation mode, see “Using and configuring Hibernation mode” on page 70.

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Hot Keys Display modes

Display modes Fn +

This hot key cycles through the power-on display options. The display modes are: ❖

Built-in display only



Built-in display and external monitor simultaneously



External monitor only



TV and built-in display



TV only



Primary and CRT



Dual Mode Display



Swap image Display

(Sample Image) Display options window In order to use a simultaneous mode, you must set the resolution of the internal display panel to match the resolution of the external display device.

Display brightness Fn +

This hot key decreases the screen brightness.

Fn +

This hot key increases the screen brightness.

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Hot Keys Disabling or enabling the TouchPad

255

Disabling or enabling the TouchPad Fn +

This hot key enables/disables the TouchPad. For more information on using the TouchPad, see “Disabling or enabling the TouchPad” on page 56.

(Sample Image) Disable and enable TouchPad windows

Zooming applications in/out Fn +

This hot key turns the Zooming utility to zoomout. For more information, see “TOSHIBA Zooming Utility” on page 184.

Fn +

This hot key turns the Zooming utility to zoom-in. For more information, see “TOSHIBA Zooming Utility” on page 184.

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Hot Keys Keyboard hot keys

Keyboard hot keys Fn +

This hot key informs you when the Wireless antenna on-off switch is in the off position. (No message appears when the Wi-Fi antenna on-off switch is in the on position.)

Fn +

This hot key turns the cursor control overlay on and off.

Fn +

This hot key turns the numeric overlay on and off.

Fn +

This hot key turns the scroll lock feature on and off.

Fn +

This hot key switches the resolution.

[Space bar]

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Appendix B

Power Cord/Cable Connectors Your notebook computer features a universal power supply you can use worldwide. This appendix shows the shapes of the typical AC power cord/cable connectors for various parts of the world.

USA and Canada

UL approved CSA approved

United Kingdom

BS approved

Australia

Europe

AS approved

VDA approved NEMKO approved

257

Appendix C



Using ConfigFree with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree™ is a set of utilities that makes it easy to control communication devices and network connections. ConfigFree also lets you identify communication problems and create profiles for easy switching between locations and communication networks. NOTE

For more information on using ConfigFree, see the ConfigFree online Help.

The ConfigFree utilities include the following: ❖

Connectivity Doctor—The Connectivity Doctor utility is used to analyze network connections and fix networking problems with your notebook computer. For more information, see “Connectivity Doctor” on page 261.



Search for Wireless Devices—The Search for Wireless Devices utility searches for wireless LAN and Bluetooth® devices used in the neighborhood, and displays information about them on a virtual map. For more information, see “Search for Wireless Devices” on page 264.

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Profile Settings—The Profiles utility lets you switch between network configurations. For more information, see “Profile Settings” on page 269.



ConfigFree SUMMIT—The ConfigFree SUMMIT utility is used to connect with other ConfigFree users for file sharing. For more information, see “ConfigFree SUMMIT” on page 272.

ConfigFree also includes a screen saver that you can customize by adding identifying text to devices. Click Options on the Connectivity Doctor screen to access the screen saver option.

Getting Started This section contains information about the ConfigFree main screen, and how to start and set up ConfigFree. For more detailed information on setting up and using ConfigFree, see the Help File included in the application.

Starting ConfigFree To start ConfigFree, be sure the computer has a wired or wireless connection. Then perform any of the following steps: ❖

Click Start, All Programs, Toshiba, Networking, and then click ConfigFree.



Double-click the ConfigFree icon



Press the Toshiba Assist button (if applicable to your system) to open the Toshiba Assist, and then click the ConfigFree icon.



Click the ConfigFree icon click the desired utility.

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on the taskbar.

on the taskbar, and then

260 NOTE

Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer Getting Started

If your computer is not connected to a network, the ConfigFree icon on the taskbar is displayed with an “X.”

When you start a search for wireless devices, ConfigFree Launcher displays on your computer desktop. You can then click the appropriate icon on the Launcher to start the desired ConfigFree utilities.

SUMMIT Bluetooth® Wireless LAN Connectivity Doctor Profiles

(Sample Image) ConfigFree Launcher ConfigFree Launcher can be set to hide from view when it is not in use. When this setting is active (set the ConfigFree Launcher to Auto-hide mode), you can re-display ConfigFree Launcher by moving the mouse cursor to the right of the screen.

(Sample Image) ConfigFree Launcher Auto-hide mode setting

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(Sample Image) ConfigFree Launcher coming back into view

ConfigFree Utilities Connectivity Doctor The Connectivity Doctor lets you analyze your network connections and fix network-connection problems. Using Connectivity Doctor, you can view detailed network information by simply moving the mouse pointer. The Connectivity Doctor works with the following network devices: ❖

Wired and wireless network devices



Routers, hubs, and bridges



Access points

The Connectivity Doctor displays the following information: ❖

WEP (Used, not Used)



Wired connection line (link speed)



Wireless connection line (signal strength and link speed)

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities



Location of wireless communication switch (identified with a yellow arrow)



Status of wireless communication switch (on or off)

(Sample Image) Connectivity Doctor screen Moving the mouse pointer over a wired or wireless network device icon displays information about the device, such as its IP address, subnet mask, and MAC address. A wireless network device also shows information such as the network SSID and the device’s Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) key settings.

(Sample Image) Viewing device information

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263

If a problem or potential problem is detected, in most cases, a screen automatically displays showing you the possible cause and solution for the problem. A triangle containing an exclamation point also appears on the Connectivity Doctor screen and an orange frame describes the relevant location. You can also view the possible cause and solution for the problem by clicking the exclamation point. If multiple triangles display, you can toggle between each of their cause and solution information screens by clicking its exclamation point. For example, if the connection to a wireless network cannot be established because the wireless communication switch is turned off, the problem description screen will normally display automatically when you start the Connectivity Doctor, and an exclamation point will appear next to the wireless communication switch. The following checkboxes and buttons are provided on the Connectivity Doctor screen: Stay on the task tray

When checked, the ConfigFree icon resides in the system tray.

Options

Displays ConfigFree setting screen.

Log

Lets you create a diagnostic log, view a history of log files, or delete the history. Log files are saved as CFhtmlxxxxx.htm, where xxxxx is the creation date and time. They reside in the folder: C:\Documents and Settings\username\Local Settings\Temp

About

Displays the version of Connectivity Doctor.

Help

Displays online Help.

Close

Closes the Connectivity Doctor screen.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

Search for Wireless Devices The Search for Wireless Devices utility searches for wireless LAN and Bluetooth® devices currently used in the neighborhood, and displays information about them on a virtual map. To search for wireless devices: 1

Click the

icon in the system tray.

2

Click Search for Wireless Devices. A virtual map appears with a graphical representation of the wireless devices that have been detected.

NOTE

Search for Wireless Devices can also be started from the ConfigFree Launcher.

For Wi-Fi networks, the intensity of a signal is displayed in five levels or “bands.” The signal from the connected access point is displayed in the bands surrounding the PC icon at the center of the map. The closer to the center, the stronger the connection. Placing the pointer over the displayed “point of light” shows detailed information about the wireless device. NOTE

The wireless device shown near the center of the map is not necessarily near your notebook computer. If a wireless device located a distance away also has a strong signal, it appears near the center of the map as well.

The Search for Wireless Devices feature identifies if a device is IEEE 802.11a, b, or g. It also includes an option to display hidden access point availability.

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(Sample Image) Viewing Wi-Fi devices

Creating a new wireless connection NOTE

This feature is only supported on systems running Windows® XP SP2.

To add a new wireless connection to an Access Point: 1

Open the Search for Wireless Devices option from ConfigFree Launcher.

2

Drag and drop the device you want to connect to the PC icon at the center of the map. The Wireless Settings screen appears.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

(Sample Image) Dragging a device to the Access Point

(Sample Image) Wireless settings screen 3

NOTE

Enter the SSID/WEP information and connect to the device. After the Access Point is set up and added to the connection list, the system displays the Connection screen rather than the Wireless settings screen.

Creating a detected device wireless connection

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267

The following screen shows an example of Bluetooth® devices that are detected using the Search for Wireless Devices option. Moving the mouse cursor over a device icon displays information about the device.

(Sample Image) Viewing Bluetooth® devices You can connect to devices shown on the Bluetooth® map: 1

Drag and drop the device you want to connect to the PC icon at the center of the map.

2

Configured devices are automatically connected. Devices not yet configured launch the Add New Connection Wizard, where you can configure and connect to the device.

Transferring files using Bluetooth® There are several ways to use Bluetooth® to send files to other devices. To select the device using the Bluetooth® radar screen: ❖

Open the Bluetooth® radar screen, and drag and drop the file directly onto the icon for that Bluetooth® device.

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(Sample Image) Dragging the file to the Bluetooth® device icon To be prompted for the device: 1

Drag and drop the file to the Bluetooth® radar icon on the ConfigFree Launcher.

(Sample Image) Dragging the file to the Bluetooth® radar icon Or, right-click the file and select Send to Bluetooth Devices.

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(Sample Image) Selecting Send to Bluetooth® Devices option 2

Choose a file recipient.

3

Click Send.

NOTE

During a file transfer, connecting and disconnecting to the selected device will occur automatically.

Disconnecting from a Bluetooth® device To disconnect from a Bluetooth® device: 1

Place the cursor on top of the connected line. The icon changes to a pair of scissors.

2

Click to disconnect from the device.

Profile Settings The Profile Settings utility lets you save network settings in “profiles.” ConfigFree profiles are useful for easily switching network settings and devices.You can switch network settings simply by selecting the profile with the desired settings. If you visit a client company occasionally, for example, you can set up a profile to match that environment and connect to the network. Similarly, users who access networks in the office and at home can set up profiles to handle these networking environments.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

A profile contains the currently configured network settings on the computer, as well as information about any network devices. The following settings can be saved (or “captured”) in a profile: ❖

Internet settings — includes LAN settings (proxy server settings) and the address of a home page that opens automatically when Internet Explorer starts.



Devices — lets you enable or disable settings of wired and wireless network devices, infrared devices, and set the power status of Bluetooth® antennas.



TCP/IP settings — includes DHCP, IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, DNS server, and WINS server settings.



Personal firewall settings for Internet connections.



Dial-up connection settings for the default connection.



File and printer sharing settings.



Printer settings for the default printer.



Bluetooth® Security Level (for example, high or medium).

To create a profile: 1

Click the

icon in the system tray.

2

Move the pointer to Profile.

3

Click Add. The Add Profile screen appears.

4

Select Capture and click OK. The Add Profile screen appears.

5

Enter the name of the profile you want to create.

6

Enter any optional comments, if desired.

7

Click Change Icon and select an icon for this profile.

8

Click the icon at the bottom of the screen to display more capture options.

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9

271

Under Captured Items, select the items you want to capture for this profile.

10 If connecting with a wireless network, select the desired Auto Switch Settings. (These options are unavailable if wireless devices have been disabled.) 11 Under Execute this program after switching, click the Browse button and select the program, file, or Web site URL that is to start after switching to this profile. For example, to have Internet Explorer start in the Windows® operating system after switching profiles, type: C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\IEXPLORE.EXE 12 Click OK.

Press to show more capture options (Sample Image) Add Profile screen

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

(Sample Image) Expanded Add Profile screen NOTE

The online Help provides real-world examples of setting up profiles for different networking environments.

After you set up one or more profiles, you can check their settings and fine-tune them as necessary. Profiles can also be imported and exported. This feature is useful when transferring profile settings to other computers. For more information about modifying, importing, and exporting profiles, refer to the online Help.

ConfigFree SUMMIT The ConfigFree SUMMIT utility is a convenient way to share files with other users and to transfer files between your computers at home and at work. This utility is faster and more dependable than sending the files via email.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

273

Use this utility, which handles files regardless of size, to distribute presentations, reports, or music files to meeting attendees or to users at different locations. The SUMMIT utility uses the following types of connections: ❖

Wireless LAN via Access Point



Wireless LAN via Ad-Hoc



LAN (same subnet)



Bluetooth® PAN/LAP



Cross cable (Ethernet or Gbit Ethernet)

To host a ConfigFree SUMMIT, click the SUMMIT icon on the ConfigFree Launcher, select the users that you want to attend the SUMMIT meeting, and send them an invitation.

Select users

Send invitations (Sample Image) Inviting users to SUMMIT meeting When a user joins the SUMMIT, their icon appears on the SUMMIT table.

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274

Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

(Sample Image) Users attending SUMMIT meeting (user icons appear on SUMMIT table) Files can be shared with one user or all users attending the meeting. ❖

To share a file with one user, drag and drop the file on the user’s icon.

NOTE

Only the SUMMIT Host (the initiator) can share files with multiple users by this method. SUMMIT users can share a file with only one other user.

(Sample Image) Sharing a file with one user

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275



To share a file with all users, drag the file to the center of the SUMMIT table where users can access it as desired.

NOTE

If you are the Host of the summit, and drag a file to the center of the SUMMIT table, it will automatically be sent to all SUMMIT users who can then accept or decline the file as desired.

(Sample Image) Sharing a file with all users NOTE

Participating users must be connected by LAN, wireless LAN, or Bluetooth® (PAN). Firewall software may prevent ConfigFree SUMMIT from working.

Using ConfigFree SUMMIT To host a ConfigFree SUMMIT: 1

Click the

icon in the system tray.

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276 2

Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

Click SUMMIT. Other users appear on the SUMMIT main window. SUMMIT can also be started from the ConfigFree Launcher.

NOTE

3

Select the appropriate users and invite them to the SUMMIT meeting. As users join the SUMMIT, their icons appear on the SUMMIT table.

4

Use drag and drop to share documents with SUMMIT users: ❖

To share a file with one user, drag the file to the user’s icon.



To share a file with all users, drag the file to the center of the summit table.

There are other ways to send files to users. To send files to all SUMMIT users: 1

Right-click the file and select Send to SUMMIT Devices.

2

Click Send.

To send files to a user without creating a SUMMIT meeting: 1

Drag and drop the file to the Wireless radar icon on the ConfigFree Launcher.

2

Right-click the file and choose a file recipient.

3

Click Send.

An Access Point may not always be available. To find out how to use Quick Connect to launch ConfigFree Summit, see “Direct Link Toshiba Device” on page 279.

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277

Quick Connect The Quick Connect feature includes two options: ❖

Toshiba Wireless Projector. Switches the Wireless LAN connection to connect to a Toshiba Wireless Projector



Direct Link Toshiba Device. Launches ConfigFree SUMMIT

Toshiba Wireless Projector The Quick Connect feature switches the Wireless LAN connection to connect to a Toshiba Wireless Projector. Once the projector utility is installed, launching the Quick Connect utility automatically opens the Wireless Data Projector Application. There you can configure how you would like to use the projector. To connect to a Toshiba Wireless Projector: 1

Click the

icon in the system tray.

2

Move the mouse pointer to Toshiba Wireless Projector (DPJ), then click Connect.

Launching Quick Connect prevents you from using the network to connect to a Toshiba Wireless Projector when the wireless LAN Configuration is set to Ad hoc. If you are connected to an access point, the connection is broken and reestablished later. To review the current Toshiba Wireless Projector settings and change them if necessary: 1

Click the

icon in the system tray.

2

Move the mouse pointer to Toshiba Wireless Projector (DPJ), then click Settings. The Quick Connect properties dialog box appears.

3

Complete the settings. Refer to the online Help if necessary.

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278 4 NOTE

Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer ConfigFree Utilities

Click OK. The default connection setting is for Ad hoc mode, therefore, if the setting on the Toshiba Wireless Projector is in Infrastructure mode, it will not connect. However, you can change the settings to Infrastructure mode to match the settings on the projector.

(Sample Image) Projector icon when connected with Quick Connect If the wireless mode for the wireless setting is set for 5 GHz (802.11a), Quick Connect changes this mode to 2.4 GHz (802.11b) and then connects to the projector. The wireless LAN configuration returns to the settings that were last used before the Quick Connect function was started: ❖

If the Toshiba Wireless Projector utility is closed.



If you select Toshiba Wireless Projector (DPJ) from the ConfigFree tray menu (this disconnects the wireless LAN connection).



If you select a profile from the ConfigFree tray menu or when you disable a wireless device.



If you close ConfigFree.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer Using the Automatic Switch

279

Direct Link Toshiba Device When Access Point is not available, use the Direct Link Toshiba Device feature to connect your computer in ad-hoc (peer-to-peer) mode and use the Summit feature. To use this feature: 1

Display the ConfigFree menu.

2

Select the ConfigFree Link option from the Direct Link Toshiba Device submenu. This action switches the computer’s wireless network setting to ad-hoc mode, and launches the SUMMIT feature.

(Sample Image) Using the Direct Link Toshiba Device feature

Using the Automatic Switch The Automatic Switch feature allows the computer to automatically switch profiles the next time it is powered on. This feature is particularly useful if you want your computer to automatically switch from the network configuration you use in your office to the one you use at home.

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280

Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer Semi-Automatic Switch Feature

The Auto Switch feature contains options for automatically switching between wired and wireless devices. With these options, the computer automatically switches to a wireless LAN network when the cable of the wired LAN network is removed from the computer. When the cable is reconnected, the connection to the wired LAN is re-established. To use the Automatic Switch feature: 1

Right-click the

2

Click Auto Switch. The Auto Switch dialog box appears.

3

Check Enable Wireless when cable disconnect occurs.

4

Click OK.

NOTE

icon in the system tray.

If your computer is connected to multiple wireless LAN devices, the Auto Switch (SSID) feature is disabled. To enable this feature, only one wireless LAN device can be used.

Semi-Automatic Switch Feature The Semi-Automatic feature alerts you when the computer connects to a Service Set Identifier (SSID) stored in a profile, When the computer connects to the designated SSID, a notification window appears. You can then click this window to connect using the settings specified in the profile. To use the Semi-Automatic Switch feature: 1

Right-click the

icon in the system tray.

2

Click Auto Switch. The Auto Switch dialog box appears.

3

Select the Auto Switch (SSID) tab.

4

Select the profile to be automatically selected when the SSID is detected, then click Add. The profile is moved to the List of target SSIDs and profiles.

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Using ConfigFree™ with your Toshiba Computer Semi-Automatic Switch Feature

281

5

Repeat the previous step for each additional profile you want to select.

6

Select Automatically switch profiles when connected to this SSID.

7

Check Automatically switch profile when connected to this SSID.

8

Click OK.

The computer is now configured to use the Semi-Automatic Switch feature. When the computer connects to an SSID in a profile, a display notification window appears. You can then click Switch on the window to switch profiles. You can also set the option for having the switch be automatic without the need for a notification. NOTE

Several profiles can be defined for a single SSID. In this case, several notification windows are displayed. By clicking these windows, you can switch to the profile for that location.

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Glossary TECHNICAL NOTE: Some features defined in this glossary may not be available on your computer.

Acronyms The following acronyms may appear in this user’s guide. AC

alternating current

BIOS

basic input/output system

bps

bits per second

CD

compact disc

CD-ROM

compact disc read-only memory

CD-RW

compact disc rewrite memory

CMOS

complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

COM1

communications port 1 (serial port)

COM2

communications port 2 (serial port)

CPU

central processing unit

DC

direct current

282

Glossary

DMA

direct memory access

DIMM

dual inline memory module

DOS

disk operating system

DPI

dots per inch

DSTN

dual supertwist nematic

DVD

digital versatile (or video) disc

283

DVD-ROM digital versatile (or video) disc read-only memory ECP

enhanced capabilities port

EPROM

erasable programmable read-only memory

FAT

file allocation table

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FIR

fast infrared

GB

gigabyte

HDD

hard disk drive

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

I/O

input/output

IRQ

interrupt request

ISP

Internet service provider

KB

kilobyte

LAN

local area network

LCD

liquid crystal display

LPT1

line printer port 1 (parallel port)

LSI

large-scale integration

MB

megabyte

MIDI

Musical Instrument Digital Interface

PC

personal computer

PCI

Peripheral Component Interconnect

PCMCIA

Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

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284

Glossary

RAM

random access memory

RFI

radio frequency interference

ROM

read-only memory

RTC

real-time clock

SCSI

small computer system interface

SDRAM

synchronous dynamic random access memory

SRAM

static random access memory

SVGA

super video graphics adapter

TFT

thin film transistor

USB

universal serial bus

URL

uniform resource locator

WAN

wide area network

www

World Wide Web

Terms The following terms may appear in this user’s guide.

A

active-matrix display — A liquid crystal display (LCD) made from an array of liquid crystal cells using active-matrix technology. Also known as a “TFT display,” in its simplest form there is one thin film transistor (TFT) for each cell. This type of display works well with notebook computers because of its shallow depth and high-quality color. Active-matrix displays are viewable from wider angles than most passive-matrix displays. adapter — A device that provides a compatible connection between two units. For example, the computer’s internal display adapter receives information from the software and translates it into images on the screen. An adapter can take a number of forms, from a microprocessor to a simple connector. An intelligent adapter (one that is capable of doing some processing) may also be called a controller. alternating current (AC) — The type of power usually supplied to residential and commercial wall outlets. AC reverses its direction at regular intervals. Compare direct current (DC).

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Glossary

285

application — A computer program that you use to perform tasks of a specific type. Applications include word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems. See also program.

B

backup — A copy of a file, usually on a removable disk, kept in case the original file is lost or damaged. basic input/output system (BIOS) — See BIOS. baud rate — The speed at which a communication device, such as a printer or modem, transmits information. Baud rate is the number of signal changes per second (not necessarily the same as bits per second). See also bits per second. BIOS (basic input/output system) — Basic instructions, stored in readonly memory (ROM), containing the information the computer needs in order to check hardware and load the operating system when you start up the computer. bits per second (bps) — A way of measuring the speed at which information is passed between two devices. The basic measure used in modem communications, bps is similar, but not identical, to the baud rate. See also baud rate. boot — To start the computer. The term “boot” originates from bootstrap program (as in “pulling itself up by its bootstraps”), a program that loads and initializes the operating system. See also reboot. boot disk — See system disk. boot priority (startup sequence) — The order in which the computer accesses its disk drives to locate the startup files. Under the default startup sequence, the computer looks for the startup files in the diskette drive before checking the hard disk. bus — An electrical circuit that connects the central processing unit (CPU) with other parts of the computer, such as the video adapter, disk drives, and ports. It is the pathway through which data flows from one device to another. See also bus speed, frontside bus. bus speed — The speed at which the central processing unit (CPU) communicates with the other parts of the computer.

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286 C

Glossary

cache — A section of very fast memory in which frequently used information is duplicated for quick access. Accessing data from cache is faster than accessing it from the computer’s main memory. See also CPU cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. CD — An individual compact disc. See also CD-ROM. CD-ROM (compact disc read-only memory) — A form of highcapacity storage that uses laser optics instead of magnetic means for reading data. See also CD. Compare DVD-ROM. central processing unit (CPU) — The chip that functions as the “brain” of the computer. It takes information from outside sources, such as memory or keyboard input, processes the information, and sends the results to another device that uses the information. character — Any letter, number, or symbol you can use on the computer. Some characters are non-printing characters, such as a paragraph break in a word-processing program. A character occupies one byte of computer storage. chip — A small piece of silicon containing computer logic and circuits for processing, memory, input/output, and/or control functions. Chips are mounted on printed circuit boards. click — To press and release the primary control button adjacent to the TouchPad or the mouse button without moving the TouchPad or mouse. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the TouchPad left control button or the left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. See also double-click. color palette — A set of specified colors that establishes the colors that can be displayed on the screen at a particular time. compatibility — The extent to which computers, programs, or devices can work together harmoniously, using the same commands, formats, or language as another. configuration — (1) The collection of components that make up a single computer system. (2) How parts of the system are set up (that is, configured).

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Glossary

287

controller — A device that controls the transfer of data from a computer to a peripheral device and vice versa. For example, disk drives, monitors, keyboards, and printers all require controllers. CPU — See central processing unit (CPU). CPU cache — A section of very fast memory residing between the CPU and the computer’s main memory that temporarily stores data and instructions the CPU will need to execute commands and programs. See also cache, L1 cache, L2 cache. cursor — A symbol that indicates the current position on the screen. The shape of the cursor varies, depending on the program you are using and what you are doing.

D

default — The setting selected by a program when the user does not specify an alternative setting. device — A component attached to the computer. Devices may be external (outside the computer’s case) or internal (inside the computer’s case). Printers, disk drives, and modems are examples of devices. device driver — A program (called a “driver”) that permits a computer to communicate with a device. dialog box — An on-screen window displayed by the operating system or a program giving a direction or requesting input from the user. direct current (DC) — The type of power usually supplied by batteries. DC flows in one direction. Compare alternating current (AC). direct memory access (DMA) — A dedicated channel, bypassing the CPU, that enables direct data transfer between memory and a device. directory — See folder. disable — To turn a computer option off. See also enable. disc — A round, flat piece of metal, designed to be read from and written to by optical (laser) technology, and used in the production of optical discs, such as CDs and DVDs. Compare disk.

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288

Glossary

disk — A round, flat piece of material that can be magnetically influenced to hold information in digital form, and used in the production of magnetic disks, such as diskettes and hard disks. Compare disc. See also diskette, hard disk. disk drive — The device that reads and writes information and programs on a diskette or hard disk. It rotates the disk at high speed past one or more read/write heads. diskette — A thin, flexible disk in a protective jacket that stores magnetically encoded data. Diskettes can be removed from the computer and come in two sizes: 5.25-inch and 3.5-inch. Your computer uses 3.5-inch diskettes. See also double-density diskette, high-density diskette. document — Any file created with an application and, if saved to disk, given a name by which it can be retrieved. See also file. double-click — To press and release the primary control button adjacent to the TouchPad or the mouse button rapidly twice without moving the TouchPad or mouse. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the TouchPad left control button or the left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. double-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that can hold up to 720 KB of information (half the capacity of a high-density diskette). See also diskette, high-density diskette. download — (1) In communications, to receive a file from another computer through a modem or network. (2) To send font data from the computer to a printer. See also upload. drag — To hold down the mouse button while moving the cursor to drag a selected object. In the Windows® operating system, this refers to the left mouse button, unless otherwise stated. driver — See device driver. DVD — An individual digital versatile (or video) disc. See also DVDROM.

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Glossary

289

DVD-ROM (digital versatile [or video] disc read-only memory) — A very high-capacity storage medium that uses laser optics for reading data. Each DVD-ROM can hold as much data as several CDROMs. Compare CD-ROM.

E

emulation — A technique in which a device or program imitates another device or program. enable — To turn on a computer option. See also disable. executable file — A computer program that is ready to run. Application programs and batch files are examples of executable files. Names of executable files usually end with a .bat or .exe extension. expansion device — A device that connects to a computer to expand its capabilities. Other names for an expansion device are port expander, port replicator, docking station, or network adapter. extension — See file extension. external device — See device.

F

file — A collection of related information, saved on disk with a unique name. A file may be a program, information used by a program, or a document. See also document. file allocation table (FAT) — The section of a disk that keeps track of the location of files stored on the disk. file name — A set of characters that uniquely identifies a file within a particular folder. It consists of two parts: the actual name and the file name extension. See also file extension. file extension — The three characters following the period (pronounced “dot”) at the end of a file name. The extension indicates the type of file. Examples are .exe for program files and .hlp for help files. See also file name. folder — Also called directory. A container for organizing files saved to a disk. A folder is symbolized on screen by a graphical image (icon) of a file folder. A folder can contain files and other folders. format — (verb) To prepare a blank disk for use with the computer’s operating system. Formatting creates a structure on the disk so the operating system can write information to the disk or read information from it.

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290

Glossary

frontside bus — The primary pathway (bus) between the CPU and the computer’s main memory. Also called “system bus.” See also bus. function keys — The keys labeled F1 through F12, typically located on the keyboard. Their function is determined by the operating system and/or individual programs.

G

ground — A conductor to which all components of an electric circuit are connected. It has a potential of zero (0) volts, is connected to the earth, and is the point of reference for voltages in the circuit.

H

hard disk — A storage device composed of a rigid platter or platters that can be magnetically coded with data. Hard disks hold much more information than diskettes and are used for long-term storage of programs and data. The primary (or only) hard disk in a computer is usually fixed, but some computers have secondary hard disks that are removable. By default, the hard disk is referred to as drive C. hardware — The physical components of a computer system. Compare software. Hibernation — A feature of many Toshiba notebook computers that saves to the hard disk the current state of your work, including all open files and programs, when you turn the computer off. When you turn on the computer again, your work is returned to the same state it was when the computer was turned off. See also Standby, Suspend. high-density diskette — A 3.5-inch diskette that holds 1.44 MB of data. See also diskette. hot key — (1) A feature in which certain keys in combination with the Fn key can set system options or control system parameters, such as the battery save mode. (2) A key or combination of keys that activates a memory resident program. hot swapping — The ability to add or remove devices from a computer while the computer is running and have the operating system automatically recognize the change.

I

icon — A small image displayed on the screen that represents a function, file, or program.

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Glossary

291

interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which only every other line of pixels is refreshed. Interlaced monitors take two passes to create a complete screen image. Compare non-interlaced. internal device — See device. Internet — The decentralized, world-wide network of computers that provides electronic mail, the World Wide Web, and other services. See also World Wide Web.

K

keyboard shortcut — A key or combination of keys that you use to perform a task instead of using a pointing device such as a mouse.

L

L1 (level one) cache — Memory cache built into the processor to help improve processing speed. See also cache, CPU cache, L2 cache. L2 (level two) cache — Memory cache installed on the motherboard to help improve processing speed. It is slower than L1 cache and faster than main memory. See also cache, CPU cache, L1 cache. LAN (local area network) — A group of computers or other devices dispersed over a relatively limited area and connected by a communications link that enables any device to interact with any other on the network. liquid crystal display (LCD) — A type of display that uses a liquid substance between two transparent electrode panels. When an electric current passes through the electrodes, the molecules in the liquid form a crystalline pattern that polarizes the light passing through it. A filter over the electrodes permits only non-polarized light to pass to the surface of the display, creating light and dark pixels. load — To move information from a storage device (such as a hard disk) into memory for processing. local area network — See LAN. logical drive — A section of a disk that is recognized by the operating system as a separate disk drive. A system’s logical drives may differ from its physical drives. For example, a single hard disk drive may be partitioned into two or more logical drives.

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292 M

Glossary

memory — Typically refers to the computer’s main memory, where programs are run and data is temporarily stored and processed. Memory can be volatile and hold data temporarily, such as RAM, or it can be nonvolatile and hold data permanently, such as ROM. A computer’s main memory is RAM. See RAM, ROM. microprocessor — See central processing unit (CPU). MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) — A standard for connecting musical instruments, synthesizers, and computers. The MIDI standard provides a way of translating music into a form computers can use, and vice versa. modem — Short for “modulator/demodulator.” A device that converts information from digital to analog and back to digital, enabling information to pass back and forth between digital computers and analog telephone lines. motherboard — The main circuit board in the computer. It contains the processor, memory, and other primary components. MS-DOS prompt — See system prompt. multi-function drive — A DVD drive that can read and write to CD and DVD media. multimedia — A combination of two or more media, such as sound, animation, and video in a computer program or presentation. Musical Instrument Digital Interface — See MIDI.

N

network — A collection of computers and associated devices that are connected by communications facilities. A network allows you to share data and peripheral devices, such as printers, with other users and to exchange electronic mail. non-interlaced — A method of refreshing a computer screen, in which each pixel of every line is refreshed as the electron beam scans across and down the screen. Compare interlaced. non-system disk — A disk for storing programs and data that cannot be used to start the computer. Compare system disk.

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Glossary

O

293

online — Available through the computer. Online may refer to information being read from your own computer’s hard disk, such as online documentation or online Help, or to information coming from another company on a company network or the Internet. operating system — A set of programs that controls how the computer works. Examples of operating systems are the Windows® XP Tablet PC Edition and Windows® XP Home operating systems. optical drive — A drive which reads plastic coated discs on which information is recorded digitally and uses a laser to read data, music, or videos.

P

palette — See color palette. parallel — Processes that occur simultaneously. In communications, it means the transmission of more than one bit of information at a time. On your computer, the parallel port provides a parallel communications interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Most modern printers are parallel. Compare serial. password — A unique string of characters entered by a user to verify his or her identity to the computer or the network. PC Card — A credit-card-sized expansion card designed to increase the capabilities of notebook computers. PC Cards provide functions such as modem, fax/modem, hard disk drive, network adapter, sound card, or SCSI adapter. peripheral — Any device, such as a printer or joystick, that is attached to the computer and controlled by the computer’s CPU. pixel — Short for “picture element.” The smallest dot that can be produced on a screen or printer. Plug and Play — Generally, refers to the computer’s ability to automatically configure itself to work with peripheral devices. When capitalized, refers to a standard that, when followed by a device manufacturer, allows a PC to configure itself automatically to work with the device. pointing device — Any device, such as the TouchPad or a mouse, that enables you to move the cursor on the screen.

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294

Glossary

port — A socket on the computer where you plug in a cable for connection to a network or a peripheral device. processor — See central processing unit (CPU). program — A set of instructions that can be executed by a computer. The general classes of programs (also called software) are operating system, application, and utility. See also operating system, application, utility. properties — The attributes of an object or device. For example, the properties of a file include the file’s type, size, and creation date.

R

RAM (random access memory) — Volatile memory that can be written to as well as read. By volatile, we mean that information in RAM is lost when you turn off your computer. This type of memory is used for your computer’s main memory. See also memory. Compare ROM. random access memory — See RAM. read-only memory — See ROM. reboot — See boot, restart. removable disk — A disk that can be removed from a disk drive. A diskette is one example of a removable disk. resolution — A measure of the sharpness of the images that can be produced by a printer or displayed on a screen. For a printer, resolution is expressed in dots per inch (dpi). For a screen, it is expressed as the number of pixels available horizontally and vertically. restart — Synonymous with reboot. To reset the computer by reloading the operating system without turning the computer off. See also boot. RJ11 — A modular connector used on most U.S. telephone systems and direct-connect modems. The RJ11 connector is a 6-wire connector.

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Glossary

295

ROM (read-only memory) — Non-volatile memory that can be read but not written to. By non-volatile, we mean that information in ROM remains whether or not the computer is receiving power. This type of memory is used to store your computer’s BIOS, which is essential instructions the computer reads when you start it up. See also BIOS, memory. Compare RAM.

S

select — To highlight or otherwise specify text, data, or graphics with the intent to perform some operation on it. serial — Processes that occur one at a time. In communications, it means the transmission of one bit at a time sequentially over a single channel. On your computer, the serial port provides a serial interface between the computer and an appropriate device. Compare parallel. shortcut — See keyboard shortcut. software — See program. Compare hardware. Standby — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. Suspend — A feature of some Windows® operating systems that allows you to turn off the computer without exiting your open applications and to continue from where you left off when you turn the computer on again. system disk — A diskette that contains the operating system files needed to start the computer. Any diskette can be formatted as a system disk. A system disk is also called a “bootable disk” or a “startup disk.” Compare non-system disk. system prompt — The symbol (in the MS-DOS® operating system, generally a drive letter followed by a “greater than” sign) indicating where users are to enter commands.

T

Toshiba tablet pen — The writing instrument used with the tablet. It is stored on the right side of the computer. TFT display — See active-matrix display.

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296 U

Glossary

universal serial bus (USB) — USB is a serial bus that supports a data transfer rate of up to 480 Mbps (480 million bits per second). USB can connect up to 127 peripheral devices through a single allpurpose USB port. USB allows hot swapping of peripherals. See also bus, hot swapping, serial. upload — To send a file to another computer through a modem or network. See also download. USB — See universal serial bus (USB).

utility — A computer program designed to perform a narrowly focused operation or solve a specific problem. Utilities are often related to computer system management.

W V

Web — See World Wide Web. Wi-Fi — A registered trademark term of the Wi-Fi Alliance which stands for Wireless Fidelity, and is another term for the communication protocol to permit an Ethernet connection using wireless communication components. World Wide Web (www) — The worldwide network of Web sites linked together over the Internet. A user of the Web can jump from site to site regardless of the location of the computer hosting the site. See also Internet.

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Index Numerics 101-key keyboard 80

A AC adaptor 47 AC power connecting adaptor 49 accessories docking solutions 147 memory 54 adding memory 54 adjusting recording quality 135 Alt keys 81 audio .wav files 134 audio features 133

charging 47, 51 conserving power 110 disposal 118 low charge 109 monitoring power 50, 106 not charging 217 power usage hot key 112 power usage mode 251 real-time clock (RTC) 103 removing 113 BIOS Setup see Toshiba Hardware Setup button power 53 start 123

C

B

CD

backing up files 79 battery changing 113 charge indicator light 50, 106 charge not lasting 217

creating 97 playing an audio 96 CD/DVD button functionality 93 channels DMA 212 IRQ 212

297 5.375 x 8.375 ver 2.3.2

298 character keys 80 charging the battery 51 checking device properties 214 cleaning the computer 76 click 56 communications network connection 128 system resources 212 compact disc positioning 95 compact discs handling 95 inserting 94 removing 98, 99 computer non-system disk or disk error message 207 not accessing disk drives 206 running on battery power 101 setting up 44 warning resume failure message 206 computing tips 78 connecting to a power source 47 connection set up 128 control buttons 56 critical applications 3 Cross Menu Utility 178 Ctrl keys 81

D desktop creating new icon 122 major features 122 desktop exploration 121 desktop icons 122 Device Manager 213 checking properties 214 disabling a device 214 devices

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keyboard 60 mouse 61 Disk Defragmenter 222 disk drive corrupted/damaged data files 222 missing files/trouble accessing a disk 221 running slow 222 diskette drive cannot insert a diskette 223 cannot read a diskette 223 connecting 63 external, connecting 63 display does not look normal/flickers 220 external monitor not working 221 screen is blank 219 display device external 58 display output settings 59 display, external adjusting 60 disposal information 25 disposing of used batteries 118 DMA (Direct Memory Access) 212 double-click 56 DVD player general problems 234

E environment computer-friendly 40 error messages device driver conflict 211 general hardware problem 211 non-system disk or disk error 207, 223 problem with display settings/ current settings not working with hardware 220

299 program has performed an illegal operation 204 warning resume failure 206 Error-checking 222 Ethernet LAN port 128 expansion capability 146 exploring the desktop 121 external monitor not working 221 mouse 61 external diskette drive connecting 63 external display, adjusting 60

F FAT (File Allocation Table) 222 FCC Notice “Declaration of Conformity Information” 3 FCC requirements 4 file extensions 88 file, backing up 79 files backing up 89 printing 89 restoring 90 saving 86 Fingerprint Authentication Utility 190 FN keys 81 Fn-esse change/remove key assignments 166 starting 162 Fn-esse program 162 assigning a key 162 using drag-and-drop 163 function keys 81

H hardware conflicts 211

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resolving 213 headphones using 135 Help and Support Windows XP 210 Hibernation mode 65 configuring 70 starting again from 71 hot key display brightness 254 display modes 254 Hibernation mode 253 instant password security 249 keyboard 255 keyboard overlays 256 password security 249 power usage mode 251 Standby mode 252 volume mute 249 hot key power usage mode 112 hot key utility 166, 172 hot keys 249

I icon 122, 123 desktop 123 Internet Explorer 123 moving to desktop 122 recycle bin 123 safety 37 Industry Canada requirement 4 installation memory module 55 installing memory modules 54 mouse 61 instant passwords, using 155 Internet bookmarked site not found 210 connecting to 131

300 features 132 slow connection 210 surfing 132 uploading and downloading files 133 URL address not found 210 Internet Explorer icon 123 Internet Service Providers 131 IRQ (Interrupt Request) 212 ISPs 131

J jack RJ-11 127

K key changing 166 removing 166 key assignment viewing existing 165 key assignments changing or removing existing 166 keyboard character keys 80 function keys 81 hot keys 256 not working 206 overlay keys 82 troubleshooting 218 Windows special keys 82 keyboard, external 60 keyboard, full-size 80 keyboard, PS/2-compatible 60

M

memory adding 54 problem solving 215 memory module installation 55 microphone 134 modem determining COM port 125 problem solving 230 resetting port to default settings 125 upgrading 125 monitor 58 connecting 58 not working 219 mouse installing 61 serial 61 moving the computer 76

N network accessing 128 Dial-Up Networking Wizard 128 networking wireless 128

O opening the display panel 52 Optical drive problems 224 optical drive troubleshooting 224 other documentation 38 overlay keys 82

P password deleting a supervisor 158 disabling a user 156

main battery removing 113

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301 supervisor set up 157 types 155 passwords instant, using 155 setting 155 PC Card checklist 226 CIS (Card Information Structure) 226 computer stops working 227 configuring 144 errors 228 hot swapping fails 228 inserting 142 modem default 125 not recognized 228 problem solving 225, 227 removing 143 setting up 144 Plug and Play 212 port COM 125 Ethernet LAN 128 RGB 58 power cable connectors 257 computer will not start 205 connecting cable to AC adaptor 49 energy-saving features 101 problem solving 216 turning on 53 power button 53 Power Management 169 power source 47 connecting 49 power switch 136 power usage mode hot key 112

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power usage modes 111 powering down using Standby 70, 72 precautions 41 primary button 56 printer local, connecting 61 problem solving 229 printing a file 89 problem solving AC power 216 accessing disk drives 206 battery charge does not last 217 battery not charging 217 cannot insert diskette in drive 223 cannot read a diskette 223 changing display properties 220 checking device properties 214 computer hangs when PC Card inserted 227 computer will not power up 205 contacting Toshiba 244, 245 corrupted/damaged data files 222 Device Manager 213 disabling a device 214 disk drive is slow 222 display is blank 219 external display not working 221 external monitor 219 faulty memory 215 hardware conflict 211, 212 high-pitched noise 225 illegal operation 204 Internet bookmarked site not found 210 Internet connection is slow 210 keyboard not responding 206 missing files/trouble accessing a disk 221

302 modem not receiving or transmitting 230 no sound 225 non-system disk or disk error 207, 223 PC Card 225 checklist 226 error occurs 228 hot swapping fails 228 not recognized 228 slot appears dead 227 power and batteries 216 printer 229 program not responding 203 program not working properly 223 screen does not look right/flickers 220 Startup options 209 system resources 212 URL address not found 210 warning resume failure 206 Windows will not start 206 Windows XP not working 208 program, starting 83 programs not running correctly 223 projector 58 connecting 58 protection of stored data 2

R real-time clock (RTC) battery 103 recording .wav files 134 sounds 134 recording quality 135 recording sounds 134 recycle bin icon 123 registering computer 46

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removing main battery 113 RJ-11 jack 127 rotating screen 74 Run dialog box 85 running the computer on battery power 101

S safety computer 120 disposing of batteries 118 icons 37 precautions 41 saving files 86 screen blank 219 does not look normal/flickers 220 rotating 74 secondary button 56 setting up adding memory 54 computer 44 setting up a connection 128 sound problem solving 225 sounds recording 134 speakers using external 135 Standby 66 Standby mode hot key 252 starting again from 73 start button 123 starting a program 83 Run dialog box 85 Windows Explorer 84 Windows Start menu 84 starting up the computer

303 from Shut down 70 from Standby 73 Startup menu problem solving 209 stored data protection 2 supervisor password, deleting 158 supervisor password, set up 157 system tray 124

T Tablet and Pen Settings 175 tablet mode using 74, 136 tablet pen using 74, 140 taskbar 124 television adjusting display 60 Toshiba registering computer 46 worldwide offices 247 Toshiba Assist 149 Toshiba Button Controls 186 Toshiba Hardware Setup 173, 178 TOSHIBA Mobile Extension 183 Toshiba online resources 100 Toshiba Rotation Utility 176 Toshiba SD Memory Boot Utility 181 Toshiba Tablet Access Code Utility 180 Toshiba tablet pen 139 using 140 Toshiba utilities 148 traveling tips 120 troubleshooting DVD player general problems 234 external keyboard 218 keyboard 218 keypad overlay 218

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optical drive 224 turning on the computer 54 turning on the power 53

U user password, disabling 156 using a file extension 88 using tablet mode 74, 136 using the tablet pen 74, 140 utilities Power Saver 169

V video projector adjusting display 60

W warranty limited warranty 39 Web sites 245 Wi-Fi wireless networking 128 Windows Explorer 84 Windows Media Player 96 Windows Start menu 84 Windows XP Help and Support 210, 211 problem solving 208 Windows XP desktop 121 wireless interoperability 7 wireless networking 128 Wizards Dial-Up Networking Wizard 128

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