Carrier Residential Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Application Manualline

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Description

Residential air conditioners and heat pumps using r-22 and puron refrigerant

Manuals Content

Residential Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using R---22 and Puronr Refrigerant

Application Guideline and Service Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE

PAGE

UNIT IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM REPAIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32--34

SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Leak Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Coil Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

INSTALLATION GUIDELINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Compressor Removal and Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

ACCESSORIES AND DESCRIPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 -- 5

System Clean--Up After Burnout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

LOW--AMBIENT GUIDELINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 -- 7

Evacuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

LONG LINE GUIDELINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

CHECK CHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

CABINET ASSEMBLY & COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . 8 -- 11

TROUBLESHOOTING WITH SUPERHEAT . . . . . . . . . . 35-- 44

ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 -- 13

TWO--STAGE 25HNB / 24ANB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45--55

Aluminum Wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

APPLICATION GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Contactor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

MODEL PLUG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12--13

Airflow Selections For 24ANB7 / 25HNB6 / 24ANB1 /25HNB9 Using Non--Communicating (Non--infinity) Thermostats . . . . . 46

Cycle Protector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Time--Delay Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Airflow Selection For FV4 Fan Coils For 24ANB1, 24ANB7, 25HNB6, 25HNB9 Using Non--Communicating (non--Infinity) Thermostats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

PRESSURE SWITCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46--47

DEFROST THERMOSTAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

CHECK CHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47--48

DEFROST CONTROL BOARD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 -- 17

SYSTEM FUNCTION AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48--51

Crankcase Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

SYSTEM FUNCTION AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17--18 COPELAND SCROLL COMPRESSOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51--55

LG SCROLL COMPRESSOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19--20

TWO STAGE NON--COMMUNICATING 24ACB7 / 25HCB6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56--58

COMPRESSOR TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--23

OPERATING AMBIENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Compressor Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Airflow Selections (ECM Furnaces) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Mechanical Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21--22

Airflow Selection for Variable Speed Furnaces (non--communicating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Electrical Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 REFRIGERATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24--31 Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Airflow Selection for FV4C Fan Coils (non--communicating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Servicing Systems on Roofs With Synthetic Materials . . . . 24

SYSTEM FUNCTION AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57--58

Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

CHECK CHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Service Valves and Pump down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25--27

CARE AND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59--60

Liquid Line Filter Drier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

PURON QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Suction Line Filter Drier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

AC TROUBLESHOOTING CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

HP TROUBLESHOOTING CHART -- HEATING CYCLE . . 62

Thermostatic Expansion Valve (TXV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30--31

HP TROUBLESHOOTING CHART -- COOLING CYCLE . . 63

MAKE PIPING CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

INDEX OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64



UNIT IDENTIFICATION This section explains how to obtain the model and serial number from unit rating plate. These numbers are needed to service and repair the Puronr and R--22 air conditioner or heat pump. Model and serial numbers can be found on unit rating plate.

Troubleshooting Charts for Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps are provided in the appendix at back of this manual. They enable the service technician to use a systematic approach to locating the cause of a problem and correcting system malfunctions.

AIR CONDITIONER AND HEAT PUMP MODEL NUMBER NOMENCLATURE 1 2 2 4

3 A

4 B

Series

Family

Tier

24 = AC 25 = HP

A = A/C H = HP

5 A Major Series

B = Base / Comfort C = Comfort / A,B = Puron Performance R,S = R22 P = Performance N = Infinity

6 3

7 8 3 6 Cooling Capacity (Tons)

SEER 3 = 13 SEER 5 = 15 SEER 6 = 16 SEER 8 = 18 SEER 1 = 21 SEER 7 = 17 SEER

18 = 1-- 1/2 24 = 2 30 = 2-- 1/2 36 = 3 42 = 3-- 1/2 48 = 4 60 = 5

9 A

10 0

11 0

12 3

Variations

Open

Open

Voltage

A = Standard C = Coastal F = Full Featured G = Dense Grill L = Louvers

0 = Not Defined

1 = 575-- 3 3 = 208/230-- 1 0 = Not 5 = 208/230-- 3 Defined 6 = 460-- 3 7 = 230-- 1-- 50 9 = 400-- 3-- 50

13 0 Minor Series

0= Initial Series

SERIAL NUMBER NOMENCLATURE 01

06

E

Week of Manufacture

Serial Number

Manufacturing Site E = Collierville TN X = Monterey Mexico

Year of Manufacture

2

00001

14 0 Packaging

0 = Domestic 1 = Import

15 0 Parts Identification 0 = Recip. 1 = Scroll 2 = Staged Recip. 3 = Staged Scroll 4 = Other Compr.

16 0 Open

0 = Not Defined

SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS

INSTALLATION GUIDELINE

Installation, service, and repair of these units should be attempted only by trained service technicians familiar with standard service instruction and training material. All equipment should be installed in accordance with accepted practices and unit Installation Instructions, and in compliance with all national and local codes. Power should be turned off when servicing or repairing electrical components. Extreme caution should be observed when troubleshooting electrical components with power on. Observe all warning notices posted on equipment and in instructions or manuals.

Residential New Construction

!

WARNING

UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage. Puronr (R--410A) systems operate at higher pressures than standard R--22 systems. Do not use R--22 service equipment or components on Puronr equipment. Ensure service equipment is rated for Puronr. Refrigeration systems contain refrigerant under pressure. Extreme caution should be observed when handling refrigerants. Wear safety glasses and gloves to prevent personal injury. During normal system operations, some components are hot and can cause burns. Rotating fan blades can cause personal injury. Appropriate safety considerations are posted throughout this manual where potentially dangerous techniques are addressed.

INTRODUCTION This document provides required system information necessary to install, service, repair or maintain the family air conditioners and heat pumps using R22 or Puron refrigerant. Refer to the unit Product Data for rating information, electrical data, required clearances, additional component part numbers and related pre--sale data. Installation Instructions are also available per specific models. Information in this document refers to units produced in 2012 and later. Refer to Service Manual number 24--25--3SM for products produced 2006 -- 2012.

Specifications for these units in the residential new construction market require the outdoor unit, indoor unit, refrigerant tubing sets, metering device, and filter drier listed in Product Data (PD). DO NOT DEVIATE FROM PD. Consult unit Installation Instructions for detailed information.

Add--On Replacement (Retrofit) -- R22 to Puron Specifications for these units in the add--on replacement/retrofit market require change--out of outdoor unit, metering device, and all capillary tube coils. Change--out of indoor coil is recommended. There can be no deviation. 1. If system is being replaced due to compressor electrical failure, assume acid is in system. If system is being replaced for any other reason, use approved acid test kit to determine acid level. If even low levels of acid are detected install factory approved, 100 percent activated alumina suction--line filter drier in addition to the factory supplied liquid--line filter drier. Remove the suction line filter drier as soon as possible, with a maximum of 72 hr. 2. Drain oil from low points or traps in suction--line and evaporator if they were not replaced. 3. Change out indoor coil or verify existing coil is listed in the Product Data Digest. 4. Unless indoor unit is equipped with a Puronr approved metering device, change out metering device to factory supplied or field--accessory device specifically designed for Puronr. 5. Replace outdoor unit with Puronr outdoor unit. 6. Install factory--supplied liquid--line filter drier.

!

CAUTION

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Never install suction--line filter drier in the liquid--line of a Puronr system. 7. If suction--line filter drier was installed for system clean up, operate system for 10 hr. Monitor pressure drop across drier. If pressure drop exceeds 3 psig, replace suction--line and liquid--line filter driers. Be sure to purge system with dry nitrogen and evacuate when replacing filter driers. Continue to monitor pressure drop across suction--line filter drier. After 10 hr of runtime, remove suction--line filter drier and replace liquid--line filter drier. Never leave suction--line filter drier in system longer than 72 hr (actual time). 8. Charge system. (See unit information plate.)

Seacoast Coastal units are available in selected models and sizes of Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps. These units have protection to help resist the corrosive coastal environment. Features include:

S S

Armor plate fins and epoxy coated coils Complete baked--on paint coverage (both sides of external sheet metal and grilles)

S Paint coated screws Coastal environments are considered to be within 2 miles of the ocean. Salt water can be carried as far away as 2 miles from the coast by means of sea spray, mist or fog. Line--of--sight distance from the ocean, prevailing wind direction, relative humidity, wet/dry time, and coil temperatures will determine the severity of corrosion potential in the coastal environment.



3

ACCESSORIES Table 1—Required Field--Installed Accessories for Air Conditioners ACCESSORY

REQUIRED FOR LOW --- AMBIENT COOLING APPLICATIONS (Below 55°F/12.8_C)

REQUIRED FOR LONG LINE APPLICATIONS*

REQUIRED FOR SEA COAST APPLICATIONS (Within 2 miles/3.22 km)

Ball Bearing Fan Motor

Yes {}

No

No

Compressor Start Assist Capacitor and Relay

Yes**

Yes

No

Crankcase Heater

Yes }

Yes }

No

Evaporator Freeze Thermostat

Yes }

No

No

Hard Shut--- Off TXV

Yes

Yes

Yes No

Liquid Line Solenoid Valve

No

No

Motor Master® or Low--- ambient Pressure Switch

Yes }

No

No

Support Feet

Recommended

No

Recommended

Winter Start Control Yes } No No * For tubing line sets between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) and/or 35 ft. (10.7 m) vertical differential, refer to Residential Piping and Longline Guideline. { Additional requirement for Low---Ambient Controller (full modulation feature) MotorMasterr Control. } Infinity 2 ---stage units come standard with this accessory. ** Not required on 2 ---stage

Table 2—Required Field--Installed Accessories for Heat Pumps ACCESSORY

REQUIRED FOR LOW --- AMBIENT COOLING APPLICATIONS (Below 55°F / 12.8°C)

REQUIRED FOR LONG LINE APPLICATIONS*

Accumulator Ball Bearing Fan Motor Compressor Start Assist Capacitor and Relay

Standard Yes {} Yes **

Standard No Yes

REQUIRED FOR SEA COAST APPLICATIONS (Within 2 miles / 3.22 km) Standard No No

Crankcase Heater

Yes }

Yes }

No

Evaporator Freeze Thermostat Hard Shutoff TXV Isolation Relay

Yes } Yes Yes

No Yes No

Liquid Line Solenoid Valve

No

No Yes No See Long---Line Application Guideline

Yes }

No

No

Recommended

No

Recommended

Motor Master® Control or Low Ambient Switch Support Feet

No

* For tubing line sets between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) and/or 20 ft. (6.09 m) vertical differential, refer to Residential Piping and Longline Guideline. { Additional requirement for Low---Ambient Controller (full modulation feature) MotorMasterr Control. } Infinity 2 ---stage units come standard with this accessory. ** Not required on 2 ---stage

Always Ask For

4

ACCESSORY DESCRIPTIONS Refer to Table 1 for an Accessory Usage Guide for Air Conditioners and Table 2 for Heat Pumps. Refer to the appropriate section below for a description of each accessory and its use. 1. Crankcase Heater An electric resistance heater which mounts to the base of the compressor to keep the lubricant warm during off cycles. Improves compressor lubrication on restart and minimizes the chance of liquid slugging. Usage Guideline: Required in low ambient cooling applications. Required in long line applications. Suggested in all commercial applications. 2. Evaporator Freeze Thermostat An SPST temperature--actuated switch that stops unit operation when evaporator reaches freeze--up conditions. Usage Guideline: Required when low ambient kit has been added. 3. Isolation Relay An SPDT relay which switches the low--ambient controller out of the outdoor fan motor circuit when the heat pump switches to heating mode. Usage Guideline: Required in all heat pumps where low ambient kit has been added 4. Low--Ambient Pressure Switch A fan--speed control device activated by a temperature sensor, designed to control condenser fan motor speed in response to the saturated, condensing temperature during operation in cooling mode only. For outdoor temperatures down to --20_F (--28.9_C), it maintains condensing temperature at 100_F ± 10_F (37.8_C ± 12_C). Usage Guideline: A Low Ambient Controller must be used when cooling operation is used at outdoor temperatures below 55_F (12.8_C). Suggested for all commercial applications. 5. Outdoor Air Temperature Sensor Designed for use with Carrier Thermostats listed in this publication. This device enables the thermostat to display the outdoor temperature. This device is required to enable special thermostat features such as auxiliary heat lock out. Usage Guideline: Suggested for all Carrier thermostats listed in this publication.



6. Thermostatic Expansion Valve (TXV) A modulating flow--control valve which meters refrigerant liquid flow rate into the evaporator in response to the superheat of the refrigerant gas leaving the evaporator. Kit includes valve, adapter tubes, and external equalizer tube. Hard shut off types are available. Usage Guideline: Accessory required to meet ARI rating and system reliability, where indoor not equipped. Hard shut off TXV or LLS required in heat pump long line applications. Required for use on all zoning systems. 7. Time--Delay Relay An SPST delay relay which briefly continues operation of indoor blower motor to provide additional cooling after the compressor cycles off. NOTE: Most indoor unit controls include this feature. For those that do not, use the guideline below. Usage Guideline: Accessory required to meet ARI rating, where indoor not equipped. 8. Wind Baffle Use only in installations where high winds are prevalent to prevent cross currents from causing abnormal control operation. For construction, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. NO TAG. NOTE: When wind baffles are used, raising unit off of mounting pad with 4--in. support feet or unit risers is REQUIRED. This provides better airflow for moderate and high ambient temperatures. 9. Winter Start Control This control is designed to alleviate nuisance opening of the low--pressure switch by bypassing it for the first 3 minutes of operation. This control is for AC units operating in low ambient cooling but is not required for Heat Pumps. Heat pumps have a loss of charge switch rather than a low pressure switch and nuisance trips should not be an issue.

5

LOW--AMBIENT COOLING GUIDELINE The minimum operating temperature for these units in cooling mode is 55_F/12.7_C outdoor ambient without additional accessories. This equipment may be operated in cooling mode at ambient temperatures below 55_F/12.7_C when the accessories listed in Table 1 or 2 are installed. Wind baffles are required when operating in cooling mode at ambients below 55_F/12.7_C. Refer to Fig. 1 for wind baffle construction details for Base through

Comfort Series models and Fig. NO TAG for Deluxe models. First production of Performance units are capable of low ambient cooling only with pressure switch or Infinity UI control. Motor Master was not available. See most current Product Data for updates. Infinity Series 2--Stage units are capable of low ambient cooling only with Infinity UI control.

A06450

Entry, Mid Tier, and 4 Sided Deluxe Units (in.) UNIT SIZE

AA

Mini Base

23--- 1/8

Small

25--- 3/4

Medium

31--- 1/4

Large

35

UNIT HEIGHT

A

B

25--- 5/16 28--- 11/16 32--- 1/8 35--- 1/2 38--- 15/16 42--- 5/16 45--- 11/16 25 28--- 7/16 31--- 13/16 35--- 1/4 38--- 5/8 42 45--- 7/16 25--- 1/2 28--- 15/16 32--- 5/16 35--- 3/4 39--- 1/8 42--- 1/2 45--- 15/16 25--- 1/2 28--- 15/16 32--- 5/16 35--- 3/4 39--- 1/8 42--- 1/2 45--- 15/16

20--- 3/8 23--- 13/16 27--- 3/16 30--- 5/8 34 37--- 3/8 40--- 13/16 20--- 3/8 23--- 13/16 27--- 3/16 30--- 5/8 34 37--- 3/8 40--- 13/16 20--- 3/8 23--- 13/16 27--- 3/16 30--- 5/8 34 37--- 3/8 40--- 13/16 20--- 3/8 23--- 13/16 27--- 3/16 30--- 5/8 34 37--- 3/8 40--- 13/16

10--- 1/16 11--- 3/4 13--- 1/2 15--- 3/16 16--- 7/8 18--- 9/16 20--- 1/4 10--- 1/16 11--- 3/4 13--- 1/2 15--- 3/16 16--- 7/8 18--- 9/16 20--- 1/4 10--- 1/16 11--- 3/4 13--- 1/2 15--- 3/16 16--- 7/8 18--- 9/16 20--- 1/4 10--- 1/16 11--- 3/4 13--- 1/2 15--- 3/16 16--- 7/8 18--- 9/16 20--- 1/4

C ---1

C ---2

C ---3

D

1--- 5/16

8--- 1/4

3--- 1/2

39--- 1/4

3--- 15/16

10--- 7/8

6--- 1/8

41--- 7/8

9--- 3/8

16--- 5/16

11--- 9/16

47--- 3/8

13--- 3/16

20--- 1/8

15--- 3/8

51--- 1/8

Fig. 1 – Base / Mid--Tier / Deluxe (4--sided) Baffle Assembly

6

LONG LINE GUIDELINE

CABINET ASSEMBLY

Refer to Residential Piping and Long Line Guideline for air conditioner and heat pump systems using Puron refrigerant or Long Line Guideline for R--22 Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps.

Basic Cabinet Designs Certain maintenance routines and repairs require removal of the cabinet panels. There are 3 basic cabinet designs for air conditioning and heat pumps. Each design tier has options of standard or dense grills. (See Fig. 2).

Performance

Infinity

Comfort --- Puron with Wrap Grille

Entry --- R22 with Wrap Grille Fig. 2 – Cabinet Designs



7

Access Compressor Or Other Internal Cabinet Components NOTE: It is not necessary to remove the top cover to gain access. Removing the top cover may cause grill panels, corner posts, louvers or coils to be damaged. It is recommended to protect the top cover from damage of tools, belt buckles, etc. while servicing from the top. 1. Should the unit height allow components to be accessed from the top of the unit, follow procedures for removing fan motor assembly. Access components through the top cap. 2. Large components may not be removed easily without having access from the top and side. Side access may allow procedures such as brazing, cutting, and removal easier. Follow procedures below: a. Follow procedures to remove the fan motor assembly. b. Air conditioning units only, remove the screws from the top of the electrical control panel. (Heat pumps will not have screws holding the electrical control panel in place at the top once the control box cover has been removed.) c. Remove the base pan screws holding the control panel and lift off the unit. Certain maintenance routines and repairs require removal of cabinet panels. Remove Top Cover -- Mid--Tier / Deluxe 1. Turn off all power to outdoor and indoor units. 2. Remove access panel. 3. Remove information plate. 4. Disconnect fan motor wires and cut wire ties. Remove wires from control box. Refer to unit wiring label. 5. Remove screws holding top cover to louver panels. 6. Lift top cover from unit. 7. Reverse sequence for reassembly. 4--sided deluxe units employ one louver spacer on each of the four sides to prevent louver movement during operation. The louver spacers are trapped between the coil surface and louver at the approximate center of each side (See Fig. 3). This louver spacer should be present and, if dislodged during shipment, must be reinstalled before unit is placed into operation.

Remove Fan Motor Assembly -- Mid--Tier / Deluxe 1. Perform items 1 through 6 from above. 2. Remove nuts securing fan motor to top cover. 3. Remove motor and fan blade assembly. 4. Reverse sequence for reassembly. 5. Prior to applying power, check that fan rotates freely. Control Box Cover—Base Products This panel contains much of the same information as the information plate mentioned previously, but is designed only to cover the control box. Remove Top Cover—Base Products 1. Turn off all power to outdoor an indoor units. 2. Remove 5 screws holding top cover to coil grille and coil tube sheet. 3. Remove 2 screws holding control box cover. 4. Remove 2 screws holding information plate. 5. Disconnect fan motor wires, cut any wire ties, and move wires out of control box and through tube clamp on back of control box. 6. Lift top cover from unit. 7. Reverse sequence for reassembly. Remove Fan Motor Assembly—Base Products 1. Perform items 1, 3, 4, and 5 above. (Note: item 2 is not required.) 2. Remove 4 screws holding wire basket to top cover. 3. Lift wire basket from unit. 4. Remove nuts holding fan motor to wire basket. 5. Remove motor and fan blade assembly. 6. Pull wires through wire raceway to change motor. 7. Reverse sequence for reassembly. 8. Prior to applying power, check that fan rotates freely.

A11380a

Fig. 3 – Louver Spacer Location

8

Base and Comfort Series AC Control Box

Base and Comfort HP Control Box

Fig. 4 – Base and Comfort Series Control Box Identification



9

Labeling

Wiring Label Charging Label

Rating Plate

Caution Label (3-phase only)

Piston Label Warning Label

Mid ---Tier / Deluxe

Wiring Label Rating Plate

Charging Label

Caution Label

Piston Label Warning Label

Entry

Fig. 5 – Label Locations

10

ELECTRICAL !

3. Reconnect leads and apply low--voltage power to contactor coil. This may be done by leaving high--voltage power to outdoor unit off and turning thermostat to cooling. Check voltage at coil with voltmeter. Reading should be between 20v and 30v. Contactor should pull in if voltage is correct and coil is good. If contactor does not pull in, replace contactor. 4. With high--voltage power off and contacts pulled in, check for continuity across contacts with ohmmeter. A very low or 0 resistance should be read. Higher readings could indicate burned or pitted contacts which may cause future failures.

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Exercise extreme caution when working on any electrical components. Shut off all power to system prior to troubleshooting. Some troubleshooting techniques require power to remain on. In these instances, exercise extreme caution to avoid danger of electrical shock. ONLY TRAINED SERVICE PERSONNEL SHOULD PERFORM ELECTRICAL TROUBLESHOOTING.

Capacitor

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD

Aluminum Wire

!

Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage.

CAUTION

Capacitors can store electrical energy when power is off. Electrical shock can result if you touch the capacitor terminals and discharge the stored energy. Exercise extreme caution when working near capacitors. With power off, discharge stored energy by shorting across the capacitor terminals with a 15,000--ohm, 2--watt resistor.

UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Aluminum wire may be used in the branch circuit (such as the circuit between the main and unit disconnect), but only copper wire may be used between the unit disconnect and the unit. Whenever aluminum wire is used in branch circuit wiring with this unit, adhere to the following recommendations. Connections must be made in accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC), using connectors approved for aluminum wire. The connectors must be UL approved (marked Al/Cu with the UL symbol) for the application and wire size. The wire size selected must have a current capacity not less than that of the copper wire specified, and must not create a voltage drop between service panel and unit in excess of 2 of unit rated voltage. To prepare wire before installing connector, all aluminum wire must be “brush--scratched” and coated with a corrosion inhibitor such as Pentrox A. When it is suspected that connection will be exposed to moisture, it is very important to cover entire connection completely to prevent an electrochemical action that will cause connection to fail very quickly. Do not reduce effective size of wire, such as cutting off strands so that wire will fit a connector. Proper size connectors should be used. Check all factory and field electrical connections for tightness. This should also be done after unit has reached operating temperatures, especially if aluminum conductors are used.

Contactor The contactor provides a means of applying power to unit using low voltage (24v) from transformer in order to power contactor coil. Depending on unit model, you may encounter single-- or double--pole contactors. Exercise extreme caution when troubleshooting as 1 side of line may be electrically energized. The contactor coil is powered by 24vac. If contactor does not operate: 1. With power off, check whether contacts are free to move. Check for severe burning or arcing on contact points. 2. With power off, use ohmmeter to check for continuity of coil. Disconnect leads before checking. A low resistance reading is normal. Do not look for a specific value, as different part numbers will have different resistance values.

NOTE: If bleed resistor is wired across start capacitor, it must be disconnected to avoid erroneous readings when ohmmeter is applied across capacitor. (S)

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage. Always check capacitors with power off. Attempting to troubleshoot a capacitor with power on can be dangerous. Defective capacitors may explode when power is applied. Insulating fluid inside is combustible and may ignite, causing burns. Capacitors are used as a phase--shifting device to aid in starting certain single--phase motors. Check capacitors as follows: 1. With power off, discharge capacitors as outlined above. Disconnect capacitor from circuit. Put ohmmeter on R X 10k scale. Using an analog ohmmeter, check each terminal to ground (use capacitor case). Discard any capacitor which measures 1/2 scale deflection or less. Place ohmmeter leads across capacitor and place on R X 10k scale. Meter should jump to a low resistance value and slowly climb to higher value. Failure of meter to do this indicates an open capacitor. If resistance stays at 0 or a low value, capacitor is internally shorted. 2. Capacitance testers are available which will read value of capacitor. If value is not within ±10 percent value stated on capacitor, it should be replaced. If capacitor is not open or shorted, the capacitance value is calculated by measuring voltage across capacitor and current it draws.

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WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Exercise extreme caution when taking readings while power is on.



11

Use following formula to calculate capacitance: Capacitance (mfd)= (2650 X amps)/volts 3. Remove any capacitor that shows signs of bulging, dents, or leaking. Do not apply power to a defective capacitor as it may explode. Sometimes under adverse conditions, a standard run capacitor in a system is inadequate to start compressor. In these instances, a start assist device is used to provide an extra starting boost to compressor motor. This device is called a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) or start thermistor. It is a resistor wired in parallel with the run capacitor. As current flows through the PTC at start--up, it heats up. As PTC heats up, its resistance increases greatly until it effectively lowers the current through itself to an extremely low value. This, in effect, removes the PTC from the circuit. After system shutdown, resistor cools and resistance value returns to normal until next time system starts. Thermistor device is adequate for most conditions, however, in systems where off cycle is short, device cannot fully cool and becomes less effective as a start device. It is an easy device to troubleshoot. Shut off all power to system. Check thermistor with ohmmeter as described below. Shut off all power to unit. Remove PTC from unit. Wait at least 10 minutes for PTC to cool to ambient temperature. Measure resistance of PTC with ohmmeter. The cold resistance (RT) of any PTC device should be approximately 100--180 percent of device ohm rating. 12.5--ohm PTC = 12.5--22.5 ohm resistance (beige color) If PTC resistance is appreciably less than rating or more than 200 percent higher than rating, device is defective.

With high--voltage power off, attach voltmeter leads across T1 and T3, and set thermostat so that Y terminal is energized. Make sure all protective devices in series with Y terminal are closed. Voltmeter should read 24v across T1 and T3. With 24v still applied, move voltmeter leads to T2 and T3. After 5 ± 2 minutes, voltmeter should read 24v, indicating control is functioning normally. If no time delay is encountered or device never times out, change control.

Crankcase Heater Crankcase heater is a device for keeping compressor oil warm. By keeping oil warm, refrigerant does not migrate to and condense in compressor shell when the compressor is off. This prevents flooded starts which can damage compressor. On units that have a single--pole contactor, the crankcase heater is wired in parallel with contactor contacts and in series with compressor. (See Fig. 7.) When contacts open, a circuit is completed from line side of contactor, through crankcase heater, through run windings of compressor, and to other side of line. When contacts are closed, there is no circuit through crankcase heater because both leads are connected to same side of line. This allows heater to operate when system is not calling for cooling. The heater does not operate when system is calling for cooling. TEMP SWITCH

CRANKCASE HTR BLK

BLK

11

BLK

BLK

21 A97586

Fig. 7 – Wiring for Single--Pole Contactor The crankcase heater is powered by high--voltage power of unit. Use extreme caution troubleshooting this device with power on. The easiest method of troubleshooting is to apply voltmeter across crankcase heater leads to see if heater has power. Do not touch heater. Carefully feel area around crankcase heater. If warm, crankcase heater is probably functioning. Do not rely on this method as absolute evidence heater is functioning. If compressor has been running, the area will still be warm. With power off and heater leads disconnected, check across leads with ohmmeter. Do not look for a specific resistance reading. Check for resistance or an open circuit. Change heater if an open circuit is detected.

Time--Delay Relay A94006

Fig. 6 – Capacitors

Cycle Protector Carrier thermostats have anti--cycle protection built in to protect the compressor. Should a non--Carrier stat be utilized, it is recommended to add a cycle protector to the system. Solid--state cycle protector protects unit compressor by preventing short cycling. After a system shutdown, cycle protector provides for a 5 ± 2--minute delay before compressor restarts. On normal start--up, a 5--minute delay occurs before thermostat closes. After thermostat closes, cycle protector device provides a 3--sec delay. Cycle protector is simple to troubleshoot. Only a voltmeter capable of reading 24v is needed. Device is in control circuit, therefore, troubleshooting is safe with control power (24v) on and high--voltage power off.

The TDR is a solid--state control, recycle delay timer which keeps indoor blower operating for 90 sec after thermostat is satisfied. This delay enables blower to remove residual cooling in coil after compression shutdown, thereby improving efficiency of system. The sequence of operation is that on closure of wall thermostat and at end of a fixed on delay of 1 sec, fan relay is energized. When thermostat is satisfied, an off delay is initiated. When fixed delay of 90 ± 20 sec is completed, fan relay is de--energized and fan motor stops. If wall thermostat closes during this delay, TDR is reset and fan relay remains energized. TDR is a 24v device that operates within a range of 15v to 30v and draws about 0.5 amps. If the blower runs continuously instead of cycling off when the fan switch is set to AUTO, the TDR is probably defective and must be replaced.

12

Pressure Switches Pressure switches are protective devices wired into control circuit (low voltage). They shut off compressor if abnormally high or low pressures are present in the refrigeration circuit. Puron pressure switches are specifically designed to operate with Puronr systems. R--22 pressure switches must not be used as replacements for the Puronr air conditioner or heat pump. Puronr pressure switches are identified by a pink stripe down each wire. Low--Pressure Switch (AC Only) The low--pressure switch is located on suction line and protects against low suction pressures caused by such events as loss of charge, low airflow across indoor coil, dirty filters, etc. It opens on a pressure drop at about 50 psig for Puron and about 27 for R22. If system pressure is above this, switch should be closed. To check switch: 1. Turn off all power to unit. 2. Disconnect leads on switch. 3. Apply ohmmeter leads across switch. You should have continuity on a good switch. NOTE: Because these switches are attached to refrigeration system under pressure, it is not advisable to remove this device for troubleshooting unless you are reasonably certain that a problem exists. If switch must be removed, remove and recover all system charge so that pressure gauges read 0 psi. Never open system without breaking vacuum with dry nitrogen.

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CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD

High--Pressure Switch (AC & HP) The high--pressure switch is located in liquid line and protects against excessive condenser coil pressure. It opens around 610 or 670 psig for Puron and 400 psig for R22 (+/-- 10 for both). Switches close at 298 (+/-- 20) psig for R--22 and 420 or 470 (+/-25) psig for Puron. High pressure may be caused by a dirty condenser coil, failed fan motor, or condenser air re--circulation. To check switch: 1. Turn off all power to unit. 2. Disconnect leads on switch. 3. Apply ohmmeter leads across switch. You should have continuity on a good switch. NOTE: Because these switches are attached to refrigeration system under pressure, it is not advisable to remove this device for troubleshooting unless you are reasonably certain that a problem exists. If switch must be removed, remove and recover all system charge so that pressure gauges read 0 psi. Never open system without breaking vacuum with dry nitrogen.

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PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant. To replace switch: 1. Apply heat with torch to solder joint and remove switch.

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Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant.

Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses when using torch. Have quenching cloth available. Oil vapor in line may ignite when switch is removed.

CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses when using torch. Have quenching cloth available. Oil vapor in line may ignite when switch is removed. 2. Braze in 1/4--in. flare fitting and screw on replacement pressure switch.



CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD

To replace switch: 1. Apply heat with torch to solder joint and remove switch.

!

CAUTION

2. Braze in 1/4--in. flare fitting and replace pressure switch. Loss of Charge Switch (HP Only) Located on liquid line of heat pump only, the liquid line pressure switch functions similar to conventional low--pressure switch. Because heat pumps experience very low suction pressures during normal system operation, a conventional low--pressure switch cannot be installed on suction line. This switch is installed in liquid line instead and acts as loss--of--charge protector. The liquid--line is the low side of the system in heating mode. It operates identically to low--pressure switch except it opens at 23 (+/-- 5) psig for Puron and 7 (+/-- 5) psig for R22 and closes at 55 (+/-- 5) psig for Puron and 22 (+/-- 5) for R22 Two--stage heat pumps have the low--pressure switch located on the suction line. The two--stage control board has the capability to ignore low--pressure switch trips during transitional (defrost) operation to avoid nuisance trips. Troubleshooting and removing this switch is identical to procedures used on other switches. Observe same safety precautions.

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Defrost Thermostat Defrost thermostat signals heat pump that conditions are right for defrost or that conditions have changed to terminate defrost. It is a thermally actuated switch clamped to outdoor coil to sense its temperature. Normal temperature range is closed at 30_ ± 3_F and open at 65_ ± 5_F. Defrost thermostats are used in Base and Comfort models, a coil temperature thermistor is used in Preferred and Infinity series units. FEEDER TUBE STUB TUBE

DEFROST THERMOSTAT

logic. This will energize the OF2 fan relay start the outdoor motor. The T1 terminal must be energized for defrost to function. When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off and the compressor and outdoor fan should stop. There is no compressor delay built into this control. Defrost Sequence (HK32EA001) The defrost control is a time/temperature control that has field selectable settings of 30, 60, and 90 minutes. These represent the amount of time that must pass after closure of the defrost thermostat before the defrost sequence begins. The defrost thermostat senses coil temperature throughout the heating cycle. When the coil temperature reaches the defrost thermostat setting of approximately 32ºF, it will close, which energizes the DFT terminal and begins the defrost timing sequence. When the DTF has been energized for the selected time, the defrost cycle begins, and the control shifts the reversing valve into cooling position, and turns the outdoor fan off. This shifts hot gas flow into the outdoor coil which melts the frost from the coil. The defrost cycle is terminated when defrost thermostat opens at approximately 65ºF, or automatically after 10 minutes.

A97517

Fig. 8 – Defrost Thermostat Location Check Defrost Thermostat There is a liquid header with a brass distributor and feeder tube going into outdoor coil. At the end of 1 of the feeder tubes, there is a 3/8--in. OD stub tube approximately 3 in. long. (See Fig. 8.) The defrost thermostat should be located on stub tube. Note that there is only 1 stub tube used with a liquid header, and on most units it is the bottom circuit. NOTE: The defrost thermostat must be located on the liquid side of the outdoor coil on the bottom circuit and as close to the coil as possible.

DEFROST THERMOSTAT MUST BE CLOSED BEFORE DEFROST TIMER BEGINS

Defrost Control Board Troubleshooting defrost control involves a series of simple steps that indicate whether or not board is defective. NOTE: This procedure allows the service technician to check control board and defrost thermostat for defects. First, troubleshoot to make sure unit operates properly in heating and cooling modes. This ensures operational problems are not attributed to the defrost control board.

T1 - ENABLES DEFROST TIMER. MUST BE ENERGIZED FOR DEFROST TIMER TO START

HK32EA001

OUTDOOR FAN RELAY

Y OUTPUT TO PRESSURE SWITCHES AND CONTACTOR

C - COMMON O - REVERSING VALVE

HK32EA001 DEFROST CONTROL The HK32EA001 defrost control is used in all 25HB Base series heat pump models. Its features include selectable defrost intervals of 30, 60, 90 minutes, and standard defrost speed up capability. This section describes the sequence of operation and trouble shooting methods for this control. Cooling Sequence of Operation (HK32EA001) On a call for cooling, thermostat makes R--O, R--Y, and R--G. Circuit R--O energizes reversing valve switching it to cooling position. Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the contactor, which starts the compressor and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. This will energize the OF2 fan relay which starts the outdoor fan motor. When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off and compressor and outdoor fan should stop. With Carrier thermostats, the O terminal remains energized in the cooling mode. If the mode is switched to heat or Off, the valve is de--energized. There is no compressor delay built into this control. Heating Sequence of Operation (KH32EA001) On a call for heating, thermostat makes R--Y, and R--G. Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the contactor, which starts the compressor and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. The T1 terminal energizes the defrost

SPEEDUP THERMOSTAT INPUTS

A05332

Fig. 9 – HK32EA001 Defrost Control

14

Troubleshooting (HK32EA001) If outdoor unit will not run: 1. Does the Y input has 24 volts from thermostat? If not, check thermostat or wire. If yes proceed to #2 2. The Y spade terminal on the circuit board should have 24 volts if Y input is energized. This output goes through the pressure switches and to the contactor. If 24 volts is present on the Y spade terminal, and the contactor is not closed, check voltage on contactor coil. If no voltage is present, check for opened pressure switch. 3. If voltage is present and contactor is open, contactor may be defective. Replace contactor if necessary. 4. If contactor is closed and unit will still not run, check wiring, capacitor and compressor Defrost Speedup (KH32EA001) To test the defrost function on these units, speed up pins are provided on the circuit board. To force a defrost cycle, the defrost thermostat must be closed, or the defrost thermostat pins must be jumpered. Follow the steps below to force a defrost cycle: 1. Jumper the DFT input 2. Short the speed up pins. This speeds up the defrost timer by a factor of 256. The longer the defrost interval setting, the longer the pins must be shorted to speed through the timing. For example, if interval is 90 min, the speed up will take (90/256)min x (60seconds /minute)= 21 seconds max. This could be shorter depending on how much time has elapsed since the defrost thermostat closed. 3. Remove the short immediately when the unit shifts into defrost. Failure to remove the short immediately will result in a very short forced defrost cycle (the 10 minute timer will be sped through in 2 seconds) 4. When defrost begins, it will continue until the defrost thermostat opens or 10 minutes has elapsed. NOTE: The T1 terminal on the defrost board powers the defrost timing function. This terminal must be energized before any defrost function will occur. If defrost thermostat is stuck closed: Whether the unit is in heating or cooling mode, it will run a defrost cycle for 10 minutes each time the compressor has been energized for the selected time interval. The board will terminate automatically after 10 minutes of defrost time regardless of defrost thermostat position. If defrost thermostat is stuck open: The unit will not defrost NOTE: Unit will remain in defrost until defrost thermostat reopens at approximately 65_F coil temperature at liquid line or remainder of defrost cycle time. 5. Turn off power to outdoor unit and reconnect fan--motor lead to OF2 on control board after above forced--defrost cycle. If unit will not defrost: 1. Perform the speedup function as described above to test the defrost function of the circuit board. 2. If the unit does not go into defrost after performing the speed up, check for 24 volts on the T1 terminal. This terminal powers the defrost circuit, and must be energized before any defrost function can occur. The T1 should be energized once the Y terminal is energized and the pressure switches are closed. Ensure the T1 wire is connected at the contactor, and that 24 volts is present on the T1 spade terminal.



3. If all voltages are present and unit will still not run defrost, remove thermostat pigtail harness from board and perform checks directly on input pins with jumper wires. The pigtail may have a bad connection or be mis--wired. To fully troubleshoot defrost thermostat and control function (HK32EA001): 1. Turn thermostat to OFF. Shut off all power to outdoor unit. 2. Remove control box cover for access to electrical components and defrost control board. 3. Disconnect defrost thermostat leads from control board, and connect to ohmmeter. Thermostat leads are black, insulated wires connected to DFT and R terminals on control board. Resistance reading may be zero (indicating closed defrost thermostat), or infinity (∞ for open thermostat) depending on outdoor temperature. 4. Jumper between DFT and R terminals on control board as shown in Fig. 9. 5. Disconnect outdoor fan motor lead from OF2. Tape lead to prevent grounding. 6. Turn on power to outdoor unit. 7. Restart unit in heating mode, allowing frost to accumulate on outdoor coil. 8. After a few minutes in heating mode, liquid line temperature at defrost thermostat should drop below closing set point of defrost thermostat of approximately 32_F. Check resistance across defrost thermostat leads using ohmmeter. Resistance of zero indicates defrost thermostat is closed and operating properly. 9. Short between the speed--up terminals using a thermostat screwdriver. This reduces the timing sequence to 1/256 of original time. (See Table 3.) Table 3—Defrost Control Speed--Up Timing Sequence MINIMUM (MINUTES) 27 45 81 9 4.5

PARAMETER 30--- minute cycle 50--- minute cycle 90--- minute cycle 10--- minute cycle 5--- minutes

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MAXIMUM (MINUTES) 33 55 99 11 5.5

SPEED --- UP (NOMINAL) 7 sec 12 sec 21 sec 2 sec 1 sec

CAUTION

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Exercise extreme caution when shorting speed--up pins. If pins are accidentally shorted to other terminals, damage to the control board will occur. 10. Unit is now operating in defrost mode. Check between C and W2 using voltmeter. Reading on voltmeter should indicate 24v. This step ensures defrost relay contacts have closed, energizing supplemental heat (W2) and reversing valve solenoid (O). 11. Unit should remain in defrost no longer than 10 minutes. Actual time in defrost depends on how quickly speed--up jumper is removed. If it takes 2 sec to remove speed--up jumper after unit has switched to defrost, the unit will switch back to heat mode. 12. After a few minutes, in defrost (cooling) operation, liquid line should be warm enough to have caused defrost thermostat contacts to open. Check resistance across defrost thermostat. Ohmmeter should read infinite resistance, indicating defrost thermostat has opened at approximately 65_F. 13. Shut off unit power and reconnect fan lead.

15

14. Remove jumper between DFT and R terminals. Reconnect defrost thermostat leads. Failure to remove jumper causes unit to switch to defrost every 30, 60, or 90 minutes and remain in defrost for full 10 minutes. 15. Replace control box cover. Restore power to unit. If defrost thermostat does not check out following above items or incorrect calibration is suspected, check for defective thermostat as follows: 1. Follow items 1--5 above. 2. Route sensor or probe underneath coil (or other convenient location) using thermocouple temperature measuring device. Attach to liquid line near defrost thermostat. Insulate for more accurate reading. 3. Turn on power to outdoor unit. 4. Restart unit in heating. 5. Within a few minutes, liquid line temperature drops within a range causing defrost thermostat contacts to close. Temperature range is from 33_F to 27_F. Notice temperature at which ohmmeter reading goes from ∞ to zero ohms. Thermostat contacts close at this point. 6. Short between the speed--up terminals using a small slotted screwdriver. 7. Unit changes over to defrost within 21 sec (depending on timing cycle setting). Liquid line temperature rises to range where defrost thermostat contacts open. Temperature range is from 60_F to 70_F. Resistance goes from zero to ∞ when contacts are open. 8. If either opening or closing temperature does not fall within above ranges or thermostat sticks in 1 position, replace thermostat to ensure proper defrost operation. NOTE: With timing cycle set at 90 minutes, unit initiates defrost within approximately 21 sec. When you hear the reversing valve changing position, remove screwdriver immediately. Otherwise, control will terminate normal 10--minute defrost cycle in approximately 2 sec.

HK32EA003 DEFROST CONTROL The HK32EA003 defrost control is used in all 25HC Performance Series heat pumps with Puron refrigerant. Its features include selectable defrost intervals of 30, 60, 90, & 120 minutes, Quiet Shift, compressor time delay, deluxe defrost speed up capability. This section describes the sequence of operation and trouble shooting methods for this control. OF1

DFT

OF2

T2 C C O T1 Y

O R W2 Y C

P1 30 120 60

30

P3

ON

DFT

QUIET SHIFT

90 INTERVAL TIMER OFF

60

J1

SPEEDUP

Speedup Pins

HK32EA003 Quiet Shift

Defrost interval DIP switches

A05378

Fig. 10 – HK32EA003 Defrost Control Quiet Shift (HK32EA003) This control has the option of shutting down the compressor for 30 seconds going in and coming out of defrost. This is accomplished by turning DIP switch 3 to the ON position. Factory default is in

the OFF position. Enabling this feature eliminates occasional noise complaints associated with switching into and out of defrost. Five--Minute Compressor Delay (HK32EA003) This control features a 5--minute time delay to protect the compressor from short cycling. The delay begins counting when the low voltage is interrupted, and at the end of heating or cooling cycle.

System function and Sequence of operation (HK32EA003) On power--up (24 volts between R--C) the 5 minute cycle timer begins counting down. The compressor will not be energized until this timer is elapsed. Cooling On a call for cooling, thermostat makes R--O, R--Y, and R--G. Circuit R--O energizes reversing valve switching it to cooling position. Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. If the compressor has been off for 5 minutes, or power has not been cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal will energize. This will close the contactor, start the outdoor fan motor and compressor. When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off and compressor and outdoor fan should stop. When using Carrier thermostats, the reversing valve remains energized in the cooling mode until the thermostat is switched to heat, or the mode it turned off. The 5--minute time guard begins counting. Compressor will not come on again until this time delay expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will not allow another cycle for 5 minutes. Heating On a call for heating, thermostat makes R--Y, and R--G. Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. T1 energizes the defrost logic circuit. If the compressor has been off for 5 minutes, or power has not been cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal will energize. This will close the contactor, start the outdoor fan motor and compressor. When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off and the compressor and outdoor fan should stop. The 5 minute time guard begins counting. Compressor will not come on again until this time delay expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will not allow another cycle for 5 minutes. Defrost Sequence The defrost control is a time/temperature control that has field selectable settings of 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. These represent the amount of time that must pass after closure of the defrost thermostat before the defrost sequence begins. The defrost thermostat senses coil temperature throughout the heating cycle. When the coil temperature reaches the defrost thermostat setting of approximately 32 degrees F, it will close, which energizes the DFT terminal and begins the defrost timing sequence. When the DTF has been energized for the selected time, the defrost cycle begins. If the defrost thermostat opens before the timer expires, the timing sequence is reset. Defrost cycle is terminated when defrost thermostat opens or automatically after 10 minutes. Deluxe Defrost Speedup To initiate a force defrost, speedup pins (J1) must be shorted with a flat head screwdriver for 5 seconds and RELEASED. If the defrost thermostat is open, a short defrost cycle will be observed (actual length depends on Quiet Shift switch position). When Quiet Shift is off, only a short 30 second defrost cycle is observed. With Quiet Shift ON, the speed up sequence is one minute; 30 second compressor off period followed by 30 seconds of defrost with compressor operation. When returning to heating mode, the compressor will turn off for an additional 30 seconds and the fan for 40 seconds. 16



If the defrost thermostat is closed, a complete defrost cycle is initiated. If the Quiet Shift switch is turned on, the compressor will be turned off for two 30 second intervals as explained previously.

Troubleshooting (HK32EA003) If outdoor unit will not run: 1. Does the Y input have 24 volts from thermostat? If not, check thermostat or wire. If yes proceed to #2 2. The Y spade terminal should have 24 volts if Y input is energized. This output goes through the pressure switches and back to the T1 input to energize the time delay and defrost timing circuit. If the contactor is not closed, the time delay may still be active. Defeat time delay by shorting speed up pins for 1 second. Be sure not to short more than 1 second. 3. Once time delay has elapsed voltage on T2 should energize contactor. Check voltage on contactor coil. If no voltage is present, check for opened pressure switch. 4. If voltage is present and contactor is open, contactor may be defective. Replace contactor 5. If contactor is closed and unit will still not run, check capacitor and compressor. If unit will not go into defrost: 1. Perform speedup function as described above to test the defrost function of the circuit board. 2. If the unit will go into defrost with the speed up, but will not on its own, the defrost thermostat may not be functioning properly. Perform the full defrost thermostat and board troubleshooting the same as described for the HK32EA001 control. Other than the Quiet shift (if selected), and the speedup timing, the troubleshooting process is identical. 3. If unit still will not run defrost, remove thermostat pigtail harness from board and perform checks directly on input pins with jumper wires. The pigtail may have a bad connection or be mis--wired.

HK32EA008 DEFROST CONTROL The HK32EA008 defrost control is used in all non--communicating heat pumps and has all the same functionality, speedups, and troubleshooting as the HK32EA003 except for the forced defrost timing when Quiet Shift--2 is enabled.

Quiet Shift--2 (non--communicating) Quiet shift--2 is a field selectable defrost mode (factory set to OFF), which will reduce the occasional noise that could be heard at the start of defrost cycle and restarting of heating cycle. It is selected by placing DIP switch 3 on defrost board in the ON position. When Quiet Shift--2 switch is placed in ON position, and defrost is initiated, the following sequence of operation will occur: The compressor will be de--energized for approximately 1 minute, then the reversing valve will be energized. A few seconds later, the compressor will be re--energized and the normal defrost cycle starts. Once defrost termination conditions have been met, the following sequence will occur: The compressor will be de--energized for approximately 1 minute, then the reversing valve will be de--energized. A few seconds later, the compressor will be re--energized and the normal heating cycle starts.



Fan Motor The fan motor rotates the fan blade that draws air through the outdoor coil to exchange heat between the refrigerant and the air. Motors are totally enclosed to increase reliability. This eliminates the need for a rain shield. For the correct position of fan blade assembly, the fan hub should be flush with the motor shaft. Replacement motors and blades may vary slightly.

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Turn off all power before servicing or replacing fan motor. Be sure unit main power switch is turned off. The bearings are permanently lubricated, therefore, no oil ports are provided. For suspected electrical failures, check for loose or faulty electrical connections, or defective fan motor capacitor. Fan motor is equipped with thermal overload device in motor windings which may open under adverse operating conditions. Allow time for motor to cool so device can reset. Further checking of motor can be done with an ohmmeter. Set scale on R X 1 position, and check for continuity between 3 leads. Replace motors that show an open circuit in any of the windings. Place 1 lead of ohmmeter on each motor lead. At same time, place other ohmmeter lead on motor case (ground). Replace any motor that shows resistance to ground, arcing, burning, or overheating.

Compressor Plug The compressor electrical plug provides a quick--tight connection to compressor terminals. The plug completely covers the compressor terminals and the mating female terminals are completely encapsulated in plug. Therefore, terminals are isolated from any moisture so corrosion and resultant pitted or discolored terminals are reduced. The plug is oriented to relief slot in terminal box so cover cannot be secured if wires are not positioned in slot, assuring correct electrical connection at the compressor. The plug can be removed by simultaneously pulling while “rocking“ plug. However, these plugs can be used only on specific compressors. The configuration around the fusite terminals is outlined on the terminal covers. The slot through which wires of plug are routed is oriented on the bottom and slightly to the left. The correct plug can be connected easily to compressor terminals and plug wires can easily be routed through slot terminal cover. It is strongly recommended to replace the compressor plug should a compressor fail due to a suspected electrical failure. At a minimum, inspect plug for proper connection and good condition on any compressor replacement.

Low--Voltage Terminals The low--voltage terminal designations, and their description and function, are used on all split--system condensers. W—Energizes first--stage supplemental heat through defrost relay (wht). R—Energizes 24--v power from transformer (red). Y—Energizes contactor for first--stage cooling or first--stage heating for heat pumps (yel). O—Energizes reversing valve on heat pumps (orn). C—Common side of transformer (blk).

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COPELAND SCROLL COMPRESSOR

LG SCROLL COMPRESSOR The compressors used in these products are specifically designed to operate with designated refrigerants and cannot be interchanged. LG produced scroll compressors are designed to operate and function as the typical orbiting scroll on a fixed scroll design. Refrigerant flow and compression is basically the same.

Scroll Gas Flow Compression in the scroll is created by the interaction of an orbiting spiral and a stationary spiral. Gas enters an outer opening as one of the spirals orbits.

2

Characteristics of the LG Scroll Compressor: 1

3

The open passage is sealed off as gas is drawn into the spiral.

4

As the spiral continues to orbit, the gas is compressed into an increasingly smaller pocket.

5

By the time the gas arrives at the center port, discharge pressure has been reached.

Actually, during operation, all six gas passages are in various stages of compression at all times, resulting in nearly continuous suction and discharge.

A90198

Fig. 11 – Scroll Compressor Refrigerant Flow The compressors used in these products are specifically designed to operate with designated refrigerant and cannot be interchanged. The compressor is an electrical (as well as mechanical) device. Exercise extreme caution when working near compressors. Power should be shut off, if possible, for most troubleshooting techniques. Refrigerants present additional safety hazards.

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CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant. The scroll compressor pumps refrigerant through the system by the interaction of a stationary and an orbiting scroll. (See Fig. 11.) The scroll compressor has no dynamic suction or discharge valves, and it is more tolerant of stresses caused by debris, liquid slugging, and flooded starts. The compressor is equipped with an internal pressure relief port. The pressure relief port is a safety device, designed to protect against extreme high pressure. The relief port has an operating range between 550 to 625 psi differential pressure for Puronr and 350 to 450 psi differential pressure for R--22. Scrolls have a variety of shut down solutions, depending on model, to prevent backward rotation and eliminate the need for cycle protection.

Internal Motor Overload Protection (OLP): This is an inherent protection system sensing both motor winding temperature and motor current. This is designed to open the common wire on single phase units and stop the motor operation if motor high temperature or over current conditions exist. Trip of the OLP opens the common line. Vacuum protection device: If the suction side of the compressor is blocked or limited, an extremely low vacuum situation is formed by the optimum efficiency of the scrolls. The high vacuum pressure causes the arc at the internal power terminal and cause tripping of the internal overload or breaker or damage to the compressor. This compressor is equipped with internal protection that opens if this high vacuum condition exists and bypasses high pressure gas to the low pressure and the internal overload may trip. In the case of refrigerant pump down, the unit can operate with pump down but this protection may not allow the refrigerant to be pumped down completely. Internal Pressure Relief (IPR): The internal pressure relief is located between the high and low pressure of the compressor and is designed to open when the difference of the suction and discharge pressure is (55--550 psid (35.1--38.7 kg/cm2). When the IPR valve opens, the high temperature gas bypasses into the motor area and will trip the motor OLP. Quiet Shut Down Device: The LG scroll has a shut down device to efficiently minimize the shut down sound. The reversing sound is minimized by a check valve located in the discharge port of the scroll sets. This slows the equalization of the high side to low side upon shut down to prevent the scrolls from operating backwards. Discharge Temperature Protection: The compressor discharge temperature is monitored by a temperature sensor mounted on the top cap of the compressor. Wire diagrams may refer to this as a discharge temperature switch (DTS). This is to protect against excessively high scroll temperatures due to loss of charge or operating outside the compressor envelope. This temperature sensor opens to stop the compressor if temperatures exceed 239--257_F (115--125_C) and resets at 151--187_F (66--86_C). The DTS will break the Y signal in the 24 volt circuit if it trips open. Test sensor wires for continuity, open above 239--257F_F (115--125_C) and resets at 151--187_F (66--86_C).

18

If replacement is deemed necessary, perform the following to replace sensor: 2. Carefully remove sensor cover

1. Locate top cap and discharge temperature sensor

A12343

A12342

3. Expose the sensor holder

4. Slide out the sensor, slide in replacement and reinstall the cover

A12344



A12345

19

COMPRESSOR TROUBLESHOOTING Compressor Failures Compressor failures are classified in 2 broad failure categories; mechanical and electrical. Both types are discussed below.

Mechanical Failures A compressor is a mechanical pump driven by an electric motor contained in a welded or hermetic shell. In a mechanical failure, motor or electrical circuit appears normal, but compressor does not function normally.

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Do not supply power to unit with compressor terminal box cover removed.

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Exercise extreme caution when reading compressor currents when high--voltage power is on. Correct any of the problems described below before installing and running a replacement compressor. Locked Rotor In this type of failure, compressor motor and all starting components are normal. When compressor attempts to start, it draws locked rotor current and cycles off on internal protection. Locked rotor current is measured by applying a clamp--on ammeter around common (blk) lead of compressor. Current drawn when it attempts to start is then measured. Locked rotor amp (LRA) value is stamped on compressor nameplate. If compressor draws locked rotor amps and all other external sources of problems have been eliminated, compressor must be replaced. Because compressor is a sealed unit, it is impossible to determine exact mechanical failure. However, complete system should be checked for abnormalities such as incorrect refrigerant charge, restrictions, insufficient airflow across indoor or outdoor coil, etc., which could be contributing to the failure. Runs, Does Not Pump In this type of failure, compressor motor runs and turns compressor, but compressor does not pump refrigerant. A clamp--on ampmeter on common leg shows a very low current draw, much lower than rated load amp (RLA) value stamped on compressor nameplate. Because no refrigerant is being pumped, there is no return gas to cool compressor motor. It eventually overheats and shuts off on its internal protection.

Noisy Compressor Noise may be caused by a variety of internal and external factors. Careful attention to the “type” of noise may help identify the source. The following are some examples of abnormal conditions that may create objectionable noise: 1. A gurgling sound may indicate a liquid refrigerant floodback during operation. This could be confirmed if there is no compressor superheat. A compressor superheat of “0” degrees would indicate liquid refrigerant returning to the compressor. Most common reasons for floodback are: loss of evaporator blower, dirty coils, and improper airflow. 2. A rattling noise may indicate loose hardware. Inspect all unit hardware including the compressor grommets. 3. A straining (hard start) or vibration occurring at start up but clears quickly after could indicate an off cycle refrigerant migration issue. Refrigerant migration can occur when a compressor is off and refrigerant vapor transfers from other areas of the system, settles into the compressor as it is attracted to the oil, and then condenses into the oil. Upon start up, the compressor draws suction from within itself first and lowers the boiling point of the refrigerant that is entrained in the oil. This can cause the liquid refrigerant and oil to boil into the compression area or liquid refrigerant to wipe off oil films that are critical for proper lubrication. Migration is worsened by greater temperature differentials and/or extra refrigerant in the system. Prevention of migration can be reduced by various options but some of the more common remedies is to verify proper charge and add a crankcase heater where this situation is suspected. 4. Operational vibration could indicate a charge issue. Verify charge and ensure proper piping and structural penetration insulation. Tubing that is too rigid to building rafters without proper insulation could transfer noise throughout the structure. On some occasions a sound dampener or mass weight (RCD part no. 328209--751) placed on the vibrating tubing has been known to reduce this noise. Utilizing compressor split post grommets (see Fig. 12) may also reduce this vibration if piping cannot be remedied. 5. An operational high pitch frequency or “waa waa” sound that appears to resonate through the suction line could indicate a need to add more flex or muffling in the lines. This has been occasional in scroll compressor applications and is usually remedied by adding a field--fabricated suction line loop (see Fig. 13). Reciprocating compressors may have a noticeable discharge pulsation that could be remedied with a field installed discharge muffler. Recommend loop by continuous tubing with no more than 12 inches vertical and 6 inch horizontal loop. 6. An internal “thunking”, “thumping”, “grinding” or “rattling” noise could indicate compressor internal failures and may be verified by comparing the compressor amperage to what the compressor should be drawing according to a manufacturer’s performance data. 7. A whistling or squealing noise during operation may indicate a partial blockage of the refrigerant charge. 8. A whistle on shut down could indicate a partial leak path as refrigerant is equalizing from high to low side. On occasion, an in--line discharge check valve has prevented this sound.

20

9. If a compressor hums but won’t start it could indicate either a voltage or amperage issue. Verify adequate voltage and operational start components if installed. If it is drawing excessive amperage and voltage doesn’t appear to be the problem it may be assumed a locked condition. Ensure refrigerant has had ample time to equalize and boil out of the compressor before condemning. 10. When a heat pump switches into and out of defrost, a ”swooshing” noise is expected due to the rapid pressure change within the system. However customers sometimes complain that the noise is excessive, or it is sometimes accompanied by a ”groaning, or howling” noise. When receiving these complaints, Quiet Shift--2 (if available) may improve the noise, but will probably not eliminate it totally. Check that the defrost thermostat or thermistor is operating properly. Insulating the defrost sensing device may also help. If the howling or groaning noise is intermittent, replacing the reversing valve may or may not help. 11. Rattling that occurs during a shift into or out of defrost on a heat pump could indicate a pressure differential issue. This is usually a brief occurrence (under 60 seconds) and can be remedied by incorporating Quiet Shift--2, if available. This is a device that shuts down the compressor during the defrost shift for approximately 1 minute allowing the pressures to equalize. It is enabled by either a dip switch setting on the defrost board, or in the User Interface on communicating systems. Verify proper system charge as well.

A07124

Fig. 12 – Split Post Grommet part number: KA75UG100

Note: Long radius elbows recommended A07123

Fig. 13 – Suction Line Loop

(EXAMPLE) TO DETERMINE INTERNAL CONNECTIONS OF SINGLEPHASE MOTORS (C,S,R) EXCEPT SHADED-POLE

? ?

DEDUCTION:

POWER OFF! ?

1

3

(GREATEST RESISTANCE) 5.8Ω (OHM)

RUN WINDING (R) START WINDING (S)

OHMMETER 0-10Ω SCALE

2

3

(SMALLEST RESISTANCE) 0.6Ω

2 IS COMMON (C) BY ELIMINATION

1

2

(REMAINING RESISTANCE) 5.2Ω

2 IS COMMON, THEREFORE, 1 IS

1 5.2Ω

1 2 0.6Ω

5.8Ω

START WINDING (S)

2 3

3 3 IS RUN WINDING (R)

A88344

Fig. 14 – Identifying Compressor Terminals



21

Electrical Failures The compressor mechanical pump is driven by an electric motor within its hermetic shell. In electrical failures, compressor does not run although external electrical and mechanical systems appear normal. Compressor must be checked electrically for abnormalities. Before troubleshooting compressor motor, review this description of compressor motor terminal identification. Single--Phase Motors To identify terminals C, S, and R: 1. Turn off all unit power. 2. Discharge run and start capacitors to prevent shock. 3. Remove all wires from motor terminals. 4. Read resistance between all pairs of terminals using an ohmmeter on 0--10 ohm scale. 5. Determine 2 terminals that provide greatest resistance reading. Through elimination, remaining terminal must be common (C). Greatest resistance between common (C) and another terminal indicates the start winding because it has more turns. This terminal is the start (S). The remaining terminal will be run winding (R). NOTE: If compressor is hot, allow time to cool and internal line break to reset. There is an internal line break protector which must be closed. All compressors are equipped with internal motor protection. If motor becomes hot for any reason, protector opens. Compressor should always be allowed to cool and protector to close before troubleshooting. Always turn off all power to unit and disconnect leads at compressor terminals before taking readings. Most common motor failures are due to either an open, grounded, or short circuit. When a compressor fails to start or run, 3 tests can help determine the problem. First, all possible external causes should be eliminated, such as overloads, improper voltage, pressure equalization, defective capacitor(s), relays, wiring, etc. Compressor has internal line break overload, so be certain it is closed. Open Circuit

!

WARNING

UNIT PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury. Use caution when working near compressor terminals. Damaged terminals have the potential to cause personal injury. Never put face or body directly in line with terminals. To determine if any winding has a break in the internal wires and current is unable to pass through, follow these steps: 1. Be sure all power is off. 2. Discharge all capacitors. 3. Remove wires from terminals C, S, and R. 4. Check resistance from C--R, C--S, and R--S using an ohmmeter on 0--1000 ohm scale. Because winding resistances are usually less than 10 ohms, each reading appears to be approximately 0 ohm. If resistance remains at 1000 ohms, an open or break exists and compressor should be replaced.

!

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Be sure internal line break overload is not temporarily open. Ground Circuit To determine if a wire has broken or come in direct contact with shell, causing a direct short to ground, follow these steps: 1. Allow crankcase heaters to remain on for several hours before checking motor to ensure windings are not saturated with refrigerant. 2. Using an ohmmeter on R X 10,000 ohm scale or megohmmeter (follow manufacturer’s instructions). 3. Be sure all power is off. 4. Discharge all capacitors. 5. Remove wires from terminals C, S, and R. 6. Place one meter probe on ground or on compressor shell. Make a good metal--to--metal contact. Place other probe on terminals C, S, and R in sequence. 7. Note meter scale. 8. If reading of 0 or low resistance is obtained, motor is grounded. Replace compressor. Compressor resistance to ground should not be less than 1000 ohms per volt of operating voltage. Example: 230 volts X 1000 ohms/volt = 230,000 ohms minimum. Short Circuit To determine if any wires within windings have broken through their insulation and made contact with other wires, thereby shorting all or part of the winding(s), be sure the following conditions are met. 1. Correct motor winding resistances must be known before testing, either from previous readings or from manufacturer’s specifications. 2. Temperature of windings must be as specified, usually about 70_F. 3. Resistance measuring instrument must have an accuracy within ± 5--10 percent. This requires an accurate ohmmeter such as a Wheatstone bridge or null balance--type instrument. 4. Motor must be dry or free from direct contact with liquid refrigerant. Make This Critical Test (Not advisable unless above conditions are met) 1. Be sure all power is off. 2. Discharge all capacitors. 3. Remove wires from terminals C, S, and R. 4. Place instrument probes together and determine probe and lead wire resistance. 5. Check resistance readings from C--R, C--S, and R--S. 6. Subtract instrument probe and lead resistance from each reading. If any reading is within ±20 percent of known resistance, motor is probably normal. Usually a considerable difference in reading is noted if a turn--to--turn short is present.

22

CAUTION

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM Refrigerant

!

WARNING

UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage. Puronr refrigerant which has higher pressures than R--22 and other refrigerants. No other refrigerant may be used in this system. Gauge set, hoses, and recovery system must be designed to handle Puronr. If you are unsure consult the equipment manufacturer.

!

Brazing This section on brazing is not intended to teach a technician how to braze. There are books and classes which teach and refine brazing techniques. The basic points below are listed only as a reminder. Definition: The joining and sealing of metals using a nonferrous metal having a melting point over 800_F/426.6_C. Flux: A cleaning solution applied to tubing or wire before it is brazed. Flux improves the strength of the brazed connection. When brazing is required in the refrigeration system, certain basics should be remembered. The following are a few of the basic rules. 1. Clean joints make the best joints. To clean: ⎯ Remove all oxidation from surfaces to a shiny finish before brazing. ⎯ Remove all flux residue with brush and water while material is still hot. 2. Silver brazing alloy is used on copper--to--brass, copper--to--steel, or copper--to--copper. Flux is required when using silver brazing alloy. Do not use low temperature solder. 3. Fluxes should be used carefully. Avoid excessive application and do not allow fluxes to enter into the system. 4. Brazing temperature of copper is proper when it is heated to a minimum temperature of 800_F and it is a dull red color in appearance.

CAUTION

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. The compressor in a Puronr system uses a polyol ester (POE) oil. This oil is extremely hygroscopic, meaning it absorbs water readily. POE oils can absorb 15 times as much water as other oils designed for HCFC and CFC refrigerants. Take all necessary precautions to avoid exposure of the oil to the atmosphere. In an air conditioning and heat pump system, refrigerant transfers heat from one replace to another. The condenser is the outdoor coil in the cooling mode and the evaporator is the indoor coil. In a heat pump, the condenser is the indoor coil in the heating mode and the evaporator is the outdoor coil. In the typical air conditioning mode, compressed hot gas leaves the compressor and enters the condensing coil. As gas passes through the condenser coil, it rejects heat and condenses into liquid. The liquid leaves condensing unit through liquid line and enters metering device at evaporator coil. As it passes through metering device, it becomes a gas--liquid mixture. As it passes through indoor coil, it absorbs heat and the refrigerant moves to the compressor and is again compressed to hot gas, and cycle repeats.

Servicing Systems on Roofs With Synthetic Materials POE (polyol ester) compressor lubricants are known to cause long term damage to some synthetic roofing materials. Exposure, even if immediately cleaned up, may cause embrittlement (leading to cracking) to occur in one year or more. When performing any service which may risk exposure of compressor oil to the roof, take appropriate precautions to protect roofing. Procedures which risk oil leakage include but are not limited to compressor replacement, repairing refrigerants leaks, replacing refrigerant components such as filter drier, pressure switch, metering device, coil, accumulator, or reversing valve. Synthetic Roof Precautionary Procedure 1. Cover extended roof working area with an impermeable polyethylene (plastic) drop cloth or tarp. Cover an approximate 10 x 10 ft area. 2. Cover area in front of the unit service panel with a terry cloth shop towel to absorb lubricant spills and prevent run--offs, and protect drop cloth from tears caused by tools or components. 3. Place terry cloth shop towel inside unit immediately under component(s) to be serviced and prevent lubricant run--offs through the louvered openings in the base pan. 4. Perform required service. 5. Remove and dispose of any oil contaminated material per local codes.



Service Valves and Pumpdown

!

WARNING

PERSONAL INJURY AND UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage. Never attempt to make repairs to existing service valves. Unit operates under high pressure. Damaged seats and o--rings should not be replaced. Replacement of entire service valve is required. Service valve must be replaced by properly trained service technician. Service valves provide a means for holding original factory charge in outdoor unit prior to hookup to indoor coil. They also contain gauge ports for measuring system pressures and provide shutoff convenience for certain types of repairs. (See Fig. 15.) Front--seating service valves are used in outdoor residential equipment. This valve has a service port that contains a Schrader fitting. The service port is always pressurized after the valve is moved off the front--seat position. The service valves used in the outdoor units come from the factory front--seated. This means that the refrigerant charge is isolated from the line--set connection ports. All heat pumps are shipped with an adapter stub tube. This tube must be installed on the liquid service valve. After connecting the stub tube to the liquid service valve of a heat pump, the valves are ready for brazing. The interconnecting tubing (line set) can be brazed to the service valves using industry accepted methods and materials. Consult local codes.

23

Before brazing the line set to the valves, the belled ends of the sweat connections on the service valves must be cleaned so that no brass plating remains on either the inside or outside of the bell joint. To prevent damage to the valve and/or cap “O” ring, use a wet cloth or other acceptable heat--sinking material on the valve before brazing. To prevent damage to the unit, use a metal barrier between brazing area and unit. After the brazing operation and the refrigerant tubing and evaporator coil have been evacuated, the valve stem can be turned counterclockwise until back--seats, which releases refrigerant into tubing and evaporator coil. The system can now be operated. Back--seating service valves must be back--seated (turned counterclockwise until seated) before the service--port caps can be removed and hoses of gauge manifold connected. In this position, refrigerant has access from and through outdoor and indoor unit. The service valve--stem cap is tightened to 20 ± 2 ft/lb torque and the service--port caps to 9 ± 2 ft/lb torque. The seating surface of the valve stem has a knife--set edge against which the caps are tightened to attain a metal--to--metal seal. If accessory pressure switches are used, the service valve must be cracked. Then, the knife--set stem cap becomes the primary seal. The service valve cannot be field repaired; therefore, only a complete valve or valve stem and service--port caps are available for replacement. If the service valve is to be replaced, a metal barrier must be inserted between the valve and the unit to prevent damaging the unit exterior from the heat of the brazing operations.

!

CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant.

Pumpdown Procedure Service valves provide a convenient shutoff valve useful for certain refrigeration--system repairs. System may be pumped down to make repairs on low side without losing complete refrigerant charge. 1. Attach pressure gauge to suction service--valve gauge port. 2. Front seat liquid--line valve. 3. Start unit in cooling mode. Run until suction pressure reaches 5 psig (35kPa). Do not allow compressor to pump to a vacuum. 4. Shut unit off. Front seat suction valve. FIELD SIDE STEM

SERVICE PORT W/SCHRADER CORE

SEAT

BAR STOCK FRONT SEATING VALVE

A91447

Fig. 15 – Suction Service Valve (Front Seating) Used in Base and Comfort ACs and HPs NOTE: All outdoor unit coils will hold only factory--supplied amount of refrigerant. Excess refrigerant, such as in long--line applications, may cause unit to relieve pressure through internal pressure--relief valve (indicated by sudden rise of suction pressure) before suction pressure reaches 5 psig (35kPa). If this occurs, shut unit off immediately, front seat suction valve, and recover remaining pressure.

24

Heating Piston (AccuRaterr) -- Heat Pumps Only In this product line, AccuRater pistons are used to meter refrigerant for heat pump heating mode only. All indoor coils are supplied with a bi--flow TXV for metering in the cooling mode. AccuRaterr piston has a refrigerant metering hole through it. The piston seats against the meters refrigerant in to the outdoor coil in heating and allows refrigerant to flow around it in cooling mode. There are 2 types of liquid line connections used. Flare connections are used in R--22 systems. 1. Shut off power to unit. 2. Pump unit down using pumpdown procedure described in this service manual. 3. Loosen nut and remove liquid line flare connection from AccuRaterr. 4. Pull retainer out of body, being careful not to scratch flare sealing surface. If retainer does not pull out easily, carefully use locking pliers to remove it. 5. Slide piston and piston ring out by inserting a small soft wire with small kinks through metering hole. Do not damage metering hole, sealing surface around piston cones, or fluted portion of piston. 6. Clean piston refrigerant metering hole. 7. Install a new retainer O--ring, retainer assembly, or Teflon washer before reassembling AccuRaterr.

A05226

Fig. 16 – Front Seating Service Valve with Chatleff Connection Used in Base, Comfort, and 4--Sided Performance and Infinity Puron Heat Pumps.

PISTON BODY

PISTON PISTON RETAINER SWEAT/FLARE ADAPTER A01019

Fig. 17 – AccuRaterr Components (used in R--22 Heat Pumps)



25

Reversing Valve In heat pumps, changeover between heating and cooling modes is accomplished with a valve that reverses flow of refrigerant in system. This reversing valve device is easy to troubleshoot and replace. The reversing valve solenoid can be checked with power off with an ohmmeter. Check for continuity and shorting to ground. With control circuit (24v) power on, check for correct voltage at solenoid coil. Check for overheated solenoid. With unit operating, other items can be checked, such as frost or condensate water on refrigerant lines. The sound made by a reversing valve as it begins or ends defrost is a “whooshing” sound, as the valve reverses and pressures in system equalize. An experienced service technician detects this sound and uses it as a valuable troubleshooting tool. Using a remote measuring device, check inlet and outlet line temperatures. DO NOT touch lines. If reversing valve is operating normally, inlet and outlet temperatures on appropriate lines should be close to each other. Any difference would be due to heat loss or gain across valve body. Temperatures are best checked with a remote reading electronic--type thermometer with multiple probes. Route thermocouple leads to inside of coil area through service valve mounting plate area underneath coil. Fig. 18 and Fig. 19 show test points (TP) on reversing valve for recording temperatures. Insulate points for more accurate reading.

If valve is defective: 1. Shut off all power to unit and remove charge from system. 2. Remove solenoid coil from valve body. Remove valve by cutting it from system with tubing cutter. Repair person should cut in such a way that stubs can be easily re--brazed back into system. Do not use hacksaw. This introduces chips into system that cause failure. After defective valve is removed, wrap it in wet rag and carefully unbraze stubs. Save stubs for future use. Because defective valve is not overheated, it can be analyzed for cause of failure when it is returned. 3. Braze new valve onto used stubs. Keep stubs oriented correctly. Scratch corresponding matching marks on old valve and stubs and on new valve body to aid in lining up new valve properly. When brazing stubs into valve, protect valve body with wet rag to prevent overheating. 4. Use slip couplings to install new valve with stubs back into system. Even if stubs are long, wrap valve with a wet rag to prevent overheating. 5. After valve is brazed in, check for leaks. Evacuate and charge system. Operate system in both modes several times to be sure valve functions properly.

FROM OUTDOOR COIL

FROM INDOOR COIL VIA SERVICE VALVE ON OUTDOOR COIL

TO OUTDOOR COIL

TO ACCUMULATOR

TO ACCUMULATOR

TP--4 TP--4

TP--3

TP--3

TP--2

INSULATE FOR ACCURATE READING

TP--1

TO INDOOR COIL VIA SERVICE VALVE ON OUTDOOR COIL

INSULATE FOR ACCURATE READING

TP--2

TP--1

FROM COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE LINE

FROM COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE LINE

ELECTRONIC THERMOMETER A88342

A88341

Fig. 18 – Reversing Valve (Cooling Mode or Defrost Mode, Solenoid Energized)

Fig. 19 – Reversing Valve (Heating Mode, Solenoid De--Energized)

26

Liquid Line Filter Drier

Install Liquid--line Filter Drier Indoor -- HP

Filter driers are specifically designed for R--22 or Puronr refrigerant. Only operate with the appropriate drier using factory authorized components. It is recommended that the liquid line drier be installed at the indoor unit. Placing the drier near the TXV allows additional protection to the TXV as the liquid line drier also acts as a strainer.

Refer to Fig. 21 and install filter drier as follows:

Install Liquid--line Filter Drier Indoor -- AC

The suction line drier is specifically designed to operate with Puronr, use only factory authorized components. Suction line filter drier is used in cases where acid might occur, such as burnout. Heat pump units must have the drier installed between the compressor and accumulator only. Remove after 10 hours of operation. Never leave suction line filter drier in a system longer than 72 hours (actual time).

CAUTION

!

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Braze 5 in. liquid tube to the indoor coil. Wrap filter drier with damp cloth. Braze filter drier to 5 in. long liquid tube from step 1. Connect and braze liquid refrigerant tube to the filter drier.

Suction Line Filter Drier

To avoid performance loss and compressor failure, installation of filter drier in liquid line is required.

!

CAUTION

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. To avoid filter drier damage while brazing, filter drier must be wrapped in a heat--sinking material such as a wet cloth. Refer to Fig. 20 and install filter drier as follows: 1. Braze 5--in. liquid tube to the indoor coil. 2. Wrap filter drier with damp cloth. 3. Braze filter drier to above 5” liquid tube. Flow arrow must point towards indoor coil. 4. Connect and braze liquid refrigerant tube to the filter drier.

A05178

A05227

Fig. 20 – Liquid Line Filter Drier -- AC



Fig. 21 – Liquid Line Filter Drier -- HP

27

Accumulator The accumulator is specifically designed to operate with Puronr or R22 respectfully; use only factory--authorized components. Under some light load conditions on indoor coils, liquid refrigerant is present in suction gas returning to compressor. The accumulator stores liquid and allows it to boil off into a vapor so it can be safely returned to compressor. Since a compressor is designed to pump refrigerant in its gaseous state, introduction of liquid into it could cause severe damage or total failure of compressor. The accumulator is a passive device which seldom needs replacing. Occasionally its internal oil return orifice or bleed hole may become plugged. Some oil is contained in refrigerant returning to compressor. It cannot boil off in accumulator with liquid refrigerant. The bleed hole allows a small amount of oil and refrigerant to enter the return line where velocity of refrigerant returns it to compressor. If bleed hole plugs, oil is trapped in accumulator, and compressor will eventually fail from lack of lubrication. If bleed hole is plugged, accumulator must be changed. The accumulator has a fusible element located in the bottom end bell. (See Fig. 22.) This fusible element will melt at 430_F//221_C and vent the refrigerant if this temperature is reached either internal or external to the system. If fuse melts, the accumulator must be replaced. To change accumulator: 1. Shut off all power to unit. 2. Recover all refrigerant from system. 3. Break vacuum with dry nitrogen. Do not exceed 5 psig. NOTE: Coil may be removed for access to accumulator. Refer to appropriate sections of Service Manual for instructions.

!

CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant. 4. Remove accumulator from system with tubing cutter. 5. Tape ends of open tubing. 6. Scratch matching marks on tubing studs and old accumulator. Scratch matching marks on new accumulator. Unbraze stubs from old accumulator and braze into new accumulator. 7. Thoroughly rinse any flux residue from joints and paint with corrosion--resistant coating such as zinc--rich paint. 8. Install factory authorized accumulator into system with copper slip couplings. 9. Evacuate and charge system. Pour and measure oil quantity (if any) from old accumulator. If more than 20 percent of oil charge is trapped in accumulator, add new POE oil to compressor to make up for this loss.

430° FUSE ELEMENT A88410

Fig. 22 – Accumulator

28

Thermostatic Expansion Valve (TXV) All fan coils and furnace coils will have a factory installed thermostatic expansion valve (TXV). The TXV will be a bi--flow, hard--shutoff with an external equalizer and a balance port pin. A hard shut--off TXV does not have a bleed port. Therefore, minimal equalization takes place after shutdown. TXVs are specifically designed to operate with Puronr or R--22 refrigerant, use only factory authorized TXV’s. Do not interchange Puron and R--22 TXVs. TXV Operation The TXV is a metering device that is used in air conditioning and heat pump systems to adjust to changing load conditions by maintaining a preset superheat temperature at the outlet of the evaporator coil. The volume of refrigerant metered through the valve seat is dependent upon the following: 1. Superheat temperature is sensed by cap tube sensing bulb on suction tube at outlet of evaporator coil. This temperature is converted into pressure by refrigerant in the bulb pushing downward on the diaphragm which opens the valve via the pushrods. 2. The suction pressure at the outlet of the evaporator coil is transferred via the external equalizer tube to the underside of the diaphragm. This is needed to account for the indoor coil pressure drop. Residential coils typically have a high pressure drop, which requires this valve feature. 3. The pin is spring loaded, which exerts pressure on the underside of the diaphragm. Therefore, the bulb pressure works against the spring pressure and evaporator suction pressure to open the valve. If the load increases, the temperature increases at the bulb, which increases the pressure on the top side of the diaphragm. This opens the valve and increases the flow of refrigerant. The increased refrigerant flow causes the leaving evaporator temperature to decrease. This lowers the pressure on the diaphragm and closes the pin. The refrigerant flow is effectively stabilized to the load demand with negligible change in superheat. Install TXV The thermostatic expansion valve is specifically designed to operate with a refrigerant type. Do not use an R--22 TXV on a Puron system, and do not use a Puron valve on an R--22 system. Refer to Product Data Sheet for the appropriate TXV kit number.

!

IMPORTANT: The TXV should be mounted as close to the indoor coil as possible and in a vertical, upright position. Avoid mounting the inlet tube vertically down. The valve is more susceptible to malfunction due to debris if inlet tube is facing down. A factory--approved filter drier must be installed in the liquid line at the indoor unit. Installing TXV in Place of Piston in a Rated Indoor Coil (pre--2006) 1. Pump system down to 2 psig and recover refrigerant. 2. Remove hex nut from piston body. Use backup wrench on fan coils. 3. Remove and discard factory--installed piston. Be sure Teflon seal is in place. 4. Reinstall hex nut. Finger tighten nut plus 1/2 turn. NOTE: If the piston is not removed from the body, TXV will not function properly.

CAUTION

!

EQUIPMENT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Use a brazing shield and wrap TXV with wet cloth or use heat sink material 5. Install TXV on indoor coil liquid line. Sweat swivel adapter to inlet of indoor coil and attach to TXV outlet. Use backup wrench to avoid damage to tubing or valve. Sweat inlet of TXV, marked “IN” to liquid line. Avoid excessive heat which could damage valve. 6. Install vapor elbow with equalizer adapter to suction tube of line set and suction connection to indoor coil. Adapter has a 1/4--in. male connector for attaching equalizer tube. 7. Connect equalizer tube of TXV to 1/4--in. equalizer fitting on vapor line adapter. 8. Attach TXV bulb to horizontal section of suction line using clamps provided. Insulate bulb with field--supplied insulation tape. See Fig. 23 for correct positioning of sensing bulb. 9. Proceed with remainder of unit installation.

CAUTION

10 O’CLOCK 2 O’CLOCK SENSING BULB

UNIT OPERATION HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation.

STRAP

Al indoor coil units must be installed with a hard shut off PuronR TXV metering device.

SUCTION TUBE A08083

Fig. 23 – Position of Sensing Bulb



29

Replacing TXV on an Indoor Coil (pre--2006) 1. Pump system down to 2 psig and recover refrigerant. 2. Remove coil access panel and fitting panel from front of cabinet. 3. Remove TXV support clamp using a 5/16--in. nut driver. Save the clamp. 4. Remove R--22 TXV using a backup wrench on flare connections to prevent damage to tubing. 5. Using wire cutters, cut equalizer tube off flush with vapor tube inside cabinet. 6. Remove bulb from vapor tube inside cabinet. 7. Braze equalizer stub--tube closed. Use protective barrier as necessary to prevent damage to drain pan. IMPORTANT: Route the equalizer tube of TXV through suction line connection opening in fitting panel prior to replacing fitting panel around tubing. 8. Install TXV with 3/8--in. copper tubing through small hole in service panel. Use wrench and backup wrench, to avoid damage to tubing or valve, to attach TXV to distributor. 9. Reinstall TXV support clamp (removed in item 3). 10. Attach TXV bulb to vapor tube inside cabinet, in same location as original was when removed, using supplied bulb clamps (nylon or copper). See Fig. 23 for correct positioning of sensing bulb. 11. Route equalizer tube through suction connection opening (large hole) in fitting panel and install fitting panel in place. 12. Sweat inlet of TXV, marked “IN” to liquid line. Avoid excessive heat which could damage valve. 13. Install vapor elbow with equalizer adapter to vapor line of line set and vapor connection to indoor coil. Adapter has a 1/4--in. male connector for attaching equalizer tube. 14. Connect equalizer tube of TXV to 1/4--in. equalizer fitting on vapor line adapter. Use backup wrench to prevent damage to equalizer fitting. 15. Proceed with remainder of unit installation.

10. Attach TXV bulb to vapor tube inside cabinet, in same location as original was when removed, using supplied bulb clamps (nylon or copper). See Fig. 23 for correct positioning of sensing bulb. 11. Route equalizer tube through suction connection opening (large hole) in fitting panel and install fitting panel in place. 12. Sweat inlet of TXV, marked “IN” to liquid line. Avoid excessive heat which could damage valve. 13. Proceed with remainder of unit installation.

MAKE PIPING CONNECTIONS !

WARNING

PERSONAL INJURY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Relieve pressure and recover all refrigerant before system repair or final unit disposal. Use all service ports and open all flow--control devices, including solenoid valves.

!

CAUTION

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Do not leave system open to atmosphere any longer than minimum required for installation. POE oil in compressor is extremely susceptible to moisture absorption. Always keep ends of tubing sealed during installation.

!

Replacing TXV on Indoor Coil (post--2006)

CAUTION

1. Pump system down to 2 psig and recover refrigerant.

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD

2. Remove coil access panel and fitting panel from front of cabinet.

Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation.

3. Remove TXV support clamp using a 5/16--in. nut driver. Save the clamp (N coils only). 4. Remove TXV using a backup wrench on connections to prevent damage to tubing.

If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6 in. vertical rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing lengths up to 36 in. may be buried without further special consideration. Do not bury lines longer than 36 in.

5. Remove equalizer tube from suction line of coil. Note: Some coils may have a mechanical connection. If coil has a braze connection, use file or tubing cutter to cut brazed equalizer line approximately 2 inches above suction tube.

COIL

6. Remove bulb from vapor tube inside cabinet.

SENSING BULB

7. Install the new TXV using a wrench and backup wrench to avoid damage to tubing or valve to attach TXV to distributor.

EQUALIZER TUBE

8. Reinstall TXV support clamp (removed in item 3). (N coils only.) 9. Attach equalizer tube to suction line. If coil has mechanical connection, then use wrench and back up wrench to attach. If coil has brazed connection, use file or tubing cutters to remove mechanical flare nut from equalizer line. Then use coupling to braze the equalizer line to stub (previous equalizer line) in suction line.

THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE A91277

Fig. 24 – Typical TXV Installation

30

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM REPAIR Leak Detection New installations should be checked for leaks prior to complete charging. If a system has lost all or most of its charge, system must be pressurized again to approximately 150 psi minimum and 375 psi maximum. This can be done by adding refrigerant using normal charging procedures or by pressurizing system with nitrogen (less expensive than refrigerant). Nitrogen also leaks faster than refrigerants. Nitrogen cannot, however, be detected by an electronic leak detector. (See Fig. 25.)

LEAK DETECTOR SOLUTION

BEEP BEEP A95423

A95422

Fig. 25 – Electronic Leak Detection

! PERSONAL HAZARD

WARNING INJURY

AND

UNIT

DAMAGE

Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Due to the high pressure of nitrogen, it should never be used without a pressure regulator on the tank. Assuming that a system is pressurized with either all refrigerant or a mixture of nitrogen and refrigerant, leaks in the system can be found with an electronic leak detector that is capable of detecting specific refrigerants. If system has been operating for some time, first check for a leak visually. Since refrigerant carries a small quantity of oil, traces of oil at any joint or connection is an indication that refrigerant is leaking at that point. A simple and inexpensive method of testing for leaks is to use soap bubbles. (See Fig. 26.) Any solution of water and soap may be used. Soap solution is applied to all joints and connections in system. A small pinhole leak is located by tracing bubbles in soap solution around leak. If the leak is very small, several minutes may pass before a bubble will form. Popular commercial leak detection solutions give better, longer--lasting bubbles and more accurate results than plain soapy water. The bubble solution must be removed from the tubing and fittings after checking for leaks as some solutions may corrode the metal.



Fig. 26 – Bubble Leak Detection You may use an electronic leak detector designed for specific refrigerant to check for leaks. (See Fig. 25.) This unquestionably is the most efficient and easiest method for checking leaks. There are various types of electronic leak detectors. Check with manufacturer of equipment for suitability. Generally speaking, they are portable, lightweight, and consist of a box with several switches and a probe or sniffer. Detector is turned on and probe is passed around all fittings and connections in system. Leak is detected by either the movement of a pointer on detector dial, a buzzing sound, or a light. In all instances when a leak is found, system charge must be recovered and leak repaired before final charging and operation. After leak testing or leak is repaired, replace liquid line filter drier, evacuate system, and recharge with correct refrigerant quantity.

Coil Removal Coils are easy to remove if required for compressor removal, or to replace coil. 1. Shut off all power to unit. 2. Recover refrigerant from system through service valves. 3. Break vacuum with nitrogen. 4. Remove top cover. (See Remove Top Cover in Cabinet section of the manual.) 5. Remove screws in base pan to coil grille. 6. Remove coil grille from unit. 7. Remove screws on corner post holding coil tube sheet.

!

WARNING

FIRE HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or equipment damage. Cut tubing to reduce possibility of personal injury and fire. 8. Use midget tubing cutter to cut liquid and vapor lines at both sides of coil. Cut in convenient location for easy reassembly with copper slip couplings. 9. Lift coil vertically from basepan and carefully place aside. 10. Reverse procedure to reinstall coil. 11. Replace filter drier, evacuate system, recharge, and check for normal systems operation.

31

Compressor Removal and Replacement

System Clean--Up After Burnout

Once it is determined that compressor has failed and the reason established, compressor must be replaced.

Some compressor electrical failures can cause motor to burn. When this occurs, by--products of burn, which include sludge, carbon, and acids, contaminate system. Test the oil for acidity using POE oil acid test to determine burnout severity. If burnout is severe enough, system must be cleaned before replacement compressor is installed. The 2 types of motor burnout are classified as mild or severe. In mild burnout, there is little or no detectable odor. Compressor oil is clear or slightly discolored. An acid test of compressor oil will be negative. This type of failure is treated the same as mechanical failure. Liquid--line strainer should be removed and liquid--line filter drier replaced. In a severe burnout, there is a strong, pungent, rotten egg odor. Compressor oil is very dark. Evidence of burning may be present in tubing connected to compressor. An acid test of compressor oil will be positive. Follow these additional steps: 1. TXV must be cleaned or replaced. 2. Drain any trapped oil from accumulator if used. 3. Remove and discard liquid--line strainer and filter drier. 4. After system is reassembled, install liquid and suction--line Puronr filter driers. NOTE: On heat pumps, install suction line drier between compressor and accumulator. 5. Operate system for 10 hr. Monitor pressure drop across drier. If pressure drop exceeds 3 psig replace suction--line and liquid--line filter driers. Be sure to purge system with dry nitrogen when replacing filter driers. If suction line driers must be replaced, retest pressure drop after additional 10 hours (run time). Continue to monitor pressure drop across suction line filter drier. After 10 hr of run time, remove suction--line filter drier and replace liquid--line filter drier. Never leave suction--line filter drier in system longer than 72 hr (run time). 6. Charge system. (See unit information plate.)

!

CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Turn off all power to unit before proceeding. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant. Acids formed as a result of motor burnout can cause burns.

!

CAUTION

PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant and when using brazing torch.. 1. Shut off all power to unit. 2. Remove and recover all refrigerant from system until pressure gauges read 0 psi. Use all service ports. Never open a system under a vacuum to atmosphere. Break vacuum with dry nitrogen holding charge first. Do not exceed 5 psig. 3. Disconnect electrical leads from compressor. Disconnect or remove crankcase heater and remove compressor hold--down bolts. 4. Cut compressor from system with tubing cutter. Do not use brazing torch for compressor removal. Oil vapor may ignite when compressor is disconnected. 5. Scratch matching marks on stubs in old compressor. Make corresponding marks on replacement compressor. 6. Use torch to remove stubs from old compressor and to reinstall them in replacement compressor. 7. Use copper couplings to tie compressor back into system. 8. Replace filter drier, evacuate system, recharge, and check for normal system operation.

!

CAUTION

!

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Only suction line filter driers should be used for refrigerant and oil clean up. Use of non--approved products could limit system life and void unit warranty.

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Do not leave system open to atmosphere. Compressor oil is highly susceptible to moisture absorption.

32

CAUTION

Evacuation

MICRONS

Proper evacuation of the system will remove non--condensibles and assure a tight, dry system before charging. The two methods used to evacuate a system are the deep vacuum method and the triple evacuation method. Deep Vacuum Method The deep vacuum method requires a vacuum pump capable of pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gauge capable of accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum method is the most positive way of assuring a system is free of air and moisture. (See Fig. 27.) 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500

LEAK IN SYSTEM

VACUUM TIGHT TOO WET TIGHT DRY SYSTEM 0

1

2

3 4 MINUTES

5

6

7 A95424

Fig. 27 – Deep Vacuum Graph Triple Evacuation Method The triple evacuation method should be used when vacuum pump is only capable of pumping down to 28 in. of mercury vacuum and system does not contain any liquid water. Refer to Fig. 28 and proceed as follows:

CHECK CHARGE (See Charging Tables 10 & 12) Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit rating plate. Charging method is shown on information plate inside unit. To properly check or adjust charge, conditions must be favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable conditions exist when the outdoor temperature is between 70_F and 100_F (21.11_C and 37.78_C), and the indoor temperature is between 70_F and 80_F (21.11_C and 26.67_C). Follow the procedure below: Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft of 3/8 liquid line above or below 15ft (4.57 m) respectively. For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly charged system. If the indoor temperature is above 80_F (26.67_C), and the outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to drop to 80_F (26.67_C) before attempting to check system charge by subcooling method as described above. If the indoor temperature is below 70_F (21.11_C), or the outdoor temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range. NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than 20 ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for special charging requirements.

1. Pump system down to 28 in. of mercury and allow pump to continue operating for an additional 15 minutes. 2. Close service valves and shut off vacuum pump. 3. Connect a nitrogen cylinder and regulator to system and open until system pressure is 2 psig. 4. Close service valve and allow system to stand for 1 hr. During this time, dry nitrogen will be able to diffuse throughout the system absorbing moisture. 5. Repeat this procedure as indicated in Fig. 28. System will then be free of any contaminants and water vapor. EVACUATE BREAK VACUUM WITH DRY NITROGEN WAIT EVACUATE BREAK VACUUM WITH DRY NITROGEN WAIT EVACUATE CHECK FOR TIGHT, DRY SYSTEM (IF IT HOLDS DEEP VACUUM) CHARGE SYSTEM A95425

Fig. 28 – Triple Evacuation Method



33

TROUBLESHOOTING WITH SUPERHEAT This troubleshooting routine was developed to diagnose cooling problems using superheat in TXV systems. It is effective on heat pumps in cooling mode as well as air conditioners. The system must utilize a TXV as the expansion device in cooling mode. Basic Diagnostics NOTE: When checking refrigerant charge and troubleshooting operating systems, the indoor airflow has significant effect on the determination. If you are at this stage, it is assumed you have already checked the subcooling once and believe the charge is correct. From this point, the airflow must be verified prior to proceeding, hence step 1 below. 1. Check or verify proper indoor airflow

S S S

Indoor air filter

S S

Outdoor airflow (debris on coil, etc.)

Low Superheat with Normal or Low Suction Pressure NOTE: Normal or low suction pressure is considered for R--22: < 80 psig, Puron: < 135 psig 1. Re--check airflow and then check sensing bulb tightness, orientation on vapor tube and is properly wrapped. Low Superheat with Normal or Low Suction Pressure If OK proceed to Step 2 2. Check superheat at Vapor Service Valve and Pseudo Evaporator Superheat.

S

S

S If superheat is higher than 15°F, proceed to Step 3 3. Perform TXV function check.

Duct dampers and supply registers are open

S

Indoor coil for debris 2. Check subcooling at OD unit liquid service valve

⎯ If no response, Replace Valve

S

S S S

If low (< 2°F), proceed to Low SuperHeat section.

S

If greater than 20°F/11_C, perform Pseudo Evaporator SuperHeat Instructions check as follows:

If between 2 and 20°F/11_C valve is probably operating properly.

⎯ Check refrigerant pressure at vapor service valve and refrigerant temperature at outlet of evaporator. ⎯ Use suction line geometry (diameter and equivalent length), unit capacity and Tables 7 and 8 to determine suction pressure drop.

S For standard lineset diameters (vapor service

valve diameters and larger) and lengths (less than 80 ft), generally no pressure adjustment (per Table 5 or 6) is required.

S

If Pseudo Superheat is greater than 15, proceed to High SuperHeat section.

S

If Pseudo Evaporator Superheat is between 2 and 15, TXV appears to be functioning properly.

If operation erratic (hunting), proceed to Hunting Superheat °F Superheat in repetition section. NOTE: Hunting is when the valve superheat swings more than 10_.

S

If greater than 15°F between circuits, distributor or coil has a restriction.

S If OK proceed to Step 5 Low Superheat with High Suction Pressure NOTE: High suction pressure is considered for R--22: > ∼80 psig, Puron: > ∼135 psig. An application issue or other system component failure typically causes this condition. 5. R--22 Systems: Check that proper valve used (not an R--410A valve) S If OK proceed to Step 6 6. Check airflow, sensing bulb tightness, orientation on vapor tube and ensure bulb is properly wrapped. S If OK proceed to Step 7 7. Check that compressor is pumping properly NOTE: Loose Rules of Thumb: Is discharge saturated ∼20°F higher than ambient temperature? Is discharge superheat between 15 and 50? S If OK proceed to Step 8 8. Recheck Airflow and Subcooling.

S For longer (greater than 80 ft) and small diameter . linesets (less than service valve size), correct pressure (add to gauge pressure reading) per Tables 5 and 6.

With system running, place sensing bulb in ice bath for ∼1 minute --> superheat should increase.

⎯ If OK proceed to Step 4 4. Check for even temperature distribution at outlet of each circuit of evaporator

Set the subcooling at value listed on rating plate if standard lineset

Set the subcooling at the maximum of 10°F or value listed on rating plate if a long line application 3. Check superheat at OD unit vapor service valve.

If both are less than 2°F, TXV likely not controlling properly, i.e. stuck open --> REPLACE VALVE

S If OK proceed to Replace Valve High Superheat with Normal or Low Pressure NOTE: Normal or low suction pressure is considered: R--22 < 80 psig, Puron < 135 psig. 9. Check for restriction in liquid line (kinked line, filter drier restricted, etc.) S If OK proceed to Step 10 10. Check for restriction in suction line (kink, restricted suction filter drier etc.)) S If OK proceed to Step 11 11. Check power element cap tube is not broken S If OK proceed to Step 12 12. Check that equalizer tube is not kinked or plugged S If OK proceed to Step 13 13. Check that inlet screen (R--22 systems) is not restricted S If OK proceed to Step 14 14. Replace Valve

34

High Superheat with Normal or High Suction Pressure NOTE: Normal to High suction pressure is considered for R--22: > ∼65 psig, Puron: > ∼110 psig. An application issue or other system component failure typically causes this condition. 15. Check airflow, sensing bulb tightness, orientation on vapor tube and ensure bulb is properly wrapped.

S If OK proceed to Step 16 16. R--410A Systems: Make sure proper valve is used (Not R--22)

Pseudo Evaporator Superheat Instructions The Pseudo Evaporator Superheat calculates the superheat at the outlet of the evaporator with known and available information. Because there generally is not a pressure port on the vapor line at the indoor coil, this procedure allows the service personnel to evaluate the evaporator superheat with the vapor pressure port at the outdoor unit. The method requires the following information:

S If OK proceed to Step 17 17. Check for even temperature distribution at outlet of each circuit of evaporator If OK proceed to Step 18 18. Check for high evaporator load: Return Air Leaks, high indoor wet bulb and/or dry bulb temp, undersized system, etc.

S

If OK proceed to Step 19 19. Check that compressor is pumping properly

S

Loose Rule of Thumb: Is discharge saturated ∼20°F higher than ambient temperature? Is discharge superheat between 15_F and 50_F? Hunting Superheat NOTE: Hunting is when the valve superheat swings more than 10°F Superheat in repetition. This is typically an application issue. 20. Check for obvious kinked or pinched distributor (capillary) tubes causing imbalance to the circuiting.

S

If OK proceed to Step 21 21. Check that proper size valve is used per Product Literature.

S

If OK proceed to Step 22 22. Check airflow, sensing bulb tightness, orientation on vapor tube and ensure bulb is properly wrapped.

S

S If OK proceed to Step 23 23. Check for even temperature distribution (±5° difference) at outlet of each circuit of evaporator and for even air distribution over all evaporator slabs

S

Suction line temperature at the outlet of the evaporator (°F).

S S S S

Suction line pressure at the outdoor unit (psig). Suction line equivalent line length (ft). Suction line pressure drop from tables (Table 5 and Table 6).

Pressure--Temperature relationship for refrigerant used (P--T Chart). If system uses a vapor line the same size as vapor service valve fitting or larger AND the line set equivalent length is 80 feet or less, the pressure drop in vapor line of line set can be ignored. 1. Take suction line temperature at outlet of evaporator at indoor unit. 2. Take suction service valve pressure at OD unit. 3. Determine lineset vapor line equivalent length and tube diameter. 4. Determine suction line pressure drop from Table 5 (Puron) or Table 6 (R--22). 5. Calculate Pseudo Evaporator Superheat.

S

Add the suction line pressure drop to the pressure reading obtained at suction service valve. NOTE: For nominal and larger diameter vapor lines with standard length linesets (vapor line same size as service valve fitting size and larger with equivalent length less than 80 ft) the pressure drop can be ignored – use vapor service valve pressure and evaporator outlet temperature to calculate superheat

S

S

Determine saturated evaporator temperature from a refrigerant pressure temperature relationship chart (PT chart).

S

Subtract saturated evaporator from evaporator suction line temperature to obtain evaporator superheat.

If OK proceed to Step 24. 24. Move sensing bulb further down suction line.

S S

Outdoor nominal unit size (btuh).

If problem not corrected, replace valve

90° STD 90° LONG RAD

45° STD A01058

Fig. 29 – Tube Fitting Geometry Table 4—Fitting Losses in Equivalent Feet TUBE SIZE OD (IN.) 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1---1/8



90° STD (A)

90° LONG RAD (B)

45° STD (C)

1.2 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.6

0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.7

0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.3

35

Table 5—Puron System Suction Pressure Drop Nominal Size (Btuh) 18000 18000 18000 24000 24000 24000 30000 30000 30000 36000 36000 36000 42000 42000 42000 42000 48000 48000 48000 60000 60000 60000

Suction Line OD (in.)

Pressure Drop (psi/100 ft)

Suction Velocity fpm

1/2 9.9 1649 5/8 3.1 1018 3/4 1.2 678 1/2 16.7 2199 5/8 5.2 1357 3/4 2.0 904 7/8 1.0 678 5/8 7.8 1696 3/4 2.9 1130 7/8 1.5 848 5/8 10.9 2036 3/4 4.1 1356 7/8 2.0 1017 5/8 14.1 2375 3/4 5.4 1582 7/8 2.7 1187 1 1/8 0.8 696 3/4 6.9 1808 7/8 3.5 1357 1 1/8 1.0 796 3/4 10.4 2260 7/8 5.2 1696 1 1/8 1.4 995 Line set application not recommended

20 2 1 0 3 1 0 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 3 1 1 0 1 1 0 2 1 0

Example 1 While on a service call, after checking for proper indoor and outdoor airflow, Tom finds the following pressures and temperatures at the service valves of a Puron air conditioner:

S S S S

Liquid line pressure = 340 psig Liquid line temperature = 97°F Suction line pressure = 125 psig

Suction line temperature = 70°F Using a Puron PT chart, the subcooling is determined to be 8°F, which is within ±3 of the 10°F listed on the rating plate. Tom believes the charge is correct. He calculates the superheat to be approximately 27°F superheat. The apparently high superheat has Tom concerned. Tom uses the Pseudo Evaporator Superheat method to check the TXV performance. The system is a 3--ton Puron air conditioner with 75 feet equivalent length of 3/4” suction line. Based on Table 5, the system has approximately 3--psig pressure drop in the vapor line. Per the instructions, he takes the suction line temperature at the outlet of the evaporator and finds it to be 53°F. Tom adds 3 psig to the 125--psig suction pressure at the outdoor unit to get 128 psig evaporator pressure. The saturated pressure of 128 equates to 44°F. Tom calculates the evaporator superheat to be (53°F -- 44°F =) 9°F. The TXV appears to be operating properly.

50 5 2 1 8 3 1 0 4 1 1 5 2 1 7 3 1 0 3 2 0 5 3 1

80 8 2 1 13 4 2 1 6 2 1 9 3 2 11 4 2 1 6 3 1 8 4 1

225 22 7 3 38 12 4 2 18 7 3 24 9 5 32 12 6 2 16 8 2 23 12 3

250 25 8 3 42 13 5 2 20 7 4 27 10 5 35 14 7 2 17 9 2 26 13 4

NOTE: The additional superheat at the compressor is due principally to heat gain in the 75 feet of suction line with a minor contribution by the pressure drop. Because the suction line of the lineset was the same size as the vapor service valve fitting and less than 80 feet, Tom could have ignored the pressure drop in the suction line and obtained the evaporator superheat by using the vapor service valve pressure of 125 psig (saturated temperature = 43°F) and the evaporator outlet temperature of 53°F. The evaporator superheat is calculated to be (53°F – 43°F =) 10 °F.

36

Puron Suction Line Pressure Drop (psig) Total Equivalent Line Length (ft) 100 125 150 175 200 10 12 15 17 20 3 4 5 5 6 1 1 2 2 2 17 21 25 29 33 5 7 8 9 10 2 2 3 3 4 1 1 1 2 2 8 10 12 14 16 3 4 4 5 6 1 2 2 3 3 11 14 16 19 22 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 3 4 4 14 18 21 25 28 5 7 8 9 11 3 3 4 5 5 1 1 1 1 2 7 9 10 12 14 3 4 5 6 7 1 1 1 2 2 10 13 16 18 21 5 6 8 9 10 1 2 2 3 3

Table 6—R--22 System Suction Pressure Drop Nominal Size (Btuh) 18000 18000 18000 18000 24000 24000 24000 30000 30000 30000 36000 36000 36000 42000 42000 42000 48000 48000 48000 60000 60000 60000

Line OD (in.)

Pressure Drop (psi/100 ft)

Suction Velocity Fpm

5/8 13.6 5/8 4.0 3/4 1.5 7/8 0.8 5/8 6.7 3/4 2.5 7/8 1.3 5/8 10.1 3/4 3.8 7/8 1.9 3/4 5.3 7/8 2.6 1 1/8 0.7 3/4 7.0 7/8 3.5 1 1/8 1.0 3/4 8.9 7/8 4.4 1 1/8 1.2 7/8 6.7 1 1/8 1.8 1 3/8 0.7 Line set application not recommended

2563 1539 1025 769 2052 1367 1026 2565 1708 1282 2050 1538 902 2392 1795 1053 2733 2051 1203 2564 1504 987

20 3 1 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 0

Example 2 Jason is servicing a 5--ton R--22 air conditioner with 7/8” suction line. As part of his basic inspection he believes he has normal airflow because the air filters are clean, ductwork appears to be properly sized and in good shape and the evaporator coil is clean. He then checks the superheat and subcooling at the outdoor unit service valves. Taking pressures and temperatures he finds the following:

S S S S

Liquid line pressure = 260 psig Liquid line temperature = 110°F Suction line pressure = 60 psig

Suction line temperature = 65°F Using an R--22 PT relationship, Jason calculates the subcooling to be approximately 10°F with 30°F superheat. Because the subcooling is correct but the superheat appears to be high, he is concerned and decides to perform the Pseudo Evaporator Superheat check.

50 7 2 1 0 3 1 1 5 2 1 3 1 0 3 2 0 4 2 1 3 1 0

80 11 3 1 1 5 2 1 8 3 2 4 2 1 6 3 1 7 4 1 5 1 1

R ---22 Suction Line Pressure Drop (psig) Total Equivalent Line Length (ft) 100 125 150 175 200 14 17 20 24 27 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 2 7 8 10 12 13 3 3 4 4 5 1 2 2 2 3 10 13 15 18 20 4 5 6 7 8 2 2 3 3 4 5 7 8 9 11 3 3 4 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 7 9 10 12 14 3 4 5 6 7 1 1 1 2 2 9 11 13 16 18 4 6 7 8 9 1 2 2 2 2 7 8 10 12 13 2 2 3 3 4 1 1 1 1 1

250 34 10 4 2 17 6 3 25 9 5 13 7 2 17 9 2 22 11 3 17 5 2

Examining the lineset, Jason finds approximately 145 ft of suction line with 4 long radius elbows. Per Fig. 30 and Table 6, each fitting has an equivalent length of 1.4 ft. The total equivalent length of the suction line is (145’ + (4 * 1.4’) ≈) 150 ft. Based on Table 8, Jason determines there should be 10--psig pressure--drop in the suction line. Jason now takes the suction line temperature at the outlet of the evaporator and obtains 51°F. Per the instructions, Jason adds the 10--psig pressure--drop to the 60--psig pressure at the outdoor unit to get 70--psig at the evaporator. Saturated pressure of 70--psig equates to approximately 41°F. Jason determines the Evaporator superheat to be (51°F -- 41°F =) 10°F. Jason concludes the TXV is functioning properly. NOTE: In this situation, both the pressure drop and the heat gain in the suction line are significant contributions to the superheat at the service valve. The pressure drop contributes approximately 7°F superheat and the heat gain in the suction line contributes 13°F.

Fig. 30 – Pseudo Evaporator Superheat Pressure and Temperature Measurement Locations



225 31 9 3 2 15 6 3 23 9 4 12 6 2 16 8 2 20 10 3 15 4 2

37

Table 7—Puronr Refrigerant Pressure Temperature Chart PSIG PSIG 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116

°F --38.2 --35.3 --32.5 --29.9 --27.3 --24.9 --22.6 --20.4 --18.3 --16.2 --14.2 --12.3 --10.4 --8.6 --6.9 --5.1 --3.5 --1.9 --0.3 1.3 2.8 4.2 5.7 7.1 8.5 9.8 11.1 12.4 13.7 15.0 16.2 17.4 18.6 19.8 20.9 22.0 23.2 24.3 25.3 26.4 27.4 28.5 29.5 30.5 31.5 32.5 33.4 34.4 35.3 36.3 37.2 38.1 39.0

PSIG 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 164 166 168 170 172 174 176 178 180 182 184 186 188 190 192 194 196 198 200 202 204 206 208 210 212 214 216 218 220 222

°F 39.9 40.8 41.6 42.5 43.3 44.2 45.0 45.8 46.6 47.5 48.2 49.0 49.8 50.6 51.4 52.1 52.9 53.6 54.4 55.1 55.8 56.5 57.3 58.0 58.7 59.4 60.1 60.7 61.4 62.1 62.8 63.4 64.1 64.7 65.4 66.0 66.7 67.3 67.9 68.6 69.2 69.8 70.4 71.0 71.6 72.2 72.8 73.4 74.0 74.6 75.1 75.7 76.3

PSIG 224 226 228 230 232 234 236 238 240 242 244 246 248 250 252 254 256 258 260 262 264 266 268 270 272 274 276 278 280 282 284 286 288 290 292 294 296 298 300 302 304 306 308 310 312 314 316 318 320 322 324 326 328

°F 76.9 77.4 78.0 78.5 79.1 79.7 80.2 80.7 81.3 81.8 82.4 82.9 83.4 83.9 84.5 85.0 85.5 86.0 86.5 87.0 87.5 88.0 88.5 89.0 89.5 90.0 90.5 91.0 91.5 92.0 92.4 92.9 93.4 93.9 94.3 94.8 95.3 95.7 96.2 96.7 97.1 97.6 98.0 98.5 98.9 99.4 99.8 100.2 100.7 101.1 101.6 102.0 102.4

PSIG 330 332 334 336 338 340 342 344 346 348 350 352 354 356 358 360 362 364 366 368 370 372 374 376 378 380 382 384 386 388 390 392 394 396 398 400 402 404 406 408 410 412 414 416 418 420 422 424 426 428 430 432 434

Source: Allied Signal -- Genetron for Windows version R1.0 © 1999

38

°F 102.9 103.3 103.7 104.1 104.6 105.0 105.4 105.8 106.2 106.6 107.0 107.5 107.9 108.3 108.7 109.1 109.5 109.9 110.3 110.7 111.1 111.5 111.9 112.2 112.6 113.0 113.4 113.8 114.2 114.6 114.9 115.3 115.7 116.1 116.4 116.8 117.2 117.5 117.9 118.3 118.6 119.0 119.4 119.7 120.1 120.5 120.8 121.2 121.5 121.9 122.2 122.6 122.9

PSIG 436 438 440 442 444 446 448 450 452 454 456 458 460 462 464 466 468 470 472 474 476 478 480 482 484 486 488 490 492 494 496 498 500 502 504 506 508 510 512 514 516 518 520 522 524 526 528 530 532 534 536 538 540

°F 123.3 123.6 124.0 124.3 124.7 125.0 125.3 125.7 126.0 126.4 126.7 127.0 127.4 127.7 128.0 128.4 128.7 129.0 129.4 129.7 130.0 130.3 130.7 131.0 131.3 131.6 131.9 132.3 132.6 132.9 133.2 133.5 133.8 134.1 134.5 134.8 135.1 135.4 135.7 136.0 136.3 136.6 136.9 137.2 137.5 137.8 138.1 138.4 138.7 139.0 139.3 139.6 139.9

°F PSIG 542 140.2 544 140.5 546 140.8 548 141.1 550 141.4 554 141.9 558 142.5 560 142.8 564 143.4 568 143.9 570 144.2 574 144.8 578 145.3 580 145.6 584 146.2 588 146.7 590 147.0 594 147.5 598 148.1 600 148.4 604 148.9 606 149.2 608 149.4 610 151.3 612 150.0 614 150.2 616 150.5 618 150.7 620 151.0 624 151.5 626 151.8 628 152.1 630 152.3 634 152.8 636 153.1 638 153.3 640 153.6 644 154.1 646 154.3 648 154.6 650 154.8 654 161.8 656 155.6 658 155.8 660 158.3 664 156.6 666 156.8 668 157.1 670 157.3 674 157.7 676 158.0 Critical Point 705 163.0

Table 8—R--22 Refrigerant Pressure Temperature Relationship psig 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70

°F --25.9 --24.0 --22.1 --20.4 --18.7 --17.0 --15.4 --13.8 --12.3 --10.8 --9.3 --7.9 --6.5 --5.2 --3.9 --2.6 --1.3 0.0 1.2 2.4 3.6 4.7 5.8 6.9 8.0 9.1 10.2 11.2 12.2 13.2 14.2 15.2 16.2 17.1 18.1 19.0 19.9 20.8 21.7 22.6 23.5 24.3 25.2 26.0 26.8 27.6 28.4 29.2 30.0 30.8 31.6 32.4 33.1 33.9 34.6 35.4 36.1 36.8 37.5 38.2 38.9 39.6 40.3 41.0

psig 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134

°F 41.7 42.3 43.0 43.7 44.3 45.0 45.6 46.2 46.9 47.5 48.1 48.7 49.4 50.0 50.6 51.2 51.8 52.4 52.9 53.5 54.1 54.7 55.2 55.8 56.4 56.9 57.5 58.0 58.6 59.1 59.7 60.2 60.7 61.3 61.8 62.3 62.8 63.3 63.9 64.4 64.9 65.4 65.9 66.4 66.9 67.4 67.9 68.4 68.8 69.3 69.8 70.3 70.7 71.2 71.7 72.2 72.6 73.1 73.5 74.0 74.5 74.9 75.4 75.8



psig 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198

°F 76.2 76.7 77.1 77.6 78.0 78.4 78.9 79.3 79.7 80.2 80.6 81.0 81.4 81.8 82.3 82.7 83.1 83.5 83.9 84.3 84.7 85.1 85.5 85.9 86.3 86.7 87.1 87.5 87.9 88.3 88.7 89.1 89.5 89.9 90.2 90.6 91.0 91.4 91.8 92.1 92.5 92.9 93.2 93.6 94.0 94.3 94.7 95.1 95.4 95.8 96.2 96.5 96.9 97.2 97.6 97.9 98.3 98.6 99.0 99.3 99.7 100.0 100.4 100.7

psig 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262

°F 101.1 101.4 101.7 102.1 102.4 102.8 103.1 103.4 103.8 104.1 104.4 104.8 105.1 105.4 105.7 106.1 106.4 106.7 107.0 107.4 107.7 108.0 108.3 108.6 108.9 109.3 109.6 109.9 110.2 110.5 110.8 111.1 111.4 111.8 112.1 112.4 112.7 113.0 113.3 113.6 113.9 114.2 114.5 114.8 115.1 115.4 115.7 116.0 116.3 116.6 116.8 117.1 117.4 117.7 118.0 118.3 118.6 118.9 119.2 119.4 119.7 120.0 120.3 120.6

39

psig 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326

°F 120.9 121.1 121.4 121.7 122.0 122.3 122.5 122.8 123.1 123.4 123.6 123.9 124.2 124.5 124.7 125.0 125.3 125.5 125.8 126.1 126.4 126.6 126.9 127.2 127.4 127.7 127.9 128.2 128.5 128.7 129.0 129.3 129.5 129.8 130.0 130.3 130.6 130.8 131.1 131.3 131.6 131.8 132.1 132.3 132.6 132.8 133.1 133.3 133.6 133.8 134.1 134.3 134.6 134.8 135.1 135.3 135.6 135.8 136.1 136.3 136.6 136.8 137.0 137.3

psig 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390

°F 137.5 137.8 138.0 138.2 138.5 138.7 139.0 139.2 139.4 139.7 139.9 140.2 140.4 140.6 140.9 141.1 141.3 141.6 141.8 142.0 142.3 142.5 142.7 142.9 143.2 143.4 143.6 143.9 144.1 144.3 144.5 144.8 145.0 145.2 145.4 145.7 145.9 146.1 146.3 146.6 146.8 147.0 147.2 147.5 147.7 147.9 148.1 148.3 148.6 148.8 149.0 149.2 149.4 149.6 149.9 150.1 150.3 150.5 150.7 150.9 151.1 151.4 151.6 151.8

psig 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450

°F 152.0 152.2 152.4 152.6 152.8 153.1 153.3 153.5 153.7 153.9 154.1 154.3 154.5 154.7 154.9 155.1 155.3 155.6 155.8 156.0 156.2 156.4 156.6 156.8 157.0 157.2 157.4 157.6 157.8 158.0 158.2 158.4 158.6 158.8 159.0 159.2 159.4 159.6 159.8 160.0 160.2 160.4 160.6 160.8 161.0 161.2 161.4 161.6 161.8 162.0 162.2 162.3 162.5 162.7 162.9 163.1 163.3 163.5 163.7 163.9

Critical 709 205.1

Table 9—Puron Subcooling Chart Liquid Line Temperature (_F) Liq Press (psig)

P---T (_F)

200

70

2 68

4 66

6 64

8 62

10 60

12 58

14 56

16 54

18 52

20 50

210

73

71

69

67

65

63

61

59

57

55

53

220

76

74

72

70

68

66

64

62

60

58

56

230

79

77

75

73

71

69

67

65

63

61

59

240

82

80

78

76

74

72

70

68

66

64

62

250

84

82

80

78

76

74

72

70

68

66

64

260

87

85

83

81

79

77

75

73

71

69

67

270

89

87

85

83

81

79

77

75

73

71

69

280

92

90

88

86

84

82

80

78

76

74

72

290

94

92

90

88

86

84

82

80

78

76

74

300

96

94

92

90

88

86

84

82

80

78

76

310

99

97

95

93

91

89

87

85

83

81

79

320

101

99

97

95

93

91

89

87

85

83

81

330

103

101

99

97

95

93

91

89

87

85

83

340

105

103

101

99

97

95

93

91

89

87

85

350

107

105

103

101

99

97

95

93

91

89

87

360

109

107

105

103

101

99

97

95

93

91

89

370

111

109

107

105

103

101

99

97

95

93

91

380

113

111

109

107

105

103

101

99

97

95

93

390

115

113

111

109

107

105

103

101

99

97

95

400

117

115

113

111

109

107

105

103

101

99

97

410

119

117

115

113

111

109

107

105

103

101

99

420

121

119

117

115

113

111

109

107

105

103

101

430

122

120

118

116

114

112

110

108

106

104

102

440

124

122

120

118

116

114

112

110

108

106

104

450

126

124

122

120

118

116

114

112

110

108

106

460

127

125

123

121

119

117

115

113

111

109

107

470

129

127

125

123

121

119

117

115

113

111

109

480

131

129

127

125

123

121

119

117

115

113

111

490

132

130

128

126

124

122

120

118

116

114

112

500

134

132

130

128

126

124

122

120

118

116

114

510

135

133

131

129

127

125

123

121

119

117

115

520

137

135

133

131

129

127

125

123

121

119

117

530

139

137

135

133

131

129

127

125

123

121

119

540

140

138

136

134

132

130

128

126

124

122

120

550

141

139

137

135

133

131

129

127

125

123

121

560

143

141

139

137

135

133

131

129

127

125

123

570

144

142

140

138

136

134

132

130

128

126

124

580

146

144

142

140

138

136

134

132

130

128

126

590

147

145

143

141

139

137

135

133

131

129

127

600

149

147

145

143

141

139

137

135

133

131

129

610

150

148

146

144

142

140

138

136

134

132

130

Subcooling (_F)

40

Vap Press (psig) 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162

P--T (°F) 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 44 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 55 56 57 58

2 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 46 47 48 49 50 50 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 57 57 58 59 60

4 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 62



Table 10—Puron Superheat Chart Vapor Line Temperature (°F) Superheat (°F) 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 45 47 49 51 53 55 57 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 47 49 51 53 55 57 59 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 49 51 53 55 57 59 61 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 51 53 55 57 59 61 63 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 64 66 68 70 72 74 76

41

20 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 64 65 66 67 68 68 69 70 71 72 72 73 74 75 75 76 77 78

22 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 66 67 68 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 77 77 78 79 80

24 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 68 69 70 71 72 72 73 74 75 76 76 77 78 79 79 80 81 82

26 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 77 78 78 79 80 81 81 82 83 84

28 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 72 73 74 75 76 76 77 78 79 80 80 81 82 83 83 84 85 86

30 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 77 78 78 79 80 81 82 82 83 84 85 85 86 87 88

Table 11—R--22 Subcooling Chart R---22 Liquid Line Temperature (_F)

Liquid Pres (psig)

PT (°F)

120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 305 310 315 320 325 330

70 72 74 76 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 96 98 100 102 103 105 107 108 110 111 113 114 116 117 119 120 121 123 124 126 127 128 129 131 132 133 135 136 137 138

Subcooling (_F)

2 68 70 72 74 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 94 96 98 100 101 103 105 106 108 109 111 112 114 115 117 118 119 121 122 124 125 126 127 129 130 131 133 134 135 136

4 66 68 70 72 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 92 94 96 98 99 101 103 104 106 107 109 110 112 113 115 116 117 119 120 122 123 124 125 127 128 129 131 132 133 134

6 64 66 68 70 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 90 92 94 96 97 99 101 102 104 105 107 108 110 111 113 114 115 117 118 120 121 122 123 125 126 127 129 130 131 132

8 62 64 66 68 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 88 90 92 94 95 97 99 100 102 103 105 106 108 109 111 112 113 115 116 118 119 120 121 123 124 125 127 128 129 130

10 60 62 64 66 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 86 88 90 92 93 95 97 98 100 101 103 104 106 107 109 110 111 113 114 116 117 118 119 121 122 123 125 126 127 128

12 58 60 62 64 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 84 86 88 90 91 93 95 96 98 99 101 102 104 105 107 108 109 111 112 114 115 116 117 119 120 121 123 124 125 126

42

14 56 58 60 62 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 82 84 86 88 89 91 93 94 96 97 99 100 102 103 105 106 107 109 110 112 113 114 115 117 118 119 121 122 123 124

16 54 56 58 60 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 80 82 84 86 87 89 91 92 94 95 97 98 100 101 103 104 105 107 108 110 111 112 113 115 116 117 119 120 121 122

18 52 54 56 58 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 78 80 82 84 85 87 89 90 92 93 95 96 98 99 101 102 103 105 106 108 109 110 111 113 114 115 117 118 119 120

20 50 52 54 56 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 76 78 80 82 83 85 87 88 90 91 93 94 96 97 99 100 101 103 104 106 107 108 109 111 112 113 115 116 117 118

22 48 50 52 54 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 74 76 78 80 81 83 85 86 88 89 91 92 94 95 97 98 99 101 102 104 105 106 107 109 110 111 113 114 115 116

24 46 48 50 52 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 72 74 76 78 79 81 83 84 86 87 89 90 92 93 95 96 97 99 100 102 103 104 105 107 108 109 111 112 113 114

26 44 46 48 50 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 70 72 74 76 77 79 81 82 84 85 87 88 90 91 93 94 95 97 98 100 101 102 103 105 106 107 109 110 111 112

Table 12—R--22 Superheat Chart R---22 Vapor Line Temperature (_F) Vapor Press (psig)

PT (°F)

50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

26 27 28 28 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 35 36 37 38 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 51 52 53 53 54 54 55

Superheat (_F) 2 28 29 30 30 31 32 33 34 34 35 36 37 37 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 53 54 55 55 56 56 57



4 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 36 37 38 39 39 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 55 56 57 57 58 58 59

6 32 33 34 34 35 36 37 38 38 39 40 41 41 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 57 58 59 59 60 60 61

8 34 35 36 36 37 38 39 40 40 41 42 43 43 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 61 62 62 63

10 36 37 38 38 39 40 41 42 42 43 44 45 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 61 62 63 63 64 64 65

12 38 39 40 40 41 42 43 44 44 45 46 47 47 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 63 64 65 65 66 66 67

14 40 41 42 42 43 44 45 46 46 47 48 49 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 65 66 67 67 68 68 69

43

16 42 43 44 44 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 67 68 69 69 70 70 71

18 44 45 46 46 47 48 49 50 50 51 52 53 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 72 72 73

20 46 47 48 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 55 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 71 72 73 73 74 74 75

22 48 49 50 50 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 57 57 58 59 60 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 73 74 75 75 76 76 77

24 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 62 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 75 76 77 77 78 78 79

26 52 53 54 54 55 56 57 58 58 59 60 61 61 62 63 64 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 76 76 77 77 78 79 79 80 80 81

28 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 60 60 61 62 63 63 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 76 76 77 78 78 79 79 80 81 81 82 82 83

30 56 57 58 58 59 60 61 62 62 63 64 65 65 66 67 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 76 76 77 78 78 79 80 80 81 81 82 83 83 84 84 85

TWO--STAGE 25HNB/24ANB Application Guidelines

Model Plug

Carrier designed and tested the two--stage air conditioner and heat pump products with Puron refrigerant to operate at a minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode at 55_F without low ambient cooling enabled and the maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling is 125_F/51.6_C. On Infinity communicating systems, only low ambient cooling is available to 0_F/--17.8_C. The maximum outdoor operating ambient in heating mode is 66_F/18.8_C on all heat pumps. Continuous operation in heating mode is approved to --30_F/--34.4_C. Thermostat options for the two stage units are as follows:

Each control board contains a model plug. The correct model plug must be installed in order for the system to operate properly. (See Table 13.) The model plug is used to identify the type and size of unit to the control. On 25HNB6 models, the model plug is also used to determine the start sequence timing for each individual model. On new units, the model and serial numbers are inputted into the board’s memory at the factory. If a model plug is lost or missing at initial installation, the unit will operate according to the information input at the factory and the appropriate error code will flash temporarily. An RCD replacement board contains no model and serial information. If the factory control board fails, the model plug must be transferred from the original board to the replacement board for the unit to operate. NOTE: The model plug takes priority over factory model information input at the factory. If the model plug is removed after initial power up, the unit will operate according to the last valid model plug installed, and flash the appropriate fault code temporarily. Table 13—Model Plug Information

S

A,B,C,D four--wire connections for Infinity User Interface.

R,C,W,Y1,Y2, and O wire connections for standard, non--communicating thermostat. 25HNB6, 25HNB9, 24ANB7, and 24ANB1 units can run, and are matched with, User Interface (UI) communicating and non--communicating indoor fan coils and furnaces. Only unit combinations listed in the two--stage Product Data are recommended. Line sets for two stage units are similar to the single stage units. However, some restrictions may apply to specific combinations in long line applications. Refer to the Long Line Guideline for further information. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) requires that electric strip heat have a lockout feature. This is achieved through Carrier thermostats required per above and must be used on all TVA approved units. The new control board in the two stage units with Puron refrigerant has dip switches for defrost timing. The Infinity controls provide these two stage units with high stage latching and Hybrid Heatt (dual fuel) capabilities. The standard Hybrid Heatt (duel fuel) thermostat can be used on two stage units with Bristol reciprocating compressors only.

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MODEL NUMBER

PIN RESISTANCE (K---ohms) Pins 1---4

Pins 2---3

25HNB624 25HNB636 25HNB648 25HNB660

HK70EZ041 HK70EZ043 HK70EZ045 HK70EZ047

18 18 18 18

91 150 220 360

25HN9624 25HNB936 25HNB948 25HNB960

HK70EZ010 HK70EZ012 HK70EZ014 HK70EZ016

5.1 5.1 5.1 11

120 180 270 5.1

24ANB124 24ANB136 24ANB148 24ANB160

HK70EZ009 HK70EZ011 HK70EZ013 HK70EZ015

5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1

91 150 220 360

24ANB724 24ANB736 24ANB748 24ANB760

HK70EZ040 HK70EZ042 HK70EZ044 HK70EZ046

18 18 18 18

75 120 180 270

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MODEL PLUG NUMBER

Airflow Selections for 24ANB7 / 25HNB6 / 24ANB1 /25HNB9 Using Non--Communicating (Non--Infinity) Thermostats Airflow Selection for 58CVA/58MVB Furnaces The 58CVA/58MVB variable--speed furnaces provide high--and low--stage blower operation to match the capacities of the compressor at high and low stages. To select the recommended airflow and for adjustments to the manual switches labeled SW1--5, AC, and CF on the control board, refer to the furnace Installation Instructions. The 58CVA/58MVB utilizes a control center that allows the installing technician to select the proper airflows. The HP switch determines the airflow during high--stage compressor operation. Airflow for high-- and low--stage can be calculated at either 350 CFM per ton or 400 CFM per ton, based on the positions of SW1--5. When using communicating (Infinity) control, dipswitch adjustments are not necessary on furnaces. Airflows are determined by Infinity Control setup.

Airflow Selection for FV4 Fan Coils for 24ANB1, 24ANB7, 25HNB6, 25HNB9 Using Non--Communicating (Non--Infinity) Thermostats The FV4 provides high-- and low--stage blower operation to match the capacities of compressor at high-- and low--stage. To select recommended airflow, refer to FV4 Installation Instructions. The FV4 utilizes an Easy Select control board that allows the installing technician to select proper airflows. For adjustments to control board, select appropriate HP SIZE and CFM ADJUST setting. This fan coil has an adjustable blower off delay factory set at 90 sec for high-- and low--stage blower operation. For other combinations of equipment consult Product Data Digest.

GENERAL INFORMATION Low Ambient Cooling When this unit is operating below 55_F outdoor temperature, provisions must be made for low ambient operation. Infinity Controlled low ambient cooling: This unit is capable of low ambient cooling without a kit ONLY when using Infinity control. A low ambient kit is not required, and the outdoor fan motor does not need to be replaced for Infinity controlled low ambient operation. The Infinity Control provides an automatic evaporator coil freeze protection algorithm that eliminates the need for an evaporator freeze thermostat. Low ambient cooling must be enabled in the User Interface set up. Fan may not begin to cycle until about 40_F OAT. Fan will cycle based on coil and outdoor air temperature. Infinity controlled low ambient mode operates as follows:

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Fan is OFF when outdoor coil temp is < (outdoor air temperature + 3_F) or outdoor fan has been ON for 30 minutes. (Fan is turned off to allow refrigerant system to stabilize.)

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Fan is ON when outdoor coil temp > (outdoor air temperature + 25_F) or outdoor coil temp > 80_F or if outdoor fan has been OFF for 30 minutes. (Fan is turned on to allow refrigerant system to stabilize.)



Low pressure switch is ignored for first 3 minutes during low ambient start up. After 3 minutes, if LPS trips, then outdoor fan motor is turned off for 10 minutes, with the compressor running. If LPS closes within 10 minutes then cooling continues with the outdoor fan cycling per the coil temperature routine listed above for the remainder of the cooling cycle. If the LPS does not close within 10 minutes, then the normal LPS trip response (shut down cooling operation and generate LPS trip error) will occur. For 24ANB1/25HNB9 models, the PWM output for both high and low stage equals the value for low stage operation below 55_F.

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Defrost This control offers 5 possible defrost interval times: 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes, or AUTO. With non--communicating thermostats, these are selected by dip switches on the unit control board. With communicating thermostats, the Infinity Control User Interface. The Infinity Control selection overrides the control board dip switch settings. AUTO defrost adjusts the defrost interval time based on the last defrost time as follows: S When defrost time <3 minutes, the next defrost interval=120 minutes. S When defrost time 3--5 minutes, the next defrost interval=90 minutes. S When defrost time 5--7 minutes, the next defrost interval=60 minutes. S When defrost time >7 minutes, the next defrost interval=30 minutes. The control board accumulates compressor run time. As the accumulated run time approaches the selected defrost interval time, the control board monitors the coil temperature sensor for a defrost demand. If a defrost demand exists, a defrost cycle will be initiated at the end of the selected time interval. A defrost demand exists when the coil temperature is at or below 32_F for 4 minutes during the interval. The defrost cycle is terminated when the coil temperature reaches 65_F or 10 minutes has passed. On 25HNB6 models, defrost will occur in low-- or high--stage as demanded by the thermostat or User Interface regardless of OAT On 25HNB9 models, when OAT is >25_F (--3.9_C), defrost will occur in low-- or high--stage as demanded by the thermostat or User Interface. On 25HNB9 models, if OAT is ≤25_F (--3.9_C), defrost will occur in high--stage only, regardless of thermostat or User Interface demand, and will terminate at 50_F (10_C) coil temperature with a minimum of 2.5 minutes in defrost. If the coil temperature does not reach 32_F (0_C) within the interval, the interval timer will be reset and start over.

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Upon initial power up the first defrost interval is defaulted to 30 minutes. Remaining intervals are at selected times.

Defrost is only allowed to occur below 50_F (10_C) outdoor ambient temperature. The outdoor fan output (ODF) will remain off for 20 seconds after termination. This delay will allow time for the system to capture the heat from the outdoor coil and reduce the “steam cloud” effect that may occur on transition from defrost to the heating cycle. The outdoor fan output OFF delay of 20 seconds may be defeated to enable the fan to energize immediately at the time of termination and 12 seconds prior to the reversing valve de--energizing, through the User Interface setup screen available with SYSTXCCUID01--V UI, or forced defrost pins as follows:

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The ODF fan delay defeat can be toggled by shorting the forced defrost pins for >15 seconds while in the standby mode (status LED on solid). The LED will start to flash when the toggle has taken place.

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Status code 4 shows the fan delay defeat is active (no delay)

Status code 3 shows that it is not active (20 second delay) The code will continue to be displayed until after the short is removed. Once the short is removed, there is a 5 second wait before the code is cancelled. The code that is flashing will finish before going back to sold LED. the control is shipped with the ODF fan delay defeat NOT active. the change in status is remembered until toggled to a new status. A power down / power up sequence will not reset the status. It may be necessary to do the toggle twice to cycle to the desired state of defeat. Defrost Hold in a non--communicating system, if the thermostat becomes satisfied (Y1 or Y1 and Y2) before the defrost cycle is terminated, the control will “hold” in defrost mode and finish the defrost cycle on the next call for heat. With communicating Infinity Control, defrost hold is not needed in a communicating system because the User Interface will complete the defrost cycle before shutting down the system. Forced Defrost With non--communicating (non--Infinity) control, forced defrost can be initiated by manually shorting the 2--pin header labeled FORCED DEFROST (see Fig 33) on the control board for 5 seconds then releasing. With communicating (Infinity) control, forced defrost is initiated with the User Interface. On all models, during a Forced Defrost:

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If coil temperature is at defrost temperature of 32_F, and outdoor air temperature is below 50_F, a full defrost sequence will occur.

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If coil temperature or outdoor air temperature does not meet the above requirements, an abbreviated 30 second defrost will occur.

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Both Quiet Shift and Quiet Shift--2 compressor ON/OFF delays will be included in a forced defrost if either are enabled.

Quiet Shift Quiet Shift is a field--selectable defrost mode which may eliminate occasional noise that could be heard at the start of the defrost cycle and restarting of the heating cycle. On models with a non--communicating system, this feature must be enabled by selecting the 3rd position of the 3--position dip switch. For models with communicating (Infinity) systems, it must be enabled at the User Interface. When activated, the following sequence of operation will occur. Reversing valve will energize and compressor will turn off for 30 seconds, then turn back on to complete defrost. At the end of the defrost cycle, the reversing valve de--energizes, compressor will turn off for another 30 seconds, and the fan will turn off for 40 seconds, before starting in the heating mode.

Quiet Shift--2 (communicating models) (part # HK38EA016, HK38EA022, HK38EA023) Quiet Shift--2 is a field selectable defrost mode which may eliminate occasional noise that could be heard at the start and finish of the defrost cycle. On a non--communicating system, this feature must be enabled by selecting the 3rd position of the 3--position dip switch on the outdoor control board. For communicating systems, it must be enabled at the User Interface. When activated, the following sequence of operation occurs: Defrost Initiation – The compressor is de--energized for 70 seconds. During this 70 second compressor off time, the reversing valve will be energized. Once the 70 second compressor off time

has been reached, the compressor will be energized then the outdoor fan will be de--energized at which time the normal defrost cycle begins. Defrost Termination – the outdoor fan will be energized shortly before the compressor is de--energized for 60 seconds. During the compressor 60 second off time, the reversing valve will be de--energized. Once the 60 second compressor off time has been completed, the compressor will be energized at which time the system will be in normal heat mode.

Liquid--Line Solenoid Accessory In heat pump long--line applications, a liquid--line solenoid is required to control refrigerant migration in the heating mode. The solenoid should be installed near the outdoor unit with the arrow facing the outdoor unit. This is the direction of flow control. See application manual for long--line application details. Accessory Liquid Solenoid with Infinity Communicating Control: When using the Infinity Control, the liquid--line solenoid output is provided at the Y1 connection. Connect the solenoid as shown in the wiring label diagram. This is a 24vac output that is energized whenever the compressor is energized. It closes, in the compressor off mode, to prevent refrigerant migration into the unit through the liquid--line. On Models with Accessory Liquid Solenoid Using a Non--Communicating Thermostat: The liquid solenoid is connect to the Y1 and C terminal connections. The liquid solenoid closes, in the compressor off mode, to prevent refrigerant migration into the unit through the liquid--line.

CHECK CHARGE All 25HNB6 units must be charged in high stage only. Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit rating plate. Charging method is shown on information plate inside unit. To properly check or adjust charge, conditions must be favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable conditions exist when the outdoor temperature is between 70_F and 100_F (21.11_C and 37.78_C), and the indoor temperature is between 70_F and 80_F (21.11_C and 26.67_C). Follow the procedure below: Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft of 3/8 liquid line above or below 15ft (4.57 m) respectively. For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly charged system. If the indoor temperature is above 80_F (26.67_C), and the outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to drop to 80_F (26.67_C) before attempting to check system charge by subcooling method as described above. If the indoor temperature is below 70_F (21.11_C), or the outdoor temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range. NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than 20 ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for special charging requirements.

Heating Check Chart Procedure To check system operation during heating cycle, refer to the Heat Pump Charging Instructions label on outdoor unit. This chart indicates whether a correct relationship exists between system operating pressure and air temperature entering indoor and outdoor units. If pressure and temperature do not match on chart, system

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refrigerant charge may not be correct. Do not use chart to adjust refrigerant charge. NOTE: In heating mode, check refrigerant charge only when pressures are stable. If in doubt, remove charge and weigh in correct refrigerant charge. NOTE: When charging is necessary during heating season, charge must be weighed in accordance with unit rating plate, ±0.6 oz./ft. of 3/8--in. liquid--line above or below 15 ft., respectively. EXAMPLE: To calculate additional charge required for a 25--ft. line set: 25 ft. -- 15 ft. = 10 ft. X 0.6 oz./ft. = 6 oz. of additional charge.

SYSTEM FUNCTIONS AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION (25HNB/24ANB) The outdoor unit control system has special functions. The following is an overview of the two--stage control functions:

Cooling and Heating Operation The 25HNB6/24ANB7/25HNB9/24ANB1 model utilizes either a standard 2--stage indoor thermostat or Infinity Communication User Interface. With a call for first stage cooling, the outdoor fan, reversing valve, and low stage compressor are energized. If low--stage cannot satisfy cooling demand, high--stage cooling is energized by the second stage of indoor thermostat or User Interface. After second stage is satisfied, the unit returns to low--stage operation until first stage is satisfied or until second stage is required again. When both first stage and second stage cooling are satisfied, the compressor will shut off. The reversing valve will remain energized until the control board power is removed or a call for heating in initiated. With a call for heating, the outdoor fan and compressor are energized. The compressor will operate in high or low stage operation, as needed to meet the heating demand. When the heating demand is satisfied, the compressor and fan will shut off. The reversing valve is de--energized in the heating mode. NOTE: When two--stage unit is operating at low--stage, system vapor (suction) pressure will be higher than a standard single--stage system or high--stage operation. NOTE: Outdoor fan motor will continue to operate for one minute after compressor shuts off, when outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100°F. This reduces pressure differential for easier starting on next cycle. NOTE: If unit has not operated within the past 12 hours, or following a unit power--up, upon the next thermostat high-- or low--stage demand, unit operates for a minimum of 5 minutes in high--stage. On models with non--communicating (non--Infinity) systems, with first stage of cooling, Y1 and O are powered on; and with second stage of cooling, Y1, Y2, and O are on. For these systems, with first stage of heating Y1 is on and for second stage of heating, Y1 and Y2 are on. When the reversing valve is energized, O is powered on.

Communication and Status Function Lights For Infinity Control only, Green communications (COMM) Light A green LED (COMM light) on the outdoor board indicates successful communication with the other system products. The green LED will remain OFF until communication is established. Once a valid command is received, the green LED will turn ON continuously. If no communication is received within 2 minutes, the LED will be turned OFF until the next valid communication. Amber Status Light An amber colored STATUS light is used to display the operation mode and fault codes as specified in the troubleshooting section. See Table 16 for codes and definitions. NOTE: Only one code will be displayed on the outdoor unit control board (the most recent, with the highest priority).



Utility Interface With Infinity Control The utility curtailment relay should be wired between R and Y2 connections on the control board for Infinity Communicating Systems only (see Fig. 33.) This input allows a power utility device to interrupt compressor operation during peak load periods. When the utility sends a signal to shut the system down, the User Interface will display, “Curtailment Active”.

Compressor Operation The basic scroll design has been modified with the addition of an internal unloading mechanism that opens a bypass port in the first compression pocket, effectively reducing the displacement of the scroll. The opening and closing of the bypass port is controlled by an internal electrically operated solenoid. The modulated scroll uses a single step of unloading to go from full capacity to approximately 67% capacity. A single speed, high efficiency motor continues to run while the scroll modulates between the two capacity steps. Modulation is achieved by venting a portion of the gas in the first suction pocket back to the low side of the compressor, thereby reducing the effective displacement of the compressor. Full capacity is achieved by blocking these vents, thus increasing the displacement to 100%. A DC solenoid in the compressor controlled by a rectified 24 volt AC signal in the external solenoid plug moves the slider ring that covers and uncovers these vents. The vent covers are arranged in such a manner that the compressor operates at approximately 67% capacity when the solenoid is not energized and 100% capacity when the solenoid is energized. The loading and unloading of the two step scroll is done “on the fly” without shutting off the motor between steps. NOTE: 67% compressor capacity translates to approximately 80% cooling or heating capacity at the indoor coil. The compressor will always start unloaded and stay unloaded for five seconds even when the thermostat is calling for high stage.

Fan Motor Fan motor rotates the fan blade that either draws or blows air through outdoor coil to exchange heat between refrigerant and air. Motors are totally enclosed to increase reliability. This also eliminates need for rain shield.

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Turn off all power to unit before servicing or replacing fan motor. Be sure unit main power switch is turned off. The bearings are permanently lubricated; therefore, no oil ports are provided. For suspected electrical failures, check for loose or faulty electrical connections, or defective fan--motor capacitor. Fan motor is equipped with thermal overload device in motor windings which may open under adverse operating conditions. Allow time for motor to cool so device can reset. Further checking of motor can be done with an ohmmeter. Set scale on R X 1 position; check for continuity between three leads. Replace motors that show an open circuit in any of the windings. Place 1 lead of ohmmeter on each motor lead. At same time, place other ohmmeter lead on motor case (ground). Replace any motor that shows resistance to ground, signs of arcing, burning, or overheating. Located above the compressor is a single--speed fan motor and fan. The 24ANB1/25HNB9 air conditioner and heat pump models use the ECM variable speed fan motor.

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The outdoor Integral Control Motor (ECM), is a variable--speed motor which operates from 450 to 850 rpm. The motor is a dc permanent magnet--type motor with the electronic controls integrated into its rear cover. The control package includes a small diode bridge, capacitors, and power switching devices. It converts ac to dc power and switches the dc power to the motor windings on and off at various rates to control the motor speed. The speed at which the motor windings are thus commutated is determined by a pulse width modulated (PWM) signal which is received from the control board on the motor control lines. The PWM signal is created by turning a DC signal on and off once within a given period of time. The signal on time relative to the signal total period defines the percent of the PWM. For example, if the period is 5 sec and the control power is turned on for 1 sec then off, the signal will remain off for 4 sec before turning on again to start the next cycle. The PWM is called a 20 percent duty cycle signal. If the on time is increased to 4 sec of the 5 sec period, the PWM is called an 80 percent duty cycle. The ECM reads the PWM signal and increases the motor speed linearly from minimum speed to maximum speed with the percent duty cycle value of the supplied PWM signal. Outdoor Fan Motor Operation There are two different types of motors used in the Infinity 2--stage outdoor units. The 25HNB6 models use a PSC type fan motor, and the speed does not change between high and low speed operation. On 25HNB9 models, an ECM fan motor is used to achieve higher efficiency ratings of the system. The outdoor unit control energizes outdoor fan anytime compressor is operating, except for defrost or low--ambient cooling. The outdoor fan remains energized if a pressure switch or compressor overload should open. The outdoor fan motor will continue to operate for one minute after the compressor shuts off when the outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100°F/37.7°C. This reduces pressure differential for easier starting on next cycle. On 25HNB6/24ANB7 models, the outdoor fan remains energized during the 1--minute compressor staging time delay. On 25HNB6/24ANB7 models, the outdoor fan motor is a PSC type. A fan relay on the control board turns the fan off and on by opening and closing a high voltage circuit to the motor. It does not change speeds between low and high stage operation. On 25HNB9/24ANB1 models, the outdoor fan is an ECM type. The motor control is continuously powered with high voltage. The motor speed is determined by electrical pulses provided by the PWM outputs on the control board. The ECM motor RPM adjusts to outdoor conditions as described in Table 14. The PWM output can be measured with a volt meter set to DC volts. In low ambient cooling (below 55°F/12.7°C), the control board cycles the fan off and on.

ECM Fan Motor Troubleshooting If the outdoor fan motor fails to start and run:

Low & High Stage

Low Stage

High Stage

(OAT≤104_F / 40_C)

(OAT≤104_F / 40_C)

25HNB924 25HNB936 25HNB948 25HNB960

8.72 9.06 9.91 10.83

9.35 10.23 11.04 11.70

11.90 11.90 11.90 11.90

24ANB124 24ANB136 24ANB148 24ANB160

9.57 9.06 9.91 10.83

10.88 10.23 11.04 11.70

11.90 11.90 11.90 11.90

(OAT>104_F / 40_C)

NOTE: For 25HNB9 models in low---ambient cooling, the PWM output for both high --- and low---stage equals the value for low---stage operation below 55_F (12.8_C).

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If the 230vac is present, use Table 14 to check for proper control voltage output to the fan motor from the control board. The control board sends DC voltage signals to the motor through the terminals labeled PWM1 and PWM2 Set a voltmeter on a DC voltage scale and check across these terminals.

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First check voltage with the motor disconnected. If no control voltage is present, check control--board connections. If connections are good, replace the control board.

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If voltage is present, reconnect the motor and check again. Shut down the unit to reconnect the motor and restart the unit to complete this troubleshooting procedure. If control voltage is no longer present or motor fails to respond, check motor connections.

The unit time delays include:

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Five minute time delay to start cooling or heating operation when there is a call from the thermostat or user interface. To bypass this feature, momentarily short and release Forced Defrost pins.

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Five minute compressor re--cycle delay on return from a brown--out condition.

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Two minute time delay to return to standby operation from last valid communication (with Infinity only).

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One minute time delay of outdoor fan at termination of cooling mode when outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100_F.

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Fifteen second delay at termination of defrost before the auxiliary heat (W1) is de--energized.

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Twenty second delay at termination of defrost before the outdoor fan is energized.

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Thirty second compressor delay when quiet shift enabled.

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Seventy and sixty second compressor delays when Quiet Shift--2 is enabled.

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On 25HCB6, 25HPA6, 25HNB6 models there is a 1 minute time delay between staging from low to high and from high to low capacity. On 25HNB9 models there is no delay; the compressor will change from low to high and from high to low capacity “on the fly” to meet the demand.

Pressure Switches The Puronr two--stage air conditioner contains two pressure switches to prevent system operation if the pressures get excessively high or low. The air conditioner low pressure switch in the suction line opens at 50 PSI and closes at 95 PSI. The high pressure switch opens at 670 PSI and closes at 470 PSI. Both pressure switch settings are considerably higher than on comparably sized R--22 units. The high and low pressure switches can be identified by their pink stripe on the switch’s electrical wires. The Puronr two--stage heat pump contains a loss of charge switch in the suction line on 25HNB6 and 25HNB9, and liquid line on 25HCB6 and 25HPA6 which opens at 23 PSI and closes at 55 PSI. See troubleshooting section for sequence when a pressure switch trip occurs. 48



Check the high--voltage supply. The unit need not be running to check high voltage, but the power must be on.

S If connections are good, replace the motor. Time Delays

Table 14—Outdoor Fan Motor PWM Outdoor Temp (DC volts, Tolerance +/-- 2%) Model

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Muffler, Accumulator, Reversing Valve (RVS)

Control Box

The Puronr two--stage air conditioners and heat pumps have a compressor discharge line muffler, to dampen sound pressure pulsations. The Puronr two--stage heat pumps have a specifically designed reversing valve, for Puronr application and an accumulator for storing excess liquid refrigerant during the heating mode to prevent damaging flood--back.

Contactor And Capacitor Removal of the information plate exposes the control components. Both air conditioner and heat pump control boxes will appear to be nearly identical. There are two contactors, two capacitors, a control board and a compressor start assist. The contactors are identical to those used in the standard single speed units. One controls low capacity operation and the second controls high speed. The capacitors also are similar to those used in standard single speed units. You have a fan capacitor for the outdoor fan motor, and a run capacitor for the compressor motor. The control board, start capacitor, and start relay control the starting of the compressor. Always replace these devices with the Factory Approved Components. Incoming Power Incoming power is attached to the two power wire stripped leads. A ground lug is also provided. Outdoor unit should always be grounded through the ground lug to the unit disconnect and from the disconnect to the electrical fuse box. Failure to do so can cause serious injury or death.

Thermistors Outdoor Ambient Thermistor The Puronr two--speed air conditioner and heat pump units have an outdoor ambient air thermistor. The control board must know the outdoor air temperature so it can activate various functions. These functions include:

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Activating the compressor crankcase heater when ever the outdoor unit is in the off cycle.

The fan motor speed changes for both air conditioner and heat pump on the ECM equipped units. Outdoor Coil Thermistor (OCT) The coil or defrost thermistor is the same thermistor used to monitor outdoor air temperature. The control board must know the coil temperature so it can activate various functions. These functions include:

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S S S

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First check that the model plug is correct for the unit model and size, and that it is installed properly

Frost sensing on heat pumps Coil--vs--Ambient temperature relationship

Low ambient cooling operation Thermistor Curve The resistance vs. temperature chart enables the service technicians to check thermistor resistance, regardless of the temperature. For example, at a 60_F temperature, thermistor resistance should be around 16,000 Ohms. (See Fig. 31.) We will talk about the thermistor in more detail when we review the control board fault codes.

START CAPACITOR MOUNTING HOLES

THERMISTOR CURVE 90

RESISTANCE (KOHMS)

80 START RELAY MOUNTING HOLE

70 60 50 40 TAB ON BOTTOM OF START RELAY TO BE PLACED IN THIS CORNER

30

A10157

20

Fig. 32 – Start Relay and Capacitor Mounting Locations Infinity in Cube Cabinet

10 0 0 (-17.77)

20 (-6.67)

40 (4.44)

60 (15.56)

80 (26.67)

100 (37.78)

120 (48.89)

TEMPERATURE °F (°C) A08054

Fig. 31 – Resistance Values Versus Temperature



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A B C

A B C

A B C

A B C

UTILITY RELAY

*

UTILITY SIGNAL OPEN RELAY

LLS Liquid Line Solenoid

* SUPPLIED BY UTILITY PROVIDER

A12260

A12261

Fig. 33 – 2--Stage Control Board

TROUBLESHOOTING Troubleshooting circuit board HK38EA016, 022, 023 The Infinity Series outdoor units all use the same control board. A model plug is used to identify the system type, and set the operating parameters for airflow, start circuit timing etc. (see Model Plug section) Replacement boards may have a different part number from the original board. A newer board will always be backward compatible to previous units if it is superseded at RCD. Old boards are not always forward compatible due to new functions, or software changes made to resolve field issues.

Systems Communication Failure If communication with the Infinity control is lost with the User Interface, the control will flash the appropriate fault code. (See Table 16.) Check the wiring to the UI and the indoor and outdoor units.

Model Plug Each control board contains a model plug. The correct model plug must be installed for or the system to operate properly. (See Table 13.) The model plug is used to identify the type and size of unit to the control. On 25HNB6 models, the model plug is also used to determine the start sequence timing for each individual model. On new units, the model and serial numbers are input into the board’s memory at the factory. If a model plug is lost or missing at initial installation, the unit will operate according to the information input at the factory and the appropriate error code will flash temporarily. An RCD replacement board contains no model and serial information. If the factory control board fails, the model plug must be transferred from the original board to the replacement board for the unit to operate. NOTE: The model plug takes priority over factory model information input at the factory. If the model plug is removed after initial power up, the unit will operate according to the last valid model plug installed, and flash the appropriate fault code temporarily.

Pressure Switch Protection The outdoor unit is equipped with high-- and low--pressure switches. If the control senses the opening of a high-- or low--pressure switch, it will respond as follows: 1. De--energize the appropriate compressor contactor. 2. Keep the outdoor fan operating for 15 minutes. 3. Display the appropriate fault code (see Table 16). 4. After a 15 minute delay, if there is a call for cooling or heating and LPS or HPS is reset, the appropriate compressor contactor is energized. 5. If LPS or HPS has not closed after a 15 minute delay, the outdoor fan is turned off. If the open switch closes anytime after the 15 minute delay, then resume operation with a call for cooling or heating. 6. If LPS or HPS trips 3 consecutive cycles, the unit operation is locked out for 4 hours. 7. In the event of a high--pressure switch trip or high--pressure lockout, check the refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation, and outdoor coil (in cooling) for airflow restrictions, or indoor airflow in heating. 8. In the event of a low--pressure switch trip or low--pressure lockout, check the refrigerant charge and indoor airflow (cooling) and outdoor fan operation and outdoor coil in heating.

Control Fault If the outdoor unit control board has failed, the control will flash the appropriate fault code (see Table 16). The control board should be replaced.

Brown--Out Protection If the line voltage is less than 187v for at least 4 seconds, the appropriate compressor contactor and fan relay are de--energized. Compressor and fan operation are not allowed until voltage is a minimum of 190v. The control will flash the appropriate fault code (see Table 16).

50

230v Brown--Out Protection Defeated The brownout feature can be defeated if needed for severe noisy power conditions. This defeat should always be a last resort to solving the problem. Defeat is available on the User Interface setup screen (available with SYSTXBBUID01--C UI) or can be initiated through the forced defrost pins for non--communicating systems as follows: The brownout toggle is accomplished by shorting the defrost pins from power up with the OAT and OCT sensor connector removed. After 3 seconds, the status of the force defrost short and the OAT/OCT as open will be checked. If correct, then the brownout will be toggled.

S S

Status code 6 shows the brownout is disabled.

Status code 5 shows the brownout is active. After the brownout defeat is set, power down and reinstall the OAT/OCT sensor and remove the short from the forced defrost pins. As long as the short on the forced defrost remains, the OAT and OCT faults will not be cleared. The code will continue to be flashed. The control is shipped with the brownout active. The change in status is remembered until toggled to a new status. A power down/power up sequence will not reset the status. It may be necessary to do the toggle twice to cycle to the desired state of the defeat.

230V Line (Power Disconnect) Detection If there is no 230v at the compressor contactor(s) when the indoor unit is powered and cooling or heating demand exists, the appropriate fault code is displayed. Verify the disconnect is closed and 230v wiring is connected to the unit.

Compressor Voltage Sensing The control board input terminals labeled VS, and L2 on 25HNB6/24ANB7 and 25HNB9/24ANB1 models (see Fig. 33) are used to detect compressor voltage status and alert the user of potential problems. The control continuously monitors the high voltage on the run capacitor of the compressor motor. Voltage should be present any time the compressor contactor is energized and voltage should not be present when the contactor is de--energized.

Contactor Shorted Detection If there is compressor voltage sensed when there is no demand for compressor operation, the contactor may be stuck closed or there may be a wiring error. The control will flash the appropriate fault code.

Compressor Thermal Cutout -24ANB1/24ANB7/25HNB6/25HNB9 If the control senses the compressor voltage after start--up and is then absent for 10 consecutive seconds while cooling or heating demand exists, the thermal protector is open. The control de--energizes the compressor contactor for 15 minutes, but continues to operate the outdoor fan. The control Status LED will flash the appropriate code shown in Table 16. After 15 minutes, with a call for low or high stage cooling or heating, the compressor contactor is energized. If the thermal protector has not re--set, the outdoor fan is turned off. If the call for cooling or heating continues, the control will energize the compressor contactor every 15 minutes. If the thermal protector closes, (at the next 15 minute interval check) the unit will resume operation. If the thermal cutout trips for three consecutive cycles, then unit operation is locked out for 4 hours and the appropriate fault code is displayed.



Low or High Contactor Open / No 230V at Compressor Contractor 24ANB1/24ANB7/25HNB6/25HNB9 If the compressor voltage is not sensed when the compressor should be starting, the appropriate contactor may be stuck open or there is a wiring error. The control will flash the appropriate fault code. Check the contactor and control box wiring.

Troubleshooting units for proper switching between low & high stages -24ANB1/24ANB7/25HNB6/25HNB9 Check the suction pressures at the service valves. Suction pressure should be reduced by 3--10% when switching from low to high capacity. NOTE: The liquid pressures are very similar between low and high stage operation, so liquid pressure should not be used for troubleshooting. Compressor current should increase 20--45% when switching from low to high stage. The compressor solenoid when energized in high stage, should measure 24vac. When the compressor is operating in low stage the 24v DC compressor solenoid coil is de--energized. When the compressor is operating in high stage, the 24v DC solenoid coil is energized. The solenoid plug harness that is connected to the compressor HAS an internal rectifier that converts the 24v AC signal to 24v DC. DO NOT INSTALL A PLUG WITHOUT AN INTERNAL RECTIFIER.

Unloader Test Procedure -24ANB1/24ANB7/25HNB6/25HNB9 The unloader is the compressor internal mechanism, controlled by the DC solenoid, that modulates between high and low stage. If it is suspected that the unloader is not working, the following methods may be used to verify operation. 1. Operate the system and measure compressor amperage. Cycle the unloader on and off at 30 second plus intervals at the UI (from low to high stage and back to low stage). Wait 5 seconds after staging to high before taking a reading. The compressor amperage should go up or down at least 20 percent. 2. If the expected result is not achieved, remove the solenoid plug from the compressor and with the unit running and the UI calling for high stage, test the voltage output at the plug with a DC voltmeter. The reading should be 24 volts DC. 3. If the correct DC voltage is at the control circuit molded plug, measure the compressor unloader coil resistance. The resistance should be approximately 330 or 1640 ohms depending on unloader coil supplier. If the coil resistance is infinite or is grounded, the compressor must be replaced.

51

Temperature Thermistors Thermistors are electronic devices which sense temperature. As the temperature increases, the resistance decreases. Thermistors are used to sense outdoor air (OAT) and coil temperature (OCT). Refer to Fig. 31 for resistance values versus temperature. If the outdoor air or coil thermistor should fail, the control will flash the appropriate fault code. (See Table 16) IMPORTANT: The outdoor air thermistor and coil thermistor should be factory mounted in the final locations. Check to ensure thermistors are mounted properly per Fig. 34 and Fig. 35.

Thermistor Sensor Comparison The control continuously monitors and compares the outdoor air temperature sensor and outdoor coil temperature sensor to ensure proper operating conditions. The comparison is:

S

In cooling if the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 10_F warmer than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 20_F cooler than the coil sensor, the sensors are out of range.

The thermistor comparison is not performed during low ambient cooling or defrost operation.

Failed Thermistor Default Operation Factory defaults have been provided in the event of failure of outdoor air thermistor (OAT) and/or outdoor coil thermistor (OCT). If the OAT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be allowed and the one--minute outdoor fan off delay will not occur. Defrost will be initiated based on coil temperature and time. If the OCT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be allowed. Defrost will occur at each time interval during heating operation, but will terminate after 5 minutes. If there is a thermistor out of range error, defrost will occur at each time interval during heating operation, but will terminate after 5 minutes. Count the number of short and long flashes to determine the appropriate flash code. Table 16 gives possible causes and actions related to each error.

In heating if the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 35_F warmer than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 10_F cooler than the coil sensor, the sensors are out of range. If the sensors are out of range, the control will flash the appropriate fault code as shown in Table 16.

S

OAT Thermistor must be locked in place with spherical nib end facing towards the front of the control box

OCT Thermistor must be secured tight on stub tube.

NO USE

A12263

A05408

Fig. 34 – Outdoor Air Thermistor (OAT) Attachment

Fig. 35 – Outdoor Coil Thermistor (OCT) Attachment

52

Table 15—Two--Stage Compressor Resistances (Winding Resistance at 70_F±20_) Winding

024

036

048

060

Start (S-- C)

1.64

1.52

1.86

1.63

Run (R-- C)

1.30

0.88

0.52

0.39

Status Codes Table 16 shows the status codes flashed by the amber status light. Most system problems can be diagnosed by reading the status code as flashed by the amber status light on the control board. The codes are flashed by a series of short and long flashes of the status light. The short flashes indicate the first digit in the status code, followed by long flashes indicating the second digit of the error code.

The short flash is 0.25 seconds ON and the long flash is 1.0 second ON. Time between flashes is 0.25 seconds. Time between short flash and first long flash is 1.0 second. Time between code repeating is 2.5 seconds with LED OFF. EXAMPLE: 3 short flashes followed by 2 long flashes indicates a 32 code. Table 16 shows this to be low pressure switch open.

Table 16—TROUBLESHOOTING

Standby – no call for unit operation

None

Low Stage Cool/Heat Operation

None

AMBER LED FLASH CODE On solid, no flash 1, pause

High Stage Cool/Heat Operation

None

2, pause

Normal operation

Brown out protection is Disabled

None

5, pause

User made selection, see instructions for more detail

Brown out protection is Active

None

6, Pause

User made selection, see instructions for more detail

OPERATION

FAULT

Normal operation Normal operation

System Communications Failure

16

Invalid Model Plug

25

Control does not detect a model plug or detects an invalid model plug. Unit will not operate without correct model plug.

High Pressure Switch Open

31*

High ---pressure switch trip. Check refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation and coils for airflow restrictions.

Low Pressure Switch or Discharge Temp Switch Open

32*

Low---pressure switch or discharge temperature switch trip. Check refrigerant charge and indoor air flow.

Control Fault

45

Outdoor unit control board has failed. Control board needs to be replaced.

Brown Out (230 v)

46

Line voltage < 187v for at least 4 seconds. Compressor and fan operation not allowed until voltage>190v. Verify line voltage.

No 230v at Unit

47

There is no 230v at the contactor when indoor unit is powered and cooling/ heating demand exists. Verify the disconnect is closed and 230v wiring is connected to the unit.

Outdoor Air Temp Sensor Fault

53

Outdoor air sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check wiring.

55

Coil sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check wiring.

Outdoor Coil Sensor Fault Thermistors out of range

56

Low Stage Thermal Cutout

71*

High Stage Thermal Cutout

72*

Contactor Shorted

73

No 230V at Compressor Low Stage Thermal Lockout High Stage Thermal Lockout Low---Pressure Lockout High ---Pressure Lockout *

POSSIBLE CAUSE AND ACTION

74 81 82 83 84

Communication with User Interface lost. Check wiring to User Interface, indoor and outdoor units

Improper relationship between coil sensor and outdoor air sensor. Ohm out sensors and check wiring. Compressor operation detected then disappears while low stage demand exists. Possible causes are internal compressor overload trip or start relay and capacitor held in circuit too long (if installed). Compressor operation detected then disappears while high stage demand exists. Possible causes are internal compressor overload trip or start relay and capacitor held in circuit too long (if installed). Compressor voltage sensed when no demand for compressor operation exists. Contactor may be stuck closed or there is a wiring error. Compressor voltage not sensed when compressor should be starting. Contactor may be stuck open or there is a wiring error. Thermal cutout occurs in three consecutive low/high stage cycles. Low stage locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled. Thermal cutout occurs in three consecutive high/low stage cycles. High stage locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled. Low pressure switch trip has occurred during 3 consecutive cycles. Unit operation locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled. High pressure switch trip has occurred during 3 consecutive cycles. Unit operation locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.

Sequence: Compressor contactor is de--- energized and outdoor fan is energized for up to 15 minutes. If demand still exists, control will energize compressor contactor after 15 minute delay. If fault is cleared, unit will resume operation. If fault still exists, fan shuts off, and error code continues to flash. Control will attempt re--- start every 15 minutes. Cycling low voltage defeats the 15 minute delay.



53

Thermidistat

Fan Coil

Heat Pump

O

Thermidistat

Furnace

Heat Pump O

O RVS Cooling

W1

O/B W2

W2

RVS Cooling

O/B W2

W1

Heat Stage 3

W/W1

W2

Heat Stage 3 (furnace)

W/W1

W/W1

Heat/Cool Stage 1

Y1 / W2

Y1

Y1

Heat/Cool Stage 1

Y1 / W2

Y1

Y1

Heat/Cool Stage 2

Y/Y2

Y/Y2

Y2

Heat/Cool Stage 2

Y/Y2

Y/Y2

Y2

J2 Jumper on Control Board

Fan

G

G

Fan

G

G

24VAC Hot Heating

Rh

R

24VAC Hot Heating

Rh

R

24VAC Hot Cooling

Rc

24VAC Hot Cooling

Rc

Dry Contact 1

D1

Dry Contact 1

D1

Dry Contact 2

D2

DHUM

24VAC Common

C

COM

Humidify

HUM

Outdoor Air Temp

OAT

J1 Jumper on Control Board

Dry Contact 2

D2

DH

24VAC Common

C

C

Humidify

HUM

Outdoor Air Temp

OAT

Remote Room Sensor

RRS

OAT/RRS Com

SRTN

C

Humidifier Solenoid Valve Outdoor Sensor Remote Room Sensor

A12264

Fig. 36 – Thermidistat Models T6-- PRH-- 01 or T6-- NRH-- 01) Wiring with 2-- Stage Heat Pump (non-- communicating)

User Interface

Furnace or Fan Coil

Remote Room Sensor

RRS

OAT/RRS Com

SRTN

W1

C

Humidifier Solenoid Valve Outdoor Sensor Remote Room Sensor

A12265

Fig. 37 – Thermidistat Model T6-- PRH-- 01 or T6-- NRH-- 01 with Variable Speed Furnace and 2-- Stage Heat Pump (non-- communicating)

Communicating HP

D

D

C

C

C

B

B

B

A

A

A

Y

R

OAT

R

O

*

HUM

24vac C

C

W

Humidifier

A12266

* See Humidifier Instructions for proper wiring.

Fig. 38 – Variable Speed Furnace or Fan Coil Wiring with Communicating 2-- Stage HP

A09567

Fig. 39 – Single Stage Furnace with 2-- Stage Air Conditioner

LEGEND 24v Factory Wiring 24v Field Wiring R

Field Splice Connection

A09306

* * See Humidifier Instructions for proper wiring. A09568

Fig. 40 – 2-- Stage Thermostat with Single-- Stage Furnace and 2-- Stage Air Conditioner

54

TWO STAGE NON--COMMUNICATING 24ACB7/25HCB6 These units are a low cost 2--stage option that is non--communicating utilizing 2 stage scroll technology. These units require Performance Boost furnace (58PH, 58MEB), variable speed furnace (58MV, 58CV) or new model variable speed fan coil (FV4C). Variable speed fan coils prior to the FV4C will NOT be rated with the new Comfort series two stage units as they are not capable of meeting the air flow requirements necessary for rating. These are designed to operate with basic 24 volt thermostat inputs.

Operating Ambient The minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 55_F (12.78_C), and the maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 125_F (51.67_C) when operating voltage is 230v. For 208v applications, the maximum outdoor ambient is 120_F. NOTE: Units operating at high stage operation, 208v (or below) line voltage and at an outdoor ambient of 120_F (or greater), may experience compressor trip. NOTE: This product is not approved for low ambient cooling at this time, and no low ambient kit is available.

Airflow Selections (ECM Furnaces) The ECM Furnaces provide blower operation to match the capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling operation. Tap selections on the furnace control board enable the installing technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of cooling. Below is a brief summary of the furnace airflow configurations 1. The Y2 call for high stage cooling energizes the “Cool” tap on the control board. The grey wire from cool tap is connected to tap 5 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product Data to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting for high cooling needs to be switched from tap 5 to a different tap, jumper a connection from the cool tap to the desired tap so that the Y2 signal is communicated via the cool tap to the desired speed tap. 2. The Y1 call for low stage cooling energizes the “Fan” tap on the control board. The red wire from the fan tap is connected to tap 1 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product Data to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting for low cooling needs to be switched from tap 1 to a different tap, jumper a connection from the Fan tap to the desired tap so that the Y1 signal is communicated via the Fan tap to the desired speed tap. The Y1 setting will also govern the continuous fan airflow for the furnace. Refer to the literature for the furnace for further details.



Airflow Selection for Variable Speed Furnaces (non--communicating) The variable speed furnaces provide blower operation to match the capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling operation. The furnace control board allows the installing technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of cooling. Below is a summary of required adjustments. See furnace installation instructions for more details: 1. Turn SW1--5 ON for 400 CFM/ton airflow or OFF for 350 CFM/ton airflow. Factory default is OFF. 2. The A/C DIP switch setting determines airflow during high stage cooling operation. Select the A/C DIP switch setting corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace Installation Instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data for HIGH speed. 3. The CF DIP switch setting determines airflow during low stage cooling operation. Select the CF DIP switch setting corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace installation instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data for LOW speed. If a higher or lower continuous fan speed is desired, the continuous fan speed can be changed using the fan switch on the thermostat. Refer to the furnace Installation Instructions for details of how to use this feature.

Airflow Selection for FV4C Fan Coils (non--communicating) The FV4 provides high-- and low--stage blower operation to match the capacities of the compressor at high-- and low--stage. To select recommended airflow, refer to the FV4C Installation Instructions. The FV4C utilizes an Easy Select control board that allows the installing technician to select proper airflows. This fan coil has an adjustable blower--off delay factory set at 90 sec. for high-- and low--stage blower operation.

55

SYSTEM FUNCTION AND SEQUENCE OF OPERATION (24ACB7/25HCB6) NOTE: Defrost control board is equipped with 5 minute lockout timer that is initiated upon any interruption of power. Turn on power to indoor and outdoor units. Transformer is energized. These models utilize a 2--stage indoor thermostat. With a call for first (low) stage cooling or heating, the outdoor fan and low--stage compressor are energized. If low--stage cannot satisfy cooling or heating demand, high--stage is energized by the second (high) stage of the indoor thermostat. After the second stage is satisfied, the unit returns to low--stage operation until second stage is required again. When both, first and second stage cooling or heating are satisfied, the compressor will shut off. Cooling With first stage cooling, Y and O are powered on; and with second stage cooling, Y2, Y and O are powered on. The O energizes the reversing valve, switching it to cooling position. The Y signal sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. If the compressor has been off for 5 minutes, or power has not been cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal will energize. This will close the contactor and start the outdoor fan motor and compressor. When the cycle is complete, Y is turned off, stopping the compressor and outdoor fan. The 5 minute time guard begins counting. Compressor will not come on until this delay expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will not allow another cycle for 5 minutes. Heating With first stage heating, Y is powered on; with second stage heating, Y2 and Y are powered on. The Y signal sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. If the compressor has been off for 5 minutes or power has not been cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal will energize. This will close the contactor and start the outdoor fan motor and compressor. When the cycle is complete, Y is turned off, stopping the compressor nd outdoor fan. The 5 minute time guard begins counting. Compressor will not come on until this delay expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will not allow another cycle for 5 minutes.

Compressor Operation The basic scroll design has been modified with the addition of an internal unloading mechanism that opens a by--pass port in the first compression pocket, effectively reducing the displacement of the scroll. The opening and closing of the by--pass port is controlled by an internal electrically operated solenoid. The modulated scroll uses a single step of unloading to go from full capacity to approximately 67% capacity. A single speed, high efficiency motor continues to run while the scroll modulates between the two capacity steps. Modulation is achieved by venting a portion of the gas in the first suction pocket back to the low side of the compressor, thereby reducing the effective displacement of the compressor. Full capacity is achieved by blocking these vents, thus increasing the displacement to 100%. A DC solenoid in the compressor controlled by a rectified 24 volt AC signal in the external solenoid plug moves the slider ring that covers and uncovers these vents. The vent covers are arranged in such a manner that the compressor operates at approximately 67% capacity when the solenoid is not energized and 100% capacity when the solenoid is energized. The loading and unloading of the two step scroll is done ”on the fly” without shutting off the motor between steps. NOTE: 67% compressor capacity translates to approximately 75% cooling or heating capacity at the indoor coil. The compressor will always start unloaded and stay unloaded for five seconds even when the thermostat is calling for high stage capacity.

Quiet Shift Quiet shift is a field selectable defrost mode (factory set to OFF), which will eliminate occasional noise that could be heard at the start of defrost cycle and restarting of heating cycle. It is selected by placing DIP switch 3 on defrost board (see Fig. 41) in the ON position. When Quiet Shift switch is placed in ON position, and a defrost is initiated, the following sequence of operation will occur. Reversing valve will energize, compressor will turn off for 30 seconds, and then turn back on to complete defrost. At the start of heating after conclusion of defrost, reversing valve will de--energize, compressor will turn off for another 30 seconds, and the fan will turn off for 40 seconds, before starting in the heating mode. HK32EA008 Defrost Control The HK32EA008 defrost control is used in all non--communicating heat pumps and has all the same functionality, speedups, and troubleshooting as the HK32EA003 except for the forced defrost timing when Quiet Shift--2 is enabled.

Quiet Shift--2 (non--communicating) Quiet shift--2 is a field selectable defrost mode (factory set to OFF), which will reduce the occasional noise that could be heard at the start of defrost cycle and restarting of heating cycle. It is selected by placing DIP switch 3 on defrost board in the ON position. When Quiet Shift--2 switch is placed in ON position, and defrost is initiated, the following sequence of operation will occur: The compressor will be de--energized for approximately 1 minute, then the reversing valve will be energized. A few seconds later, the compressor will be re--energized and the normal defrost cycle starts. Once defrost termination conditions have been met, the following sequence will occur: The compressor will be de--energized for approximately 1 minute, then the reversing valve will be de--energized. A few seconds later, the compressor will be re--energized and the normal heating cycle starts.

Defrost The defrost control is a time/temperature control which has field selectable settings of 30, 60, 90, or 120 minutes, factory set to 90 minutes. These settings represent the amount of time that must pass after closure of the defrost thermostat before the defrost sequence begins. The defrost thermostat senses coil temperature throughout the heating cycle. When the coil temperature reaches the defrost thermostat setting of approximately 32 _F (0 _C), it will close, which energizes the DFT terminal and begins the defrost timing sequence. When the DFT has been energized for the selected time, the defrost cycle begins. Defrost cycle is terminated when defrost thermostat opens, or automatically after 10 minutes.

Defrost Speedup To initiate a forced defrost, speedup pins (J1) must be shorted with a flat head screwdriver for 5 seconds and RELEASED. If the defrost thermostat is open, a short defrost cycle will be observed (actual length depends on Quiet Shift switch position). When Quiet Shift is off, only a short 30 second defrost cycle is observed. With Quiet Shift ON, the speedup sequence is one minute; 30 second compressor off period followed by 30 seconds of defrost with compressor operation. When returning to heating mode, the compressor will turn off for an additional 30 seconds and the fan for 40 seconds. If the defrost thermostat is closed, a complete defrost cycle is initiated. If the Quiet Shift switch is turned on, the compressor will be turned off for two 30 second intervals as explained previously.

56

To check system operation during heating cycle, refer to the Heating Check Chart on outdoor unit. This chart indicates whether a correct relationship exists between system operating pressure and air temperature entering indoor and outdoor units. If pressure and temperature do not match on chart, system refrigerant charge may not be correct. Do not use chart to adjust refrigerant charge.

OF1

DFT T1 Y

O R W2 Y C

OF2

T2 C C O

Heating Check Chart Procedure

P1

Verify 25HCB6 units for proper switching between low & high stages

30 120 60

30

P3

ON

DFT

QUIET SHIFT

90 INTERVAL TIMER OFF

60

J1

SPEEDUP

Speedup Pins

Quiet Shift

Defrost interval DIP switches

A05378

Fig. 41 – Defrost Control

CHECK CHARGE Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit rating plate. Charging method is shown on information plate inside unit. To properly check or adjust charge, conditions must be favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable conditions exist when the outdoor temperature is between 70_F and 100_F (21.11_C and 37.78_C), and the indoor temperature is between 70_F and 80_F (21.11_C and 26.67_C). Follow the procedure below: Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft (.018 kg/m) of 3/8 liquid line above or below 15ft (4.57 m) respectively. For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly charged system. If the indoor temperature is above 80_F (26.67_C), and the outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to drop to 80_F (26.67_C) before attempting to check system charge by subcooling method as described above. If the indoor temperature is below 70_F (21.11_C), or the outdoor temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range. NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than 20 ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for special charging requirements.



Check the suction pressures at the service valves. Suction pressure should be reduced by 3--10% when switching from low to high capacity. Compressor current should increase 20--45% when switching from low to high stage. The compressor solenoid when energized in high stage, should measure 24vac. When the compressor is operating in low stage the 24v DC compressor solenoid coil is de--energized. When the compressor is operating in high stage, the 24v DC solenoid coil is energized. The solenoid plug harness that is connected to the compressor has an internal rectifier that converts the 24v AC signal to 24v DC. DO NOT INSTALL A PLUG WITHOUT AN INTERNAL RECTIFIER.

Unloader Test Procedure The unloader is the compressor internal mechanism, controlled by the DC solenoid, that modulates between high and low stage. If it is suspected that the unloader is not working, the following methods may be used to verify operation. 1. Operate the system and measure compressor amperage. Cycle the unloader on and off at 30 second plus intervals at the thermostat (from low to high stage and back to low stage). Wait 5 seconds after staging to high before taking a reading. The compressor amperage should go up or down at least 20 percent. 2. If the expected result is not achieved, remove the solenoid plug from the compressor and with the unit running and the thermostat calling for high stage, test the voltage output at the plug with a DC voltmeter. The reading should be 24 volts DC. 3. If the correct DC voltage is at the control circuit molded plug, measure the compressor unloader coil resistance. The resistance should be approximately 330 or 1640 ohms depending on unloader coil supplier. If the coil resistance is infinite or is grounded, the compressor must be replaced.

57

CARE AND MAINTENANCE To assure high performance and minimize possible equipment malfunction, it is essential that maintenance be performed periodically on this equipment. The frequency with which maintenance is performed is dependent on such factors as hours of operation, geographic location, and local environmental conditions.

!

WARNING

ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD

Cleaning Coil 1. Remove top cover. (See Remove Top Cover in Cabinet section of this manual.) 2. Remove coil grilles or louvers (as applicable) to gain full access to coils for cleaning. NOTE: 4--sided deluxe units employ one louver spacer on each of the four sides to prevent louver movement during operation. The louver spacers are trapped between the coil surface and louver at the approximate center of each side (See Fig. 42). This louver spacer should be present and, if dislodged during shipment, must be reinstalled before unit is placed into operation.

Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or death. Disconnect all electrical power to unit before performing any maintenance or service on outdoor unit. Remember to disconnect power supply to air handler as this unit supplies low--voltage power to the outdoor unit. The minimum maintenance that should be performed on this equipment is as follows: 1. Check outdoor coil for cleanliness each heating and cooling season and clean as necessary. 2. Check fan motor and blade for cleanliness each month during cooling season and clean as necessary. 3. Check electrical connections for tightness and controls for proper operation each cooling season and service as necessary.

!

A11380

Fig. 42 – Louver Spacer Location

CAUTION

!

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Because of possible damage to the equipment or personal injury, maintenance should be performed by qualified personnel only.

Desert and Seacoast Locations Special consideration must be given to installation and maintenance of condensing units installed in coastal or desert locations. This is because salt and alkali content of sand adheres to aluminum fins of coil and can cause premature coil failure due to corrosion. Preventive measures can be taken during installations, such as: 1. Locate unit on side of structure opposite prevailing winds. 2. Elevate unit to height where drifting sand cannot pile up against coil. Mounting feet, 4 in. high, are available as accessories and can be used to elevate unit. 3. Addition of coastal filter (See Product Data Digest for accessory listing). Maintenance in desert and seacoast locations: 1. Frequent inspection of coil and basepan especially after storms and/or high winds. 2. Clean coil by flushing out sand from between coil fins and out of basepan as frequently as inspection determines necessary. 3. In off season, cover with covering that allows air to circulate through but prevents sand from sifting in (such as canvas material). Do not use plastic as plastic will hold moisture possibly causing corrosion.

UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage or improper operation. Coil fin damage can result in higher operating costs or compressor damage. Do not use flame, high--pressure water, steam, volatile or corrosive cleaners on fins or tubing. 3. Clean coil using vacuum cleaner and its crevice tool. Move crevice tool vertically, close to area being cleaned, making sure tool touches only dirt on fins and not fins. to prevent fin damage, do not scrub fins with tool or move tool horizontally against fins. 4. If oil deposits are present, spray coil with ordinary household detergent. Wait 10 minutes, and proceed to next step. 5. Using garden hose, spray coil vertically downward with constant stream of water at moderate pressure. Keep nozzle at a 15-- to 20_ angle, about 3 in. from coil face and 18 in. from tube. Spray so debris is washed out of coil and basepan. 6. Reinstall top cover and position blade. 7. Reconnect electrical power and check for proper operation.

Cleaning Outdoor Fan Motor and Blade 1. Remove fan motor and blade. Be careful not to bend or dent fan blade. 2. Clean motor and blade with soft brush or cloth. Be careful not to disturb balance weights on fan blade. 3. Check fan blade setscrew for tightness. 4. Reinstall fan motor and blade to top cover and check for alignment. 5. Reinstall top cover and position blade. 6. Reconnect electrical power and check for proper operation.

58

CAUTION

Electrical Controls and Wiring 1. Disconnect power to both outdoor and indoor units. 2. Check all electrical connections for tightness. Tighten all screws on electrical connections. If any connections appear to be burned or smoky, disassemble the connection, clean all parts and stripped wires, and reassemble. Use a new connector if old one is burned or corroded, and crimp tightly. 3. Reconnect electrical power to indoor and outdoor units and observe unit through 1 complete operating cycle. 4. If there are any discrepancies in operating cycle, troubleshoot to find cause and correct.

Final Check--Out After the unit has been operating, the following items should be checked. 1. Check that unit operational noise is not excessive due to vibration of component, tubing, panels, etc. If present, isolate problem and correct. 2. Check to be sure caps are installed on service valves and are tight. 3. Check to be sure tools, loose parts, and debris are removed from unit. 4. Check to be sure all panels and screws are in place and tight.

Refrigerant Circuit 1. Check refrigerant charge using the superheat method, and if low on charge, check unit for leaks using an electronic leak detector. 2. If any leaks are found, remove and reclaim or isolate charge (pumpdown) if applicable. Make necessary repairs. 3. Evacuate, recharge, and observe unit through 1 complete operating cycle.

PURONR (R--410A) REFRIGERANT QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

S

Puron refrigerant operates at 50--70 percent higher pressures than R--22. Be sure that servicing equipment and replacement components are designed to operate with Puron refrigerant.

S S S

Puron refrigerant cylinders are rose colored.

S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Manifold sets should be 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low--side retard.

S S S S

Do not vent Puron refrigerant into the atmosphere.

Recovery cylinder service pressure rating must be 400 psig, DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400. Puron refrigerant systems should be charged with liquid refrigerant. Use a commercial type metering device in the manifold hose when charging into suction line with compressor operating Use hoses with 700 psig service pressure rating. Leak detectors should be designed to detect HFC refrigerant. Puron refrigerant, as with other HFCs, is only compatible with POE oils. Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil. Do not use liquid--line filter driers with rated working pressures less than 600 psig. Do not leave Puron refrigerant suction line filter driers in line longer than 72 hours. Do not install a suction--line filter drier in liquid line. POE oils absorb moisture rapidly. Do not expose oil to atmosphere. POE oils may cause damage to certain plastics and roofing materials. Wrap all filter driers and service valves with wet cloth when brazing. A factory approved liquid--line filter drier is required on every unit. Do NOT use an R--22 TXV. If indoor unit is equipped with an R--22 TXV or piston metering device, it must be changed to a hard shutoff Puron TXV. Never open system to atmosphere while it is under a vacuum. When system must be opened for service, recover refrigerant, evacuate then break vacuum with dry nitrogen and replace filter driers. Evacuate to 500 microns prior to recharging. Do not use capillary tube coils. Observe all warnings, cautions, and bold text. All indoor coils must be installed with a hard shutoff Puron TXV metering device.



59

AIR CONDITIONER TROUBLESHOOTING CHART NO COOLING OR INSUFFICIENT COOLING

COMPRESSOR WILL NOT RUN

COMPRESSOR RUNS BUT CYCLES ON INTERNAL OVERLOAD

COMPRESSOR RUNS BUT INSUFFICIENT COOLING

CONTACTOR OPEN

CONTACTOR CLOSED

OUTDOOR FAN STOPPED OR CYCLING ON OVERLOAD

LOOSE LEAD AT FAN MOTOR

LOW SUCTION PRESSURE

HIGH SUCTION LOW HEAD PRESSURE

HIGH SUCTION LOW SUPERHEAT

POWER SUPPLY

COMPRESSOR POWER SUPPLY OPEN

OUTDOOR AIR RESTRICTED OR RECIRCULATING

MOTOR DEFECTIVE

DIRTY AIR FILTERS

DEFECTIVE COMPRESSOR VALVES

UNIT OVERCHARGED

DEFECTIVE LOW-VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER

LOOSE LEADS AT COMPRESSOR

RESTRICTED DISCHARGE TUBE

INCORRECT OFM CAPACITOR

DUCT RESTRICTED

INTERNAL PRESSURE RELIEF OPEN

INCORRECT SIZE PISTON

OPEN THERMOSTAT

FAULTY START GEAR (1-PH)

OVERCHARGE OR NONCONDENSABLES IN SYSTEM

DAMPERS PARTLY CLOSED

OPEN CONTROL CIRCUIT

OPEN SHORTED OR GROUNDED COMPRESSOR MOTOR WINDINGS

LOW REFRIGERANT CHARGE

INDOOR COIL FROSTED

LOSS OF CHARGE

COMPRESSOR STUCK

LINE VOLTAGE TOO HIGH OR LOW

SLIGHTLY LOW ON REFRIGERANT

CONTACTOR OR COIL DEFECTIVE

COMPRESSOR INTERNAL PROTECTION OPEN

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR

LIQUID LINE SLIGHTLY RESTRICTED

LOOSE ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR

COMPRESSOR BEARINGS

PISTON RESTRICTED

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

HIGH SUPERHEAT

INCORRECT SIZE PISTON

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

INDOOR COIL STRAINER RESTRICTED

FAILED TXV

INDOOR BLOWER MOTOR DEFECTIVE OR CYCLING ON OL

A90208

Fig. 43 – Air Conditioner Troubleshooting Chart

60

HEAT PUMP TROUBLESHOOTING HEATING CYCLE

NO HEATING OR INSUFFICIENT HEATING

COMPRESSOR RUNS BUT CYCLES ON INTERNAL OVERLOAD

COMPRESSOR WILL NOT RUN

COMPRESSOR RUNS INSUFFICIENT HEATING

CONTACT OPEN

CONTACTOR CLOSED

DIRTY FILTERS OR INDOOR COIL

DEFECTIVE LOWVOLTAGE TRANSFORMER

COMPRESSOR POWER SUPPLY

INDOOR FAN STOPPED OR CYCLING ON OVERLOAD

DEFECTIVE FAN MOTOR CAPACITOR

OUTDOOR FAN STOPPED

OUTDOOR FAN RUNNING

OUTDOOR THERMOSTAT DEFECTIVE

REMOTE CONTROL CENTER DEFECTIVE

LOOSE LEADS AT COMPRESSOR

DAMAGED REVERSING VALVE

LOOSE LEADS AT FAN MOTOR

LOOSE LEADS AT OUTDOOR FAN MOTOR

REVERSING VALVE STUCK

ODT SETTING TOO LOW

CONTACTOR COIL OPEN OR SHORTED

FAULTY START GEAR (1-PH)

RESTRICTION IN DISCHARGE LINE

FAN MOTOR BURNED OUT

INTERNAL FAN MOTOR KLIXON OPEN

RESTRICTED LIQUID LINE

CAP TUBE PINCHED OR BULB NOT SENSING TRUE ODT

OPEN INDOOR THERMOSTAT

COMPRESSOR STUCK

OVERCHARGE OR NONCONDENSABLES IN SYSTEM

FAN MOTOR BURNED OUT

PISTON RESTRICTED OR IS CLOGGED

STRIP HEATER RELAY OR CONTACTOR DEFECTIVE

LIQUID-LINE PRESSURE SWITCH OPEN

COMPRESSOR INTERNAL OVERLOAD OPEN

LOW REFRIGERANT CHARGE

DEFROST RELAY N.C. CONTACTS OPEN ON CIRCUIT BOARD

UNDERCHARGED

OPENING IN POWER CIRCUIT TO HEATER ELEMENTS

LOSS OF CHARGE

OPEN SHORTED OR GROUNDED COMPRESSOR WINDINGS

LINE VOLTAGE TOO HIGH OR LOW

OUTDOOR COIL DIRTY

BROKEN FUSE LINK

OPEN CONTROL CIRCUIT

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR (1-PH)

STRAINER RESTRICTED

BROKEN HEATER ELEMENT

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

COMPRESSOR BEARINGS

OUTDOOR COIL HEAVILY FROSTED

OPEN (KLIXON) OVER TEMPERATURE THERMOSTAT DEFECTIVE ROOM THERMOSTAT (2ND STAGE)

STRIP HEATERS NOT OPERATING

LOW SUCTION LOW HEAD

HIGH-LOAD CONDITION

FAN MOTOR CONTACTS WELDED CLOSED IN DEFROST RELAY

DEFECTIVE DEFROST THERMOSTAT

REVERSING VALVE JAMMED IN MIDPOSITION

REVERSING VALVE DID NOT SHIFT

DEFROST THERMOSTAT IN POOR PHYSICAL CONTACT WITH TUBE

HIGH SUPERHEAT

UNIT NOT PROPERLY CHARGED

DEFECTIVE CIRCUIT BOARD

BAD ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ANYWHERE IN DEFROST CIRCUIT

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

A90206

Fig. 44 – Heat Pump Troubleshooting -- Heating Cycle



61

HEAT PUMP TROUBLESHOOTING COOLING CYCLE NO COOLING OR INSUFFICIENT COOLING

COMPRESSOR RUNS BUT CYCLES ON INTERNAL OVERLOAD

COMPRESSOR WILL NOT RUN

COMPRESSOR RUNS BUT INSUFFICIENT COOLING

CONTACTOR OPEN

CONTACTOR CLOSED

OUTDOOR FAN STOPPED OR CYCLING ON OVERLOAD

LOOSE LEAD AT FAN MOTOR

LOW SUCTION PRESSURE

HIGH SUCTION LOW HEAD PRESSURE

HIGH SUCTION LOW SUPERHEAT

POWER SUPPLY

COMPRESSOR POWER SUPPLY OPEN

OUTDOOR AIR RESTRICTED OR RECIRCULATING

DEFROST RELAY N.C. CONTACTS OPEN

DIRTY AIR FILTERS

REVERSING VALVE HUNG UP OR INTERNAL LEAK

UNIT OVERCHARGED

DEFECTIVE LOW-VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER

LOOSE LEADS AT COMPRESSOR

DAMAGED OR STUCK REVERSING VALVE

MOTOR DEFECTIVE

DUCT RESTRICTED

DEFECTIVE COMPRESSOR VALVES

INCORRECT SIZE PISTON

OPEN THERMOSTAT

FAULTY START GEAR (1-PH)

RESTRICTED DISCHARGE TUBE

INCORRECT OFM CAPACITOR

DAMPERS PARTLY CLOSED

INTERNAL PRESSURE RELIEF OPEN

FAILED TXV

OPEN CONTROL CIRCUIT

OPEN SHORTED OR GROUNDED COMPRESSOR MOTOR WINDINGS

OVERCHARGE OR NONCONDENSABLES IN SYSTEM

DEFECTIVE DEFROST THERMOSTAT

INDOOR COIL FROSTED

LOSS OF CHARGE

COMPRESSOR STUCK

LOW REFRIGERANT CHARGE

SLIGHTLY LOW ON REFRIGERANT

CONTACTOR OR COIL DEFECTIVE

COMPRESSOR INTERNAL PROTECTION OPEN

LINE VOLTAGE TOO HIGH OR LOW

LIQUID LINE SLIGHTLY RESTRICTED

LOOSE ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR

DEFECTIVE RUN CAPACITOR

PISTON RESTRICTED

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

COMPRESSOR BEARINGS

INCORRECT SIZE PISTON

HIGH SUPERHEAT

INDOOR COIL STRAINER RESTRICTED

DEFECTIVE START CAPACITOR

INDOOR BLOWER MOTOR DEFECTIVE OR CYCLING ON OL

A90207

Fig. 45 – Heat Pump Troubleshooting -- Cooling Cycle

62

INDEX OF TABLES DESCRIPTION

TABLE #

Required Field--Installed Accessories for Air Conditioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Required Field--Installed Accessories for Heat Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Defrost Control Speed--Up Timing Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Fitting Losses in Equivalent Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Puron System Suction Pressure Drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 R--22 System Suction Pressure Drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Puron Refrigerant Pressure Temperature Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 R--22 Refrigerant Pressure Temperature Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Puron Subcooling Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Puron Superheat Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 R--22 Subcooling Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 R--22 Superheat Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 TWO--STAGE 25HNB / 24ANB Model Plug Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Outdoor Fan Motor PWM Above 55_F/12.7_C Outdoor Temp (DC volts, Tolerance +/-- 2%) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Two--Stage Compressor Resistances (Winding resistance at 70_F ± 20_) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16



63

Copyright 2012 Carrier Corp. S 7310 W. Morris St. S Indianapolis, IN 46231

Edition Date: 07/12

Manufacturer reserves the right to change, at any time, specifications and designs without notice and without obligations.

64

Catalog No.24---25---4SM Replaces:New

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